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Flashcards in Test Deck (135):
1

1. Most Web sites use this navigation approach, in which there is no established or predefined order for viewing the contents of a Web site.

a. Nonlinear

2

2. This feature gives the user control over the content

a. Interactivity

3

3. Search Engines that give priority placement to those offering top bidding for keywords

a. Pay-per-click

4

4. This browser was the first cross-platform, graphical-user interface web browser that fully exploited the webs hypermedia capability.

a. Mosaic

5

5. The Internet was a result of this project.

a. ARPNET

6

6. This person evaluates the design of the site and the intuitiveness of the user interface.

a. Tester

7

7. Term used to describe solutions for companies, small or large, that wish to sell products or services through the internet.

a. E-commerce

8

8. This person generally has a psychology background and is responsible for designing the onscreen elements with which the user will interact.

a. Interface Designer

9

9. This term describes working with more than one type of digitized media element.

a. Multimedia

10

10. Search engines that are selective, meaning that humans choose which sites to add to the database.

a. Directory-based

11

11. This is a collection of sample work and projects that can be shared with potential customers and employers

a. Portfolio

12

12. Search engines that automatically roam the WWW adding the contents of the web sites they visit to their database.

a. Spider based.

13

13. This multimedia application allows students to take courses online.

a. Distance learning

14

14. This person ensures that data input from users is properly verified and transmitted.

a. Web developer.

15

15. This person is responsible for forming a project, moving it into production and overseeing its creation.

a. Project Manager

16

1. Tag used to insert an inline image.

a. Img

17

2. This attribute makes it possible for the Web page design to accommodate users by making it easy for them to download and install the appropriate plug-in or player.

a. Plugins Page

18

3. Process by which files are transferred to the Web server.

a. FTP

19

4. Prior to plug-ins and players, these programs were launched to play non-native HTML content.

a. Helper Application

20

5. Programs that let you build great Web sites while maintaining pure XHTML code.

a. Web page editors

21

6. The combination of a tag, an attribute and a value

a. Element

22

7. Official standards committee for the Web

a. W3C

23

8. These are used to modify tags.

a. Attributes

24

9. Name most often recognised by Web server software as the home page or first page of a Web site.

a. Index.htm

25

10. The most recent version of HTML

a. XHTML

26

11. This provides the information the browser needs to display the Web page correctly.

a. Source code

27

12. Program that allows users to play media content within the browser window.

a. Player

28

13. Program that translates existing documents into XHTML

a. Conversion Tool

29

14. These languages specify the structure, content or formatting of a Web page document.

a. Markup

30

15. A beginning and ending tag with something in the middle.

a. Container

31

1. Pointer to a numeric Web address

a. Domain Name

32

2. This provides a summary of the design strategy.

a. Creative Brief

33

3. This category of Web sites provides information and offers some form of interactivity such as e-mail, searches, questionnaires and order processing.

a. Dynamic

34

4. Using this navigational structure, users must return to the home page to go to the other pages of the Web site.

a. Hub and spokes

35

5. A network set up to be used by employees within the same organisation.

a. Intranet

36

6. The name of the Web site category that includes little or no interactivity

a. Static

37

7. This will help you define your target audience

a. User profile

38

8. Organisation charged by the U.S. Department of Commerce to control authorised domain registries

a. ICANN

39

9. These are diagrams of the layout of each page of the Web site.

a. Storyboard.

40

10. This is the navigational structure that divides a screen into multiple Web pages.

a. Frames

41

11. This type of organisational structure organises data using a top-down approach.

a. Hiearchicial

42

12. The blueprint around which a consistent functional Web site is developed.

a. Web architecture

43

13. A text-only skeletal structure of every click through possibility of your Web site.

a. Wireframe

44

14. Web sites that use an internal search engine have this type of organisational structure

a. Database driven

45

15. This is the navigational structure that prompts users for data upon entry to the Web site.

a. Directed

46

The means through which the user will navigate and interact with the Web site.

User interface

47

A miniature display of an image that is linkers to a larger version of the same image.

Thumbnail Image

48

Formatting specification that has made type design, layout and consistency easier to implement.

Cascading Style Sheet

49

Item that should be included on each Web page as assurance that the content being accessed is relevant and timely.

Last modified data

50

Process of arranging elements as horizontal or vertical mirrored images on both side of a center line.

symmetrical balance.

51

A technique in which a hyperlink appears as the cursor moves over a hot spot, such as in image or text.

mouseover

52

Lists of questions and answers that can save both the users and the company or organisation time and money.

FAQs

53

Colour scheme designed with all different shades of one colour.

monchromatic

54

Information that helps users determine where they are within the hierarchy of information on a Web site.

Contextual cue

55

A colour scheme and unified design elements for bullets, fonts, images, navigation bars and other media elements.

theme

56

Images that have been fine-tuned to download more rapidly.

optimized graphics

57

Colour in its purest form

hue

58

A Precise layout indicating where various elements will appear on the Web page.

template

59

Premise on which the Web is based.

cross-linking

60

A figurative representation that relates the content of a Web site to an established mental model.

metaphor

61

Fonts that are generally considered more contemporary and modern.

sans-serif

62

Fonts in which each character takes up the exact same amount of horizontal space.

monospaced

63

This CSS length unit makes no assumptions about screen resolution and window size.

realtive

64

This is another name for an embedded style

Internal

65

File format that required a reader in order to be displayed.

