Unit 2: Oratorio Flashcards Preview

Part 4: The Classical Era > Unit 2: Oratorio > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Oratorio Deck (5)
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1

Oratorio background and origins

-Italian term; derived from place where works first performed (oratory, prayer room of a church)

-origin of sacred vocal genre: Italy late 16th ecntury

-Giacomo Carissimi, Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel contributed to genre

2

Oratorio characteristic features

-begin with orchestral overture

-recitatives, arias, choruses

-vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra (include basso continuo)

-sacred theme often with biblical text

-performed in concert setting: w/o scenery, costumes, nor acting

3

oratorio

-large scale work for soloists, chorus, orchestra

-serious subject: biblical text

-recitatives, arias, ensembles, choruses

-performed in concert setting: w/o scenery, costumes, nor acting

4

recitativo secco

-Italian: "Dry recitative"

-speech-like, declamatory style of singing

-supported by continuo only

-in opera, oratorio, cantata

5

recitativo accompagnato

-Italian: "accompanied recitative"

-speech-like, declamatory style of singing

-supported by instrumental ensemble or orchestra

-greater connection w/ text

-in opera, oratorio, cantata