Ego Defenses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ego Defenses Deck (17)
1

Acting out

Unacceptable feelings and thoughts are expressed through actions

2

Dissociation

Temporary, drastic change in personality, memory, consciousness, or motor behavior to avoid emotional stress

3

Denial

Avoidance of awareness of some painful reality

4

Displacement

Process whereby avoided ideas and feelings are transferred to some neutral person or object (vs. projection)

5

Fixation

Partially remaining at a more childish level of development (vs. regression)

6

Identification

Modeling behavior after another person who is more powerful (through not necessarily admired)

7

Isolation (of affect)

Separation of feelings from ideas and events

8

Projection

An unacceptable internal impulse is attributed to an external source (vs. displacement)

9

Rationalization

Proclaiming logical reasons for actions actually performed for other reasons, usually to avoid self-blame

10

Reaction formation

Process whereby a warded-off idea or feeling is replaced by an (unconsciously derived) emphasis on its opposite (vs. sublimation)

11

Regression

Turning back the maturational clock and going back to earlier modes of dealing with the world (vs. fixation)

12

Repression

Involuntary withholding of an idea or feeling from conscious awareness (vs. suppression)

13

Splitting

Belief that people are either all good or all bad at different times due to intolerance of ambiguity

Seen in borderline personality disorder

14

Altruism

Guilty feelings alleviated by unsolicited generosity towards others

15

Humor

Appreciating the amusing nature of anxiety-provoking or adverse situation

16

Sublimation

Process whereby one replaces an unacceptable wish with a course of action that is similar to the wish but does not conflict with one's value system (vs. reaction formation)

17

Suppression

Voluntary withholding of an idea or feeling from conscious awareness (vs. repression)