Unit 9 Flashcards Preview

Straightforward Upper-intermediate > Unit 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (252):
1

role model

příklad; idol; vzor * n C /rəʊl ˈmɒd(ə)l/ someone whose behaviour is considered to be a good example for other people to copy She's a good role model for the kids.

2

responsible for

zodpovědný za adj /rɪˈspɒnsəb(ə)l fɔː(r)/ if something or someone is responsible for a situation or event, they are the cause of it Phone companies are sometimes responsible for cold-calling.

3

harmless

neškodný * adj /ˈhɑː(r)mləs/ not causing any harm Their wrestling was just harmless fun.

4

meaningless

beze smyslu * adj /ˈmiːnɪŋləs/ without any clear purpose or importance My life seems meaningless since Eddie died.

5

like-minded

stejně smýšlející adj /ˌlaɪkˈmaɪndɪd/ like-minded people, groups etc have similar tastes, interests, and opinions The conference is a chance to meet like-minded individuals.

6

kidnapping

únos (člověka) n U /ˈkɪdnæpɪŋ/ the act of kidnapping someone Police said the group might have been responsible for the kidnapping.

7

crusader

křižák n C /kruːˈseɪdə(r)/ someone who works hard for a long time to achieve something that they strongly believe is morally right We can now reveal that the identity of the caped crusader.

8

vow

slib; přísaha v /vaʊ/ to promise that you will do something I vowed that I would never gamble again.

9

have egg on (sb’s) face

cítit se trapně, protože něco nevyšlo phr /hæv eɡ ɒn ˈfeɪs/ to be embarrassed or appear stupid because something that you tried to do has gone wrong They found themselves out of pocket and with egg on their faces.

10

vandalism

vandalismus n U /ˈvændəˌlɪz(ə)m/ the act of deliberately damaging or destroying things, especially public property He committed several acts of vandalism.

11

spit

slina; plivat * v /spɪt/ to force some of the clear liquid called saliva out from your mouth They often behave like pigs: swearing, spitting, starting fights.

12

fuel

palivo v  /ˈfjuːəl/ a substance such as oil, gas, coal, or wood that produces heat or power when it is burned. Coal and wood are sometimes called solid fuel What will you do if there is a shortage of food and fuel?

13

citizenship

občanství * n U /ˈsɪtɪz(ə)nʃɪp/ the legal right to be a citizen of a particular country I’m applying for Canadian citizenship.

14

firefighter

hasič n C /ˈfaɪə(r)ˌfaɪtə(r)/  someone whose job is to make fires stop burning and help people to escape from other dangerous situations Firefighters struglled for hours to control the blaze.

15

handful

hrst; malý počet n C /ˈhæn(d)fʊl/ a very small number of people or things The game was dominated by a handful of players.

16

sympathetic to

soucitný; nakloněný adj /ˌsɪmpəˈθetɪk ˌtuː/ supporting a plan, action, or person A spokesman for the local police said they were always sympathetic to acts of good citizenship.

17

anthropologist

antropolog n C /ˌænθrəˈpɒlədʒɪst/ someone who studies human societies, customs and beliefs It is, say the anthropologists, natural for us to evaluate people in terms of the success they have achieved.

18

liar

lhář n C /ˈlaɪə(r)/ someone who tells lies The best way to spot a liar is to look them in the eyes.

19

impressionable

citlivý, vnímavý, tvárný adj /ɪmˈpreʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/ someone who is impressionable is easily impressed and influenced by other people, usually because they are young and lack experience in life You worry about teenagers because they’re at such an impressionable age.

20

concrete

beton ** n U / adj /ˈkɒŋkriːt/ a hard substance used in building made by mixing cement, sand, small stones, and water The floors were made of concrete.

21

smuggling

pašování n U /ˈsmʌɡ(ə)lɪŋ/ the practice of secretly and illegally taking goods or people into or out of a country, especially as a way of earning money The tunnels were part of a huge smuggling operation.

22

avatar

avatar; obrázek na obrazovce počítače, který představuje konkrétního uživatele n C /ˈævəˌtɑː(r)/  a picture on a computer screen that represents a particular computer user, especially one of several users who are having a conversation with each other on the Internet My avatar is a picture of a parrot.

23

disc jockey

diskžokej, DJ n C /ˈdɪsk ˌdʒɒki/ someone who plays CDs and records in a club etc She's a disc jockey on Radio 1.

24

tax declaration

daňové přiznání n C /tæks ˌdekləˈreɪʃ(ə)n/ an official written statement that you sign to show how much money you have earned and how much tax you have to pay You are one day late with your annual tax declaration.

25

know no bounds

neznat mezí phr /ˌnəʊ nəʊ ˈbaʊndz/ to have no limits that affect and control what can happen or what people are able to do The sheriff’s cruelty knows no bounds.

26

moped

moped n C /ˈməʊped/ a type of motorcycle with an engine that is not powerful and pedals like a bicycle She goes everywhere on her moped.

27

screensaver

spořič obrazovky n C /ˈskriːnˌseɪvə(r)/ a computer program that makes the screen black or that shows a picture when the computer is on but not being used. It is designed to protect the screen from damage. I downloaded a new screensaver.

28

nastiness

sprostota, ošklivost n U /ˈnɑːstinəs/ saying or doing unkind things to other people The villains are ranked in order of nastiness.

29

obnoxious

nezvedený; nevychovaný adj /əbˈnɒkʃəs/ very rude, offensive, or unpleasant My son is an obnoxious child.

30

telesales rep

prodejce po telefonu n C /ˈteliseɪlz ˌrep/ someone whose job is to sell the products or services of a particular company on the telephone She got a job last week as a telesales rep.

