Topic 8 - Membranes Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Topic 8 - Membranes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 8 - Membranes Deck (27):
1

Overview of membranes

  • simplest _____ 
  • how many tissue types?
  • consisted of what kind of tissue attached to what?
    • what is in between them?

  • simplest organs - only 2 tissue types
  • consist of epithelium attached to CT 
    • with a basement membrane between them

2

list the 4 membrane types

  1. muScous membranes (mucosa)
  2. serous membranes (serosa)
  3. synovial membranes
  4. cutaneous membranes

3

muscous membranes (muscosa)

  • lines what?
    • which opens _____ to the _____
  • also called _____ of ??? (4 systems)
  • how many layers?

  • lines cavities 
    • which open directly to the body exterior
  • also called the mucosa of these systems
    1. digestive
    2. respiratory
    3. urinary
    4. reproductive 
  • 2 layers

4

what are the 2 layers of the muscous membranes 

  1. epithelial layer (avascular)
  2. CT (loose areaolar - vascular)

5

lines cavities which open directly to the body exterior

muscous membranes (muscosa)

6

epithelial layer of the muscous membrane

  • varies from what to what?
  • vascular or avascular?

varies from simple squamous to pseudostratified

avascular

7

CT of muscous membrane

  • vascular or avascular?
  • what kind of CT? 
  • named the ______ which does what

 

  • vascular
  • loose areolar
  • named the lamina propria which nourishes epithelial cells

8

nourishes epithelial cells

lamina propria

9

synovial membranes

  • located where?
  • what kind of tissue?

 

  • located in joints
  • areolar CT, no epithelium (SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE ONLY ONE TISSUE TYPE) 

10

this membrane only has only one tissue type

SYNOVIAL

11

this membrane is in joints

synovial

12

cutaneous membrane

  • ____ 
    • name the tissues
      • epithelium = ________ (named the ____)
      • CT = _______ (named the ________)

  • skin
    • epithelium = stratified squamous (named the epidermis)
    • CT = areolar and dense irregular (named the dermis)

13

line closed cavities that DO NOT open to the exterior

serous membranes

14

muscous membranes line what? which open directly to what?

line cavities which open directly to the body exterior

15

serous membrane is also called ________ (especially the ________)

also called serosa

especially the peritoneal cavity

16

does the serous membrane have a single or double membrane??

double

17

what are the membranes of the serous membranes composed of?

epithelial layers (often simple squamous) next to serous cavity and areolar CT

18

what are the 2 layers of the double membranes of the serous membranes?

  1. parietal layer 
  2. visceral layer

19

parietal layer of serous membrane is located:

against cavity wall

20

the visceral layer of serous membrane is located:

against organ

21

which layer of the serous membrane is located against the cavity wall?

parietal layer

22

which layer of serous membrane is located against organ?

visceral layer

23

what is located between the parietal layer and the visceral layer?

serous fluid (slippery)

24

pleura

lung

25

peritoneum

abdominal organs

26

pericardium

heart

27