Respiratory Disorders Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step Two > Respiratory Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Disorders Deck (112)
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91

pneumonia in cystic fibrosis

pseudomonas

92

pneumonia associated with nausea, diarrhea, confusion, hyponatremia

legionella

93

treatment for coccidio pneumonia

amphotericin B, ketoconazole

94

treatment for legionella pneumonia

macrolides, fluoroquinolones

95

treatment for pseudomonas pneumonia

fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, 3rd generation cephalosporins

96

treatment for mycoplasma pneuominae

macrolides

97

treatment for klebsiella pneumonia

cephalosporins and aminoglycosides

98

lung cancer: cavitary lesions, direct extension to hilar lymph nodes

squamous cell lung cancer

99

lung cancer: wide metastases, can be caused by asebestos, pleural effusions show increased hyaluronidase

adenocarcinoma

100

lung cancer: rapidly growing, early distant metastases

small cell lung cancer

101

lung cancer: late distant metastases, early cavitation

large cell carcinoma

102

treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

corticosteroids +/- azathioprine
n-acetylcysteine
lung transplant

103

treatment for sarcoidosis

self-resolving in most cases
otherwise, corticosteroids, cytotoxic drugs, or lung transplant

104

gold standard for measuring pulmonary artery pressures

cardiac catheterization

105

predictors of ventilator weaning success

maximal inspiratory pressure < 30 cmH2O
vital capacity > 10 mL/kg
minute ventilation < 10 L/min
PaO2/FiO2 ratio > 200
frequency:tidal volume ratio < 100 breaths/min/L

106

treatment for croup

aerosolized epinephrine and inhaled corticosteroids

107

pathogen in croup

paraindluenzae virus

108

barking cough, inspiratory stridor

croup

109

drooling, soft stridor

epiglottitis

110

epiglottitis treatment

antibiotics 7-10 days

111

RSV bronchiolitis treatment

racemic epinephrine, corticosteroids, beta-agonists
ribavirin in severe cases

112

what ratio is important for evaluating for respiratory distress in the newborn

lecithin:sphingemyelin ratio