31

cast a spell

očarovat phr /ˌkɑːst ə ˈspel/ to use magic to make something happen He casts powerful spells with his magic staff.

32

brutality

brutalita n U /bruːˈtæləti/ extreme violence, especially when it is deliberately cruel Nobody was prepared for the brutality of the attack.

33

intent on

zaměřený na adj /ɪnˈtent ɒn/ determined to do something. This expression sometimes means that you do not approve of the thing that someone is determined to do National newspapers were so intent on publishing the story.

34

staff

zaměstnanci n C /stɑːf/ a long stick used for making walking easier, used mainly in the past He does spells with a wooden staff.

35

thug

lupič, bandita n C  /θʌɡ/ a man who is violent, especially a criminal They were just a group of mindless thugs.

36

henchman

pravá ruka, věrný stoupenec n C /ˈhentʃmən/ a supporter of a powerful person, especially one who is willing to behave in an immoral or violent way Two of his henchmen carried out the killing.

37

inconvenience

potíž; nepříjemnost n C  /ˌɪnkənˈviːniəns/ an annoying problem or situation, especially one that forces you to make an extra effort to do something We apologize for the inconvenience caused to passengers.

38

caped

mající kapuci adj /keɪpt/ wearing a loose piece of clothing without sleeves that hangs from your shoulders We can now reveal that the identity of the caped crusader.

39

purse

BrE peněženka; AmE kabelka * n C /pɜː(r)s/ a small bag in which a woman carries money The man had tapped her on the shoulder and returned the purse that she had lost earlier.

40

soulmate

důvěrný/nejbližší přítel n C /ˈsəʊlˌmeɪt/ someone who you have a special relationship with because you share the same feelings, attitudes, and beliefs I'm looking for my soulmate.

41

immortality

nesmrtelnost n U /ˌɪmɔː(r)ˈtæləti/ the fact of being immortal or being famous enough to be remembered for a long time Immortality is usually associated with vampires, gods and fairies.

42

highlight

zlatý hřeb (čeho) * n C /ˈhaɪˌlaɪt/ the most exciting, impressive, or interesting part of an event The highlight of the trip was visiting the Great Wall of China.

43

obsessed

posedlý * adj /əbˈsest/ considering someone or something as so important that you are always thinking about them, in a way that seems extreme to other people This is a sign of a government obsessed with secrecy.

44

gullible

lehkověrný, naivní adj /ˈɡʌləb(ə)l/ a gullible person is easy to trick because they trust and believe people too easily They take advantage of gullible tourists.

45

confessional

zpovědní, konfesní adj /kənˈfeʃ(ə)nəl/  admitting to bad or embarrassing things that you have done The criminal wrote a confessional letter.

46

cold caller

prodejce po telefonu n C /ˈkəʊld ˌkɔːlə(r)/ someone who phones or visits unexpecedly to try to sell something I absolutely hate being disturbed at home by cold callers.

47

vengeance

pomsta, msta n U /ˈvendʒ(ə)ns/ the act of harming or killing someone because they have done something bad to you Both sides were locked in a cycle of violence and vengeance.

48

cynical

cynický * adj  /ˈsɪnɪk(ə)l/ someone who is cynical believes that people care only about themselves and are not sincere or honest Do you have to be so cynical about everything?

49

an all-time low

nejnižší bod, který byl kdy dosažen phr /ən ɔːlˈtaɪm ləʊ/ the lowest level that something has ever been at Members of the armed forces are highly respected but recruitment is at an all-time low.

50

baddy

padouch, záporná postava n C /ˈbædi/ someone in a film or book who does unkind or illegal things The hero kills the baddies and escapes in a speedboat.

51

aware of

(být si) vědom adj /əˈweə(r) əv/ knowing about a situation or a fact They’re aware of the dangers.

52

grotesque

groteskní, bizarní adj /ɡrəʊˈtesk/ extremely ugly and strange He created a grotesque statue of the devil.

53

glory

sláva; nádhera ** n U /ˈɡlɔːri/ admiration and praise that you get because you have done something impressive He dreams of destroying Potter by any means possible and returning to his full, former glory.

54

on the rampage

rozběsněný phr /ˌɒn ðə ˈræmpeɪdʒ/ behaving in an uncontrolled way, especially when this involves damaging or destroying property over a wide area Alex and his gang go on the rampage, beating and murdering.

55

sighting

pozorování n C /ˈsaɪtɪŋ/ an occasion when you see something, especially something unusual or something that you have been looking for There are many sightings of UFOs every year.

56

cast

obsazení * n C  /kɑːst/  all the performers in a film, play etc She was a member of the cast of The Sound of Music for years.

57

parade

jít v průvodu; stavět na odiv v /pəˈreɪd/ to publicly show something that you are proud of Gossip magazines and TV shows parade the stars before us.

58

power-mad

posedlý touhou po moci adj /ˈpaʊə(r) ˌmæd/ if you are power-mad, you strongly desire the ability to influence or control other people Powerful, power-mad and extremely dangerous.

59

patrol

hlídka * v /pəˈtrəʊl/ to move regularly around a place in order to prevent trouble or crime He patrols the town, sorting out life's little inconveniences.

60

free from

svobodný, volný adj /ˈfriː ˌfrɒm/ not containing or involving something unpleasant The world of men and elves will never be completely free from his evil.

61

involved in

zainteresovaný, zapojený adj /ɪnˈvɒlvd ɪn/ someone who is involved in something takes part in it The orange-suited Monkey Man has been involved in a number of incidents.

62

simulate

předstírat; fingovat v  /ˈsɪmjʊleɪt/ to produce the features of something in a way that seems real but is not The delegates were shown computer models used for simulating battle conditions.

