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Public speaking

Is a way of making your ideas public of sharing them with other people and influencing other people.

1

Skilled used when talking to people

1.) organizing your thoughts logically

2.) tailoring your message to your audience

3.) Telling a story for maximum impact

4.) adapting to listener feedback.

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Organizing your thoughts

When you speak you do so in the appropriate order and manner a logical flow of sequences

3

Tailoring your message to your audience

How you say something depends on who you are telling it to. Ex telling a fellow student about the process of a pearl vs telling a 9 year old the same process

4

Telling a story for maximum impact

Carefully building up your story/speech adjusting words and tone of voice for best effect

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Adapting to listener feedback

Reacting to the persons reactions be they physical, verbal, or facial

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3 major differences between conversation and public speaking

1.) public speaking is more highly structured

2.) public speaking requires more formal language

3.) public speaking requires a different method of delivery

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Public speaking is highly more structured

Consequently, public speaking demands much more detailed planing as preparation than ordinary conversation. You must be able to accomplish everything within the time frame of the speech

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Public speaking requires more formal language

No slang, jargon, and bad grammar. A speech is a special "occasion"

9

Public speaking requires a different method of delivery

avoid words like umm, uh, er (which are vocalized pauses) and be in a erect posture. You don't stand or talk the same way in a speech as you would in a conversation

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When dealing with nervousness you should?

Rather than trying to get ride of it you should transform it from a negative force to a positive one call positive nervousness so instead of being victimized by it you are empower by it.

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Six ways to turn your negative nervousness into a positive one.

1.) acquire speaking experience

2.) prepare, prepare, prepare

3.) think positively

4.) use the power of visualization

5.) know that most nervousness is not visible

6.) don't expect perfection

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Acquiring speaking experience

The more you give speeches the less threatening them seem to be. It's all trial and error.

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Prepare, prepare, prepare

Chose a topic you're interested in and prepare your speech (rule of thumb: for every minute of a speech requires one to two hours of preparing

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Think positively

Be confident if you feel you can do it you can, but if all you think is negative then it will be a negative experience. Turn negative with positive. "I can't." -> "I will"

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Use the power of visualization

Picture yourself succeeding speech or anything else. Picture what can go wrong but know that you will succeed. This alone will not help much but combine it with other techniques and you will do great

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Know that most nervousness is not visible

You don't look as nervous as you feel. Out of the thousands of shocks your nervous are doing only a few are shown

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Don't expect perfection

Mistakes happen. Even if you do mess up the audience doesn't know your speech, remember a speech isn't a performance it's an act of communication

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Other things to help with nervousness

Sleep well, deep slow breathes, tense your legs and hands to release extra adrenaline, work on intro, make eye contact, concentrate on your audience, use visual aides.

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Critical thinking

Is focused, organized thinking--the ability to see clearly the relationships among ideas

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Seven elements of communication

1.)Speaker
2.)Message
3.)Channel
4.)Listener
5.)Feedback
6.)Interference
7.)situation

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Speaker

The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener

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Message

Whatever the speaker communicates to someone else

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Channel

The means by which a message is communicated

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Listener

The person who receives the speakers message

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Fran of reference

The sure of a persons knowledge experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people have the same frame of reference.

Describe something (no two people will describe the same thing)

Speaker has to be careful to adapt the message to that particular audience

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Feedback

The message, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker

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Interference

Anything that impedes the communication of a message. Interference can be ex eternal or internal listeners.

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Two kinds of interference

Internal and external

Internal: is the individual listener such as one is thinking about a test or an argument with a friend

External: is something that could distract the audience as a whole students talking outside the classroom, the heater is loud, etc.

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Situation

The time and place in which speech communication occurs