Topic 14 - Respiratory System (2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 14 - Respiratory System (2) Deck (41):
1

Larynx (voice-box)

Made of 9 cartilages

  • all _______ cartilage (Except epiglottis)
  • unpaired cartilages (x3)
  • paired cartilages (x3)

  • all hyaline cartilage (except epiglottis)
  • unpaired cartilage (3)
    • thyroid cartilage
    • cricoid cartilage
    • epiglottis
  • paired cartilage (3)
    • arytenoid cartilage
    • don't need to know other 2

2

Larynx is made of 9 cartilages

Unpaired cartilages: Thyroid Cartilage

  • on anterior wall
  • = adam's apple

3

Larynx is made of 9 cartilages

Unpaired cartilages: Cricoid cartilage

  • forms complete ring

4

Larynx is made of 9 cartilages

Unpaired cartilages: Epiglottis

 

  • covers glottis during swallowing
  • elastic cartilage

5

Things to ask yourself!

Thyroid cartilage

  • paired or unpaired?
  • located where? (on what wall)
  • = ?

6

Things to ask yourself

Cricoid cartilage

  • paired or unpaired?
  • forms what?

7

Things to ask yourself!

Epiglottis

  • paired or unpaired?
  • covers what during when?
  • what kind of cartilage?

8

Larynx

Paired cartilage: Arytenoid cartilage

attaches vocal cords

9

things to ask yourself!

Arytenoid cartilage

  • paired or unpaired?
  • attaches what?

10

what cartilage is located on anterior wall

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) elastic cartilage

e) arytenoid cartilage

 

thyroid cartilage 

11

this cartilage refers to the adam's apple

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) elastic cartilage

e) arytenoid cartilage

thyroid cartilage

12

this cartilage forms complete ring

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) elastic cartilage

e) arytenoid cartilage

cricoid cartilage

13

this cartilage covers glottis during swallowing

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) elastic cartilage

e) arytenoid cartilage

epiglottis

14

this cartilage is elastic cartilage

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) arytenoid cartilage

epiglottis

15

this cartilage is a paired cartilage and is the only paired cartilage we need to know :)

a) thyroid cartilage

b) cricoid cartilage

c) epiglottis

d) elastic cartilage

e) arytenoid cartilage

arytenoid cartilage

16

Larynx (voice-box)

vocal cords = 2 paired folds in the mucosa

what are the 2 paired folds?

  1. vestibular fold
  2. vocal fold

17

Larynx (voice-box): vocal cords = 2 paired folds in the mucosa

Vestibular fold

  • = ______ vocal cords
  • inferior or superior fold?

  • = false vocal cords
  • superior fold

18

Larynx (voice-box): vocal cords = 2 paired folds in the mucosa

vocal fold

  • = _____ vocal cords
  • inferior or superior fold?
  • produce? 

  • = true vocal cords
  • inferior fold produce sound by vibration

19

things to ask yourself

vestibular fold

  • true or false vocal cords?
  • inferior or superior fold?

20

things to ask yourself

vocal fold

  • true or false vocal cords?
  • inferior or superior fold?
  • produce what?

21

this paired fold of the vocal cords = false vocal cords

a) vestibular fold

b) vocal fold

vestibular fold

22

superior fold refers to

a) vestibular fold

b) vocal fold

vestibular

23

true vocal cords refers to

a) vestibular fold

b) vocal fold

vocal fold

24

inferior vocal cords refer to 

a) vestibular fold

b) vocal fold

vocal fold

25

this paired fold of the vocal cords produce sound by vibration

a) vestibular fold

b) vocal fold

vocal fold

26

larynx (voice-box)

glottis

  • ______ + ______
  • closes to prevent what from entering where?

  • = true vocal cords + opening
  • closes to prevent food + liquid from entering trachea

27

laryngitis

  • ​= inflammation of _______ 
    • ​?

  • laryngitis = inflammation of larynx 
    • ​can arise from infection, irritation

 

28

true vocal cords + opening = ?

glottis

29

closes to prevent food + liquid from entering trachea

glottis

30

inflammation of larynx can arise from?

  • infection
  • irritation

31

inflammation of larynx 

laryngitis

32

trachea

  • connects _____ to ______
  • anterior to _______
  • consists of how many C-shaped pieces of _____ cartilage
    • open part of C faces ________ - permits ______ of esophagus

  • connects larynx to main bronchi
  • anterior to esophagus
  • consists of 20 C-shaped pieces of hyaline cartilage
    • open part of C faces esophagus - permits expansion of esophagus

33

the trachea connects what to what?

connects larynx to main bronchi

34

trachea is anterior or posterior to esophagus?

anterior to esophagus

35

the trachea is anterior to what?

esophagus

36

the trachea consists of...

  • 20 C-shaped pieces of hyaline cartilage
    • open part of C faces esophagus - permits expansion of esophagus

37

what connects larynx to main bronchi?

trachea

38

what is anterior to esophagus?

trachea

39

what consists of 20 c-shaped pieces of hyaline cartilage?

trachea

40

things to ask yourself

trachea

  • connects what to what?
  • where is it located? (anterior/superior to what?)
  • what is it consisted of?

41

Bronchial Tree

  • main bronchi to ______________
  •