Supplements Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Supplements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Supplements Deck (28):
1

Avoid supplements if

taking meds, breast feeding, prior to surgery, medical tx available for your condition

2

B vitamins

taken separately or as complex, used for energy

3

Vitamin C

antioxidant, protects cells from damage by free radicals, used to boost immunity, water soluble

4

Vitamin D

helps absorb calcium, fat soluble, used for hyperparathyroidism, hypocalcemia, psoriasis, rickets, osteomalacia

5

Vitamin E

antioxidant, cardioprotective, skin care, slowing cognitive decline, eye disorders, cancer prevention, can thin blood

6

Vitamin K

drug used to reverse coagulopathies has much higher dose, fat soluble

7

Saw palmetto

from plant, manage BPH, cause bleeding, many DIs

8

Glucosamine/Chondroitin

pain w/ osteoarthritis, stimulates repair and formation of articular cartilage, highly variable, takes 8-12 weeks to activate

9

Black Cohosh

menopausal sx, caution in Br CA, uterine CA, causes bleeding, many DIs

10

Fish oil

rich in omega-3s, reduces triglycerides, useful for HTN, cardioprotection, anti-inflammation, risk of bleeding

11

Folic acid

brain development in fetus, water soluble

12

CoQ10

antioxidant, energy, cell growth, anti-inflammation, CHF, pt on statin should take

13

Calcium plus Vit D

bone-health, always conjunction w/ Vit D, ct in kidney disease

14

Iron

builds hemoglobin, excess detrimental, causes constipation, for anemia

15

Probiotics

encapsulated bacteria, maintain GI function, caution in immunocompromised, prevent diarrhea w/ anitbiotics

16

Ginko Biloba

antioxidant, treat circulatory probs, enhance memory/ prevent dementia, risk of bleeding

17

Red clover

reduce menopause sx, SE HA, nausea, rash, cause bleeding

18

Echinacea

antioxidant, shortens cold, do not take if TB, DM, liver probs

19

Alli (orlistat)

used to be prescription only for wt loss, prevents absorption of fat, cause GI upset

20

Caffeine

OTC as 200 mg tab, diuretic, inc metabolism, stimulate heart, potentiate muscle contraction, increase neural, increase FFA release

21

Ephedra

herb, performance enhancer, wt loss, cause cardiac probs and stroke, banned but struck down

22

Melatonin

help restore circadian rhythm, many DI (warfarin)

23

St John's wort

mild to mod depression, lots of DI

24

Ginseng

fatigue and weakness

25

Garlic

cholesterol

26

Supplement tips

avoid isolated nutrients unless prescribed, take recommended dose, look for USP notation

27

Benefits

active vs passive pt participation, less side effects, noninvasive, greater pt satisfaction, emphasis on nutrition and healing

28

Risks

DI, contraindications, ADR, lack of regulation, out of pocket cost, self diagnosing, delay in professional care