SHB Category: L, Stable Equipment Flashcards Preview

KC SHB Questions > SHB Category: L, Stable Equipment > Flashcards

Flashcards in SHB Category: L, Stable Equipment Deck (254)
Loading flashcards...
1

What type of stall door is the most suited for safety and ease of operation?

Sliding doors

2

What is used to clean out dirt and debris from the hoof?

Hoof pick

3

What is the recommended floor covering for a horse's trailer?

Rubber mats

4

What is the most common type of pre-sized horse shoe?

Keg shoe

5

What is the most popular stall flooring material?

Hard packed clay

6

Name the type of stall bedding that is the most absorbent of all materials used for bedding horses.

Peat moss

7

Name the grooming tool used to remove excess water and perspiration from wet or sweating horses.

Sweat scraper

8

WHat is the most dangerous type of wire that you can used for horse fencing?

Barbed wire

9

What is the least glamorous aspect of caring for horses?

Stall maintenance or cleaning stalls

10

What part of the hoof bears most of the weight of the horse?

Hoof wall

11

How much is a healthy hoof expected to grow per month?

1/8" to 1/2" per month

12

What are 2 types of sliding doors?

Full wooden, half wood and half bars, full mesh

13

What farrier tool is used to level the bearing surface of the foot and finish the clinchers?

Tang rasp

14

What is the life expectancy of a pressure treated Douglas Fir wood fence post?

20-25 years

15

When properly fitted and the cinch is drawn tight, how much space should lie between the withers and the fork of a western saddle?

Enough space to easily insert two fingers

16

What is one of the major keys to comfortable trailering for a horse particularly in the summer?

Air movement

17

What piece of equipment is used to prevent cuts to the head and poll when trailering a horse?

Head bumper

18

Name 2 functions of a stall guard.

Allows more air circulation into stall and allows horse to hang its head over or out of a stall that has a solid door

19

What is the recommended size for an arena?

120x200 feet

20

Describe the primary function of the creep-feeder.

Structure designed to allow only foals to feed, without interference of the mare

21

What is the life expectancy of an untreated Yellow poplar wood fence post?

2-7 years

22

When rotating pastures, how long should horses be removed from the pasture before returning in order to maintain a good forage regrowth?

At least 4 weeks

23

What is the determining factor in the ratio of top to bottom line of the neck?

Slope of the shoulder (more sloping shoulder, top line gets longer)

24

Untreated fence posts made from what type of wood have the longest life expectancy?

Osage orange

25

What is the minimum size of an arena?

60x100 feet

26

What is the minimum ceiling height for a covered or indoor arena?

14 feet

27

What is the ceiling height recommended for an indoor arena?

14 feet (16 for jumpers)

28

Name the type of bedding capable of reaching a temperature of 300 degrees F in one minute after a fire starts.

Oat straw

29

Name 2 types of lighting fixtures commonly found in the stable area.

Incandescent bulbs, fluorescent tubes

30

Which horse shoe is larger, #0 or #3?

#3 is larger (larger the number, larger the shoe)

31

What are the wooden, rawhide, canvas, leather, metal or fiberglass containers used to carry equipment and supplies on a pack saddle?

Panniers

32

What substance is harder than any other substance except diamonds and is used to double or triple the life of a shoe?

Borium

33

What is the recommended width of a horse stall door?

Minimum of 4 feet wide

34

Name 3 types of pads used when shoeing a horse.

Leather, plastic, hospital plate, combination of leather and plastic

35

What farrier's tool is used to level the hoof wall after it has been trimmed with the nippers?

Rasp

36

What is the most widely used pack saddle?

Crossbuck (Sawbuck)

37

What is one disadvantage of a partial divider in a horse trailer?

It may allow injury to other horses by being stepped on by its travelling companion

38

From what 2 points do you measure to determine the size of an English saddle?

From saddle nail to mid-point of the cantle

39

How often should water be offered to a horse when trailering it for long distances?

Every 3-4 hours

40

Name 3 types of breeding contracts.

Stallion service contract, foal sharing agreement, mare lease

41

WHat is the best way to renovate grass pastures?

Introduce an adapted legume into the existing sod

42

What type of trailer is rapidly becoming the most popular trailer type in the industry because it allows horses to ride more easily, with significantly less trailering stress and horses are mores table during stops and starts?

