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Flashcards in Osteoarthritis Deck (7)
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1

What is the basic pathology behind osteoarthritis?

Change in composition of articular cartilage, usually thinning, resulting in loss of the joint space

2

List risk factors for osteoarthritis

Female
Obesity
Being very active/injury
Muscle weakness
Genetics

3

What are Heberden's nodes?

Bony enlargements at distal interphalangeal joints

4

What are Bouchard's nodes?

Bony enlargements at proximal interphalangeal joints

5

What consequences of osteoarthritis may occur in the knee?

Baker's cyst
Genu varus/vulgas deformities
Effusions
Crepitus
Restricted movement

6

Which imaging modality is used to diagnose osteoarthritis?

XRAY

7

List pharmacological therapy for osteoarthritis

Analgesia (paracetamol)
NSAID (ibuprofen)
Pain modulation (amitryptiline)
Steroids