Pharmacology Antidotes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Antidotes Deck (22)
1

Antidote/treatment to acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

2

Antidote/treatment to salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

3

Antidote/treatment to amphetamines (basic)

NH4CL (acidify urine)

4

Antidote/treatment to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, organophosphates

Atropine, pralidoxime

5

Antidote/treatment to antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents

Physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

6

Antidote/treatment to beta-blockers

Glucagon

7

Antidote/treatment to digitalis

Normalize K, Lidocaine, Anti-dig Fab fragments, Mg (KLAM)

8

Antidote/treatment to iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

9

Antidote/treatment to lead

CaEDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

10

Antidote/treatment to mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

11

Antidote/treatment to copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

12

Antidote/treatment to cyanide

Nitrite + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

13

Antidote/treatment to methemoglobin

Methylene blue, vitamin C

14

Antidote/treatment to carbon monoxide

100% O2, hyperbaric O2

15

Antidote/treatment to methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

16

Antidote/treatment to opiods

Naloxone/naltrexone

17

Antidote/treatment to benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

18

Antidote/treatment to TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalization)

19

Antidote/treatment to heparin

Protamine sulfate

20

Antidote/treatment to warfarin

Vitamin K, fresh frozen plasma

21

Antidote/treatment to tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

22

Antidote/treatment to theophylline

Beta-blockers