Flashcards in SHB Category: A, Nutrition Deck (284)
What are the 2 basic classifications of forages?
Legumes and grasses
What is probably the simplest and least expensive dry method of processing grains?
Which feed is used extensively in diets for horses that have respiratory problems such as heaves?
Proteins are made up of a chain of smaller units called what?
What is the most economical source of supplemental protein?
What is the general term for amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied by the diet?
Essential amino acids
Which protein supplement contains more lysine than most other vegetable proteins?
What is the most common method used to process forages?
How much water will a 1,000 pound horse drink per day?
10-12 gallons per day
What is the most important factor affecting the quality of a forage at the time of harvesting?
Stage of maturity
What is the most commonly cubed forage?
Hay stored indoors for one to two years will lose about what percentage of its nutrient content?
What is the device used to collect samples for analysis in baled hay?
Bale probe or bale core
What is the oldest and most common method of selecting hay?
The requirements of sodium chloride depends on the amount lost in what?
What is the most common form of malnutrition in horses in the US?
In extremely cold weather, which will produce more body heat when eaten, hay or grain?
Hay produces more heat
Which grass hay is a favorite among horseman?
How much more energy is in fat than in carbohydrates?
2.25 times as much
Typically horses receive nutrients from what 3 general sources?
Hay, pastures, and grains
What are the 2 most important dietary energy components in feeds?
Fats and carbohydrates
What is the recommended feeding frequency?
2 or more meals daily
What are the 2 general classes of forages?
Grasses and legumes
Name 2 ways corn can be processed for horse feed.
Whole, ear corn, or cracked
What is the deficient amino acid in hays and grains?
Which grain contains slightly more proteins and minerals, corn or oats?
Approximately 80 percent of the body's phosphorus is contained where in the horse?
Name 3 types of salt blocks available for horses.
Plain salt, iodized salt, trace-mineralized salt.
Which type of hay should not be fed to horses with kidney problems?