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Flashcards in Tendonopathies Deck (12)
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1
Q

What is the difference between tendonitis and tendonosis?

A

Tendonitis involves acute injury + inflammation

Tendonosis is chronic damage at a cellular level with no inflammation

2
Q

What is an enthesopathy?

A

Inflammation of tendon at its insertion into bone

3
Q

What is the predominant cell in tendons?

A

Fibroblast (maintain collagen)

4
Q

List clinical features of rotator cuff tear

A

Achy pain
Tenderness over shoulder/ACJ
Difficulty sleeping on side
Painful arc

5
Q

Which imaging is the gold standard for viewing rotator cuff?

A

Ultrasound

6
Q

Biceps tendonopathy predominately affects which head of biceps brachii?

A

Long head

7
Q

List clinical features of biceps tear

A

Anterior shoulder pain
“Snapping”
Popeye sign
Bruising

8
Q

Which part of the epicondyle is affected in Golfer’s and Tennis elbow?

A
Golfer = medial
Tennis = lateral
9
Q

Which muscles are inflamed in Golfer’s elbow?

A

Flexor forearm muscles

10
Q

Which area is affected in De Quervain’s tenosynovitis?

A

First compartment of thumb (APL, EPB)

Pain over radial styloid process

11
Q

What is the main conservative treatment for tendonopathies?

A

Rest
Analgesia
Injections (steroid)
Splinting

12
Q

What are some surgical treatments for tendonopathies?

A

Debridement
Decompression
Synovectomy
Tendon transfers/grafts