Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (262):
1

overreact

reagovat přehnaně   v /ˌəʊvəriˈækt/  to be more worried, annoyed, or offended by something than you should be It’s important not to overreact to a perceived threat.

2

antique

starobylý; starodávný * adj /ænˈtiːk/ old and valuable He's got a collection of antique postcards.

3

tempting

lákavý, vábivý   adj /temptɪŋ/ if it is tempting to do something, something seems like a good idea but is probably wrong It’s tempting to believe that they don’t want the job at all.

4

take (sth) up

začít s čím   phr /ˌteɪk ˈʌp/ to start doing something regularly as a habit, job, or interest Chris has taken up jogging.

5

temptation

pokušení ** n U /tempˈteɪʃ(ə)n/  a strong feeling of wanting to have or to do something, especially something that is bad for you The temptation to gamble is great, so he stays at home.

6

selfish

sobecký; egocentrický * adj /ˈselfɪʃ/ thinking only about yourself and not caring about other people I decided to go for purely selfish reasons.

7

weapon

zbraň *** n C /ˈwepən/ an object that can be used to hurt people or damage property, for example a gun, knife, or bomb The murder weapon still hasn’t been found.

8

glamour

půvab; osobní kouzlo   n U /ˈɡlæmə(r)/ a special quality that makes a person, place, or situation seem very exciting, attractive, or fashionable Most other cities cannot rival Hollywood for glamour.

9

confess

přiznat (se) ** v /kənˈfes/ to admit something about yourself that you would not normally tell people because you are embarrassed about it or they could be disappointed by it I’ll have to confess that I made an exception with this one.

10

collectable

sběratelský   adj /kəˈlektəb(ə)l/ able to be collected or obtained The market specialises in collectable items.

11

junk

harampádí * n C /dʒʌŋk/ old, broken, or useless things You should get rid of all that junk in your garage.

12

paintball

paintball   n /ˈpeɪntˌbɔːl/ an outdoor game in which people shoot each other using guns that fire pellets filled with paint You need to wear goggles when playing paintball.

13

impatient

netrpělivý * adj /ɪmˈpeɪʃ(ə)nt/ annoyed because something is not happening as quickly as you want or in the way you want He's very ambitious and sometimes impatient.

14

aficionado

nadšenec   n C /əˌfɪʃiəˈnɑːdəʊ/  someone who is very interested in something and knows a lot about it This coffee is regarded by aficionados as one of the world's finest.

15

autograph

podpis; autogram   n C /ˈɔːtəˌɡrɑːf/ a famous person’s name that they sign for someone else to keep My mother got Frank Sinatra’s autograph in the 1970s.

16

hooked

zahnutý; závislý   adj /hʊkt/ if you are hooked on something, you find it so attractive or interesting that you want to do it as much as possible I got hooked on Mozart.

17

ghost

duch ** n C /ɡəʊst/ the spirit of a dead person that someone sees or hears Do you believe in ghosts?

18

bargain

výhodná koupě/prodej/nabídka ** n C /ˈbɑː(r)ɡɪn/ something you buy that costs much less than normal You should be able to pick up a few good bargains.

19

lawn

trávník ** C /lɔːn/ an area of grass that is cut short, especially in someone’s garden I thought he was looking a bit lonely out there on the lawn all on his own.

20

get hold of

sehnat   v /ɡet ˈhəʊld əv/ to get something that you need or want I’ve managed to get hold of some rather good wine.

21

resist

odolávat; nepodlehnout *** v /rɪˈzɪst/ to stop yourself from doing something that you would very much like to do He was unable to resist the temptation of taking the wallet.

22

afterwards

potom; později *** adv /ˈɑːftə(r)wə(r)dz/ after something else that you have already mentioned I didn’t see her again until a few days afterwards.

23

after a while

po nějaké době   phr /ˌɑːftə(r) ə ˈwaɪl/ after a period of time Some of the stars signed a few autographs but after a while it became too dangerous for them.

24

trespass

vstup/vniknutí (na něčí pozemek) bez povolení   v /ˈtrespəs/ to go into a place without the owner’s permission He was found guilty of trespassing on government property.

25

gallon

galon (GB 4,5l; US 3,8l) * n C /ˈɡælən/ a unit for measuring an amount of liquid, especially petrol or water. In the UK, a gallon is equal to 4.55 litres. In the US, a gallon is equal to 3.79 litres. A gallon contains 8 pints or 4 quarts I've put a gallon of petrol in the car.

26

convention

shormáždění; sjezd; kongres *** n C /kənˈvenʃ(ə)n/ a meeting that a lot of people belonging to a particular profession or organization go to in order to discuss things Chicago was chosen as the site for an international crime convention.

27

get a taste for

příijít něčemu na chuť   phr /ɡet ə ˈteɪst fə/ to begin to like something Charlotte quickly got a taste for it and now spends every weekend running around with a paint gun in her hand.

28

applicant

žadatel; uchazeč * n C /ˈæplɪkənt/ someone who applies for something, such as a job or a loan of money One job applicant who was obviously trying to make a good impression wrote that she had taken up blood-donating.

29

give (sth) a try

zkusit něco   phr /gɪv ə ˈtrai/ to do something in order to find out what happens or to find out whether something is good, appropriate, effective etc. It was a colleague at work who first suggested that Charlotte Pullman should give paintballing a try.

30

the good thing is

dobré na tom je, že   phr /ðə ˈɡʊd θɪŋ ɪz/ used for talking about the positive aspect of a bad thing or situation I have too much work at the moment, but the good thing is I'm making more money.

31

slant

svažovat se; sklon   v / n C /slɑːnt/ to be or move at an angle that is not 90 degrees, or to make something do this His handwriting slants to the right.

32

later on

později   phr /ˌleɪtə(r) ɒn/ in the future, or after the time already mentioned I’ll come and see you later on.

