Term 1 - Lecture 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Term 1 - Lecture 2 Deck (65):
1

What does the name Hebe mean?

Youth

2

How did Hesiod learn how to sing?

The muses inspired him with a divine voice... this gives Hesiod authority to sing his song

3

Who competed for the patronage of Athens? Who won?

Athena and Poseidon - Poseidon gave a spring of water, but lost because it was salty. Athena gave an olive tree.

4

What does the name "Aphrodite" mean?

Sprung from the foam. She was born from Ouranos' genitals which made foam in the sea

5

What generation are the Titans?

Second

6

What does Hephaistos do as his job?

He makes things for the gods, he is a worker. The rest of the gods have aristocratic functions.

7

What is thrown up first by Kronos?

The stone

8

Who are the offspring of Zeus and Eurynome?

Graces

9

Who were the Giants born from?

Ouranos' genital blood

10

Who did Gaia produce asexually?

Ouranos (night, lying flat on top of her), the mountains, and the ocean

11

Before there were any gods, what was there?

Just chaos/chasm = meaning empty space in this context

12

Who did Hera give birth to asexually?

Hephaistos, the lame god. Ugly and deformed. Significant because Hera tried to outsmart Zeus but it didn't work.

13

How did Rheia trick Kronos and save Zeus?

She wraps a rock in swaddling clothes after Zeus is born and hidden on Crete. The stone is swallowed by Kronos in Zeus' place

14

What is the significance of Zeus swallowing Athena?

He is taking female intelligence inside of him... no longer just strength

15

Who was Herakles the son of?

Zeus and Alkmene

16

How many times did Hesiod invoke the muses?

3x

17

Where was Zeus raised?

On Crete in a cave

18

Who is the offspring of Metis and Zeus?

Athena. Zeus swallowed Metis and gave birth to Athena out of his head. She has cunning intelligence. Male outsmarts female for the first time

19

What was the Titanomacy, what happened?

The battle with Zeus/Olympians and the Titans. The hundred handed ones helped. Zeus imprisoned them in Tartaros.

20

What does Ouranos do to prevent himself from being overthrown by one of his offspring?

He shoves them all in his body

21

Who did Zeus free first as he began establishing his rule?

The 3 hundred handed ones and the 3 cyclopes, imprisoned in Gaia by Ouranos

22

Why was the stone known as the omphalos?

Because omphalos means "centre", the stone at Delphi became the centre/hub of the universe

23

What is a cosmogony?

A birth of world-order

24

Who helped Zeus give birth to Athena?

Hephaistos

25

Who is the offspring of Zeus and Leto?

Twins Apollo and Artemis

26

Who becomes subordinate to Aphrodite upon her birth?

Eros - the two of them become lovers

27

Who are the offspring of Gaia and Ouranos?

The 12 Titans, the 3 cyclopes, and the 3 hundred handed ones

28

Which 3 gods were there after chasm?

Gaia (earth), Tartarus (underworld depths), and Eros (desire - gives an explanation for creation of other things)

29

What generation are the Olympians? (Hestia, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Demeter, Zeus)

Third generation, but first generation Olympians

30

In oral epic song, what is the meter?

Diactylic hexameter, with 6 dactyls, long short short in each line

31

What happened to the Zeus stone after Kronos threw it up?

It was placed at Pytho/Delphi, known as the omphalos

32

How does Kronos try to suppress being overthrown by his children?

He swallows them (he swallows Hestia first)

33

What type of tradition does Hesiod's theogony reflect?

Oral epic tradition

34

Who was born from the castration of Ouranos? (3)

1. Furies (blood) 2. Giants (blood) 3. Aphrodite (genitals)

35

Who is the offspring of Zeus and Maia?

Hermes

36

Who makes Zeus' lightning bolts? Why?

The cyclopes, because Zeus rescued them from inside Gaia

37

Who are the children of Kronos and Rheia?

1. Hestia (first-born) 2. Hera 3. Demeter 4. Poseidon 5. Hades 6. Zeus (last-born)

38

Where is Hesiod from?

Boeotia, which means cowland

39

Who is the first and last born?

Hestia - first to be born, last to be thrown up by Kronos

40

What is the symbolism behind Aphrodite being born of male genitals?

It relates females to violence, right off the bat

41

What was the first act of violence ever?

Kronos castrating Ouranos

42

Who are the children of Hera (sister) and Zeus?

Ares, Hebe, Eileithyia

43

What did the Ancient Greeks think about the universe?

Flat like a dinner plate, where everyone lives is a reflection of their status

44

What is the trick that Gaia plays on Ouranos?

She creates flint and uses it to make a sickle, Kronos, the youngest Titan also hates his father. Gaia gives him the sickle. When Ouranos comes to make love with Gaia, Kronos castrates his father and flings them.

45

Who marries Hebe?

Herakles - becomes immortal through apotheosis, wins "YOUTH" which is what Hebe means.

46

Who are the muses?

Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyn (authority + memory), Zeus mingled in love for 9 nights, producing 9 muses --> goddesses

47

What influence was on the Theogony?

A Near-Eastern influence

48

Which god do the muses favour?

Apollo

49

What natural disaster was Typhoios said to have caused?

The eruption of Mt. Etna in Sicily

50

How does Zeus trick his father?

He tricks him into vomiting up the stone and all of Zeus' siblings

51

What is an epithet an example of?

A formulaic expression

52

What does theogony mean?

Birth of the gods

53

Who were the Furies born from?

Ouranos' genital blood

54

Who are the 4th generation Olympians?

1. Athena 2. Persephone 3. Apollo 4. Artemis 5. Ares 6. Hephaistos 7. Hermes 8. Dionysus

55

Who is Kronos' lover?

Rheia

56

Who are the offspring of Zeus and Themis?

The seasons, justice, fates

57

Where do the muses live?

Mt. Helikon

58

What was the Typhonomachy, what happened?

The battle with Typhoios, the worst god. Dragon heads - Zeus defeated him by shooting lightning bolts at his head.

59

Who is the offspring of Zeus and Demeter?

Persephone

60

Who is the offspring of Zeus and Semele? Why was it significant?

Dionysus - Semele was a mortal, who gave birth to the divine Dionysus. Dionysus was actually born from the thigh of Zeus

61

Who is the theogony an elaborate hymn to?

Zeus

62

What did Zeus do to establish his rule?

1. Free cyclopes and hundred handed ones from Gaia (uncles) 2. Punished Prometheus and glorified Herakles 3. Titanomachy 4. Typhonomachy 5. Distributes roles and privileges

63

What does Metis mean?

Cunning intelligence

64

Who wrote works and days, and the theogony? When?

Hesiod - 700 BCE

65

What instrument do the muses play?

The lyre