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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (53)
0

What are the new born screening test?

Please Check BBefore Going HHome"

PKU
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Biotinidase, Bthalassemia
Galactosemia
Hypothyroidism, Homocystinuria

1

What is VATER syndrome?

Vertebral abnormality
Anal
TE fistula
Renal

2

What is an average IQ?

85-100

3

What are the most common causes of mental retardation in the US?

EtOH, Fragile X, Down's

4

What is Rubeola also known as?

Measles

5

What is Rubella also known as?

German Measles

6

What is the APGAR test?

Test at 1 and 5 min (normal >7)

Appearance (color)
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiration

7

Whatvis the most common eye infection the first day of life?

Clear discharge due to silver nitrate

8

What is the most common eye infection the first week of life?

Gonorrhea => purulent discharge

9

What is the most common eye infection the second week of life?

Chlamydia

10

What is the most common eye infection the third week of life?

Herpes

11

What are the causes of hyperbilirubinemia?

Sepsis, ABO incompatibility, hypothyroidism, breast feeding

12

What is the cause of symmetrically small babies?

Chromosomal abnormality or TORCHS

13

What is the cause of asymmetrically small babies?

Poor blood supply spares brain => small body, normal head

14

What is the cause of large babies?

DM or twin-twin transfusions

15

What is Milia?

Neonatal whiteheads on malar area

16

What is nevus flammeus?

"stork bites" on back of neck, look like flames

17

What is Seborreic dermatitis?

Red rash w/oily skin and dry flaky hairline

18

What are hemangiomas?

Flat blood vessels

19

What are mongolian spots?

Melanocytes on lower back

20

What is Erythema toxicum?

White wheal on red area, has eosinophils

21

What is subgaleal hemorrhage?

Prolonged jaundice in newborns due to birthing trauma

22

What is a Caput Succedaneum?

Under scalp (edema crosses suture lines)

23

What is an Epstein's pearl?

White pearls on hard palate

24

What is persistent eye drainage since birth usually due to?

Hypothyroidism, Down's

25

What causes a Cleft Lip?

Medial nasal prominence did not fuse

26

What causes a Cleft palate?

Maxillary shelves did not fuse

27

What is the most common cause of no red reflex?

Cataracts

28

What is the most common cause of white reflex?

Retinoblastoma

29

What is the sign of a Clavicle Fracture?

Asymmetric moro reflex

30

What is an omphalocele?

Intestines protrude out of umbilicus covered by peritoneum

31

What is gastroschisis?

Abdominal wall defect, off-center

32

What is nephroblastoma?

Kidney "Wilm's" tumor, hemihypertrophy, aniridia

33

What is a neuroblastoma?

Adrenal medulla tumor, hypsarrhythmia, opsoclonus, ^VMA

34

What is polyhydramnios?

Too much amniotic fluid, baby can't swallow

35

What are the most common causes of polyhydramnios?

NM problem: werdnig-hoffman
GI problem: Duodenal atresia

36

What is Oligohydramnios?

Too little amniotic fluid, baby can't pee

37

What are the most common causes of Oligohydramnios?

Abd muscle problem: prune belly
Renal agenesis: Potter's syndrome

38

What is fifth disease?

Erythema infectiosum "slapped cheeks", arthritis in mom, aplastic anemia

39

What is Sixth disease?

Roseola, exanthema subitum (fever disappears, then rash appears)

40

What is hand- foot-mouth disease?

Mouth ulcers => wont eat or drink, palm/sole rash, coxsackie A virus

41

What is Measles = rubeola?

1. Cough, coryza, conjunctivitis
2. Koplik spot
3. Morbilliform blotchy rash

42

What is Molluscum Contagiosum?

Flesh-colored papules w/ central dimple

43

What is mumps?

Parotiditis => red stensons duct

44

What is otitis media?

Fluid in middle ear

45

What is Pityriasis Rosea?

Herald patch -> migrates along skin lines "C-mass tree" appearance

46

What is Rubell = German 3-day measles?

Trunkmrash, lymphadenopathy behind ears, don't look sick

47

How is smallpox different from chickenpox?

Smallpox is on face, same stage of development, fever

48

What is varicella= chickenpox?

1. Red macule
2. Clear vesicle on red dot
3. Pus
4. Scab

49

What is Zellweger's

Neonatal seizures

50

What is the most common cause delayed speech develeopment?

Hearing loss

51

What are the signs of child abuse?

*multiple ecchymoses
*retinal hemorrhage
*epidural/ subdural hemorrhage
*spiral fractures (twisted)
*multiple fractures in different healing stages

52

What should you rule out when child abuse is suspected?

*osteogenesis imperfecta
*bleeding disorders
*fifth disease
*mongolian spots