Pneumonia DSA and CIS II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pneumonia DSA and CIS II Deck (38)
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1

coughing with inspiratory high pitched sound

whooping cough

bordetella pertussis

2

barking cough, low grade fever

croup

3

A/C

legionella

gram negative, choc agar

4

hospitalized with green sputum

pseudomonas

pyocyanin pigment

5

fungus ball

aspergillus

mycetoma

6

dx legionella

urinary antigen

7

quantiferon gold test

for TB

8

most common cause of resp patho in infants

RSV

9

influenza tx

oseltamivir

10

vertical nystagmus

ethambutol

11

PPD test

5mm - HIV, TB contact, CXR changes (fibrosis), organ transplant
10mm - immigrant, IV drug, lab work, health care worker
15mm - no exposure

12

CYP450 inducer

rifampin

alters HAART tx in HIV patient

13

CD4 < 50

mycobacterium avium intracellulare

MAC

14

post-influenza bacterial pneumonia

staph aureus

15

thumb sign on lateral Xray

epiglottitis
-haem influenza

16

epiglottitis

haem influenza
-thumb sign

17

croup

steeple sign

18

janeway lesions, osler nodes, splinter lesions

right side endocarditis

19

aerobic gram positive spore former

bacillus anthracis

20

alpha hemolytic gram positive

streptococcus pneumonia

21

bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants

most common cause
-RSV

22

COPD exacerbation

moraxella catarrhalis

gram negative diplococci

23

otitis media in children

moraxella catarrhalis

24

TWAR

atypical pneumonia

chlamydia pneomonia

25

tachyzoites that stain with H and E

toxoplasma gondii
-CD4 < 50

26

flu syndrome, goes away, comes back to liver, lungs, kidney

leptospirosis

27

immune response

first IgM, then IgG

28

influenza year to year

minor changes - antigenic drift

shift leads to pandemics/epidemics

29

splenectomy

no longer produce opsonizing IgG antibodies to encapsulated organisms

30

nuchal rigidity, gram negative chocolat agar

neisseria meningitides