Respiratory Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

RESP II Exam 2 > Respiratory Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Antibiotics Deck (74)
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1

amoxicillin

aminopenicillin
PO

2

ampicillin

aminopenicillin
PO, IV, IM

3

piperacillin

anti-pseudo penicillin
IV

4

ceftriaxone

third generation cephalosporin
IV, IM

5

ceftazidime

third generation cephalosporin
IV, IM

6

cefepime

fourth generation cephalosporin
IV, IM

7

meropenem

carbapenem
IV

8

ertapenem

carbapenem
IV, IM

9

beta-lactamase inhibitors

sulbactam
clavulinic acid
taxobactam

often given with the PCNs

10

ciprofloxacin

FQ
PO, IV, topical

11

levofloxacin

FQ
PO, IV, topical

12

moxifloxacin

FQ
PO, IV, topical

13

gentamicin

aminoglycosides
IV, IM, topical

14

doxycycline

tetracycline
PO, IV

15

azithromycin

macrolide
PO, IV, topical

16

clindamycin

lincosamide

17

linezolid

oxazolidinone
PO, IV

18

oseltamivir

anti-viral
-PO

19

flucanozole

antifungal
PO, IV

20

intraconazole

antifungal
PO

21

voriconazole

antifungal
PO, IV

22

penicillin resistance

drug destruction and inactivation by beta-lactamases

23

aminopenicillins

extended-spectrum

gram positive, gram negatives

24

upper resp infections with strep pyogenes, strep pneumoia, h flu

ampicillin
amoxicillin

25

hospital acquired pneumonia

pseudomonas

piperacillin

26

DOC for serious gram negatives

third gen cephalospirins
-ceftriaxone and ceftazidimine

27

pseudomonas coverage

cefepime
-4th gen cephalosporin

28

glycopeptide MOA

vancomycin

inhibit cell wall synthesis binding to D-Ala-D-Ala terminal

cannot penetrate cell wall of gram negatives

29

vancomycin

glycopeptide
IV***

monitor levels closely

30

clostridium dificile tx

oral vancomycin