Slant load trailers

43

What is one disadvantage of a solid divider in a horse trailer?

Horse may not have adequate width to brace itself

44

What is the name of the sharp bevelled headed horse shoe nail used to increase traction on icy surfaces?

Frosthead

45

What is the advantage of using a double rigged cinch on a cross buck pack saddle?

It helps keep the back cinch from sliding backwards

46

Why should mangers in tie stalls be slanted, as the descend from top to bottom?

So horses will not hit their knees

47

Name the horseshoer's tool that is used to widen the nail hole in a horse shoe.

Pritchel

48

Other than the 2 traditional pack saddles, name one other type of saddle that can be used for packing.

Western stock saddle or McClellan (old army saddle)

49

Define balacne as it applies to horse shoeing.

Equal weight distribution around the center of gravity of the horse's hoof.

50

What is the preferred source of nitrogen fertilizer for grass pastures?

Ammonium Nitrate

51

THe SMP buffer pH measures how readily the soil will change PH when limestone is applied, what is this test commonly called on soil test reports?

Lime index

52

What is another name for the farrier's tool called pull-offs?

Pinchers

53

What is the substance that is sometimes welded to the bottom of the horse shoe to increase traction?

Barium

54

What can be used on a race horse's shoe to help prevent the track surface from burning the ergot area?

Block (causes the feet to break over faster)

55

What are 2 types of trailer hitches used on horse trailers?

Bumper-pull and gooseneck hitches

56

What type of English saddle is recommended if you are going to be jumping with only a little flat work?

Close contact saddle

57

What are the standard sizes for trailer balls?

1 7/8 inch to 2 1/4 inch

58

What type of hammer is used for making and shaping shoes?

Rounding hammer

59

What is the most limiting factor in the construction of new horse facilities?

Cost

60

Which type of stall is not used as much as they were in the past?

Tie stalls

61

What type of shoe is used to elevate the heels of a horse that is confined to stall rest?

Patten shoe

62

Name the horseshoe that has a one-quarter inch extension at the outside of the heel, used to correct a cow-hocked condition.

Horseshoe with a trailer

63

What is the manta used for?

Throw over the load of a pack saddle to cover and protect it

64

What provides a safety measure of protection for the horse in a trailer in case the rear door opens before you want it to?

Butt bar or butt chain

65

Name an enclosure designed to allow only the foal to feed without interference from its dam.

Creep feed

66

What is the amount of land required for 3 horses under common conditions?

6-9 acres (2-3 acres per horse)

67

What trimming procedure would you use to correct a splay footed horse?

Trim the outer half of the hoof lower than the inside

68

Name 2 ways to correct defects in the way of going.

Corrective trimming and corrective shoeing

69

Name the blacksmith's tool used to cut hot metals.

Hardy

70

Name 2 different types of panniers.

Wooden box (grub), rawhide, heavy canvas, canvas and metal

71

What type of shoe allows a horse that is used in barrel racing to pivot on the shoe and maintain a toe grip regardless of where the foot breaks over?

Polo shoe

72

What are the 2 basic types of pack saddles?

Crossbuck (sawbuck) and Decker

73

Name a non-leverage bit that does not apply pressure to the horse's poll.

Snaffle bit (bosal is not acceptable)

74

In keg shoes, what is the difference between a cold and hot shoe?

Cold shoe- are finished (holes punched and heels cut) Hot shoe- are unfinished (need holes punched and heels cut or added special structures)

75

Why should you wrap trees in a horse pasture with old fence wire?

So horses don't chew the bark off the trees and kill them

76

Which type of stall is not used as much as they were in the past?

Tie stall

77

What is the unique feature of the 'happy mouth' bit?

It has a soft rubber, apple flavored mouthpiece

78

Which type of pasture will produce more forage yield, grasses or grass and legume mixtures?

Mixed

79

Which is usually the biggest mistake made in the construction of horse facilities

Inadequate ventilation

80

Where should a saddle be placed on the horse's back, regardless of the type of the saddle?

Girth should be about 4 inches behind the point of elbow

81

What is the last piece of equipment used when securing an entire load on a pack animal?