33

attend

navštěvovat; účastnit se; obsluhovat *** v /əˈtend/ to be present at an event or activity Everyone in the office was expected to attend.

34

track down

vystopovat   v /ˈtræk daʊn/ to find someone or something after a long search I finally managed to track him down in Manchester.

35

in-thing

to, co je v módě   phr /ˌɪnˈθɪŋ/ something which is currently very fashionable It’s amazing but she’s still the in-thing for young girls, all over the world.

36

script

scénář ** n C /skrɪpt/ the written words of a play, film, television programme, speech etc She wrote the script for the film.

37

in deep water

ve vážné situaci   phr /ɪn ˌdiːp ˈwɔːtə(r)/ in a difficult or serious situation You could find yourself in deep water if you made it all up.

38

background

pozadí; prostředí; původ *** n C /ˈbækˌɡraʊnd/ the type of career, training, or education that someone has had A recent survey has shown that one in four CVs contain a lie of some kind, but resist the temptation to invent an interesting background for yourself.

39

survey

průzkum (veřejného mínění) *** n C  /ˈsɜː(r)veɪ/ a set of questions that you ask a large number of people or organizations This survey shows the percentage of single-parent households in each area.

40

handle

vypořádat se s (problémem); manipulovat s něčím *** v /ˈhænd(ə)l/ to touch or hold someone or something What’s the most valuable autograph you’ve handled?

41

introverted

introvertní   adj /ˈɪntrəʊˌvɜː(r)tɪd/ a little shy and tending to concentrate on your own thoughts and feelings He became introverted and depressed.

42

stall

stánek ** n C /stɔːl/ a large table or a small building that is open at the front, used for selling things or for giving people information In those days, you used to get market stalls, shops even, that sold nothing else.

43

subsequently

následně, poté ** adv /ˈsʌbsɪkwəntli/ after something else happened The disease subsequently spread to the rest of the country.

44

draw a line between

jasně rozlišovat   phr /ˌdrɔː ə ˈlaɪn bɪˌtwiːn/ to keep two things separate I found it really difficult to draw a line between collecting and trading.

45

gnome

trpaslík; skřítek (i sádrový)   nC /nəʊm/  a stone or plastic model of a gnome (an imaginary little man in children’s stories who wears a pointed hat and can do magic), used in gardens for decoration Garden gnomes are popular in England.

46

dismiss

nebrat v úvahu; zavrhnout ** v /dɪsˈmɪs/ to refuse to accept that something might be true The minister dismissed the idea that he had behaved badly.

47

car boot sale

bleší trh   n C /ˌkɑː(r) ˈbuːt ˌseɪl/ a market where people sell things that they do not want from the back of their car We bought it at a car boot sale.

48

hunter

lovec; hledač * n C /ˈhʌntə(r)/ someone who is looking for a particular type of thing She's a bit of a bargain hunter.

49

blood-donating

dárcovstí krve   n U /ˈblʌddəʊˌneɪtɪŋ/ allowing some of your blood to be taken from you so that it can be used in the medical treatment of someone else One job applicant who was obviously trying to make a good impression wrote that she had taken up blood-donating.

50

deal

obchod; dohoda *** v/n C /diːl/ a formal agreement, especially in business or politics It was my first deal, but later on, I found out that it was worth five times what he’d paid for it!

51

dedicate

zasvětit; věnovat ** v /ˈdedɪkeɪt/ to spend your time and effort doing something He dedicated himself to academic work.

52

make an exception

udělat vyjímku   phr /ˌmeɪk ən ɪkˈsepʃ(ə)n/ to deal with someone or something in a different way from usual on a particular occasion only I’ll have to confess that I made an exception with this one.

53

scary

nahánějící strach * adj /ˈskeəri/ making you feel frightened She told us a scary story.

54

finally

nakonec *** adv /ˈfaɪn(ə)li/ after a long time, process, or series of events My father finally agreed to let me go on the trip.

55

outgoing

společenský; přátelský   adj /ˌaʊtˈɡəʊɪŋ/ someone who is outgoing is friendly and enjoys meeting and talking to people Norman is very shy but his wife’s outgoing.

56

pastime

zábava; rekreace   n C /ˈpɑːsˌtaɪm/ something that you do regularly for fun in your free time Skateboarding is the favourite pastime of many teenagers.

57

tendency

sklon; trend ** n C /ˈtendənsi/ an aspect of your character that you show by behaving in a particular way He has a tendency to overreact.

58

instinct

instinkt ** n C /ˈɪnstɪŋkt/ a natural tendency to behave in a particular way that people and animals are born with and that they obey without knowing why It’s a basic human instinct.

59

swap

vyměnit (si/se) * n C / v /swɒp/ the process of giving one thing in exchange for another Everyone would have their pile and we’d go through them, and then do swaps and try to collect the whole set.

60

guerilla

partyzán   n C /ɡəˈrɪlə/ a member of a military group that is not official and usually wants to change a political situation. Their main method is to make unexpected attacks in small groups. The army is at risk of attack from guerilla fighters.

61

backstage

v zákulisí   adv /ˌbækˈsteɪdʒ/ in the area behind the stage in a theatre, including the rooms where the actors get dressed He let us go backstage.

62

wardrobe

šatník * n C  /ˈwɔː(r)drəʊb/ the clothes that someone has She is shopping for designer dresses to add to her wardrobe.

63

sticker

samolepka   n C /ˈstɪkə(r)/ a piece of paper or plastic with a picture, colour, or writing on one side and a sticky surface on the other that you can stick to something He collects football stickers.

64

one thing led to another

nějak se to seběhlo   phr /ˌwʌn θɪŋ led tuː əˈnʌðə(r)/ used when you cannot or do not want to give a lot of details about how something happens One thing led to another, and before I knew it I had about thirty of them, all different.

65

enamel

smalt(ovaný); email   n C/U /ɪˈnæm(ə)l/  a hard shiny substance used for protecting or decorating glass, metal, or clay Most of them collect the old enamel or metal ones from before the war.