63

underpants

pánské spodky n pl /ˈʌndə(r)ˌpænts/ underwear for men worn on the lower half of the body He put on a pair of underpants.

64

random

namátkový; náhodný ** adj  /ˈrændəm/ chosen or happening without any particular method, pattern, or purpose They interviewed a random sample of voters.

65

rescue worker

záchranář n C /ˈreskjuː ˌwɜː(r)kə(r)/ someone whose job is to save people from dangerous or unpleasant situations The most respected professionals are members of the armed forces, followed by rescue workers.

66

hijacking

únos (letadla apod.)) n U  /ˈhaɪˌdʒækɪŋ/ an occasion when someone illegally takes control of a vehicle, especially a plane, using violence or threats In a hijacking situation it is important to remain calm.

67

Crimes

Zločin

68

dashing

temperamentní, elegantní adj /ˈdæʃɪŋ/ attractive and fashionable in an exciting way She was saved by the dashing young officer.

69

armed robbery

ozbrojená loupež n C /ˌɑː(r)md ˈrɒbəri/ the crime of taking money or property illegally using a weapon He spent ten years in prison for armed robbery.

70

resist

odolávat; nepodlehnout *** v /rɪˈzɪst/ to not be affected or harmed by something The shelters are designed to resist heat and toxic fumes.

71

restricted to

omezený adj /rɪˈstrɪktɪd ˌtuː/ only for the use of or only including particular people or purposes Monkey Man’s acts of goodness had been restricted to the kind of thing that any good citizen is expected to do.

72

tax inspector

daňový kontrolor n C /ˈtæks ɪnˌspektə(r)/ a government worker whose job is to check that people or companies are paying the right amount of tax Businesses are being warned to prepare for a call from the tax inspector.

73

hatred

nenávist * n U /ˈheɪtrɪd/ a very strong feeling that you dislike someone or something very much Some people have a hatred of anything new.

74

cape

kapuce n C /keɪp/ a loose piece of clothing without sleeves that hangs from your shoulders A masked man in an orange suit, brown underpants and cape.

75

flip side

rub, zadní strana n U /flɪp ˌsaɪd/ the negative aspects of an idea, plan, or situation The flip side of the government’s economic growth policy is high inflation.

76

evil

zlý ** n U / adj /ˈiːv(ə)l/ a power that makes people do very bad and cruel things The story is about the struggle between good and evil.

77

absorb

zaujmout; vstřebat ** v /əbˈzɔː(r)b/ to learn and understand new facts, so that they become part of your knowledge Smith’s real power comes from his ability to absorb memories and power from his victims.

78

minute

minuta ** adj /maɪˈnjuːt/ very careful and detailed Our lawyer went over the contract in minute detail.

79

fabulous

báječný * adj /ˈfæbjʊləs/ extremely good You look fabulous.

80

bullet

kulka; střela ** n C /ˈbʊlɪt/ a small piece of metal that is shot from a gun and causes serious damage to the person or thing it hits He was taken to hospital with a bullet wound.

81

devoted to

oddaný adj /dɪˈvəʊtɪd ˌtuː/ to use a particular amount of time or space for dealing with something The newspaper has begun devoting more review space to children’s books.

82

dungeon

žalář n C /ˈdʌndʒ(ə)n/ a dark underground room in a castle that was used as a prison in the past They were held prisoner in the castle dungeons.

83

despise

opovrhovat, pohrdat, štítit se v /dɪˈspaɪz/ to hate someone or something and have no respect for them I despised him for the way he treated his children.

84

litter

smetí; odpadky * n U /ˈlɪtə(r)/ things such as pieces of paper that people have dropped on the ground in a public place, making it messy Picking up litter and dutifully putting it in the rubbish bins.

85

masked

maskovaný adj /mɑːskt/ wearing a mask The store was held up by a masked gunman.

86

hero worship

uctívání hrdinů n U /ˈhɪərəʊ ˌwɜː(r)ʃɪp/ strong admiration for someone, especially when this is extreme or unreasonable His hero worship turned into an all-consuming passion.

87

elf/elves

elf n C /elf/ /elvz/ a small imaginary person with magic powers He inhabits the world of men and elves.

88

villain

zlo; zlosyn; ničema * n C /ˈvɪlən/ the main bad character in a story, play, film etc. The main good character is the hero or heroine He’s just like the villain out of a James Bond film.

89

murder

vražda *** n U /ˈmɜː(r)də(r)/  the crime of killing someone deliberately She is being charged with attempted murder.

90

nightclub bouncer

vyhazovač n C /ˈnaɪtklʌb ˌbaʊnsə(r)/ someone whose job is to make certain that no one causes trouble in a bar or club, for example by not allowing particular people to come in I don’t suppose anyone’s going to stand up and defend nightclub bouncers.

91

gossip

klepy; šířit klepy n U /ˈɡɒsɪp/ conversation about unimportant subjects, especially people’s private lives I never listen to office gossip.

92

dazzling

oslňující; úchvatný adj /ˈdæzlɪŋ/ extremely impressive Despite your own dazzling performance.

93

sophisticated

kultivovaný; exkluzivní ** adj  /səˈfɪstɪˌkeɪtɪd/ complicated and advanced in design The police used highly sophisticated surveillance equipment.

94

cold-calling

obvolávání potencionálních zákazníků n U /kəʊldˈkɔːlɪŋ/ making unexpected telephone calls or visits to try to sell something Phone companies are sometimes responsible for cold-calling.

95

motorcycle courier

kurýr n C /ˈməʊtə(r)ˌsaɪk(ə)l ˌkʊriə(r)/ someone whose job is to deliver documents or packages on a motorcycle Motorcycle couriers are very familiar with all the short-cuts in their city.

