Study guide for ABD part I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Study guide for ABD part I Deck (78)
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1

1. Landmark structure for locating gallbladder?


(main lobar fissure???? AL quizlet)

2

2. Most common cause for acute pancreatitis


(I have biliary tract disease p 317- JL)

3

3. What is gerotas fascia

Surrounds true capsule, perinephric fat.

4

4. What condition is increase pressure within the portal splenic venous system

Portal hypertension

5

5. If you have a small hyperechoic pancreas with calcifications what is it?

Chronic pancreatitis

6

6. What structure divides the left lobe into two segments

Ligamenum teres
Left hepatic vein
left intersegmental fissure

7

7. cholecytokinin is stimulated when food reaches what structure

duodenum

8

8. If a PT presents with back pain weight loss and jaundice what structure are we looking for something

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

9

9. What structure surrounds the liver?

Diaphragm, Glissons capsule

10

10. Fluid collection that contains bile

Biloma

11

11. A liver pathology may have spenomegaly?

Cirrihosis portal hypertension

12

12. Enlargement of the gallbladder caused by obstruction is called what

Acute cholecystitis

13

13. RUQ nausea vomiting predisposed factors of what

Cholelithiasis

14

14. Structure in the kidney that could be mistaken for an extrarenal pelvis

Hydronephrosis

15

15. What structure is located anterior lateral portion of the pancreatic head?

GDA

16

16. Normal length of an adult spleen

8-13cm

17

17. What type of aneurysm is most commonly associated with a bacterial infection?

Mycotic aneurism

18

18. To aid and demonstrating and acoustic shadowing what can the sonographer do

Raise frequency

19

19. Extensions of pancreatic inflammation into surrounding tissues what is that called

Phlegmon

20

20. If you and elevation in Aldosterone what organ

Adrenal gland

21

21. What structure is commonly mistaken for the pancreatic duct

Splenic artery and vein

22

22. Main renal arteries arise from the later aspect of the aorta inferior to what

SMA
(JL pg 357)

23

23. Know the locations for the gallbladder?

Neck, Body, fundus

24

24. What is termed in outer bulge to the renal cortex

Domedary hump

25

25. What is the congenital anomaly where you have fusion of both kidneys?

Horseshoe kidney

26

26. What are the functions of the spleen

Production antibodies,storage iron,
Culling, pitting, disposal abnormal RBC.

27

27. When you see a comet tail artifact in the gallbladder what are we looking at?


Polyp



 



Adenomyomatosis    pg 289 (BF)


28

28. Non shadowing amplitude low level echoes in the gallbladder?

Sludge

29

29. What is accessory duct of the spleen called?


Accessory spleen or splenunculus     pg 425 (BF)


30

30. What lab values will you asses in the renal function?

BUN and creatin