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Flashcards in SHB Category: A, Nutrition Deck (284)
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1

What are the 2 basic classifications of forages?

Legumes and grasses

2

What is probably the simplest and least expensive dry method of processing grains?

Grinding

3

Which feed is used extensively in diets for horses that have respiratory problems such as heaves?

Beet pulp

4

Proteins are made up of a chain of smaller units called what?

Amino acids

5

What is the most economical source of supplemental protein?

Soybean meal

6

What is the general term for amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be supplied by the diet?

Essential amino acids

7

Which protein supplement contains more lysine than most other vegetable proteins?

Soybean meal

8

What is the most common method used to process forages?

Baling

9

How much water will a 1,000 pound horse drink per day?

10-12 gallons per day

10

What is the most important factor affecting the quality of a forage at the time of harvesting?

Stage of maturity

11

What is the most commonly cubed forage?

Alfalfa

12

Hay stored indoors for one to two years will lose about what percentage of its nutrient content?

15-20%

13

What is the device used to collect samples for analysis in baled hay?

Bale probe or bale core

14

What is the oldest and most common method of selecting hay?

Visual appraisal

15

The requirements of sodium chloride depends on the amount lost in what?

Sweat

16

What is the most common form of malnutrition in horses in the US?

Obesity

17

In extremely cold weather, which will produce more body heat when eaten, hay or grain?

Hay produces more heat

18

Which grass hay is a favorite among horseman?

Timothy

19

How much more energy is in fat than in carbohydrates?

2.25 times as much

20

Typically horses receive nutrients from what 3 general sources?

Hay, pastures, and grains

21

What are the 2 most important dietary energy components in feeds?

Fats and carbohydrates

22

What is the recommended feeding frequency?

2 or more meals daily

23

What are the 2 general classes of forages?

Grasses and legumes

24

Name 2 ways corn can be processed for horse feed.

Whole, ear corn, or cracked

25

What is the deficient amino acid in hays and grains?

Lysine

26

Which grain contains slightly more proteins and minerals, corn or oats?

Oats

27

Approximately 80 percent of the body's phosphorus is contained where in the horse?

Skeleton

28

Name 3 types of salt blocks available for horses.

Plain salt, iodized salt, trace-mineralized salt.

29

Which type of hay should not be fed to horses with kidney problems?

Alfalfa

30

Dietary proteins are broken down into what substances?

Amino acids