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Anatomy & Physiology > The Kidney > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Kidney Deck (11):
1

What is the name of the fibrous sheath enclosing the kidney an renal fat?

Renal Sheath

2

What is the reddish brown tissue called immediately below the renal sheath?

Cortex

3

Describe the appearance of the renal pyramids.

Pale, conical shaped striations

4

Where in the kidney are the renal pyramids located?

In the medulla

5

What is the hilum?

Concave medial border of the kidney

6

What enters the kidney at the hilum?

Lymph vessels
Renal blood vessels
Ureter
Nerves

7

What is located at the apex of a renal pyramid?

Renal Papilla

8

What structures come together to form a major calyx?

Several minor calyces

9

What is the part of the kidney called that is formed by all the major calyces joined together?

Renal Pelvis

10

What two tissue types lines the walls of the calyces and renal pelvis?

Transitional epithelium
Smooth muscle

11

Why do the walls of the renal pelvis and calyces need muscle tissue?

Because they use peristalsis to move urine into the ureters