66

bulging

vyvalený; vyboulený   adj  /ˈbʌldʒɪŋ/ sticking out My friends like to joke that my husband is the star attraction in my collection because he’s got these bulging eyes.

67

supporter

přívrženec; stoupenec *** n C  /səˈpɔː(r)tə(r)/  someone who likes to watch a particular sports team and wants that team to win Barcelona supporters were happy with the team's victory.

68

memorabilia

suvenýry (spojené s osobností)   n pl /ˌmem(ə)rəˈbɪliə/ objects that you collect because they belonged to someone famous or are connected with something that interests you She collects old cinema memorabilia.

69

be keen on

být zapálený pro něco   phr /bi ˈkiːn ɒn/ to be interested in something and enjoying it, especially an activity that you do often Tony O’Neill was always keen on ghost stories.

70

get the bug for

propadnout něčemu   phr /ɡet ðə ˈbʌg fə/ to begin to have a sudden strong enthusiasm for doing something Greg got the ‘Trekkie’ bug in a big way.

71

decay

hnít; chátrat * v /dɪˈkeɪ/ if a building or an area decays, its state gradually gets worse because it has not been looked after The area is filled with decaying buildings.

72

you're kidding

děláš si legraci   phr /jɔː(r) ˈkɪdɪŋ/ used to say that someone is saying something that is not true, especially as a joke You're kidding now, aren’t you?

73

devote

věnovat; zasvětit ** v /dɪˈvəʊt/ to spend a lot of time or effort doing something He’s devoted most of his time to his painting.

74

stand out

vynikat, vyčnívat   v /stænd ˈaʊt/ if something stands out, it is easy to see or notice because it is different in some way Job seekers need to make their application stand out.

75

prospective

budoucí; případný; možný ** adj /prəˈspektɪv/ likely to be or become a particular thing I've got a meeting with a prospective client.

76

liven up

oživit (např. večírek hudbou)   v /ˌlaɪv(ə)n ˈʌp/ to make something more interesting or exciting, or to become more interesting or exciting What we needed was some music to liven things up.

77

eventually

nakonec *** adv /ɪˈventʃuəli/ at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen ‘Did they ever pay you?’ ‘Eventually, yes.’

78

spooky

strašidelný; vyděšený   adj /ˈspuːki/ frightening in a way that makes you nervous because it involves things that do not seem natural and cannot be explained by science She told us a spooky story.

79

fan

fanoušek ** n C /fæn/ someone who likes watching or listening to something such as a sport, films, or music very much, or who admires a famous or important person very much They could see a crowd of noisy football fans.

80

looped

obtočený; zdobný   adj /luːpt/ with a round shape or curve made by a line curling back toward itself People who write with looped letters are imaginative and creative.

81

spread

rozšířit se *** v /spred/ to gradually affect or cover a larger area The movement started in London but has now spread all over the world.

82

dark horse

nevypočitatelný soupeř   n /ˌdɑː(r)k ˈhɔː(r)s/ someone with a secret, especially a secret ability, skill, or achievement, that surprises you when you finally discover it I think he's a bit of a dark horse.

83

hang around

poflakovat se   v /ˌhæŋ əˈraʊnd/ to spend time in a place waiting or doing nothing At school we used to hang around in the playground every day.

84

point-blank

přímo; bez obalu   adv /pɔɪntˈblæŋk/ in a very firm and direct way Polly declared point-blank that she would never go there again.

85

initially

zpočátku *** adv /ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)li/ at the beginning I had initially thought I wanted to write novels.

86

weird

tajuplný; tajemný; divný) * adj /wɪə(r)d/ strange and unusual, sometimes in a way that upsets you I had a weird dream last night.

87

accessory

doplňky; příslušenství ** n C /əkˈsesəri/ a small thing such as a piece of jewelry or a pair of shoes that you wear with clothes to give them more style Nike® succeeded in transforming the sports shoe into an essential fashion accessory.

88

at the beginning

zpočátku   phr /æt ðə bɪˈɡɪnɪŋ/ in the first part of an event or process before something changes At the beginning, I found it really difficult to draw a line between collecting and trading.

89

be into

zajímat se o něco   phr /biː ˈɪntə/ to be interested in and enjoy an activity or subject There’s little point in saying that you’re into pop music when you apply for a job.

90

passion

vášeň ** n C /ˈpæʃ(ə)n/ a strong enthusiasm or interest But when hero worship turns into an all-consuming passion, it can be an addiction as dangerous as any other.

91

latter

ten druhý (odkaz na druhou (osobu/věc) ze dvou již zmíněných *** adj /ˈlætə(r)/ used for referring to the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned He did well in both schoolwork and sport and won a number of medals in the latter (=in sport).

92

get carried away

nechat se unést   v /ɡet ˌkærɪd əˈweɪ/ to become so excited or involved in something that you lose control of your feelings or behaviour Let’s not get carried away. The deal could still fall through.

93

it’s just one of those things

už se nedá nic dělat   phr /ɪts ˌdʒʌst ˌwʌn əv ðəʊz ˈθɪŋz/ used to say that you cannot prevent or change a situation or an event I don’t know why really, it’s just one of those things.

94

job seeker

člověk hledající práci   n C /ˈdʒɒb ˌsiːkə(r)/ someone who is looking for a job. This word is used mainly by government officials. The government are planning to cut payments to job seekers.

95

chess

šachy * n U /tʃes/ a game for two people, played on a board with black and white squares, using different shaped pieces, including two kings. The aim is to get the other player’s king into a position where it cannot move We played a game of chess.

96

to begin with

zpočátku; především; vůbec   phr /tə bɪˈɡɪn wɪð/ before or during the first part of an activity or process How did you get involved to begin with?

97

babysit

hlídat děti * v /ˈbeɪbiˌsɪt/  to look after children in their home while their parents are not there, especially in the evening I’ll ask my mother to babysit.