Lash cinch with a half inch lash rope 45 feet long

82

What factor is just as important in a horse trailer as it is when building a barn?

Proper ventilation

83

The black asphalt paint on Thoroughbred breeding farm fences will last about how long?

8 years

84

Define balance as it applies to horse shoeing

Equal weight distribution around the center of gravity of the horse's limb

85

What is the proper function of the curb strap or curb chain on the horse's bridle?

Prevents injury to the roof of the horse's mouth when too much pressure is applied on the reins

86

Excess dead sole is removed by what instrument?

Hoof knife

87

Name 2 pieces of safety equipment that should be located by the master electrical outlet in a barn.

Fire extinguisher and water hose always connected to water

88

What is the recommended height of an indoor arena used for jumping?

16 feet

89

Why should a potential horse farm site have a slope of 2-6%?

Good drainage

90

What part of a pack saddle keeps it from sliding forward?

Breeching

91

What is the name of the sharp bevelled headed horse shoe nail used to increase traction on icy surfaces?

Frosthead

92

What can be used on a race horse's shoes to help prevent the track surface from burning the ergot area?

Blocks (causes the feet to break over faster)

93

What is the biggest disadvantage of housing horses in run-in sheds?

Impossible to individually control diet and exercise

94

How long would a horse survive injury or death if there was a fire in its stall?

30 seconds

95

What type of saddle places the rider well behind the withers and just behind the 'center' of the horse?

Saddleseat saddle, cut back saddle, or flat saddle

96

What is the piece of canvas used to throw over a pack saddle load to cover it and protect it?

Manta

97

What is a cavesson and what is its purpose?

It's the noseband on an English bridle, helps keep bridle in place and keeps horse's mouth closed

98

What is the main difference between the trotter's harness and the pacer's harness?

Pacer's harness has hobbles

99

Which type of fencing is considered to be the best and safest wire for horse fencing?

5 diamond V mesh wire

100

What is the main function of a headstall?

To hold the bit evenly and comfortably in the horse's mouth

101

What is the recommended width of a horse stall door?

Minimum of four feet wide

102

A good feed room should keep out what 3 pests?

Birds, insects, rodents

103

Which important factor is just as important in a horse trailer as when building a barn?

Proper ventilation

104

What is the range of sizes of horse shoe nails?

2 1/2 to 12

105

What do the all purpose saddle, close contact saddle, and a dressage saddle all have in common?

They are all forward seat saddles

106

Name the part of the horse shoe nail that is bent over adjacent to the hoof wall and set with the driving hammer.

Clinch

107

What is the main cause of horse barn fires?

Human carelessness in use of smoking materials

108

Why does caution need to be exercised when using shavings, specifically black walnut?

Black walnut shavings cause horses to develop laminitis or founder

109

Name the 2 traditional types of pack saddles.

Crossbuck (sawbuck) and Decker

110

What is the main purpose of a noseband?

To keep the horse's mouth shut

111

How many times a year does the frog naturally shed itself?

Two, every 6 months

112

To what part of the western saddle does the cinch attach?

The latigo strap

113

What 2 types of horses commonly use straight or tie stalls?

Draft or carriage horses (accept Hack or rental horses)

114

What is a device that utilizes rollers behind a cutter bar to crush hay to permit more rapid drying when baling hay?

Hay conditioner

115

What type of horse shoe is most commonly used?

Keg shoes

116

What are pre-sized horse shoes that are often fitted cold?

Keg shoes

117

Name the pack saddle that is center-fired rigged, single cinched saddle with a half breed.

Decker

118

How much taller than the head of a horse should a trailer be?

10 inches

119

In reference to an English saddle, what is the gullet?

Channel that runs down the center of the under side of the saddle between the bars of the tree

120

What are 2 considerations when installing a paddock gate?

Location- not in a corner, not in a low or wet area
Size- for horses and machinery
Durability/Material- safe for horses

121

In reference to tack, what are fittings?

Stirrup leathers, stirrup irons, and girth

122

What are the 2 most important factors in the selection of a horse trailer?

Comfort and safety

123

What is the recommended height for a perimeter horse fence?

60 inches (5 feet)

124

Name the mechanical device that leads horses in a circle to cool them out or to exercise them.

