Piano Sonata in C Minor, op. 13 ("Pathétique") Flashcards Preview

Part 4: The Classical Era > Piano Sonata in C Minor, op. 13 ("Pathétique") > Flashcards

Flashcards in Piano Sonata in C Minor, op. 13 ("Pathétique") Deck (29)
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Piano Sonata background information

-piano sonata

-Ludwig van Beethoven

-comp 1798

-3 mvts

-solo piano


Piano Sonata essay sections

-First Movement:



-First Theme


-Second Theme Group (Theme 2a)

-Second Theme Group (Theme 2b)




-Coda (1)

-Second Movement

-Sections A, B, A1, C, A2

-Coda (2)

-Third Movement

-Sections A, B, A1, C, A2, B1, A3

-Coda (3)


Piano Sonata First Movement:

-C minor

-Grave (tempo)

-C (meter)


Piano Sonata Introduction

-homorhythmic texture, crisp, dotted rhythms (French overture)

-marked accents, unexpected pauses, abrupt change in volume (dramatic contrasts)

-diminished seventh chords: tension

-descending chromatic scale: 128th note; cadenza-like passage leads directly into exposition w/o pause


Piano Sonata Exposition

-C minor

-sonata form

-Allegro di molto e con brio (tempo)

-cut time


Piano Sonata First Theme

-rapidly ascending right-hand: covers two octaves

-staccato articulation, braod crescendo: agitated quality

-left hand: tremolo octaves (rumbling)


Piano Sonata Bridge

-modulate away from tonic key

-syncopation: propel music forward


Piano Sonata Second Theme Group (Theme 2a)

-unexpected modulation to E flat minor instead of E flat major (relative major)

-register contrast: rapid hand crossing


Piano Sonata Second Theme Group (Theme 2b)

-E flat major finally established

-melody and bass contrary motion: move outwards

-left hand: Alberti-type figuration


Piano Sonata Codetta

-E flat major confirmed

-fragment of first theme used (in closing measures)

-exposition repeated from either Grave or Allegro


Piano Sonata Development

-new key: G minor

-doted-note figure from intro

-(m. 137): key signature eliminated: music continues in E minor

-bridge material combined w/ intro material (w/o dotted rhythms)

-extended dominant preparation: suspense


Piano Sonata Recapitulation

-first theme in tonic key (C minor)

-bridge eliminated (first theme expanded to act as transition)

-second theme group in F minor (subdominant key) unexpected departure from sonata form conventions

-after 16 measures, it is restated in C minor

-Codetta returns, confirm tonic key


Piano Sonata Coda (1)

-fragments of dotted-rhythms chord from intro

-absence of downbeat: uncertainty and reminiscence

-strong authentic cadence marked fortissimo


Piano Sonata Second Movement

-A flat major

-rondo form (A B A1 C A2 coda)

-Adagio cantabile (tempo)

-2/4 (meter)


Piano Sonata Section A (2)

-lyrical, legato melody: middle register in top voice

-accompanied by broken-chord figure also written for right hand pianistic challenge for performer

-repeated one octave higher (8 measures + 8 measures)


Piano Sonata Section B (2)

-begins in F minor, modulates to Eb major (relative min then dom)

-new melodic material (right hand)

-repeated-chord accompaniment (left hand)


Piano Sonata Section A1 (2)

-principal melody, middle register

-no repeat, 8 measures only


Piano Sonata Section C (2)

-begins Ab minor (tonic minor)

-triplet accompaniment (insistent): brooding tone

-modulates to E major (unexpected) (enharmonic spelling Fb major, submediant to A flat minor)


Piano Sonata Section A2 (2)

-principal melody return A flat major

-accompaniment: triplet figure carried over from Section C

-repeated in upper register (8 measures + 8 measures)


Piano Sonata Section Coda (2)

-derived: (m. 4 of) principal melody (Eb - E - F)

-reiterate authentic cadence in Ab major several times


Piano Sonata Third Movement

-C minor

-rondo form (ABACA1B1A2 coda)


-cut time


Piano Sonata Section A (3)

-right hand melody (agitated): springs from perfect fourth (G to C)

-melody: wide range, piano, grace notes (embellished)

-end: authentic cadence C minor


Piano Sonata Section B (3)

-begins in F minor, modulates to Eb major

-right-hand melody: based on scale passages

-left-hand accompaniment: broken-chord figures

-temp shift to chordal texture

-descend scale passage lead to fermata over dom 7 chord (prepare return of Section A)


Piano Sonata Section A1 (3)



Piano Sonata Section C (3)

-begins Ab major

-contrapuntal texture: contrary motion, dialogue b/t hands


-descend staccato scale passage; first left, then right

-extended dom prep; first w/ 16th note broken-chord figurations, then triplets

-descend scale passage (identical to end of Section B) (prepare return of Section A)


Piano Sonata Section A2 (3)

-begin C minor (like original)

-ending altered: lead directly into Section B w/o authentic cadence


Piano Sonata Section B1 (3)

-begin C major, ends in C minor

-shortened, omit descend passage


Piano Sonata A3 (3)

-opening "pickup" notes omitted

-shortened, leads directly into coda


Piano Sonata Coda (3)

-based on triplet figure from Section B

-brief reference to opening of Section A

-descend scale passage leads to forceful authentic cadence