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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (19):

Ethnocentrism is best defined as ones

Tendency to judge others negatively based on one's own cultural values


Which of the following are likely to be challenges to the practice of counselling in the coming years?

A. Pluralistic cultures, the changing face of work, demonstration of competency and/or effectiveness, counsellor accreditation, and privacy legislation
B. The lack of appropriate graduate programs in counsellor education in Canada
C. The increasing use of medication to treat issues previously addressed by counsellors
D. Both a and C



According to the Canadian counselling and psychotherapy association or CCPA, professional counselling relationships deal with:

A. Addressing and resolving specific issues
B. Developmental issues
C. Improving relationships with others
D. All of the above

D. All of the above


In what way did Canadian counselling play a role in World War II?

It combined resources to create psychological tests for the military


What is considered one of the most detrimental results of not having counsellor regulation or licensing in many Canadian provinces and territories?

Clients must determine whether a counsellor is qualified to offer services


In which decade did guidance counselling in Canadian schools change from group approaches to client-centered, individualized counseling?

The 1950s


A practising counsellor in Canada:

A. May be a member of a regulated professional organization
B. May be a member of a non-regulated professional organization
C. May not be a member of any professional organization
D. All of the above

D. All of the above


Which province was the first to regulate counselling in Canada?



______ advocated for better mental health facilities after his own struggles with mental illness, in which he witnessed, first-hand, deplorable conditions in mental institutions. He helped to start a mental health movement that reformed the treatment of the mentally ill

Clifford Beers


A counsellor can disclose information about a client with the clients written consent

For a specified time and to recipients the client has agreed to


Dimirsky and Brandes maintain that:

A. Many counsellors only see culture as applying to people different than themselves
B. Cultural blindness is a problem that will affect the effectiveness of counselling
C. A clients SES may be either a short-term situational factor or a longer-term, more pervasive cultural factor
D. All of the above

D all of the above


Guidance is easier to define then counselling or psychotherapy because

It is more focussed on a context-based decision that needs to be made in the fairly short term


What movement in the 1880s was instrumental in the development of a more humane treatment approach in Canada?

Moral therapy movement


The term nonmaleficence means

Do no harm


Shebib outlines a number of values, beliefs, and attitudes that can help or hinder counsellor effectiveness. Identify five values, beliefs, or attitudes that can help counsellor effectiveness.

An optimistic attitude where the counsellor believes in the intrinsic worth and capacity for productiveness in others, the belief and self-determination, where people have the ability to make their own decisions based on their own answers, a believe in freedom of choice and therefore the clients right to refuse service, a nonjudgmental attitude where counsellors are able to accept different cultures, lifestyles, and viewpoints, and the belief that people are inherently good and can change


In your own words, define dual relationship and identify four perceptions or outcomes that can result from a dual relationship

A dual relationship is when a counsellor and the client have an additional relationship outside of their counselling relationship. Can lead to the perception or risk that the counsellor is misusing their position of power for personal gain, can reduce the objectivity of the counselor, may create a situation where the counsellors personal interests are different than the clients interests, and may lead to exploitation, coercion, or harm for the client


What is the difference between absolute confidentiality and relative confidentiality? List three reasons why client information might be shared with others

Absolute confidentiality is when the information disclosed by clients is not shared with anyone, whereas relative confidentiality is when the clients disclosures are shared, for instance, within the counselling agency or practice, outside to practice with permission from the client, or in courts of law

Three reasons why client information might be shared with others:
Legislation requiring that the counsellor report suspicions of child abuse or neglect to authorities, when the counsellor has reason to believe that their client will harm themselves or others, and speaking and consulting with colleagues and supervisors about difficult cases in private for guidance or to unwind


In which provinces is the counselling profession regulated? How could you, as a potential client, determine what counselling regulations exist in your community?

The counselling profession is regulated in Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Ontario.

To determine what counselling regulations exist in my community, I could use the Internet to research the provincial regulatory bodies or colleges and find out what the code of ethics and standards of practice are used by the college and my province. I don't see use the Internet to research the counselling regulations on the Canadian counselling and psychotherapy association CCPA, who have developed a set of national standards for the certification of Canadian counsellor and to identify qualified counsellors in my area



Assists counsellors in making important generalizations

Avoids loss of objectivity

Reflects the importance of individual differences

Results in broad and inaccurate generalizations

Results in broad and inaccurate generalizations