Hot walker

125

On a packing trip, what is a pannier used for?

To hold gear, food, and equipment

126

What type of reins are generally used by barrel racers and gymkhana riders?

Roping reins

127

When building a stall, what should the spacing between the bars be if used on the top of the stall?

3 1/2-4 inches

128

What is the purpose of screening or dragging your pastures to spread out manure piles?

To reduce parasites

129

What is the fullering on a horse shoe?

Groove where nail holes are found

130

What is a general term for a substance that replaces the vital oils in a saddle that are removed by use and cleaning?

Leather conditioner

131

What is the purpose of toe and heel clips on shoes?

To hold the shoe in place and keep it on

132

What farrier tool is used to remove excess hoof wall?

Cutting nippers

133

How long does a horse in a stall with straw bedding have to be rescued if the stall catches on fire?

30 seconds

134

What is not generally included in the price of a new English saddle?

Stirrup leathers, stirrup irons, girth

135

Name the horseshoer's tool that is used to widen the nail holes in the horseshoe.

Pritchel

136

What does a farrier put on horse shoes to help hold the shoe more securely to the horse's hoof?

Clips

137

Name 2 items used to protect the horse while it is being trailered.

Leg wraps, head bumper, hobbles, tail wrap

138

What piece of a blacksmith's equipment is known as his workbench?

Anvil

139

Why would the top of a wooden fence post be cut at an angle?

To allow water to run off rather than stand on top and rot the post

140

Of the extra light keg shoes, what is the difference between a cold and hot shoe?

Cold shoes are finished (holes are punched and heels are cut)
Hot shoes are unfinished (need holes punched and heels cut or add special structures)

141

What is the purpose of an anti-sweat sheet?

Helps wick moisture away from the horse's body after a heavy workout. Speeds up the cooling process through evaporation.

142

What is the minimum height for a horse stall ceiling?

Minimum of 8 feet

143

When should legumes be reintroduced to a grass and legume pasture?

When legumes contribute less than 30% of total pasture forage

144

What is the recommended time frame for soil testing pastures?

Soil test every 3-4 years

145

Why is borium used on horse shoes?

Increases life of shoe, provides better grip on ice, pavement, or dry grass

146

What is the function of the brow band?

Designed to keep the crown piece from sliding down the horse's neck

147

Name 2 materials that can be applied to wood to prevent horses from chewing it.

Commercial anti-chewing products, sheet metal, steel angle iron, liquid asphalt

148

What is the recommended minimum size of a maternity stall for horses?

12' x 12', 12' x 16', or 14' x 14'

149

What is the recommended height for a pasture division fence?

4 1/2 to 5 feet high

150

Which is the best and safest wire for horse fencing because its close weave prevents even foals from catching a foot in it?

5 diamond V-mesh wire

151

What is a wide, hinged, wooden or metal collar used as a restraint to prevent the horse from bending his neck

Neck cradle

152

What are 2 functions of the heartbar shoe?

Prevents further rotation of the coffin bone, re-establishes normal laminae relationship, supports the back of the hoof

153

Name the piece of safety equipment used on horse trailers to prevent the horse from backing out if the door opens.

Butt bar or butt chain

154

To provide a safe interior in a horse trailer, what should be on the side walls, partitions & front of the mangers to prevent injuries?

Padding

155

What is the name for the flexible quirt that is attached to California-style reins?

Romal

156

What is the first step in establishing a new pasture?

Lime & fertilize according to soil test results

157

What is the purpose of the panniers?

To carry gear, food or equipment on a pack horse

158

Name the farrier's tool used to cut hot metals.

Hardy

159

What is an attachment to the bridle or hood, designed to restrict vision of the horse from the side & rear & to focus the vision forward?

Blinkers (blinders)

160

What determines the size of a shoe to be used on a horse?

Size of hoof, position of nail holes, length of heels of shoes

161

What is the purpose of a headstall?

To hold the bit in the horse's mouth

162

Name 3 types of horseshoe nails

City, regular & frost head

163

What is the name for a combined noseband & poll strap?

Cavesson

164

How can you determine how much fertilizer your pasture needs to maintain it in top condition?

Soil test

165

To prevent muddy conditions, the barn site should have a slope of what percent to provide rapid removal of water without erosion?