98

voluntary

dobrovolný; spontánní ** adj /ˈvɒlənt(ə)ri/ voluntary work is done for no pay When I was at university I took three months out to travel around Latin America and I got involved in some voluntary work in Costa Rica.

99

set up

nainstalovat; připravit   v /ˌset ˈʌp/ to make a piece of equipment ready for use They set up tables at the back of their car to display the items they want to trade.

100

terminate

ukončit   v /ˈtɜː(r)mɪneɪt/ if something terminates, or if you terminate it, it ends or you stop it The military operation was terminated in 1969.

101

be obsessed with

být něčím posedlý   phr /biː əbˈsest wɪð/ to consider someone or something as so important that you are always thinking about them, in a way that seems extreme to other people He was crazy about the sport, but he became more and more obsessed with it.

102

reveal

odhalit *** v /rɪˈviːl/ to show something that was covered or hidden The wallet-sized system opens to reveal a keyboard and screen.

103

naked

nahý ** adj /ˈneɪkɪd/ not wearing any clothes There was a drawing of a naked woman in the gallery.

104

goods

zboží *** n pl /ɡʊdz/ objects produced for sale Wilkins was found in possession of £8,000 worth of stolen goods.

105

the thing about

jde o to; problém je v tom   phr /ðə ˈθɪŋ əˌbaʊt/ used for talking about the problem with something or someone The thing about Dave is he's always late for meetings.

106

trade

obchod; řemeslo; živnost *** v/n U /treɪd/ to buy or sell goods or services The autographs I trade are still the same kind of thing.

107

in the end

nakonec   phr /ˌɪn ðiː ˈend/ finally, after a period of time or thought In the end, we decided not to buy it.

108

lacking

postrádající (něco) ** adj /ˈlækɪŋ/ if something important or useful is lacking, it does not exist or is not available She seems to be totally lacking in common sense.

109

slogan

reklamní/volební heslo * n C /ˈsləʊɡən/ a short phrase that is easy to remember and is used to advertise something or to express the beliefs of a political party or other group Anti-government slogans had been sprayed all over the wall.

110

at first

zprvu; nejdříve   phr /ət ˈfɜː(r)st/ in the beginning before something changes At first, I said no, but then he offered me ten pounds, then twenty-five, and finally fifty.

111

nasty

hnusný; nepříjemný   adj /ˈnɑːsti/ used for talking about behaviour and people that are threatening Some really nasty people are looking for him.

112

make (sth) up

vymyslet si   v /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. Use the words in the box to make up a story about a rescue.

113

kid

děcko *** n C /kɪd/ a child If I ever have a kid myself, I know he’ll enjoy looking at my collection in years to come.

114

in stock

na skladě; v zásobě   phr /ˌɪn ˈstɒk/ if goods are in stock, they are available to buy in a store or shop If you’ve got something in stock and the person subsequently dies, well, the value literally doubles overnight.

115

a thing of the past

to už patří minulosti   phr /ə ˌθɪŋ əv ðə ˈpɑːst/ something which no longer exists or happens We all used to wear them at university, but it’s a thing of the past now.

116

be crazy about

být do něčeho blázen   phr /bi ˈkreɪzi əˌbaʊt/ be very enthusiastic about something He's crazy about football.

117

due to

kvůli; díky *** phr /ˈdjuː tə/ if something is due to happen, it is expected to happen or should happen We arrived outside the cinema before the stars were due to arrive.

118

badge

odznak; visačka * n C /bædʒ/ a small round object that fastens onto your clothes with a pin and usually has a picture or writing on it. The American word is button. I pinned the badge on my lapel.

119

reagovat přehnaně   v /ˌəʊvəriˈækt/  to be more worried, annoyed, or offended by something than you should be It’s important not to overreact to a perceived threat.

overreact

120

starobylý; starodávný * adj /ænˈtiːk/ old and valuable He's got a collection of antique postcards.

antique

121

lákavý, vábivý   adj /temptɪŋ/ if it is tempting to do something, something seems like a good idea but is probably wrong It’s tempting to believe that they don’t want the job at all.

tempting

122

začít s čím   phr /ˌteɪk ˈʌp/ to start doing something regularly as a habit, job, or interest Chris has taken up jogging.

take (sth) up

123

pokušení ** n U /tempˈteɪʃ(ə)n/  a strong feeling of wanting to have or to do something, especially something that is bad for you The temptation to gamble is great, so he stays at home.

temptation

124

sobecký; egocentrický * adj /ˈselfɪʃ/ thinking only about yourself and not caring about other people I decided to go for purely selfish reasons.

selfish

125

zbraň *** n C /ˈwepən/ an object that can be used to hurt people or damage property, for example a gun, knife, or bomb The murder weapon still hasn’t been found.

weapon

126

půvab; osobní kouzlo   n U /ˈɡlæmə(r)/ a special quality that makes a person, place, or situation seem very exciting, attractive, or fashionable Most other cities cannot rival Hollywood for glamour.

glamour

127

přiznat (se) ** v /kənˈfes/ to admit something about yourself that you would not normally tell people because you are embarrassed about it or they could be disappointed by it I’ll have to confess that I made an exception with this one.

confess

128

sběratelský   adj /kəˈlektəb(ə)l/ able to be collected or obtained The market specialises in collectable items.

collectable

129

harampádí * n C /dʒʌŋk/ old, broken, or useless things You should get rid of all that junk in your garage.

junk

130

paintball   n /ˈpeɪntˌbɔːl/ an outdoor game in which people shoot each other using guns that fire pellets filled with paint You need to wear goggles when playing paintball.

paintball

131

netrpělivý * adj /ɪmˈpeɪʃ(ə)nt/ annoyed because something is not happening as quickly as you want or in the way you want He's very ambitious and sometimes impatient.

impatient

132

nadšenec   n C /əˌfɪʃiəˈnɑːdəʊ/  someone who is very interested in something and knows a lot about it This coffee is regarded by aficionados as one of the world's finest.