PDF

66

Style that should be avoided because it pixelates on the computer screen.

italics

67

The amount of space between lines of text.

leading

68

Set of type specifications that can be applied to a block of text, a single Web page or an entire Web site.

CSS

69

The art of arranging letterforms in space in any medium.

typography

70

A set of characters that all follow the same rules within the set.

typeface

71

Style that should be reserved for hyperlinks

underline

72

A set of characters within a typeface that has specific characteristics associated with it.

font

73

The amount of space between characters

kerning

74

Fonts that have feet or short lines at the ends of the strokes of each letter.

serif

75

Fonts that come pre-installed with the operating system on the user's computer

default

76

Web graphic file format that supports variable transparency and gamma correction.

PNG

77

The process of converting a vector image to pixels or a bitmapped file format.

rastering

78

Special effects applied to an image or part of an image.

filters

79

The process of the entire screen being redrawn each time items on it change.

refresh rate

80

The process of converting images into a format that the computer can recogonise and manupulate.

digitising

81

Measures the number of bits or stored information per pixel or how many tones or colours every pixel in a bitmap can have.

colour resoultion

82

The process of assigning surface properties, such as colour, texture and finish to an object.

shading

83

The process of capturing a view of a three-dimensional object or scene and saving it as a two-dimensional image.

rendering

84

The process of making the image file sizes as small as possible for quick download via the web.

optimising

85

Clickable graphics that allow you to link to other locations within the same Web site or outside of it.

hypergraphics

86

The amount of information stored for each image.

image resoultion

87

Add-on features that enhance the capabilities of programs.

plug-ins

88

Blending one object into another

morphing

89

Graphic that contains more than one hotspot

image map

90

Web graphic file format that is best used for continuous tone images such as photographs

JPEG

91

A moving graphic image

animation

92

Feature within Macromedia Flash that enables the animation specialist to develop and control the animation.

timeline

93

Software programes distributed on an honor system.

shareware

94

The process of filling in the frames between the keyframes to make the animation appear fluid.

Tweening

95

The actual number of different images that occur per second.

sampling rate

96

This occurs when the illusion of motion fails

flicker

97

Type of animation that follows an object's transition over a line or vector.

path-based

98

A special technique that uses frames to create the illusion of one object changing into another.

morphing

99

Digital animation is based on this approach, where a sequence of slightly different visual images is compressed and then played back to convey a sence of motion.

flipbook

100

File format that requires the Macromedia Flash Player in order to be viewed.

SWF

101

Effect that allows you to create a new image by tracing over an existing image.

onion skinning

102

Process of generating a single file from multiple files.

compiling

103

File format for an animated GIF that results in small file sizes.

GIF89a

104

This is another name for morphing.

shape tweening

105

Special effect that enables you to distort a single image.

warping

106

The number of binary bits processed for each measurement.

resoultion

107

The number of peaks that occur in one second.

frequency

108

Prerecorded digital audio clips of music and sound effects.

clip audio

109

The international storage standard for compact disc audio.

Redbook

110

Advanced process that allows the sound to be played as it is downloading and before the entire file is transferred to the user's computer.

Streaming

111

Analog sounds that have been converted to numbers.

digital sounds

112

Sounds that reinforce messages and set the mood.

ambient

113

Measurement used for frequency.

hertz (Hz)

114

The distance between the valley and the peak of a waveform.

amplitude

115

Process of converting an analog sound to a digital sound; also called digitising.

sound sampling

116

The smallest variation in amplitude that can be deteced by the human ear.

decibel

117

The recurring pattern of an analog sound file.

waveform

118

A technique that mathematically reduces the size of a file.

compression

119

This is a continuous stream of sound waves.

analog sound

120

The number of waveform samples per second.

sample rate

121

The number of bits used to describe the colour of a single pixel.

bit depth

122

This measure of video quality is determined by aspect ratio, frame size and bit depth.

Resoultion

123

Analog technology that provide a random access feature to video footage.

videodisc

124

A compression/decompression algorithm used to compress data.

codec

125

The speed at which the video is recorded.

source frame rate

126

An affordable, highly rated, non-linear, video editing program.

Adobe Premiere

127

Hardware that allows you to convert analogue video to digital video.

Video capture cards.

128

The ratio of width to height in a frame of video

Aspect raito

129

This means the program is designed to be compatible with numerous software programs, extensions and file formats.

open architecture.

130

The time it takes for the video to be transferred from the processor and displayed on the monitor.

data transfer rate

131

Video footage acquired from a thrid party such as a freelance videographer or stock videography company.

stock video footage

132

The highest quality videotape format found in the consumer market.

Hi-8

133

The speed at which individual frames display, measured in frames per second (fps).

playback frame rate

134

Term used to refer to the way in which Adobe Premiere preserves original video clips in case you make a mistake, change your mind or wish to use them in another application.

nondestructive editing

135

This is the time code that measures video in hours, minutes, seconds and frames.

SMPTE