96

book (sth)

zamluvit si ** v /bʊk/ to buy tickets, or to arrange to have or use something at a particular time in the future I’ll book a table for 8 o’clock.

97

mugging

přepadení (na ulici) n U /ˈmʌɡɪŋ/ an attack on someone in a public place in order to steal their money, jewellery, or other possessions Mugging is on the increase.

98

witness

svědek; být svědkem čeho ** n C /ˈwɪtnəs/ someone who sees a crime, accident, or other event happen Witnesses reported hearing two gunshots.

99

gorgeous

nádherný; skvělý * adj /ˈɡɔː(r)dʒəs/ very beautiful She wore a gorgeous red and gold silk sari to the party.

100

spine-chilling

děsivý adj /ˈspaɪnˌtʃɪlɪŋ/ a spine-chilling story, book, film etc is very frightening She told us a spine-chilling ghost story.

101

headdress

pokrývka hlavy, pracný účes n C /ˈhedˌdres/ a decorated piece of clothing that someone wears on their head He's wearing a tribal headdress.

102

familiar with

obeznámen adj /fəˈmɪliə(r) ˌwɪð/ if you are familiar with something, you know about it because you have learnt about it or experienced it before The author assumes that his readers are familiar with certain basic concepts.

103

estate agent

realitní agent n C /ɪˈsteɪt ˌeɪdʒ(ə)nt/ someone whose job is to help people buy and sell or rent property. The American word is real estate agent. We're going to contact an estate agent about putting the house on the market.

104

emulate

usilovat, soupeřit, napodobit v /ˈemjʊleɪt/ to try to be like someone or something else, usually because you admire them It is a legal system that has been emulated all over the world.

105

traffic warden

dopravní strážník n C /ˈtræfɪk ˌwɔː(r)d(ə)n/ someone whose job is to check that vehicles are legally parked A traffic warden gave me a parking ticket.

106

vindictive

mstivý, pomstychtivý adj /vɪnˈdɪktɪv/ someone who is vindictive is cruel to anyone who hurts them and will not forgive them Divorced couples often become quite vindictive towards each other.

107

primitive

primitivní ** adj /ˈprɪmətɪv/ at a very simple stage of development, before modern technology She spent time living with a primitive tribe.

108

dutifully

svědomitě, oddaně adv /ˈdjuːtɪf(ə)li/ in a way that shows you are being careful to do things that other people ask or expect you to do Picking up litter and dutifully putting it in the rubbish bins.

109

wicked

zlý; podlý * adj /ˈwɪkɪd/ morally wrong and deliberately intending to hurt people I knew that it was a wicked thing to do.

110

look up to

vzhlížet k někomu v /lʊk ʌp tə/ to admire and respect someone He’s a role model for other players to look up to.

111

bikini

bikiny n C /bɪˈkiːni/ a swimming suit for women, with separate parts to cover the breasts and the lower part of the body The bikini was invented in 1946.

112

menace

hrozba; nebezpečí n C /ˈmenəs/ someone or something that is dangerous and likely to cause harm The escaped prisoners are a menace to society.

113

parking ticket

parkovací lístek n C /ˈpɑː(r)kɪŋ ˌtɪkɪt/ an official document put on your car telling you that you have broken a rule about parking and must pay a fine You'll get a parking ticket if you stop here.

114

dodge

uhnout; uskočit v /dɒdʒ/ to avoid someone or something by moving quickly, especially so that something does not hit you or someone does not see you Shoppers had to dodge flying glass when the bomb exploded.

115

unquestionably

nesporně adv /ʌnˈkwestʃ(ə)nəb(ə)li/ used for emphasizing how true something is, or for saying that most people believe it The syndrome is unquestionably fuelled by the media’s own obsession with celebrities.

116

wizard

čaroděj; kouzelník n C /ˈwɪzə(r)d/ a man in stories who has magic powers He is a powerful wizard.

117

pedestrian

chodec * n C /pəˈdestriən/  someone who is walking, especially in a town or city, instead of driving or riding The area is open to cyclists and pedestrians.

118

cutting

jedovatý; kousavý adj /ˈkʌtɪŋ/ a cutting remark is cruel and intended to upset someone In an all-American cast, the Sheriff’s cutting British accent marks him out as the perfect villain.

119

superhero

super hrdina n C ˈsuːpə(r)ˌhɪərəʊ/  a character in a comic strip (=story told in pictures), film etc who has special powers that can be used for saving people and fighting against evil Who is your favourite superhero?

120

satin

satén adj /ˈsætɪn/ a very smooth shiny cloth that is used for making expensive clothes She's wearing a satin dress.

121

connected to

spojený adj /kəˈnektɪd ˌtuː/ used about people who have a social, business, or family relationship Local people do not think he is connected to the man in the orange suit.

122

superhuman

nadlidský adj  /ˌsuːpə(r)ˈhjuːmən/ superhuman qualities are much greater and more impressive than those of an ordinary person He seems to have superhuman strength.

123

assault

napadení; přepadení ** n C /əˈsɔːlt/ a physical attack on someone, or the crime of physically attacking someone He was charged with assault.

124

sight

uvidět; spatřit v /saɪt/ to see something suddenly or in the distance Monkey Man, as he is known, was sighted earlier this week.

125

instalment

splátka; pokračování (seriálu) n C  /ɪnˈstɔːlmənt/  one of several parts of a story or article that are published at different times in a magazine or newspaper Tonight they're publishing the final instalment of the series.

126

community-minded

orientovaný na blaho spoluobčanů adj /kəˈmjuːnəti ˌmaɪndɪd/ interested in the welfare of the people who live in your area Stanley Ward, also supported Monkey Man’s acts so long as they remained ‘community-minded’.