aficionado

133

podpis; autogram   n C /ˈɔːtəˌɡrɑːf/ a famous person’s name that they sign for someone else to keep My mother got Frank Sinatra’s autograph in the 1970s.

autograph

134

zahnutý; závislý   adj /hʊkt/ if you are hooked on something, you find it so attractive or interesting that you want to do it as much as possible I got hooked on Mozart.

hooked

135

duch ** n C /ɡəʊst/ the spirit of a dead person that someone sees or hears Do you believe in ghosts?

ghost

136

výhodná koupě/prodej/nabídka ** n C /ˈbɑː(r)ɡɪn/ something you buy that costs much less than normal You should be able to pick up a few good bargains.

bargain

137

trávník ** C /lɔːn/ an area of grass that is cut short, especially in someone’s garden I thought he was looking a bit lonely out there on the lawn all on his own.

lawn

138

sehnat   v /ɡet ˈhəʊld əv/ to get something that you need or want I’ve managed to get hold of some rather good wine.

get hold of

139

odolávat; nepodlehnout *** v /rɪˈzɪst/ to stop yourself from doing something that you would very much like to do He was unable to resist the temptation of taking the wallet.

resist

140

potom; později *** adv /ˈɑːftə(r)wə(r)dz/ after something else that you have already mentioned I didn’t see her again until a few days afterwards.

afterwards

141

po nějaké době   phr /ˌɑːftə(r) ə ˈwaɪl/ after a period of time Some of the stars signed a few autographs but after a while it became too dangerous for them.

after a while

142

vstup/vniknutí (na něčí pozemek) bez povolení   v /ˈtrespəs/ to go into a place without the owner’s permission He was found guilty of trespassing on government property.

trespass

143

galon (GB 4,5l; US 3,8l) * n C /ˈɡælən/ a unit for measuring an amount of liquid, especially petrol or water. In the UK, a gallon is equal to 4.55 litres. In the US, a gallon is equal to 3.79 litres. A gallon contains 8 pints or 4 quarts I've put a gallon of petrol in the car.

gallon

144

shormáždění; sjezd; kongres *** n C /kənˈvenʃ(ə)n/ a meeting that a lot of people belonging to a particular profession or organization go to in order to discuss things Chicago was chosen as the site for an international crime convention.

convention

145

příijít něčemu na chuť   phr /ɡet ə ˈteɪst fə/ to begin to like something Charlotte quickly got a taste for it and now spends every weekend running around with a paint gun in her hand.

get a taste for

146

žadatel; uchazeč * n C /ˈæplɪkənt/ someone who applies for something, such as a job or a loan of money One job applicant who was obviously trying to make a good impression wrote that she had taken up blood-donating.

applicant

147

zkusit něco   phr /gɪv ə ˈtrai/ to do something in order to find out what happens or to find out whether something is good, appropriate, effective etc. It was a colleague at work who first suggested that Charlotte Pullman should give paintballing a try.

give (sth) a try

148

dobré na tom je, že   phr /ðə ˈɡʊd θɪŋ ɪz/ used for talking about the positive aspect of a bad thing or situation I have too much work at the moment, but the good thing is I'm making more money.

the good thing is

149

svažovat se; sklon   v / n C /slɑːnt/ to be or move at an angle that is not 90 degrees, or to make something do this His handwriting slants to the right.

slant

150

později   phr /ˌleɪtə(r) ɒn/ in the future, or after the time already mentioned I’ll come and see you later on.

later on

151

navštěvovat; účastnit se; obsluhovat *** v /əˈtend/ to be present at an event or activity Everyone in the office was expected to attend.

attend

152

vystopovat   v /ˈtræk daʊn/ to find someone or something after a long search I finally managed to track him down in Manchester.

track down

153

to, co je v módě   phr /ˌɪnˈθɪŋ/ something which is currently very fashionable It’s amazing but she’s still the in-thing for young girls, all over the world.

in-thing

154

scénář ** n C /skrɪpt/ the written words of a play, film, television programme, speech etc She wrote the script for the film.

script

155

ve vážné situaci   phr /ɪn ˌdiːp ˈwɔːtə(r)/ in a difficult or serious situation You could find yourself in deep water if you made it all up.

in deep water

156

pozadí; prostředí; původ *** n C /ˈbækˌɡraʊnd/ the type of career, training, or education that someone has had A recent survey has shown that one in four CVs contain a lie of some kind, but resist the temptation to invent an interesting background for yourself.

background

157

průzkum (veřejného mínění) *** n C  /ˈsɜː(r)veɪ/ a set of questions that you ask a large number of people or organizations This survey shows the percentage of single-parent households in each area.

survey

158

vypořádat se s (problémem); manipulovat s něčím *** v /ˈhænd(ə)l/ to touch or hold someone or something What’s the most valuable autograph you’ve handled?

handle

159

introvertní   adj /ˈɪntrəʊˌvɜː(r)tɪd/ a little shy and tending to concentrate on your own thoughts and feelings He became introverted and depressed.

introverted

160

stánek ** n C /stɔːl/ a large table or a small building that is open at the front, used for selling things or for giving people information In those days, you used to get market stalls, shops even, that sold nothing else.

stall

161

následně, poté ** adv /ˈsʌbsɪkwəntli/ after something else happened The disease subsequently spread to the rest of the country.

subsequently

162

jasně rozlišovat   phr /ˌdrɔː ə ˈlaɪn bɪˌtwiːn/ to keep two things separate I found it really difficult to draw a line between collecting and trading.

draw a line between

163

trpaslík; skřítek (i sádrový)   nC /nəʊm/  a stone or plastic model of a gnome (an imaginary little man in children’s stories who wears a pointed hat and can do magic), used in gardens for decoration Garden gnomes are popular in England.

gnome

164

nebrat v úvahu; zavrhnout ** v /dɪsˈmɪs/ to refuse to accept that something might be true The minister dismissed the idea that he had behaved badly.

