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Part 4: The Classical Era > Ludwig van Beethoven > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ludwig van Beethoven Deck (14)
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1

Ludwig van Beethoven musical style and contributions

-widely recognized and admired composers of all time

-both Classical and Romantic styles

-innovator, original, influential

-designer, architect

-developed, expanded Classical forms, transform every genre he touched

-explosive accents, extreme dynamic contrasts

-new orchestral instruments

-exploit piano tech improvements

-3 style periods

2

What are examples of Beethoven's innovations?

-replace menuet and trio w/ scherzo and trio (Sym No. 5)

-cyclical structure (Sym No. 5)

-programmatic elements (Sym No. 6)

-chorus in symphony (Sym No. 9)

3

How was Beethoven a designer/architect?

planned, revised compositions in sketchbooks

4

Which Classical forms did Beethoven devlope/expand?

-sonata

-concerto

5

Which new orchestral instruments did Beethoven incorporate?

-piccolo

-trombone

-contrabassoon

6

When and hat was Beethoven's early period?

"Imitation" (up to 1802)

7

When and what was Beethoven's middle period?

"Externalization" (1803 - 1815)

8

When and what was Beethoven's late period?

"Reflection" (1815 - 1827)

9

Beethoven early period

-Classical style (Haydn, Mozart): ex. sonata form

-Sturm und Drang: minor keys (particularly C minor), tremolo, abrupt contrast

10

Beethoven early period representative works

-six string quartets, op. 18

-Sym Nos. 1 and 2

-1st 10 piano sonatas, up to op. 14

11

Beethoven middle period

-Romantic: chromatic harmony, abrupt modulation

-expanded development of coda sections in sonata-form movements

-replace menuet and trio w/ scherzo and trio

-cyclical form

-linked mvts together

-expanded orchestra: include piccolo, trombone, contrabassoon

12

Beethoven middle period representative works

-Fidelio (opera)

-Violin Concerto

-Sym Nos. 3 to 8

13

Beethoven late period

-abstract and meditative

-counterpoint, fugal writing

-experimented form & content( include SATB solosts and chorus in final mvt of Sym No. 9)

-variation technique

14

Beethoven late period representative works

-Piano Sonatas op. 109, 110, 111

-Missa solemnis

-Sym No. 9 ("Choral)

-String Quartets op. 131, 132, 135