127

příklad; idol; vzor * n C /rəʊl ˈmɒd(ə)l/ someone whose behaviour is considered to be a good example for other people to copy She's a good role model for the kids.

role model

128

zodpovědný za adj /rɪˈspɒnsəb(ə)l fɔː(r)/ if something or someone is responsible for a situation or event, they are the cause of it Phone companies are sometimes responsible for cold-calling.

responsible for

129

neškodný * adj /ˈhɑː(r)mləs/ not causing any harm Their wrestling was just harmless fun.

harmless

130

beze smyslu * adj /ˈmiːnɪŋləs/ without any clear purpose or importance My life seems meaningless since Eddie died.

meaningless

131

stejně smýšlející adj /ˌlaɪkˈmaɪndɪd/ like-minded people, groups etc have similar tastes, interests, and opinions The conference is a chance to meet like-minded individuals.

like-minded

132

únos (člověka) n U /ˈkɪdnæpɪŋ/ the act of kidnapping someone Police said the group might have been responsible for the kidnapping.

kidnapping

133

křižák n C /kruːˈseɪdə(r)/ someone who works hard for a long time to achieve something that they strongly believe is morally right We can now reveal that the identity of the caped crusader.

crusader

134

slib; přísaha v /vaʊ/ to promise that you will do something I vowed that I would never gamble again.

vow

135

cítit se trapně, protože něco nevyšlo phr /hæv eɡ ɒn ˈfeɪs/ to be embarrassed or appear stupid because something that you tried to do has gone wrong They found themselves out of pocket and with egg on their faces.

have egg on (sb’s) face

136

vandalismus n U /ˈvændəˌlɪz(ə)m/ the act of deliberately damaging or destroying things, especially public property He committed several acts of vandalism.

vandalism

137

slina; plivat * v /spɪt/ to force some of the clear liquid called saliva out from your mouth They often behave like pigs: swearing, spitting, starting fights.

spit

138

palivo v  /ˈfjuːəl/ a substance such as oil, gas, coal, or wood that produces heat or power when it is burned. Coal and wood are sometimes called solid fuel What will you do if there is a shortage of food and fuel?

fuel

139

občanství * n U /ˈsɪtɪz(ə)nʃɪp/ the legal right to be a citizen of a particular country I’m applying for Canadian citizenship.

citizenship

140

hasič n C /ˈfaɪə(r)ˌfaɪtə(r)/  someone whose job is to make fires stop burning and help people to escape from other dangerous situations Firefighters struglled for hours to control the blaze.

firefighter

141

hrst; malý počet n C /ˈhæn(d)fʊl/ a very small number of people or things The game was dominated by a handful of players.

handful

142

soucitný; nakloněný adj /ˌsɪmpəˈθetɪk ˌtuː/ supporting a plan, action, or person A spokesman for the local police said they were always sympathetic to acts of good citizenship.

sympathetic to

143

antropolog n C /ˌænθrəˈpɒlədʒɪst/ someone who studies human societies, customs and beliefs It is, say the anthropologists, natural for us to evaluate people in terms of the success they have achieved.

anthropologist

144

lhář n C /ˈlaɪə(r)/ someone who tells lies The best way to spot a liar is to look them in the eyes.

liar

145

citlivý, vnímavý, tvárný adj /ɪmˈpreʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/ someone who is impressionable is easily impressed and influenced by other people, usually because they are young and lack experience in life You worry about teenagers because they’re at such an impressionable age.

impressionable

146

beton ** n U / adj /ˈkɒŋkriːt/ a hard substance used in building made by mixing cement, sand, small stones, and water The floors were made of concrete.

concrete

147

pašování n U /ˈsmʌɡ(ə)lɪŋ/ the practice of secretly and illegally taking goods or people into or out of a country, especially as a way of earning money The tunnels were part of a huge smuggling operation.

smuggling

148

avatar; obrázek na obrazovce počítače, který představuje konkrétního uživatele n C /ˈævəˌtɑː(r)/  a picture on a computer screen that represents a particular computer user, especially one of several users who are having a conversation with each other on the Internet My avatar is a picture of a parrot.

avatar

149

diskžokej, DJ n C /ˈdɪsk ˌdʒɒki/ someone who plays CDs and records in a club etc She's a disc jockey on Radio 1.

disc jockey

150

daňové přiznání n C /tæks ˌdekləˈreɪʃ(ə)n/ an official written statement that you sign to show how much money you have earned and how much tax you have to pay You are one day late with your annual tax declaration.

tax declaration

151

neznat mezí phr /ˌnəʊ nəʊ ˈbaʊndz/ to have no limits that affect and control what can happen or what people are able to do The sheriff’s cruelty knows no bounds.

know no bounds

152

moped n C /ˈməʊped/ a type of motorcycle with an engine that is not powerful and pedals like a bicycle She goes everywhere on her moped.

moped

153

spořič obrazovky n C /ˈskriːnˌseɪvə(r)/ a computer program that makes the screen black or that shows a picture when the computer is on but not being used. It is designed to protect the screen from damage. I downloaded a new screensaver.

screensaver

154

sprostota, ošklivost n U /ˈnɑːstinəs/ saying or doing unkind things to other people The villains are ranked in order of nastiness.

nastiness

155

nezvedený; nevychovaný adj /əbˈnɒkʃəs/ very rude, offensive, or unpleasant My son is an obnoxious child.

obnoxious

156

prodejce po telefonu n C /ˈteliseɪlz ˌrep/ someone whose job is to sell the products or services of a particular company on the telephone She got a job last week as a telesales rep.

telesales rep

157

očarovat phr /ˌkɑːst ə ˈspel/ to use magic to make something happen He casts powerful spells with his magic staff.