2 -6%

166

California reins are connected to each other with a flexible quirt. Give the name of this piece of equipment.

Romal

167

How do you know if a bit is a snaffle, curb or hackamore?

Snaffle has direct pull from the bit, curb has leverage from the bit, hackamore has no bar for the mouth & reins are attached to the shanks

168

What is a hay probe?

Instrument used for taking samples of hay for nutrient analysis

169

With regards to fire, what is a common problem in constriction of a stall?

Only one door for the horse to escape from

170

What is a planchette?

Wooden step on a sidesaddle used to support the rider's feet

171

Name the 3 basic types of bits?

Snaffle, curb, hackamore

172

What benefit should a dressage saddle give a rider?

Balance through the seat & maximum side contact between horse & rider

173

What is a cavesson & what is its purpose?

Noseband on English bridle, keeps the mouth closed & helps keep bridle in place

174

Name the type of forage that can be added to grass pastures to make them more nutritious & extend the grazing season.

Legumes ( alfalfa, clover, birds foot trefoil)

175

Name 4 qualities of good bedding.

Absorbent, free from dust, readily available, inexpensive, provide comfort, easy to handle

176

What trimming procedure would you use to correct a splay footed horse?

Trim outer half of hoof lower that inside

177

When doing a soil test, how many & at what depth should the samples be taken?

10 - 15 samples per acre at a depth of 2 - 3 inches

178

What is the function of the curb strap or chain on a bridle?

Prevent injury to the roof of the mouth when too much pressure is applied on the reins

179

Name 5 materials that bit mouthpieces can be made of.

Stainless steel, solid nickel/never rust, aluminum, happy mouth, vulcanite, copper, rubber, leather, German silver

180

Why would you carry vick's vapor rub in your horse trailer?

To apply to a horse's nostrils to prevent him from smelling another strange horse & keep him from fighting in the trailer

181

What common foot fault would be corrected by lowering the heels & allowing the frog to carry more of the weight?

Contracted heels

182

What can happen if the last nail hole in the front shoe is placed behind the widest part of the foot?

Expansion of heels will be inhibited

183

What can be a helpful addition to the Crossbuck saddle to pull the cinch back from the animal's elbow area?

Quarter strap

184

Name 4 purposes of a saddle blanket.

Protects horse's back, absorb sweat & moisture, protect the saddle , helps saddle fit better

185

What makes a polo shoe different from a regular cowboy shoe?

Inside web of the polo shoe is raised above or higher than the outside rim

186

What are 2 reasons why the eating of bedding is undesirable?

Bedding material is low in nutrients, bedding soiled with feces adds to parasite problems , can lead to founder

187

Why should mangers in tie stalls be slanted as they descend from top to bottom?

So horses won't hit their knees

188

Give a good reason for periodically removing the rubber mats from the horse trailer.

To allow the trailer floor to completely dry out , to prevent the wood floor from rotting out

189

Name the 4 steps in establishing a new pasture.

Liming & fertilizing, seedbed preparation, seeding & weed control

190

Give 2 compelling reasons for not storing hay & straw in the stable area.

To reduce fire hazard, to reduce dust

191

What is another term for western closed reins?

California reins

192

In cubic feet, how much waste material does each horse generate per day?

2 cubic feet

193

Name 4 ways to improve a grass pasture.

Weed control, soil testing, liming, fertilizing, grazing management

194

Name the non-leverage bit that does not apply pressure to the horse's poll.

Snaffle (bosal is not acceptable)

195

Name 4 things that improve when legumes are added to an existing grass pasture.

Better seasonal distribution of forages, eliminates need for nitrogen fertilization, high content of protein, calcium & magnesium levels, improved digestibility & tastes better

196

What common foot fault would be corrected by lowering the heels & allowing the frog to carry more of the weight?

Contracted heels

197

Name 5 pieces of equipment that you might want to put on your horse to protect it when trailering.

Leg wraps, tail wraps, blanket, head bumper, hock pads, knee pads, hobbles

198

Name 4 types of snaffle bits

Round, D-ring, full cheek, egg butt, half cheek, twisted

199

Name 4 types of fencing that should not be used on horse farms.

