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Flashcards in Psychiatry Deck (104)
0

What is Autism?

Repetitive movements, lack of verbal skills and bondings, sx since birth

1

How is major depression diagnosed?

Need 5 "SIGE CAPS" > 2 weeks

Sleep disturbances: wake in am
Interest / Libido loss
Guilt
Energy loss
Concentration loss
Appetite loss
Psychomotor agitation
Suicide: hopelessness

2

What is Asperger's?

Good communication, impaired relationships, no mental retardation

3

What is Rett's?

Only in girls, DECREASED head growth, lose motor skills, hand-wringing, normal until 5mo

4

What is chikdhood disintegrative disorder?

Kids stops walking / talking

5

What is Selective Mutism?

Kid talks sometimes

6

What is separation anxiety disorder?

Kis screams when mom leaves

7

What is conduct disorder?

Aggressive, disregard for rules, no sense of guilt, harm animals, illegal activity "bite"

8

What is oppositional defiant disorder?

Defiant, noncompliant, directed at autorithy "bark"

9

What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

Overactivity, difficulty in school

10

What is dysthymia?

Low level sadness >2 yr

11

What is Cyclothymia?

Dysthymia w/ hypomania

12

What is double depression?

Depression followed by dysthymia

13

What is bipolar I?

Depression and Mania

14

What is. Bipolar II?

Depression and hypomania (no psychosis)

15

What are loose associations?

Ideas with subjects, incoherent

16

What is Circumstantiality?

Digresses, but finally gets back to the point

17

What is tangeability?

Wanders off the point

18

What is Clanging?

Words that sound alike

19

What is word salad?

Unrelated combination of words

20

What is perseveration?

Keeps repeating

21

What is neologisms

New words

22

What is delusion?

False belief

23

What is Illusion?

Misinterprets stimulus

24

What is Hallucination?

False sensory perception, EtOH withdrawal/ Cocaine intox => formication

25

What is Nihilism?

False sensory perception

26

What is Loss of ego boundaries?

Not knowing where I end and you begin

27

What are ideas of reference?

Believe the media is monitoring you

28

What is thought blocking?

Stops mid-sentence

29

What is thought broadcasting?

Believes everyone can read his thoughts

30

What is thought insertion?

Believes others are putting thoughts into his head

31

What is thought withdrawal?

Believes others are taking thoughts out of his head

32

What is concrete thinking?

Can't interpret abstract proverbs, just sees the facts

33

What is Synesthesia?

Smell colors

34

What is Cataplexy?

Loss of mm tone due to strong emotions

35

What is paranoid personality disorder?

Suspicious about everything, use projection

36

What is schizotypal personality disorder?

"Magical thinking" , bizarre behavior

37

What is Schizoid personality disorder?

"Recluse" dont want to fit in

38

What is antisocial personality disorder?

Lie, steal, cheat, destroy property, impulsive w/o remorse, illegal activity

39

What is histrionic personality disorder?

Theatrical, sexually provocative, use repression

40

What is conduct disorder personality desorder?

41

What is borderline personality disorder?

"Perpetual teenager", splitting (love/hate), projection, acting out, self mutiliation

42

What is narcissistic personality disorder?

Pompous, no empathy

43

What is Dependant personality disorder?

Clingy, submissive, low self- confidence, regression

44

What is obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?

Perfectionist, doesn't show feelings, detail oriented, uses isolation

45

What is Avoidant personality disorder?

Socially withdrawn, afraid of rejection but wants to fit in

46

What is Kleptomania?

Steals for the fun of it

47

What is Pyromania?

Starts fire

48

What is intermittent explosive disorder?

Loses self-control without adequate reason

49

What is pathological gambling?

Cant stop gambling, affects others

50

What is trichotillomania?

Pull out their hair

51

What is Lewy body dementia?

Stiff, visual hallucinations

52

What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?

TrIAD = incontinence, agaxia "magnetic gait", dementia

53

What is Korsakoff psychosis?

Alcoholic Thiamine deficiency

54

What is vascular "multi infarct" dementia?

Sudden onset, uneven progression of deficits, "stair step" decline

55

What is Huntington's?

In caudate/putamen, triplet repeat disorder, choreiform movements, ^personality

56

What is. Creutzfeldt-Jacob?

Prion induced, die within 1 year, post cornea transplant

57

What is pick's disease?

Frontal lobe atrophy, disinhibition

58

What is Alzheimer's?

Lower ACh in nucleus basalis of. Meynert, bad ApoE, amyloid plaques, tangles of tau

59

What is parkinson's?

In substantia nigr, bradykinesi, pill-rolling tremor, shuffling gait, Lewy bodies

60

What is somatization?

Think they have a different illness all the time (at least 4 organs systems)

61

What is Hypochondriasis?

Think they have the same illness all the time

62

What is body dysmorphic disorder?

Imagined physical defect

63

What is pain disorder?

Prolonged pain not explained by physical causes

64

What is conversion?

Neuro manifestation of internal conflict, indifferent to disability

65

What is Malingering?

Fake illness for monetary gain, avoids medical treatment

66

What is factitious?

Fake illness to get attention, seeks medical treatment

67

What is Munchausen?

Needs to be caregiver, MOm fakes child's illness to get attention

68

What is Munchausen by proxy?

Mom makes child ill for gain, move a lot

69

What is amnesia?

Can't recall important facts

70

What is dissociative fugue?

No past, travel to new place, usually due to trauma

71

What is multiple personality disorder?

Have 5-10 alters, usually associated w/ incest

72

What is sepersonalization disorder?

"Out of body" experience, deja vu

73

What is sublimation?

Substitute acceptable for unacceptable (boxer vs fighting)

74

What is imitation?

Dress like someone else

75

What is identification?

Act like someone else

76

What is displacement?

Take anger out on someone else

77

What is idealization?

Wait for "ideal spouse" while they are beating you up

78

What is transference?

Patient views doctor as parent

79

What is contratransference?

Doctor views patient as child

80

What is acting out?

Expression of impulse, "tantrums"

81

What is regression?

Immature behavior

82

What is rationalization?

Make excuses for all situations

83

What isintellectualization?

Act like a "know it all" to avoid feeling emotions

84

What is isolation of affect?

Isolate feelings to keep on functioning

85

Suppression?

Consciously block memory

86

What is Repression?

Subconsciously block memory

87

What is reaction formation?

unconsciously act opposite to how you feel (tears of a clown)

88

What is undoing?

Doing exact opposite of what you used to do to fix a wrong

89

What is compensation?

Doing something different of what you used to do

90

What is sadism?

Give pain

91

What is masochism?

Receives pain

92

What is exhibitionism?

Exposure to others

93

What is voyeurism?

Watching other people without their permission

94

What is telephone scatalogia?

Phone sex

95

What is frotteurism?

Rub penis against fully clothed women

96

What is transvestite?

Dress up as opposite sex, no identity crisis

97

What is transsexual?

Gender identity crisis "man trapped in a woman's body"

98

What is a Fetish?

Objects (vibrators, dildos, shoes)

99

What is a pedophile?

Children (watching child pornography)

100

What is a necrophile?

Corpses

101

What is a Beastophile?

Animals

102

Can you die during EtOH withdrawal?

Yes

103

Can you die during opiod withdrawal?

No, just very painful