cast a spell

158

brutalita n U /bruːˈtæləti/ extreme violence, especially when it is deliberately cruel Nobody was prepared for the brutality of the attack.

brutality

159

zaměřený na adj /ɪnˈtent ɒn/ determined to do something. This expression sometimes means that you do not approve of the thing that someone is determined to do National newspapers were so intent on publishing the story.

intent on

160

zaměstnanci n C /stɑːf/ a long stick used for making walking easier, used mainly in the past He does spells with a wooden staff.

staff

161

lupič, bandita n C  /θʌɡ/ a man who is violent, especially a criminal They were just a group of mindless thugs.

thug

162

pravá ruka, věrný stoupenec n C /ˈhentʃmən/ a supporter of a powerful person, especially one who is willing to behave in an immoral or violent way Two of his henchmen carried out the killing.

henchman

163

potíž; nepříjemnost n C  /ˌɪnkənˈviːniəns/ an annoying problem or situation, especially one that forces you to make an extra effort to do something We apologize for the inconvenience caused to passengers.

inconvenience

164

mající kapuci adj /keɪpt/ wearing a loose piece of clothing without sleeves that hangs from your shoulders We can now reveal that the identity of the caped crusader.

caped

165

BrE peněženka; AmE kabelka * n C /pɜː(r)s/ a small bag in which a woman carries money The man had tapped her on the shoulder and returned the purse that she had lost earlier.

purse

166

důvěrný/nejbližší přítel n C /ˈsəʊlˌmeɪt/ someone who you have a special relationship with because you share the same feelings, attitudes, and beliefs I'm looking for my soulmate.

soulmate

167

nesmrtelnost n U /ˌɪmɔː(r)ˈtæləti/ the fact of being immortal or being famous enough to be remembered for a long time Immortality is usually associated with vampires, gods and fairies.

immortality

168

zlatý hřeb (čeho) * n C /ˈhaɪˌlaɪt/ the most exciting, impressive, or interesting part of an event The highlight of the trip was visiting the Great Wall of China.

highlight

169

posedlý * adj /əbˈsest/ considering someone or something as so important that you are always thinking about them, in a way that seems extreme to other people This is a sign of a government obsessed with secrecy.

obsessed

170

lehkověrný, naivní adj /ˈɡʌləb(ə)l/ a gullible person is easy to trick because they trust and believe people too easily They take advantage of gullible tourists.

gullible

171

zpovědní, konfesní adj /kənˈfeʃ(ə)nəl/  admitting to bad or embarrassing things that you have done The criminal wrote a confessional letter.

confessional

172

prodejce po telefonu n C /ˈkəʊld ˌkɔːlə(r)/ someone who phones or visits unexpecedly to try to sell something I absolutely hate being disturbed at home by cold callers.

cold caller

173

pomsta, msta n U /ˈvendʒ(ə)ns/ the act of harming or killing someone because they have done something bad to you Both sides were locked in a cycle of violence and vengeance.

vengeance

174

cynický * adj  /ˈsɪnɪk(ə)l/ someone who is cynical believes that people care only about themselves and are not sincere or honest Do you have to be so cynical about everything?

cynical

175

nejnižší bod, který byl kdy dosažen phr /ən ɔːlˈtaɪm ləʊ/ the lowest level that something has ever been at Members of the armed forces are highly respected but recruitment is at an all-time low.

an all-time low

176

padouch, záporná postava n C /ˈbædi/ someone in a film or book who does unkind or illegal things The hero kills the baddies and escapes in a speedboat.

baddy

177

(být si) vědom adj /əˈweə(r) əv/ knowing about a situation or a fact They’re aware of the dangers.

aware of

178

groteskní, bizarní adj /ɡrəʊˈtesk/ extremely ugly and strange He created a grotesque statue of the devil.

grotesque

179

sláva; nádhera ** n U /ˈɡlɔːri/ admiration and praise that you get because you have done something impressive He dreams of destroying Potter by any means possible and returning to his full, former glory.

glory

180

rozběsněný phr /ˌɒn ðə ˈræmpeɪdʒ/ behaving in an uncontrolled way, especially when this involves damaging or destroying property over a wide area Alex and his gang go on the rampage, beating and murdering.

on the rampage

181

pozorování n C /ˈsaɪtɪŋ/ an occasion when you see something, especially something unusual or something that you have been looking for There are many sightings of UFOs every year.

sighting

182

obsazení * n C  /kɑːst/  all the performers in a film, play etc She was a member of the cast of The Sound of Music for years.

cast

183

jít v průvodu; stavět na odiv v /pəˈreɪd/ to publicly show something that you are proud of Gossip magazines and TV shows parade the stars before us.

parade

184

posedlý touhou po moci adj /ˈpaʊə(r) ˌmæd/ if you are power-mad, you strongly desire the ability to influence or control other people Powerful, power-mad and extremely dangerous.

power-mad

185

hlídka * v /pəˈtrəʊl/ to move regularly around a place in order to prevent trouble or crime He patrols the town, sorting out life's little inconveniences.

patrol

186

svobodný, volný adj /ˈfriː ˌfrɒm/ not containing or involving something unpleasant The world of men and elves will never be completely free from his evil.

free from

187

zainteresovaný, zapojený adj /ɪnˈvɒlvd ɪn/ someone who is involved in something takes part in it The orange-suited Monkey Man has been involved in a number of incidents.

involved in

188

předstírat; fingovat v  /ˈsɪmjʊleɪt/ to produce the features of something in a way that seems real but is not The delegates were shown computer models used for simulating battle conditions.

