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Flashcards in Pulmonary Therapeutics Deck (20):
1

A plug in the mainstem bronchus that obstructs airflow with collapse of affected lung tissue

atelectasis

2

The filling of alveoli with fluid or blood cells

consolidation

3

Chest condition characterized by a disturbance in ventilation due to decreased chest wall or lung movement

Restrictive

4

3 main symptoms associated with asthma

dyspnea
wheezing
cough

5

% improvement during the pre/post-bronchodilator challenge that represents reversible airway obstruction

>12%

6

Normal FEV1/FVC ratio

>75%

7

Normal FEV1

>80%

8

Normal FVC

>80%

9

FEV1/FVC ratio that normally represents restrictive lung disease

>88%

10

FEV1/FVC ratio that normally represents obstructive lung disease

11

% of predicted DLco that is considered abnormal

12

The protein responsible for the hydolysis of membrane phospholipids, releasing arachidonic acid

Phospholipase A2

13

3 cysteinyl leukotrienes

LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4

14

Enzyme that catalyzes arachidonic acid to cysteinyl leukotrienes

lipoxgenase

15

An antiprotease deficiency that leads to risk of COPD

alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

16

A chronic productive cough for 3 months during 2 consecutive years

Chronic bronchitis

17

Typical presenting symptom in emphysema

dyspnea

18

Typical presenting symptom in chronic bronchitis

cough

19

Type of emphysema likely to get pulmonary HTN

chronic bronchitis

20

Chest condition characterized by a disturbance in ventilation due increased resistance to airflow in the airways

Obstructive