Spondyloarthropathies Flashcards Preview

2MB Musculoskeletal > Spondyloarthropathies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spondyloarthropathies Deck (16):
1

What is meant by spondyloarthropathy?

Inflammatory arthritis affecting both spine and joints

2

What is enthesitis?

Inflammation at the site where tendon joins to bone

3

What is dactylitis?

Inflammation of an entire digit

4

What is ankylosing spondylitis?

Inflammatory spinal arthritis, usually affecting sacroiliac joint too

5

Is ankylosing spondylitis more common in males or females?

Males
Late adolescence

6

What is an extra-articular feature of ank. spond. in the eye?

Anterior uveitis

7

Which HLA is associated with ank. spond?

HLA B27

8

What examinations can be used to diagnose ank. spond?

Schober's test
Occiput-to-wall test
Chest expansion

9

List treatment for ankylosing spondylitis

Exercise, physiotherapy
NSAID
Anti-TNF (infliximab)
Steroid

10

What are the 2 typical nail changes that occur in psoriatic arthritis?

Nail pitting
Onycholysis

11

Rheumatoid factor is positive in psoriatic arthritis. True/False?

False

12

What is the source of reactive arthritis?

Infection, leading to inflammatory synovitis

13

Symptoms of reactive arthritis come on at the start of infection. True/False?

False
Typically up to 4wks after infection

14

Which organisms typically cause reactive arthritis?

Chlamydia
Enterogenic (salmonella, campylobacter)
Neisseria

15

Reactive arthritis is HLA B27 positive. True/False?

True

16

Reiter's syndrome is a form of reactive arthritis made up of which disease triad?

Urethritis
Conjunctivitis/uveitis/iritis
Arthritis