Study guide for ABD part I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Study guide for ABD part I Deck (78)
1

1. Landmark structure for locating gallbladder?


(main lobar fissure???? AL quizlet)

2

2. Most common cause for acute pancreatitis


(I have biliary tract disease p 317- JL)

3

3. What is gerotas fascia

Surrounds true capsule, perinephric fat.

4

4. What condition is increase pressure within the portal splenic venous system

Portal hypertension

5

5. If you have a small hyperechoic pancreas with calcifications what is it?

Chronic pancreatitis

6

6. What structure divides the left lobe into two segments

Ligamenum teres
Left hepatic vein
left intersegmental fissure

7

7. cholecytokinin is stimulated when food reaches what structure

duodenum

8

8. If a PT presents with back pain weight loss and jaundice what structure are we looking for something

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

9

9. What structure surrounds the liver?

Diaphragm, Glissons capsule

10

10. Fluid collection that contains bile

Biloma

11

11. A liver pathology may have spenomegaly?

Cirrihosis portal hypertension

12

12. Enlargement of the gallbladder caused by obstruction is called what

Acute cholecystitis

13

13. RUQ nausea vomiting predisposed factors of what

Cholelithiasis

14

14. Structure in the kidney that could be mistaken for an extrarenal pelvis

Hydronephrosis

15

15. What structure is located anterior lateral portion of the pancreatic head?

GDA

16

16. Normal length of an adult spleen

8-13cm

17

17. What type of aneurysm is most commonly associated with a bacterial infection?

Mycotic aneurism

18

18. To aid and demonstrating and acoustic shadowing what can the sonographer do

Raise frequency

19

19. Extensions of pancreatic inflammation into surrounding tissues what is that called

Phlegmon

20

20. If you and elevation in Aldosterone what organ

Adrenal gland

21

21. What structure is commonly mistaken for the pancreatic duct

Splenic artery and vein

22

22. Main renal arteries arise from the later aspect of the aorta inferior to what

SMA
(JL pg 357)

23

23. Know the locations for the gallbladder?

Neck, Body, fundus

24

24. What is termed in outer bulge to the renal cortex

Domedary hump

25

25. What is the congenital anomaly where you have fusion of both kidneys?

Horseshoe kidney

26

26. What are the functions of the spleen

Production antibodies,storage iron,
Culling, pitting, disposal abnormal RBC.

27

27. When you see a comet tail artifact in the gallbladder what are we looking at?


Polyp



 



Adenomyomatosis    pg 289 (BF)


28

28. Non shadowing amplitude low level echoes in the gallbladder?

Sludge

29

29. What is accessory duct of the spleen called?


Accessory spleen or splenunculus     pg 425 (BF)


30

30. What lab values will you asses in the renal function?

BUN and creatin

31

31. Pancreas lies in the lap of what structure

C-loop of duodenum

32

32. What is another name for the portal triad?

Porta Hepatis

33

33. Congenital anomaly of the pancreatic head circling the duodenum?

Annular pancreas

34

34. What is the most common type of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?

Fusiform

35

35. Abd aortic aneurysm is present the diameter exceeds what

Greater than 3cm

36

36. Know the layers of the vascular system

tunica intima, Tunica media, tunica adventitia

37

37. Sono findings of acute hepatitis

Prominent portal vein border, slightly more echogenic parenchyma, hepatosplenomegaly,
GB wall thickened.

38

38. What is the most common benign tumor of the liver?

Cavernous hemangioma

39

39. PT who has liver cancer are more likely to have had what?

Cirrhosis

40

40. The right left hepatic ducts emerge to form what?

Common hepatic duct

41

41. The normal sizes for CBD age relation


at the age of 6mm and every ten years it goes up. such as 70 is 7 and 80 is 8


42

42. What is inflammation of the gallbladder?

Choleycystis

43

43. What hepatic mass is associated with oral contraceptives

Liver cell adenoma pg.258

44

44. Valves of heister are found where?

Neck of the gallbladder

45

45. Most common system with acute thrombus of the portal vein

TIPS ?

46

46. Liver is suspend from the diaphragm and anterior ABD wall by what structure

Coronary ligament

47

47. Amembic abscess may enter the liver through what structure

Portal vein

48

48. What is the most malignant adrenal mass in peds?

Neuroblastoma

49

49. What are the spaces called where fluid accumulates in the flanks of the ABD and pelvis

Sub phrenic, pouch of Dughlas ?

50

50. Typical symptoms PT with an abscess formation

Fever, tenderness, swelling, increased WBC, weakness

51

51. A cyst containing urine?

Urinoma

52

52. Normal length of the adult kidney

9-12cm

53

53. Know the criteria in order to call a gallstone a gallstone what must be meant

Mobile, strongly echogenic, acoustic shadowing

54

54. Know about the portal veins do they carry blood to the liver or away what do they divide on the liver deoxygenated or oxygenated

Portal veins carry blood from bowel to liver.
80% blood supply to the liver.
50% oxygenated blood supply to the liver.

55

55. Ecchonicoal cyst is more prevalent?

SHEEP

56

56. Fatty infiltration of the liver cause’s elevation of liver enzymes can be it reversed?

YES!!

57

57. The most common location of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas?

Head

58

58. What is the most common tumor of the pancreas

Adenocarcinoma

59

59. Where is the pancreas located?

Retroperitoneal cavity

60

60. Splenic vein and splenic artery where are they located in reference to the pancreas two questions

Splenic vein- posterior medial border of panc.
Splenic artery - superior border of panc.

61

61. Cystic mass between the umbilicus and the apex of the bladder what might it be?

Urachal cyst

62

62. Complex cyst that results from a parasitic infection what might that be called?

Amebic abscess

63

63. What is the most common cause for splenomegaly

Portal hypertension, splenic vein thromb

64

64. Pyonephrosis is what?

Purulent material in the collection system of the kidney association with an infection secondary to renal obstruction.

65

65. What is the condition where the portal veins are thrombosis

Budd chiari syndrome

66

66. What is the best description for a uretocele

Cyst- like enlargement of the lower end of the ureter which projects into the bladder lumen at the ureterovesical junction.

67

67. The splenic artery originates from what?

Celiac trunk

68

68. An area within an organ that has become necrotic due to the lack of oxygen what is that called

Ischemia

69

69. What artery do we see posterior to the IVC?

Right renal artery

70

70. Absence of one or more of the kidneys?

Renal agenesis

71

71. What are these structures in the portal confluence?


Superior mesenteric vein and splenic vien meet to form the main portal vein.      pg. 195 (BF)


72

72. Know about the celiac trunk

The first branch off of the aorta lies anterior to the SMA

73

73. What is the space between the kidney and the liver?

Morrison pouch

74

74. Inflammation of the peritoneum

peritonitis

75

75. What is the most common cause for renal failure

Chronic renal disease

76

76. Most common malignant tumor of the kidney in Peds?

Wilm's tumor??

77

77. Benign fatty tumor of the kidney?

Angiomyolimpoma

78

78. Most common location for pancreatic pseudocyst?

Tail