MNT Flashcards Preview

Ashley CDE Exam > MNT > Flashcards

Flashcards in MNT Deck (17):
1

Mnt delivered by rd has what effect on alc of newly dx type 1

1% decrease

2

Mnt delivered by rd has what effect on alc of newly dx type 2 dm

2% decrease

3

Mnt delivered by rd has what effect on alc of t2 dm dx within 4 years

1% decrease

4

Healthy eating and PA can decrease onset of type 2 diabetes by...

58-71%

5

What is the goal for mnt of prediabetes

Reduce incidence of tyoe 2 and cardiovascular disease

6

What is the goal pf mnt with diabetes

Normal bg
Reduce lipid and lipoprotein
Reduce bp
Prevent or slow onset of chronic complications

7

What are the revommended goals for diabetes prevention

Modest weight loss of 5-7%
Modest physical activity 150 minutes weekly

8

What is the primary goal for mnt with type 1

Integrate insulin therapy into their preferred eating routine and physical activity

9

What is the main goal for medical nutrition therapy in type 2 diabetics

Reduction of energy saturated fat trans fat cholesterol sodium.
Increase in physical activity.
Main goal of improving glycemia, dyslipidemia, blood pressure

10

Medical nutrition therapy weight loss goals in type 2 diabetics

1 - 2 pound weight loss per week can be achieved with decrease in calorie intake by 500 to 1000 calories per day
1000 - 1200 calories a day for women + 1200 to 1600 calories a day for men

11

Medical nutrition therapy for goal of pregnant or lactating women with hyperglycemia

Providing adequate calories and nutrients to meet the needs of pregnancy while maintaining optimal blood glucose

12

Teu or false:
Low fat AND low carb (

True

13

Name key factors of Mediterranean diet

Legumes
Fruit
Veg
Non refined grains
Monounsaturated fats
Moderate alcohol consumption

14

Describe DASH

Dietary approaches to stop hypertension
High in fruit, veg, low fat dairy and low in total fat, chol, trig reduces BP

15

What are the Four Steps in the Nutrition Care Process

Assessment
Diagnosis
Intervention
Monitor and eval

16

Describe the four styles of learners in the Four Steps in the Nutrition Care Process

Thinkers- look for facts. Like lectures.
Sensors- learn by problem solving. Like demonstrations.
Feelers- learn by listening. Like discussion.
Intuitors- learn by trial and error. Like self discovery learning

17

What is the four step process for improving crosa cultural counseling

Self evaluation of educators own culture
Preinterview research on the culture
In depth interview to establish patients cultural background, eating habits and adaptions to.eating habits since moving to the states
Unbiased analysis of data