THINGS I AM ABSOLUTELY GOING TO FORGET Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in THINGS I AM ABSOLUTELY GOING TO FORGET Deck (97):
1

Peripeteia

Reversal, overturning, experience of downfall (OEDIPUS and BACCHAE)

2

Anagnorisis

Recognition of truth (OEDIPUS and BACCHAE)

3

Oracle of Themis

Visited by Deucalion and Pyrrha

4

Hera's persecution of Dionysus

o Athamas, delusional, hunted his elder son Learchus who he thought was a deer and killed him

o Ino cast herself into the sea, together with her son Melicertes

Ino is Dionysus' blood relative Aunt, Athamus is his uncle

5

Tantalus

SON OF ZEUS

6

Festival Consualia

Rape of the Sabine women

7

Cadmus and Europa

siblings (Europa has Cretan kings, Cadmus makes Thebes)

8

Janus

The numen of bridges, gates, entrances

9

Penates

Numen of the items in the household

10

Lares

Numen of the people in the household

11

Erichthoneous

Son of Hephaestus - rape attempt on Athena

12

Echion

father of Pentheus (Agave is mother)

13

Bacchants

Female followers of Dionysus

14

Maenads

Female followers of Dionysus

15

Satyrs

Male followers of Dionysus

16

Thiasos

Collective name for Dionysus' followers

17

Alcibiades

violates Eleusinian mysteries in 415

18

Socrates, Pentheus, Alcibiades

All question the gods and are punished for it.
Socrates: gods
Pentheus: Dionysus
Alcibiades: Eleusinian mysteries

19

Bacchus

Another name for Dionysus

20

Does Dionysus appeal to democratic or aristocratic people?

Democratic

21

Lycaon

Wolfy guy

22

Oedipus

Swollen foot

23

Ilias/Ilia/Ilium

Iulus: Ascanias
Ilia: Rhea silvia
Ilium: Troy

24

In the Oresteia, who commands Aeolus to prevent the ships from sailing from Aulis? In Aeneid, who commands Aelous to shipwreck them?

Oresteia: Artemis
Aelous: Juno (doesn't want them to make it to Carthage)

25

Infeliz

Used to describe Dido, unlucky

26

What does Dios mean?

Sky father

27

What is Zeus the divine champion of?

1. Xenia
2. Suppliants
3. Justice

28

Who is Poseidon married to?

Amphitrite

29

Who is Hera the mother of?

Ares (+Zeus), and Hephaestus (asexually)

30

Where was Ganymedes from?

Troy

31

Marriages are ____ and ____

Exogamous: female leaves her father's house
Virilocal: female enters the house of her husband

32

What lie does Aphrodite tell Anchises?

That her family is from a nearby town, and that she has already heard all about him. She says that Hermes abducted her from her family.

33

Keleos

King of Eleusis

34

Metaneira

Queen of Eleusis

35

Dione

A Titan—the mother of Aphrodite in Homer

36

A flower, wondrous and bright

Persephone picks it from a field (it is Hades) in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter

37

In what 2 stories was Hephaestus born disabled? In what story was he injured by Hera/Zeus?

Born disabled in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo and in Theogony.

Became disabled in the Iliad, explains the story when he was acting as a peacemaker

38

Bribed by a necklace

Eleithyia - goddess of childbirth who Hera tried to ban

39

Parents of typhoios?

Theogony: Gaia and Tartaros
Homeric Hymn to Apollo: Hera asexually

40

Who has to serve the mortal Admetus?

Apollo, for killing some of the cyclopes that produce Zeus' lightning bolts. Admetus is married to ALCESTIS

41

Arcas

Son of Callisto and Zeus, Zeus raped Callisto when she was a Vestal virgin, Artemis turned them into bears and they were hunted. Catasterization.

42

In which stories are Hephaestus born lame?

Homeric Hymn to Apollo, Theogony

43

Who is Maia the daughter of?

Atlas, who is the son of Iaepetos and Clymene (Titans)

44

Where does Hermes get the golden whip?

From Apollo to herd his cattle

45

Who in Dionysus' family raised him and was persecuted by Hera?

Ino and Athamus (raised him as a girl)

Athamus was driven mad to hunt his soon Learchus as a deer.

Ino was driven mad to cast her and her other son Melicertes into the sea

46

Mt. Nysa

Where Dionysus was raised by nymphs, who turned him into a goat

47

According to Orphic tradition, how was Dionysus born?

Born to Zeus and Persephone. Titans eat him (omphagia)

48

Rights of Cybele

Dionysus

49

Biggest opposing force of Dionysus

Apollo - they share Delphi

50

Out of Tantalus, Sisyphus, Ixion, and Tityus, which was a son of Zeus?