simulate

189

pánské spodky n pl /ˈʌndə(r)ˌpænts/ underwear for men worn on the lower half of the body He put on a pair of underpants.

underpants

190

namátkový; náhodný ** adj  /ˈrændəm/ chosen or happening without any particular method, pattern, or purpose They interviewed a random sample of voters.

random

191

záchranář n C /ˈreskjuː ˌwɜː(r)kə(r)/ someone whose job is to save people from dangerous or unpleasant situations The most respected professionals are members of the armed forces, followed by rescue workers.

rescue worker

192

únos (letadla apod.)) n U  /ˈhaɪˌdʒækɪŋ/ an occasion when someone illegally takes control of a vehicle, especially a plane, using violence or threats In a hijacking situation it is important to remain calm.

hijacking

193

Zločin

Crimes

194

temperamentní, elegantní adj /ˈdæʃɪŋ/ attractive and fashionable in an exciting way She was saved by the dashing young officer.

dashing

195

ozbrojená loupež n C /ˌɑː(r)md ˈrɒbəri/ the crime of taking money or property illegally using a weapon He spent ten years in prison for armed robbery.

armed robbery

196

odolávat; nepodlehnout *** v /rɪˈzɪst/ to not be affected or harmed by something The shelters are designed to resist heat and toxic fumes.

resist

197

omezený adj /rɪˈstrɪktɪd ˌtuː/ only for the use of or only including particular people or purposes Monkey Man’s acts of goodness had been restricted to the kind of thing that any good citizen is expected to do.

restricted to

198

daňový kontrolor n C /ˈtæks ɪnˌspektə(r)/ a government worker whose job is to check that people or companies are paying the right amount of tax Businesses are being warned to prepare for a call from the tax inspector.

tax inspector

199

nenávist * n U /ˈheɪtrɪd/ a very strong feeling that you dislike someone or something very much Some people have a hatred of anything new.

hatred

200

kapuce n C /keɪp/ a loose piece of clothing without sleeves that hangs from your shoulders A masked man in an orange suit, brown underpants and cape.

cape

201

rub, zadní strana n U /flɪp ˌsaɪd/ the negative aspects of an idea, plan, or situation The flip side of the government’s economic growth policy is high inflation.

flip side

202

zlý ** n U / adj /ˈiːv(ə)l/ a power that makes people do very bad and cruel things The story is about the struggle between good and evil.

evil

203

zaujmout; vstřebat ** v /əbˈzɔː(r)b/ to learn and understand new facts, so that they become part of your knowledge Smith’s real power comes from his ability to absorb memories and power from his victims.

absorb

204

minuta ** adj /maɪˈnjuːt/ very careful and detailed Our lawyer went over the contract in minute detail.

minute

205

báječný * adj /ˈfæbjʊləs/ extremely good You look fabulous.

fabulous

206

kulka; střela ** n C /ˈbʊlɪt/ a small piece of metal that is shot from a gun and causes serious damage to the person or thing it hits He was taken to hospital with a bullet wound.

bullet

207

oddaný adj /dɪˈvəʊtɪd ˌtuː/ to use a particular amount of time or space for dealing with something The newspaper has begun devoting more review space to children’s books.

devoted to

208

žalář n C /ˈdʌndʒ(ə)n/ a dark underground room in a castle that was used as a prison in the past They were held prisoner in the castle dungeons.

dungeon

209

opovrhovat, pohrdat, štítit se v /dɪˈspaɪz/ to hate someone or something and have no respect for them I despised him for the way he treated his children.

despise

210

smetí; odpadky * n U /ˈlɪtə(r)/ things such as pieces of paper that people have dropped on the ground in a public place, making it messy Picking up litter and dutifully putting it in the rubbish bins.

litter

211

maskovaný adj /mɑːskt/ wearing a mask The store was held up by a masked gunman.

masked

212

uctívání hrdinů n U /ˈhɪərəʊ ˌwɜː(r)ʃɪp/ strong admiration for someone, especially when this is extreme or unreasonable His hero worship turned into an all-consuming passion.

hero worship

213

elf n C /elf/ /elvz/ a small imaginary person with magic powers He inhabits the world of men and elves.

elf/elves

214

zlo; zlosyn; ničema * n C /ˈvɪlən/ the main bad character in a story, play, film etc. The main good character is the hero or heroine He’s just like the villain out of a James Bond film.

villain

215

vražda *** n U /ˈmɜː(r)də(r)/  the crime of killing someone deliberately She is being charged with attempted murder.

murder

216

vyhazovač n C /ˈnaɪtklʌb ˌbaʊnsə(r)/ someone whose job is to make certain that no one causes trouble in a bar or club, for example by not allowing particular people to come in I don’t suppose anyone’s going to stand up and defend nightclub bouncers.

nightclub bouncer

217

klepy; šířit klepy n U /ˈɡɒsɪp/ conversation about unimportant subjects, especially people’s private lives I never listen to office gossip.

gossip

218

oslňující; úchvatný adj /ˈdæzlɪŋ/ extremely impressive Despite your own dazzling performance.

dazzling

219

kultivovaný; exkluzivní ** adj  /səˈfɪstɪˌkeɪtɪd/ complicated and advanced in design The police used highly sophisticated surveillance equipment.

sophisticated

220

obvolávání potencionálních zákazníků n U /kəʊldˈkɔːlɪŋ/ making unexpected telephone calls or visits to try to sell something Phone companies are sometimes responsible for cold-calling.

cold-calling

221

kurýr n C /ˈməʊtə(r)ˌsaɪk(ə)l ˌkʊriə(r)/ someone whose job is to deliver documents or packages on a motorcycle Motorcycle couriers are very familiar with all the short-cuts in their city.