Barbed wire, stone walls, snow fence, wood zigzag fence, snake fence, light weight wire, corroded wire

200

Name 6 types of western saddles

Pleasure(trail), endurance, equitation, reining, gymkhana, roping, barrel racing, pack saddle, cutting saddle, racing saddle

201

Name a cause of death that probably would not be covered by Full Mortality insurance.

Death from negligence or neglect, malicious or willful injuries, horse being used for purpose other than that declared by owner, administration of drug other than those by a vet or directed by vet

202

What type of shoe is usually used to correct a cow hocked horse?

Square-toe shoe with a trailer

203

Name 3 problems that can be caused by shoes that are left on too long.

Angle of foot can change enough to affect the gaits, long toes retard the breaking over of the hoof, strain on the deep flexor tendon which may lead to bowed tendons, forging, overreaching

204

Name 4 common kinds of bedding used for horses

Straw, wood shavings, sawdust, cornstalks, ground corn cobs, recycled newspaper

205

What conformation defect would you be attempting to correct by trimming the inner half of the horse's hoof short & leaving the outer half relativity longer?

Pigeon toed

206

Name 4 basic types of English girths.

String, elastic end contour leather, threefold leather, balding leather, web, humane

207

Proper ventilation is a major concern in a stable, what is the minimum number of air changes per hour needed to keep good air quality?

At least 4 (preferably 8) per hour

208

Describe 3 things found on a Weymouth bridle that are not on a western bridle.

Cavesson, Weymouth curb bit, bradoon snaffle bit, 2 sets of reins

209

Describe the Y-Tex Corporation system of alpha characters for freeze branding horses.

Alpha characters used to identify the breed, 2 stacked angles represent the year of birth, 6 side by side underlined angles designated identification or serial numbers of the horse

210

Name the horseshoe that has an approximately one-quarter inch extension at the outside of the heel, used to correct a cow hocked condition.

Horse shoe with a trailer

211

Describe the proper height & width of a horse trailer.

10 inches higher than horse's head in its resting position & wide enough to provide 3 inches of lateral movement on each side of the horse

212

What are 2 financial statements that would sum up your past & present performance as a horse business?

Financial Position (balance sheet) & income Statement (Profit & loss Statement)

213

Describe 2 of the things you would want to consider before purchasing an endurance saddle.

Light weight saddle, comfortable fit for horse, comfortable fit for rider

214

Give 3 reasons for shoeing a horse.

Reduce excessive wear, alleviate stress from injured hoof, aids in correcting action defect, increase traction on specific terrain, prevent hoof from breaking, increase circulation, correct mild conformation faults

215

What are panniers & name 4 types of panniers

Devices attached to a pack saddle used to store gear, food & equipment. Types are: wooden box (grub pannier), rawhide pannier, heavy canvas pannier, metal pannier

216

Name 3 of the most common types of English saddles.

Saddle seat saddle (flat saddle or Lane Fox), Hunt seat (forward seat), all purpose saddle, close contact saddle

217

What can happen if the last nail hole in the front shoe is placed behind the widest part of the foot?

Expansion of the heels will be inhibited

218

What is the minimum time period for vaccinating your horse against diseases that may be transmitted at a horse show or trail ride prior to traveling with your horse?

At least 2 weeks before traveling

219

Pregnant mares should be removed from pastures that contain fescue during what part of their pregnancy?

Remove 60 - 90 days before foaling date

220

Which saddle would have a balance strap, leaping horn & can be classified as either English or western style?

Sidesaddle

221

How does mowing & harrowing a pasture help control parasites?

Breaks up the manure deposits & exposes larvae to climatic conditions which destroy them.

222

What is the western version of a standing martingale?

Tie-down

223

What is the proper name for the "bump" in the middle of the mouthpiece on a curb bit?

Port

224

Name the 2 most common cause of barn fires in the summer.

Electrical storm & improperly cured hay

225

Wooden fence posts are usually set 6 - 8 feet on center, what does this mean?

There are 6 - 8 feet from the center of one post to the enter of the next post

226

What color are the shaving s from black walnut?

Range in color from purplish-black to coffee-brown

227

What is the purpose of panniers?

To carry supplies

228

Why is a horse or mule with little or no withers undesirable as a pack animal?

