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Flashcards in Alpha glucosidase inhibitora Deck (12):

What are the two drugs in the agi family

Acarbose (precose)
Miglitol (glyset)


Who are good candidates for agi

T2 dm, dyslipidemia,
Obesity, significant post prandial hyperglycemia


Are agi used as monotherapy

No because they do not lower a1c


What are the doses for agi?

Start 25 mg TID. Take with firat bite of meal. Max dose 100. Increase while gi permits


How do agi work?

Antihyperglycemia agents.
Inhibit alpha glucosidase enzymes (maltase, isomaltase, glucomylase, sucrase) in brush border of small intestine and pancrratic alpha amylase leading to reduction in carb mediated post prandial blood glucose elevation. These enzymes hydrolyze di/ti/oligo saccharides and turn them into glucose.
The enzyme inhibition reduces rate of carb digestion of starches and absorption of glucose


How do you initatiate agi meds

Low doses to decrease gi upset.


How do you treat a low with combination therapy if agi plus a sulf or insulin

Because agi blunt digestion of of complex sugars to glucose, oral sugar sources other than lactose (milk) or glucose (glucose tabs) shouldnt be used


Contraindications of agi

Ibd, colonic ulceration, chronic intestinal disorders, obstructive bowel disorders
CR >2


Side effecta of agi

Gi effects during initiation of therapy
Doarrhea, flatulence, abdominal pain. Can take several weeks to go away. Improved with slow titration


How do you monitor on agi

2 hr post prandial


What should you test every 3 mo

Serum transaminase for liver toxicity


What shoukd patients do after eating to prevent buildup of fermenting gas?

Be actice