Tantalus

51

According to Orphic tradition, where did humans come from?

From the ashes of the Titans

52

Lycurgus

Took satyrs and maenads hostage and attacked Dionysus. Dionysus sought refuge in the sea with Thetis. Dionysus drove Lycurgus mad. He thought he was cutting a branch of ivy with an axe, but he was really killing his own son and cutting off his extremities.

53

Athenaeus

Wrote the song of the Phallace bearers

54

3 cults offer hope of an afterlife

1. Orphic cult
2. Eleusinian mysteries
3. Rites of Cybele

55

Out of Tantalus, Sisyphus, Ixion, and Tityus, which was a son of Aoleus?

Sisyphus

56

Linus

Teaches Herakles the lyre

57

Tiryns and Mycenae

Perseus becomes the king

58

Who becomes king: Aeson or Pelias? Atreus or Thyestes?

Pelias and Atreus

59

Polyxena

Bride of death. Daughter of Hecuba and Priam. She was sacrificed to the ghost of Achilles after the fall of Troy.

60

Aidos

Modesty and shame

61

Oikos

Greater commitment to the family/household than the community

62

______ for an early death in war, ______ in the form of war spoils.

Kleos (glory), timé (honour)

63

Aristeia

Diomedes and Patroklus' excellence

64

Glaucus

Meets Diomedes on the battlefield - they realize their grandfather's knew each other and stop fighting

65

Memnon

Of Ethiopia, a Trojan ally killed by Achilles, son of the Dawn Goddess

66

Who drives Ajax crazy?

Athena - he is planning on killing Agamemnon and Odysseus, but Athena makes him kill their cattle instead. He is so embarrassed he commits suicide.

Athena favours Odysseus.

67

Atimos

Shame–Ajax experiences it after losing Thetis' contest for Achilles' armour and Athena driving him to kill the sheep

68

Palladium

statue of Athena, must be captured before Troy's fall, located in Troy. Diomedes and Odysseus obtain it from Troy.

69

Penthesilea

Amazon queen killed by Achilles - trojan ally

70

Who does Helen expose her breast to?

Menelaus

71

What takes Hecuba as captive? (time)

Odysseus

72

3 conditions for Troy to fall?

1. Neoptelemus must fight for the Greeks
2. Bow of Herakles must be retrieved from Philoktetes on Lemnos
3. Palladium (statue of Pallas Athena) must be retrieved from Troy

73

Who tries to rape Cassandra?

Lesser Ajax - she is Agamemnon's timé

74

Who took Andromache as time?

Neoptelemus

75

Who kills Achilles? Who is present?

Paris - Apollo is present

76

Polyphemus' parent

Poseidon

77

Who came to Nausicaa in a dream?

Athena

78

Ciconian women

Attack and kill Orpheus with stones

79

A crime against time

Incest with mother

80

Obliteration of origin

Parricide

81

How did Aeneas get access to the underworld?

He uses the golden bough to convince Chiron to ferry him across the River Styx

82

Deiphobus

Helen tore his household apart‚ he was a son of Priam (brother of Hector)

83

Who guided Aeneas in the underworld?

Sybil

84

Elysium

The opposite of Tartarus: where Anchises was, where the Age of Heroes went.

85

Amata name meaning?

Beloved

86

Who is Hector in the Aeneid?

Turnus

87

Who is Patroklus in the Aeneid?

Pallas, son of Evander of Arcadia

88

Who is Penthisilea in the Aeneid?

Camilla, Amazon-like queen allied with Turnus, killed by Aeneas

89

Is Latinus of Latium unwilling to submit to fate?

No

90

Who tried to set the Trojan ships on fire?

Turnus, same as Hector but to the Greeks

91

What is in the centre of the shield of Aeneas?

A "STRIPE OF ACTIUM", which depicts the Battle of Actium, where Cleopatra and Marc Anthony were defeated by Octavian/Augustus Caesar

92

How many times is Hector chased around the city of Troy by Achilles? How many times is Turnus chased around Latium by Aeneas?

3 and 5

93

What Egyptian can Dido be compared to?

Cleopatra

94

Whose side is Hera on in the Iliad? Aeneid?

Iliad: Achilles/Greek
Aeneid: Turnus'/Dido's/NOT the Trojans

95

Why did the name "Troy" fall, and become replaced with "Latin"?

It was Juno's one request, when Jupiter asked her to allow Aeneid to defeat Turnus at Latium

96

What finally causes Aeneas to plunge his sword into Turnus, even after Turnus begs for a proper burial?

Aeneas spots the golden belt of Pallas

97

Euripidean difference in the Agamemnon?

Agamemnon plays a trick on Clytemnestra, has her dress up Iphigeneia, saying she will be married to Achilles, instead she is a bride of death