motorcycle courier

222

zamluvit si ** v /bʊk/ to buy tickets, or to arrange to have or use something at a particular time in the future I’ll book a table for 8 o’clock.

book (sth)

223

přepadení (na ulici) n U /ˈmʌɡɪŋ/ an attack on someone in a public place in order to steal their money, jewellery, or other possessions Mugging is on the increase.

mugging

224

svědek; být svědkem čeho ** n C /ˈwɪtnəs/ someone who sees a crime, accident, or other event happen Witnesses reported hearing two gunshots.

witness

225

nádherný; skvělý * adj /ˈɡɔː(r)dʒəs/ very beautiful She wore a gorgeous red and gold silk sari to the party.

gorgeous

226

děsivý adj /ˈspaɪnˌtʃɪlɪŋ/ a spine-chilling story, book, film etc is very frightening She told us a spine-chilling ghost story.

spine-chilling

227

pokrývka hlavy, pracný účes n C /ˈhedˌdres/ a decorated piece of clothing that someone wears on their head He's wearing a tribal headdress.

headdress

228

obeznámen adj /fəˈmɪliə(r) ˌwɪð/ if you are familiar with something, you know about it because you have learnt about it or experienced it before The author assumes that his readers are familiar with certain basic concepts.

familiar with

229

realitní agent n C /ɪˈsteɪt ˌeɪdʒ(ə)nt/ someone whose job is to help people buy and sell or rent property. The American word is real estate agent. We're going to contact an estate agent about putting the house on the market.

estate agent

230

usilovat, soupeřit, napodobit v /ˈemjʊleɪt/ to try to be like someone or something else, usually because you admire them It is a legal system that has been emulated all over the world.

emulate

231

dopravní strážník n C /ˈtræfɪk ˌwɔː(r)d(ə)n/ someone whose job is to check that vehicles are legally parked A traffic warden gave me a parking ticket.

traffic warden

232

mstivý, pomstychtivý adj /vɪnˈdɪktɪv/ someone who is vindictive is cruel to anyone who hurts them and will not forgive them Divorced couples often become quite vindictive towards each other.

vindictive

233

primitivní ** adj /ˈprɪmətɪv/ at a very simple stage of development, before modern technology She spent time living with a primitive tribe.

primitive

234

svědomitě, oddaně adv /ˈdjuːtɪf(ə)li/ in a way that shows you are being careful to do things that other people ask or expect you to do Picking up litter and dutifully putting it in the rubbish bins.

dutifully

235

zlý; podlý * adj /ˈwɪkɪd/ morally wrong and deliberately intending to hurt people I knew that it was a wicked thing to do.

wicked

236

vzhlížet k někomu v /lʊk ʌp tə/ to admire and respect someone He’s a role model for other players to look up to.

look up to

237

bikiny n C /bɪˈkiːni/ a swimming suit for women, with separate parts to cover the breasts and the lower part of the body The bikini was invented in 1946.

bikini

238

hrozba; nebezpečí n C /ˈmenəs/ someone or something that is dangerous and likely to cause harm The escaped prisoners are a menace to society.

menace

239

parkovací lístek n C /ˈpɑː(r)kɪŋ ˌtɪkɪt/ an official document put on your car telling you that you have broken a rule about parking and must pay a fine You'll get a parking ticket if you stop here.

parking ticket

240

uhnout; uskočit v /dɒdʒ/ to avoid someone or something by moving quickly, especially so that something does not hit you or someone does not see you Shoppers had to dodge flying glass when the bomb exploded.

dodge

241

nesporně adv /ʌnˈkwestʃ(ə)nəb(ə)li/ used for emphasizing how true something is, or for saying that most people believe it The syndrome is unquestionably fuelled by the media’s own obsession with celebrities.

unquestionably

242

čaroděj; kouzelník n C /ˈwɪzə(r)d/ a man in stories who has magic powers He is a powerful wizard.

wizard

243

chodec * n C /pəˈdestriən/  someone who is walking, especially in a town or city, instead of driving or riding The area is open to cyclists and pedestrians.

pedestrian

244

jedovatý; kousavý adj /ˈkʌtɪŋ/ a cutting remark is cruel and intended to upset someone In an all-American cast, the Sheriff’s cutting British accent marks him out as the perfect villain.

cutting

245

super hrdina n C ˈsuːpə(r)ˌhɪərəʊ/  a character in a comic strip (=story told in pictures), film etc who has special powers that can be used for saving people and fighting against evil Who is your favourite superhero?

superhero

246

satén adj /ˈsætɪn/ a very smooth shiny cloth that is used for making expensive clothes She's wearing a satin dress.

satin

247

spojený adj /kəˈnektɪd ˌtuː/ used about people who have a social, business, or family relationship Local people do not think he is connected to the man in the orange suit.

connected to

248

nadlidský adj  /ˌsuːpə(r)ˈhjuːmən/ superhuman qualities are much greater and more impressive than those of an ordinary person He seems to have superhuman strength.

superhuman

249

napadení; přepadení ** n C /əˈsɔːlt/ a physical attack on someone, or the crime of physically attacking someone He was charged with assault.

assault

250

uvidět; spatřit v /saɪt/ to see something suddenly or in the distance Monkey Man, as he is known, was sighted earlier this week.

sight

251

splátka; pokračování (seriálu) n C  /ɪnˈstɔːlmənt/  one of several parts of a story or article that are published at different times in a magazine or newspaper Tonight they're publishing the final instalment of the series.

instalment

252

orientovaný na blaho spoluobčanů adj /kəˈmjuːnəti ˌmaɪndɪd/ interested in the welfare of the people who live in your area Stanley Ward, also supported Monkey Man’s acts so long as they remained ‘community-minded’.

community-minded