Flashcards in Psychiatry Deck (104)
What is Autism?
Repetitive movements, lack of verbal skills and bondings, sx since birth
How is major depression diagnosed?
Need 5 "SIGE CAPS" > 2 weeks
Sleep disturbances: wake in am
Interest / Libido loss
What is Asperger's?
Good communication, impaired relationships, no mental retardation
What is Rett's?
Only in girls, DECREASED head growth, lose motor skills, hand-wringing, normal until 5mo
What is chikdhood disintegrative disorder?
Kids stops walking / talking
What is Selective Mutism?
Kid talks sometimes
What is separation anxiety disorder?
Kis screams when mom leaves
What is conduct disorder?
Aggressive, disregard for rules, no sense of guilt, harm animals, illegal activity "bite"
What is oppositional defiant disorder?
Defiant, noncompliant, directed at autorithy "bark"
What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
Overactivity, difficulty in school
What is dysthymia?
Low level sadness >2 yr
What is Cyclothymia?
Dysthymia w/ hypomania
What is double depression?
Depression followed by dysthymia
What is bipolar I?
Depression and Mania
What is. Bipolar II?
Depression and hypomania (no psychosis)
What are loose associations?
Ideas with subjects, incoherent
What is Circumstantiality?
Digresses, but finally gets back to the point
What is tangeability?
Wanders off the point
What is Clanging?
Words that sound alike
What is word salad?
Unrelated combination of words
What is perseveration?
What is neologisms
What is delusion?
What is Illusion?
What is Hallucination?
False sensory perception, EtOH withdrawal/ Cocaine intox => formication
What is Nihilism?
False sensory perception
What is Loss of ego boundaries?
Not knowing where I end and you begin
What are ideas of reference?
Believe the media is monitoring you
What is thought blocking?
What is thought broadcasting?
Believes everyone can read his thoughts
What is thought insertion?
Believes others are putting thoughts into his head
What is thought withdrawal?
Believes others are taking thoughts out of his head
What is concrete thinking?
Can't interpret abstract proverbs, just sees the facts
What is Synesthesia?
What is Cataplexy?
Loss of mm tone due to strong emotions
What is paranoid personality disorder?
Suspicious about everything, use projection
What is schizotypal personality disorder?
"Magical thinking" , bizarre behavior
What is Schizoid personality disorder?
"Recluse" dont want to fit in
What is antisocial personality disorder?
Lie, steal, cheat, destroy property, impulsive w/o remorse, illegal activity
What is histrionic personality disorder?
Theatrical, sexually provocative, use repression
What is conduct disorder personality desorder?
What is borderline personality disorder?
"Perpetual teenager", splitting (love/hate), projection, acting out, self mutiliation
What is narcissistic personality disorder?
Pompous, no empathy
What is Dependant personality disorder?
Clingy, submissive, low self- confidence, regression
What is obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?
Perfectionist, doesn't show feelings, detail oriented, uses isolation
What is Avoidant personality disorder?
Socially withdrawn, afraid of rejection but wants to fit in
What is Kleptomania?
Steals for the fun of it
What is Pyromania?
What is intermittent explosive disorder?
Loses self-control without adequate reason
What is pathological gambling?
Cant stop gambling, affects others
What is trichotillomania?
Pull out their hair
What is Lewy body dementia?
Stiff, visual hallucinations
What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?
TrIAD = incontinence, agaxia "magnetic gait", dementia
What is Korsakoff psychosis?
Alcoholic Thiamine deficiency
What is vascular "multi infarct" dementia?
Sudden onset, uneven progression of deficits, "stair step" decline
What is Huntington's?
In caudate/putamen, triplet repeat disorder, choreiform movements, ^personality
What is. Creutzfeldt-Jacob?
Prion induced, die within 1 year, post cornea transplant
What is pick's disease?
Frontal lobe atrophy, disinhibition
What is Alzheimer's?
Lower ACh in nucleus basalis of. Meynert, bad ApoE, amyloid plaques, tangles of tau
What is parkinson's?
In substantia nigr, bradykinesi, pill-rolling tremor, shuffling gait, Lewy bodies
What is somatization?
Think they have a different illness all the time (at least 4 organs systems)
What is Hypochondriasis?
Think they have the same illness all the time
What is body dysmorphic disorder?
Imagined physical defect
What is pain disorder?
Prolonged pain not explained by physical causes
What is conversion?
Neuro manifestation of internal conflict, indifferent to disability
What is Malingering?
Fake illness for monetary gain, avoids medical treatment
What is factitious?
Fake illness to get attention, seeks medical treatment
What is Munchausen?
Needs to be caregiver, MOm fakes child's illness to get attention
What is Munchausen by proxy?
Mom makes child ill for gain, move a lot
What is amnesia?
Can't recall important facts
What is dissociative fugue?
No past, travel to new place, usually due to trauma
What is multiple personality disorder?
Have 5-10 alters, usually associated w/ incest
What is sepersonalization disorder?
"Out of body" experience, deja vu
What is sublimation?
Substitute acceptable for unacceptable (boxer vs fighting)
What is imitation?
Dress like someone else
What is identification?
Act like someone else
What is displacement?
Take anger out on someone else
What is idealization?
Wait for "ideal spouse" while they are beating you up
What is transference?
Patient views doctor as parent
What is contratransference?
Doctor views patient as child
What is acting out?
Expression of impulse, "tantrums"
What is regression?
What is rationalization?
Make excuses for all situations
Act like a "know it all" to avoid feeling emotions
What is isolation of affect?
Isolate feelings to keep on functioning
Consciously block memory
What is Repression?
Subconsciously block memory
What is reaction formation?
unconsciously act opposite to how you feel (tears of a clown)
What is undoing?
Doing exact opposite of what you used to do to fix a wrong
What is compensation?
Doing something different of what you used to do
What is sadism?
What is masochism?
What is exhibitionism?
Exposure to others
What is voyeurism?
Watching other people without their permission
What is telephone scatalogia?
What is frotteurism?
Rub penis against fully clothed women
What is transvestite?
Dress up as opposite sex, no identity crisis
What is transsexual?
Gender identity crisis "man trapped in a woman's body"
What is a Fetish?
Objects (vibrators, dildos, shoes)
What is a pedophile?
Children (watching child pornography)
What is a necrophile?
What is a Beastophile?
Can you die during EtOH withdrawal?