dismiss

165

bleší trh   n C /ˌkɑː(r) ˈbuːt ˌseɪl/ a market where people sell things that they do not want from the back of their car We bought it at a car boot sale.

car boot sale

166

lovec; hledač * n C /ˈhʌntə(r)/ someone who is looking for a particular type of thing She's a bit of a bargain hunter.

hunter

167

dárcovstí krve   n U /ˈblʌddəʊˌneɪtɪŋ/ allowing some of your blood to be taken from you so that it can be used in the medical treatment of someone else One job applicant who was obviously trying to make a good impression wrote that she had taken up blood-donating.

blood-donating

168

obchod; dohoda *** v/n C /diːl/ a formal agreement, especially in business or politics It was my first deal, but later on, I found out that it was worth five times what he’d paid for it!

deal

169

zasvětit; věnovat ** v /ˈdedɪkeɪt/ to spend your time and effort doing something He dedicated himself to academic work.

dedicate

170

udělat vyjímku   phr /ˌmeɪk ən ɪkˈsepʃ(ə)n/ to deal with someone or something in a different way from usual on a particular occasion only I’ll have to confess that I made an exception with this one.

make an exception

171

nahánějící strach * adj /ˈskeəri/ making you feel frightened She told us a scary story.

scary

172

nakonec *** adv /ˈfaɪn(ə)li/ after a long time, process, or series of events My father finally agreed to let me go on the trip.

finally

173

společenský; přátelský   adj /ˌaʊtˈɡəʊɪŋ/ someone who is outgoing is friendly and enjoys meeting and talking to people Norman is very shy but his wife’s outgoing.

outgoing

174

zábava; rekreace   n C /ˈpɑːsˌtaɪm/ something that you do regularly for fun in your free time Skateboarding is the favourite pastime of many teenagers.

pastime

175

sklon; trend ** n C /ˈtendənsi/ an aspect of your character that you show by behaving in a particular way He has a tendency to overreact.

tendency

176

instinkt ** n C /ˈɪnstɪŋkt/ a natural tendency to behave in a particular way that people and animals are born with and that they obey without knowing why It’s a basic human instinct.

instinct

177

vyměnit (si/se) * n C / v /swɒp/ the process of giving one thing in exchange for another Everyone would have their pile and we’d go through them, and then do swaps and try to collect the whole set.

swap

178

partyzán   n C /ɡəˈrɪlə/ a member of a military group that is not official and usually wants to change a political situation. Their main method is to make unexpected attacks in small groups. The army is at risk of attack from guerilla fighters.

guerilla

179

v zákulisí   adv /ˌbækˈsteɪdʒ/ in the area behind the stage in a theatre, including the rooms where the actors get dressed He let us go backstage.

backstage

180

šatník * n C  /ˈwɔː(r)drəʊb/ the clothes that someone has She is shopping for designer dresses to add to her wardrobe.

wardrobe

181

samolepka   n C /ˈstɪkə(r)/ a piece of paper or plastic with a picture, colour, or writing on one side and a sticky surface on the other that you can stick to something He collects football stickers.

sticker

182

nějak se to seběhlo   phr /ˌwʌn θɪŋ led tuː əˈnʌðə(r)/ used when you cannot or do not want to give a lot of details about how something happens One thing led to another, and before I knew it I had about thirty of them, all different.

one thing led to another

183

smalt(ovaný); email   n C/U /ɪˈnæm(ə)l/  a hard shiny substance used for protecting or decorating glass, metal, or clay Most of them collect the old enamel or metal ones from before the war.

enamel

184

vyvalený; vyboulený   adj  /ˈbʌldʒɪŋ/ sticking out My friends like to joke that my husband is the star attraction in my collection because he’s got these bulging eyes.

bulging

185

přívrženec; stoupenec *** n C  /səˈpɔː(r)tə(r)/  someone who likes to watch a particular sports team and wants that team to win Barcelona supporters were happy with the team's victory.

supporter

186

suvenýry (spojené s osobností)   n pl /ˌmem(ə)rəˈbɪliə/ objects that you collect because they belonged to someone famous or are connected with something that interests you She collects old cinema memorabilia.

memorabilia

187

být zapálený pro něco   phr /bi ˈkiːn ɒn/ to be interested in something and enjoying it, especially an activity that you do often Tony O’Neill was always keen on ghost stories.

be keen on

188

propadnout něčemu   phr /ɡet ðə ˈbʌg fə/ to begin to have a sudden strong enthusiasm for doing something Greg got the ‘Trekkie’ bug in a big way.

get the bug for

189

hnít; chátrat * v /dɪˈkeɪ/ if a building or an area decays, its state gradually gets worse because it has not been looked after The area is filled with decaying buildings.

decay

190

děláš si legraci   phr /jɔː(r) ˈkɪdɪŋ/ used to say that someone is saying something that is not true, especially as a joke You're kidding now, aren’t you?

you're kidding

191

věnovat; zasvětit ** v /dɪˈvəʊt/ to spend a lot of time or effort doing something He’s devoted most of his time to his painting.

devote

192

vynikat, vyčnívat   v /stænd ˈaʊt/ if something stands out, it is easy to see or notice because it is different in some way Job seekers need to make their application stand out.

stand out

193

budoucí; případný; možný ** adj /prəˈspektɪv/ likely to be or become a particular thing I've got a meeting with a prospective client.

prospective

194

oživit (např. večírek hudbou)   v /ˌlaɪv(ə)n ˈʌp/ to make something more interesting or exciting, or to become more interesting or exciting What we needed was some music to liven things up.

liven up

195

nakonec *** adv /ɪˈventʃuəli/ at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen ‘Did they ever pay you?’ ‘Eventually, yes.’

eventually

196

strašidelný; vyděšený   adj /ˈspuːki/ frightening in a way that makes you nervous because it involves things that do not seem natural and cannot be explained by science She told us a spooky story.

