Flashcards in Ludwig van Beethoven Deck (14)
Ludwig van Beethoven musical style and contributions
-widely recognized and admired composers of all time
-both Classical and Romantic styles
-innovator, original, influential
-developed, expanded Classical forms, transform every genre he touched
-explosive accents, extreme dynamic contrasts
-new orchestral instruments
-exploit piano tech improvements
-3 style periods
What are examples of Beethoven's innovations?
-replace menuet and trio w/ scherzo and trio (Sym No. 5)
-cyclical structure (Sym No. 5)
-programmatic elements (Sym No. 6)
-chorus in symphony (Sym No. 9)
How was Beethoven a designer/architect?
planned, revised compositions in sketchbooks
Which Classical forms did Beethoven devlope/expand?
Which new orchestral instruments did Beethoven incorporate?
When and hat was Beethoven's early period?
"Imitation" (up to 1802)
When and what was Beethoven's middle period?
"Externalization" (1803 - 1815)
When and what was Beethoven's late period?
"Reflection" (1815 - 1827)
Beethoven early period
-Classical style (Haydn, Mozart): ex. sonata form
-Sturm und Drang: minor keys (particularly C minor), tremolo, abrupt contrast
Beethoven early period representative works
-six string quartets, op. 18
-Sym Nos. 1 and 2
-1st 10 piano sonatas, up to op. 14
Beethoven middle period
-Romantic: chromatic harmony, abrupt modulation
-expanded development of coda sections in sonata-form movements
-replace menuet and trio w/ scherzo and trio
-linked mvts together
-expanded orchestra: include piccolo, trombone, contrabassoon
Beethoven middle period representative works
-Sym Nos. 3 to 8
Beethoven late period
-abstract and meditative
-counterpoint, fugal writing
-experimented form & content( include SATB solosts and chorus in final mvt of Sym No. 9)