Symphony No. 104 in D Major ("London") Flashcards Preview

Part 4: The Classical Era > Symphony No. 104 in D Major ("London") > Flashcards

Flashcards in Symphony No. 104 in D Major ("London") Deck (10):
1

Symphony No. 104 background information

-symphony

-Franz Joseph Haydn

-comp 1795

-four movements (sonata cycle)

-symphony orchestra

2

Symphony No. 104 First Movement essay sections

-Introduction

-Exposition:

-First Theme

-Bridge

-Second theme

-Codetta

-Development

-Recapitulation

-Coda

3

Symphony No. 104 Introduction

-D minor

-adagio

-C (meter)

-full orchestra boldly ascending perfect fifth (D up to A)

-then descending perfect fourth (D down to A)

-dotted notes: majestic, French-overture style

-fermatas: drama

-homophonic texture

-chromatic passage: tension, mystery

4

Symphony No. 104 Exposition:

-D major

-sonata form

-allegro

-cut time

5

Symphony No. 104 Exposition: First Theme

-elegant diatonic melody

-piano by violins

-outlines tonic triad

-symmetrical four-measure phrases

-folk-like

6

Symphony No. 104 Bridge

-wide range: broad leap b/t upper and lower registers

-forte

-modulate to A major (dominant key)

7

Symphony No. 104 Second Theme

-A major

-first theme transposed (monothematic exposition)

-piano by woodwinds and strings

8

Symphony No. 104 Development

-open in B minor (relative minor)

-repeated-note figure from first theme dominates

-different minor keys, contrasting dynamics: tension

-dominant preparation many measures: tension, prepare return

9

Symphony No. 104 Recapitulation

-first theme in D major by strings

-bridge

-second theme in D major, with countermelodies by woodwinds

10

Symphony No. 104 Coda

-more rhythmic activity

-strong final cadence: spirited close