spooky

197

fanoušek ** n C /fæn/ someone who likes watching or listening to something such as a sport, films, or music very much, or who admires a famous or important person very much They could see a crowd of noisy football fans.

fan

198

obtočený; zdobný   adj /luːpt/ with a round shape or curve made by a line curling back toward itself People who write with looped letters are imaginative and creative.

looped

199

rozšířit se *** v /spred/ to gradually affect or cover a larger area The movement started in London but has now spread all over the world.

spread

200

nevypočitatelný soupeř   n /ˌdɑː(r)k ˈhɔː(r)s/ someone with a secret, especially a secret ability, skill, or achievement, that surprises you when you finally discover it I think he's a bit of a dark horse.

dark horse

201

poflakovat se   v /ˌhæŋ əˈraʊnd/ to spend time in a place waiting or doing nothing At school we used to hang around in the playground every day.

hang around

201

poflakovat se   v /ˌhæŋ əˈraʊnd/ to spend time in a place waiting or doing nothing At school we used to hang around in the playground every day.

hang around

202

přímo; bez obalu   adv /pɔɪntˈblæŋk/ in a very firm and direct way Polly declared point-blank that she would never go there again.

point-blank

203

zpočátku *** adv /ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)li/ at the beginning I had initially thought I wanted to write novels.

initially

203

zpočátku *** adv /ɪˈnɪʃ(ə)li/ at the beginning I had initially thought I wanted to write novels.

initially

204

tajuplný; tajemný; divný) * adj /wɪə(r)d/ strange and unusual, sometimes in a way that upsets you I had a weird dream last night.

weird

205

doplňky; příslušenství ** n C /əkˈsesəri/ a small thing such as a piece of jewelry or a pair of shoes that you wear with clothes to give them more style Nike® succeeded in transforming the sports shoe into an essential fashion accessory.

accessory

205

doplňky; příslušenství ** n C /əkˈsesəri/ a small thing such as a piece of jewelry or a pair of shoes that you wear with clothes to give them more style Nike® succeeded in transforming the sports shoe into an essential fashion accessory.

accessory

206

zpočátku   phr /æt ðə bɪˈɡɪnɪŋ/ in the first part of an event or process before something changes At the beginning, I found it really difficult to draw a line between collecting and trading.

at the beginning

206

zpočátku   phr /æt ðə bɪˈɡɪnɪŋ/ in the first part of an event or process before something changes At the beginning, I found it really difficult to draw a line between collecting and trading.

at the beginning

207

zajímat se o něco   phr /biː ˈɪntə/ to be interested in and enjoy an activity or subject There’s little point in saying that you’re into pop music when you apply for a job.

be into

208

vášeň ** n C /ˈpæʃ(ə)n/ a strong enthusiasm or interest But when hero worship turns into an all-consuming passion, it can be an addiction as dangerous as any other.

passion

208

vášeň ** n C /ˈpæʃ(ə)n/ a strong enthusiasm or interest But when hero worship turns into an all-consuming passion, it can be an addiction as dangerous as any other.

passion

209

ten druhý (odkaz na druhou (osobu/věc) ze dvou již zmíněných *** adj /ˈlætə(r)/ used for referring to the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned He did well in both schoolwork and sport and won a number of medals in the latter (=in sport).

latter

209

ten druhý (odkaz na druhou (osobu/věc) ze dvou již zmíněných *** adj /ˈlætə(r)/ used for referring to the second of two people, things, or groups that have just been mentioned He did well in both schoolwork and sport and won a number of medals in the latter (=in sport).

latter

210

nechat se unést   v /ɡet ˌkærɪd əˈweɪ/ to become so excited or involved in something that you lose control of your feelings or behaviour Let’s not get carried away. The deal could still fall through.

get carried away

210

nechat se unést   v /ɡet ˌkærɪd əˈweɪ/ to become so excited or involved in something that you lose control of your feelings or behaviour Let’s not get carried away. The deal could still fall through.

get carried away

211

už se nedá nic dělat   phr /ɪts ˌdʒʌst ˌwʌn əv ðəʊz ˈθɪŋz/ used to say that you cannot prevent or change a situation or an event I don’t know why really, it’s just one of those things.

it’s just one of those things

211

už se nedá nic dělat   phr /ɪts ˌdʒʌst ˌwʌn əv ðəʊz ˈθɪŋz/ used to say that you cannot prevent or change a situation or an event I don’t know why really, it’s just one of those things.

it’s just one of those things

212

člověk hledající práci   n C /ˈdʒɒb ˌsiːkə(r)/ someone who is looking for a job. This word is used mainly by government officials. The government are planning to cut payments to job seekers.

job seeker

212

člověk hledající práci   n C /ˈdʒɒb ˌsiːkə(r)/ someone who is looking for a job. This word is used mainly by government officials. The government are planning to cut payments to job seekers.

job seeker

213

šachy * n U /tʃes/ a game for two people, played on a board with black and white squares, using different shaped pieces, including two kings. The aim is to get the other player’s king into a position where it cannot move We played a game of chess.

chess

213

šachy * n U /tʃes/ a game for two people, played on a board with black and white squares, using different shaped pieces, including two kings. The aim is to get the other player’s king into a position where it cannot move We played a game of chess.

chess

214

zpočátku; především; vůbec   phr /tə bɪˈɡɪn wɪð/ before or during the first part of an activity or process How did you get involved to begin with?

to begin with

214

zpočátku; především; vůbec   phr /tə bɪˈɡɪn wɪð/ before or during the first part of an activity or process How did you get involved to begin with?

to begin with

215

hlídat děti * v /ˈbeɪbiˌsɪt/  to look after children in their home while their parents are not there, especially in the evening I’ll ask my mother to babysit.

babysit

215

hlídat děti * v /ˈbeɪbiˌsɪt/  to look after children in their home while their parents are not there, especially in the evening I’ll ask my mother to babysit.

