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Ashley CDE Exam > Physical activity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physical activity Deck (26):
1

What percentage of adults are physically active

39%

2

Who would require an exercise stress test with ECG

>40 years

>30 years with tyoe 1 dm, type 2 diabetes for longer than 10 years, htn, smoker, dyslipidemia
Proliferative retinopathy, nephropathy or microalbuminurea

CAD, cerebrovascular disease, PAD, autonomic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease

3

What do exercise programs need in design?

Intensity, duration, frequency, mode, appropriate progression

4

Describe warm up

5-10 minutes of alow activiry to gradually increase heart rate, blood flow, body temp, oxygen availability and breathing

5

Decribe benefits of cool down

Prevent blood flow from pooling in extremities, removes metabolic byproducts

6

Is it recommended for asymptomatic persons at low risk for CAD to get a stress test?

No

7

Describe intensity exercise regimen

Moderate to vigorous
55-90% age adjusted max heart rate
40-85% max oxygen uptake or heart rate reserve

8

Describe duration for exercise regimen

150 min per wk wth no less than 10 min per session

9

Describe frequency of exercise regimen

Spread over 3 nonconsecutive days per week
No more than 2 consecutive days of inactivity
5 days per week most effective

10

Exercise intensity of ___ to ___ of HRR (heart rate reserve)

40-85% which translates to 55-95% of max heart rate

11

True or false:
Exercise performed at low levels (60% max heart rate

True

12

What effects can vigorous exercise have on blood pressure and blood sugar

Transient hyperglycemia and rise in systolic blood pressure

13

Formula for HHR (heart rate reserve)

Max HR - resting HR

14

Formula for percent HRR

HRR x percent intensity

15

Formula for % HR max

Max HR x percentage intensity

16

Formula for target heart rate

((HRmax - HRrest) x desited percent intensity) + HRrest

17

Target heart rate calculation

Eatimated hrmax = 220-age
Can be off by 12 to 15 beats per minute depending on the SD
can overestimate with type 2 diabetics, especially with autonomic neuropathy

18

Alternate equation used to estimate target heart rate, especially in older population

Eatimated hrmax= 208-(0.7xage)
Uses 70% age

19

Can you achieve the same cardiorespiratory gains in 3 short 10 minute workout versus 1 30 minute workout?

Yes

20

How much daily exercise is required for weight losa

60 m

21

Why is regular PA needes for WL and glyemic control?

Duration of glycemic control after exercise session = 2-72 hours

22

Intensity recommendations

Moderate to vigorous
40-85% vo2r or hrr
55-90% hrmax

23

Resistance training precautions:
Microvascular macrovascular complications

Decrease strain on cardiovascular system

24

Resistance training precautions:
Unstable proliferative retinopathy or severe nephropathy

Resistance training increased risk of excessive systolic blood pressure

25

Resistance training precautions:
Dm or cvd patients can not have...

Ejection fraction

26

Describe body effects when taking b adrenerg blocking agents in t2 dm patientss

Lower heart rate reaponse to PA
Mask hypoglycemic symptoms and lessen counterregulatory response