What is the optimal storage temperature range for all wines?
10º - 15ºC
(50ºF - 59ºF)
List some places in your home where wine should NOT be stored.
- Kitchen, especially on top of the refrigerator
- In direct/strong light (sunlight or bright artificial lights)
- Near a radiator or heating vent
- Near anything that vibrates (e.g. busy staircase)
What happens to wine when it is stored improperly?
- Sparkling wines lose their bubbles
- Wines can taste cooked (maderized)
- Wines can taste old/stale (oxidized)
Bottles with cork enclosures should be stored on ___.
Bottles with screw cap enclosures can be stored ___.
Cork: on their sides to keep the cork moist
Screw cap: standing up
What is the optimal serving temperature for sparkling wines?
Well chilled, 6º - 10ºC (43º - 50ºF)
What is the optimal serving temperature for unoaked, light- to medium-bodied whites?
Chilled, 7º - 10ºC (44.6º - 50ºF)
e.g. Albariño, Sancerre
What is the optimal serving temperature for oaky, medium- to full-bodied whites?
Lightly chilled, or 10º - 13ºC (50º - 55.4ºF)
e.g. Sonoma Chardonnay, white Burgundy, Condrieu
What is the optimal serving temperature for light reds?
Lightly chilled, 13ºC (55.4ºF)
e.g. Frappato, Beaujolais
What is the optimal serving temperature for medium- to full-bodied reds, oaked or unoaked?
Room temperature, 15º - 18ºC (59º - 66.2ºF)
e.g. Napa Cabernet Sauvignon, red Bordeaux, Ribera del Duero, Aglianico
What is the optimal serving temperature for sweet wines?
Well chilled, 6º - 8ºC (42.8º - 46.4ºF)
What is the correct ratio of ice-to-water in an ice bucket meant for chilling down a bottle of wine?
Bucket should be filled 3/4 full with equal parts water and ice.
What is the best material for glass polishing?
Linen as it will not leave particles on the glass.
What is the optimal glass for sparkling wines?
Typically flute glasses are best for sparkling wines as they allow a continuous perlage, and their smaller aperture focuses gentle and subtle aromas.
What is the optimal glass size for whites and rosés?
Typically medium-sized stemware is best for whites and rosés as the smaller size can capture and focus fresh fruit characteristics and delicate aromas.
What is the optimal glass size for red wines?
Typically larger-sized stemware is best for red wines as the roomy globe allows for more of the wine to come in contact with air, and there is a larger surface area that can release aromatic molecules.
What is the optimal glass for fortified wines?
Typically a small glass (4-6oz capacity) is best for fortified wines because of their high alcohol content. There should be enough space in the glass for sniffing and swirling.
How many times should you wipe the neck/top of the wine bottle with a cloth prior to serving?
Twice: once immediately after removing the foil, once immediately after removing the cork (or screw cap).
Be sure to wipe the inside the bottle neck, too, after removing the cork to remove any debris.
How many glasses of wine can be poured from one 750ml bottle of wine?
6 glasses of 125ml (4oz)
5 glasses of 150ml (5oz)
4 glasses of 175ml (6oz)
3 glasses of 250ml (8.5oz)
Name 2 wine preservation systems used to extend a wine's life after it has been opened.
- Removing air from the bottle with a pump and compatible rubber stopper
- Nitrogen or Argon pumped into the bottle that creates a barrier between the remaining wine in the bottle and oxygen
One of the best ways to extend a wine's life after it has been opened is to put it in the ___.
Fridge. Placing its original cork (or any cork) back into the neck of the bottle and keeping it in a cold, dark fridge will slow the aging/oxidizing process and prolong its life for a few days.
What happens to a wine's aromas and flavors if it is over-chilled in a wine bucket or regular fridge?
Over-chilling temporarily dulls or masks a wine's aromas + flavors.