babysit

216

dobrovolný; spontánní ** adj /ˈvɒlənt(ə)ri/ voluntary work is done for no pay When I was at university I took three months out to travel around Latin America and I got involved in some voluntary work in Costa Rica.

voluntary

217

nainstalovat; připravit   v /ˌset ˈʌp/ to make a piece of equipment ready for use They set up tables at the back of their car to display the items they want to trade.

set up

217

nainstalovat; připravit   v /ˌset ˈʌp/ to make a piece of equipment ready for use They set up tables at the back of their car to display the items they want to trade.

set up

218

ukončit   v /ˈtɜː(r)mɪneɪt/ if something terminates, or if you terminate it, it ends or you stop it The military operation was terminated in 1969.

terminate

218

ukončit   v /ˈtɜː(r)mɪneɪt/ if something terminates, or if you terminate it, it ends or you stop it The military operation was terminated in 1969.

terminate

219

být něčím posedlý   phr /biː əbˈsest wɪð/ to consider someone or something as so important that you are always thinking about them, in a way that seems extreme to other people He was crazy about the sport, but he became more and more obsessed with it.

be obsessed with

219

být něčím posedlý   phr /biː əbˈsest wɪð/ to consider someone or something as so important that you are always thinking about them, in a way that seems extreme to other people He was crazy about the sport, but he became more and more obsessed with it.

be obsessed with

220

odhalit *** v /rɪˈviːl/ to show something that was covered or hidden The wallet-sized system opens to reveal a keyboard and screen.

reveal

221

nahý ** adj /ˈneɪkɪd/ not wearing any clothes There was a drawing of a naked woman in the gallery.

naked

222

nahý ** adj /ˈneɪkɪd/ not wearing any clothes There was a drawing of a naked woman in the gallery.

naked

222

zboží *** n pl /ɡʊdz/ objects produced for sale Wilkins was found in possession of £8,000 worth of stolen goods.

goods

223

jde o to; problém je v tom   phr /ðə ˈθɪŋ əˌbaʊt/ used for talking about the problem with something or someone The thing about Dave is he's always late for meetings.

the thing about

223

jde o to; problém je v tom   phr /ðə ˈθɪŋ əˌbaʊt/ used for talking about the problem with something or someone The thing about Dave is he's always late for meetings.

the thing about

224

obchod; řemeslo; živnost *** v/n U /treɪd/ to buy or sell goods or services The autographs I trade are still the same kind of thing.

trade

224

obchod; řemeslo; živnost *** v/n U /treɪd/ to buy or sell goods or services The autographs I trade are still the same kind of thing.

trade

225

nakonec   phr /ˌɪn ðiː ˈend/ finally, after a period of time or thought In the end, we decided not to buy it.

in the end

225

nakonec   phr /ˌɪn ðiː ˈend/ finally, after a period of time or thought In the end, we decided not to buy it.

in the end

226

postrádající (něco) ** adj /ˈlækɪŋ/ if something important or useful is lacking, it does not exist or is not available She seems to be totally lacking in common sense.

lacking

227

reklamní/volební heslo * n C /ˈsləʊɡən/ a short phrase that is easy to remember and is used to advertise something or to express the beliefs of a political party or other group Anti-government slogans had been sprayed all over the wall.

slogan

228

zprvu; nejdříve   phr /ət ˈfɜː(r)st/ in the beginning before something changes At first, I said no, but then he offered me ten pounds, then twenty-five, and finally fifty.

at first

228

zprvu; nejdříve   phr /ət ˈfɜː(r)st/ in the beginning before something changes At first, I said no, but then he offered me ten pounds, then twenty-five, and finally fifty.

at first

229

hnusný; nepříjemný   adj /ˈnɑːsti/ used for talking about behaviour and people that are threatening Some really nasty people are looking for him.

nasty

230

vymyslet si   v /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. Use the words in the box to make up a story about a rescue.

make (sth) up

230

vymyslet si   v /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. Use the words in the box to make up a story about a rescue.

make (sth) up

231

děcko *** n C /kɪd/ a child If I ever have a kid myself, I know he’ll enjoy looking at my collection in years to come.

kid

231

děcko *** n C /kɪd/ a child If I ever have a kid myself, I know he’ll enjoy looking at my collection in years to come.

kid

232

na skladě; v zásobě   phr /ˌɪn ˈstɒk/ if goods are in stock, they are available to buy in a store or shop If you’ve got something in stock and the person subsequently dies, well, the value literally doubles overnight.

in stock

232

na skladě; v zásobě   phr /ˌɪn ˈstɒk/ if goods are in stock, they are available to buy in a store or shop If you’ve got something in stock and the person subsequently dies, well, the value literally doubles overnight.

in stock

233

to už patří minulosti   phr /ə ˌθɪŋ əv ðə ˈpɑːst/ something which no longer exists or happens We all used to wear them at university, but it’s a thing of the past now.

a thing of the past

234

být do něčeho blázen   phr /bi ˈkreɪzi əˌbaʊt/ be very enthusiastic about something He's crazy about football.

be crazy about

234

být do něčeho blázen   phr /bi ˈkreɪzi əˌbaʊt/ be very enthusiastic about something He's crazy about football.

be crazy about

235

kvůli; díky *** phr /ˈdjuː tə/ if something is due to happen, it is expected to happen or should happen We arrived outside the cinema before the stars were due to arrive.

due to

235

kvůli; díky *** phr /ˈdjuː tə/ if something is due to happen, it is expected to happen or should happen We arrived outside the cinema before the stars were due to arrive.

due to

236

odznak; visačka * n C /bædʒ/ a small round object that fastens onto your clothes with a pin and usually has a picture or writing on it. The American word is button. I pinned the badge on my lapel.

badge

236

odznak; visačka * n C /bædʒ/ a small round object that fastens onto your clothes with a pin and usually has a picture or writing on it. The American word is button. I pinned the badge on my lapel.

badge