Osteoarthritis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Osteoarthritis Deck (7)
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1
Q

What is the basic pathology behind osteoarthritis?

A

Change in composition of articular cartilage, usually thinning, resulting in loss of the joint space

2
Q

List risk factors for osteoarthritis

A
Female
Obesity
Being very active/injury
Muscle weakness
Genetics
3
Q

What are Heberden’s nodes?

A

Bony enlargements at distal interphalangeal joints

4
Q

What are Bouchard’s nodes?

A

Bony enlargements at proximal interphalangeal joints

5
Q

What consequences of osteoarthritis may occur in the knee?

A
Baker's cyst
Genu varus/vulgas deformities
Effusions
Crepitus
Restricted movement
6
Q

Which imaging modality is used to diagnose osteoarthritis?

A

XRAY

7
Q

List pharmacological therapy for osteoarthritis

A

Analgesia (paracetamol)
NSAID (ibuprofen)
Pain modulation (amitryptiline)
Steroids