What is the basic pathology behind osteoarthritis?
Change in composition of articular cartilage, usually thinning, resulting in loss of the joint space
List risk factors for osteoarthritis
Female Obesity Being very active/injury Muscle weakness Genetics
What are Heberden’s nodes?
Bony enlargements at distal interphalangeal joints
What are Bouchard’s nodes?
Bony enlargements at proximal interphalangeal joints
What consequences of osteoarthritis may occur in the knee?
Baker's cyst Genu varus/vulgas deformities Effusions Crepitus Restricted movement
Which imaging modality is used to diagnose osteoarthritis?
List pharmacological therapy for osteoarthritis
Pain modulation (amitryptiline)