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Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (19):

Given the mobile society that we live in, ____ is a situation that counsellors need to know how to handle given that it is more painful for clients and more challenging for counsellors than the natural end of the counselling process

Permanent counselor-initiated termination


Counsellors can help prevent premature termination by

A. Using advanced empathy
B. Telling the clients more about the counselling process
C. Alternating counsellors for each session
D. Fading

B. Telling the clients more about the counselling process


The testing and assessment process is crucial to

A. Learning the clients developmental issues and assessing strengths and weaknesses
B. Familiarizing oneself with the clients view of the world
C. Formulating diagnostic impressions and developing a treatment plan
D. All of the above

All of the above


The battle for structure involves

Issues of administrative control


Through the process of ___, the counsellor offers the client another way to look at a situation



The E in the acronym SOLER stands for

Eye contact


Making one self known to another person by revealing personal information is known as



Counsellors who have developed their self awareness skills are likely to do all of the following except

A. Accurately assess both their own needs and the needs of their clients
B. Communicate clearly
C. Convey immediate trustworthiness
D. Be in touch with their own values, thoughts, and feelings

C. Convey immediate trustworthiness


When a counsellor asks a client to comply with a minor request and then later follows the initial request with a larger request, this is an example of

The foot-in-the-door technique


Re-examining all phases of the therapeutic process to determine whether there may be improperly defined goals or an inappropriate strategy in place is known as



A good way to end an individual counselling session is to

Make a brief statement about the time


Unhelpful counsellor interview behaviour includes

Preaching and storytelling


Assessment can be defined as

A multifaceted and integrated process reflecting various aspects of an individual


Structure in the counselling relationship does each of the following, except

A. Protect the rights, roles, and obligations of the client
B. Clarify the counselor-client relationship
C. Initiate reflection of content by the counsellor
D. Give the counselor-client relationship direction

C. Initiate reflection of content by the counsellor


Identify five ways a counsellor may help a client successfully avoid resisting termination

Can help by making the process slow and gradual rather than abrupt. To aid in this, the counsellor can use fading to begin to shorten the time of sessions and increase the spacing of sessions, making them less frequent overtime. Can also help their clients develop their problem-solving skills so they are better able to deal with issues in their everyday lives outside of counseling. Should also take special considerations for their clients who have a fear of change, but helping them find outside sources of support. During the gradual termination process, counsellors can also help the client by reviewing and summarizing with the client the progress that has been made and encouraging them to maintain it


In your own words, briefly describe confrontation. Provide one specific example of what a client might say or do and how a counsellor might respond to demonstrate confrontation.

Confrontation involves helping the client to face their beliefs and attitudes that may be holding them back so that the counsellor can help them to change and understand the consequences of their behaviours.

For example, a client who says they want to work on the road rage might provoke other drivers by continuing to drive over the speed limit and cut other drivers off. They might say, "other people drive so stupidly and slow I have to give them the finger and get very close to their bumpers so they know how bad of drivers they are". To confront the client about this, a counsellor might respond by pointing out that the client may be provoking negative responses from themselves and others by driving it responsibly. The counsellor might say "you said you wanted to control your anger when driving, but you continue to drive faster than necessary and drive recklessly, which might be causing the circumstances for you to develop road rage"


In your own words, what are measures of reliability and validity?

Reliability is when a test delivers the same results over and over. For instance, a test of intelligence is reliable if testing the same child's IQ several times throughout the week delivers consistently similar findings each time the test is taken.

Validity is when he test measures the constructs or items they are supposed to be measuring. Four instance, a test of intelligence should measure items that accurately reflect the person's intelligence, such as their ability to internally manipulate objects, their ability to memorize items, and to solve arithmetic problems. It should not measure items not related to intelligence such as their preference for certain types of food.


In your own words, briefly describe four considerations for the planned termination of a counselling relationship

A counsellor should consider effective counseling, more specifically, whether or not goals and reasons for the client seeking counselling have been dealt with or illuminated. Secondly, the counsellor should assess the clients coping and problem-solving ability to verify that they will be able to deal effectively with problems that may present themselves in the future. Thirdly, the counsellor should consider whether problem behaviours or stress is leading to counselling have improved enough that the client will be able to function productively in their everyday lives. Lastly, counsellor should also consider whether or not their client has gained more positive relationship and communication skills so that they can relate to others better and have more positive relationships after counselling has been terminated


The major strength of the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic system is that it captures the essence of the clients

Symptomology, personality patterns, and current functioning