Because their conformation allows the saddle to turn & rub, create painful sores

229

What part of the horse's foot is protected by the quarter boot?

Heels of the horse's front feet or the quarter of the front heels

230

How can you prevent the possibility of electrical shock to horses from a wire fence attached to trees, wooden posts or building during lightning storms?

Ground wire with metal rod into ground next to the wooden post or hook the fence to a metal post at intervals of 150 feet

231

Define a bradoon.

Small snaffle bit found on a Weymouth bridle

232

Name the 3 basic parts of the bridle.

Headstall, bit, reins

233

What is the purpose of a neck strap on a standing martingale?

To keep the main strap close to the body to prevent the horse from catching a foot in the strap

234

Name 3 factors that can interfere with normal frog pressure.

Leaving hoof wall too long, leaving toe too long, trimming too much off bars, trimming away too much of the frog

235

Name 5 forms of doing business as in horse ownership & management.

Sole proprietorship, Partnership, Syndicate, S Corporation, regular corporation

236

What are 4 recommended ways of improving a grass pasture?

Weed control, soil testing, fertilizing, liming, grazing management

237

Name 5 precautions against barn fires.

Use UL approved devices, no smoking in barn, fire extinguishers in barn, no portable heaters, protect light fixtures against dust, breakage & moisture, wiring in conduit pipe, weather proof electrical boxes, no storing flammable material in barn

238

Name 4 things that you might wrap in a manta when packing or trail riding.

Bedroll, bale of hay, sack of grain, tent, clothing, misc. items

239

What are the 2 basic types of mortality insurance for horses?

All risks mortality (ARM or full mortality) & Specified Perils (Named Peril or Fire, Lightning,& transportation)

240

Name the 4 categories of general insurance coverage available for horse owners.

Property, Liability, Worker's compensation, & care, Custody & Control

241

Name 5 practices that will extend the life of a pasture.

Grazing management, clipping pastures, dragging pastures, annual fertilizing, periodic soil testing, reseeding

242

From what 2 points do you measure to determine the size of an English saddle's seat?

From saddle nail to mid-point of cantle

243

name 2 factors that determine the severity of a snaffle bit.

Thickness of the mouthpiece (thin is more severe than thick) also twisting of mouthpiece

244

Name 4 factors affecting the capacity or stocking rate of pastures.

Type of horses being grazed, soil type, soil fertility, drainage conditions, amount of rainfall, time of year, and species of forage

245

Name 7 parts of a western bridle.

Crown piece, cheek pieces, bit, reins, throatlatch, curb strap, browband, ear piece

246

Give 6 common causes of horse barn fires.

Careless smoking, lightning, ignited fires, grass fires, electrical, engine exhaust, arson, defective heating equipment, exposure fires (wind blown/sparks), spontaneous combustion (wet hay)

247

Give 4 compelling reasons for using a saddle blanket or pad.

Protect horse's back, absorb sweat (moisture), protect saddle, help saddle fit better

248

Name 2 of the basic types of english reins and describe the ones you choose.

Plain reins- plain leather straps, Laced-thin leather lacing either through or around strap for better grip, Web-horizontal loops of leather or rubber coating for wet weather, rubber-covering with pebbled surface over hand grips

249

Name 6 items that you should have in a first aid kit.

Non-stick bandages, sheets of cotton bandage, leg quilts & wraps, twitch, elastic tape, eye stain and wash, elastic bandage, scissors, antiseptic soap, phenyulbutazone

250

name 5 materials used for stall floors.

Clay, sand and clay mix, lime stone dust, asphalt, rubber mats, concrete, wood, rubber paving bricks, fiber reinforced polyethylene interlocking blocks

251

Name five desirable attributes of good quality stall bedding.

Affordable, absorbent, dust free, readily available, easily disposed of, unpalatable

252

Name four types of hitches used to secure a load on a packsaddle.

Single diamond, double diamond, half diamond, triple diamond, squaw, Arizona

253

Name five natural environmental factors to consider when selecting a location for a horse farm.

Topography, drainage, prevailing winds, solar radiation, precipitation, vegetation, soil characteristics

254

Name five features that you would look for when choosing stall bedding for your horse.

Absorbency, dustiness, availability, cost, ease of disposal, ease of handling, unpalatable