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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (272)
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1

balance

rovnováha; harmonie *** n C /ˈbæləns/ a situation in which different aspects or features are treated equally or exist in the correct relationship to each other A healthy diet is about getting the correct balance of a variety of foods.

2

assertive

průbojný; asertivní   adj /əˈsɜː(r)tɪv/ behaving in a confident way in which you are quick to express your opinions and feelings You need to be more assertive to succeed in business.

3

regain

znovu nabýt/získat ** v /rɪˈɡeɪn/ to get something again that you lost, especially an ability or a mental state You should soon regain your appetite.

4

abolition

odstranění, zákaz   n U /ˌæbəˈlɪʃ(ə)n/ the official end to a law, system, practice etc James is in favour of the abolition of the death penalty.

5

fear

strach *** n U /fɪə(r)/ the feeling that you have when you are frightened Edward knew it was dangerous, but he felt no fear.

6

cruel

krutý; ukrutný ** adj /ˈkruːəl/ someone who is cruel enjoys causing pain to other people or animals, or enjoys making them unhappy or upset How could you be so cruel to someone who never did you any harm?

7

equal

rovný; rovnocenný *** adj /ˈiːkwəl/ the same in value, amount, or size President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill which granted equal rights to all American citizens.

8

defy

vzdorovat, postavit se čemu   v /dɪˈfaɪ/ to refuse to obey someone or something The commander defied a direct order to surrender.

9

stick

hůl ** n C /stɪk/ a thin piece of wood that has been broken or cut from a tree I went out to find some sticks for a fire.

10

confront

čelit, postavit se něčemu ** v /kənˈfrʌnt/ to deal with a difficult situation They have to confront the object of their fears.

11

pass down

předat mladšímu členovi rodiny   v /ˌpɑːs ˈdaʊn/ to give knowledge or teach skills to your children or to younger people These traditional stories have been passed down from parent to child over many generations.

12

threat

hrozba *** n C /θret/ a situation or an activity that could cause harm or danger Officials were confident there had been no threat to public health.

13

drop in

stavit se (na krátkou návštěvu)   v /ˌdrɒp ˈɪn/ to make a short visit somewhere Why don’t you drop in for coffee some time?

14

tale

příběh; vyprávění; historka ** n C /teɪl/ a story about imaginary events or people We read tales of bravery and romance.

15

distress

strádání; tíseň ** n U /dɪˈstres/ a feeling that you have when you are very unhappy, worried, or upset I wouldn’t want to cause her any distress.

16

grant

poskytnout; připustit *** v /ɡrɑːnt/ to allow someone to have or do what they want Irish nationalists urged the British government to grant an amnesty to all political prisoners.

17

capacity

kapacita; způsobilost *** n C / U /kəˈpæsəti/ the ability to do something Harry had a tremendous capacity for work.

18

openness

otevřenost; upřímnost * n U /ˈəʊpənnəs/ an honest way of talking or behaving in which you do not try to hide anything The judge praised him for his honesty and openness.

19

anxious

dychtivý; úzkostlivý; naplněný obavami ** adj /ˈæŋkʃəs/ worried because you think something bad might happen His silence made me anxious.

20

principal

hlavní, ústřední *** adj /ˈprɪnsəp(ə)l/ main, or most important The principal aim of the project is to provide an answer to this question.

21

stand up for

zastat se někoho   v /stænd ˈʌp fɔː(r)/ to defend someone or something that is being criticized or attacked You’ve got to stand up for what you believe in.

22

mass

masový; hromadný ** adj  /mæs/ involving or affecting a large number of people The government is trying to solve the problem of mass unemployment.

23

free

volný; svobodný *** adj /friː/ not a prisoner or a slave He will soon be a free man again.

24

prone to

náchylný k * adj /ˈprəʊn ˌtuː/ likely to do something or be affected by something, especially something bad The coastal region is prone to earthquakes.

25

bravery

statečnost; odvaha   n U /ˈbreɪvəri/ brave behaviour She showed bravery in the face of danger.

26

homeless

bez domova * adj /ˈhəʊmləs/ without a place to live The government runs hostels for young homeless people.

27

cautious

opatrný * adj /ˈkɔːʃəs/ careful to avoid problems or danger Perhaps a more cautious approach would bring better results.

28

liberate

osvobodit   v /ˈlɪbəreɪt/ to give someone the freedom to do what they want, for example by taking them out of a situation in which their behaviour is controlled People thought technology had the power to liberate them from hard work.

29

timid

plachý; bojácný   adj /ˈtɪmɪd/ shy and nervous She gave me a timid smile.

30

fang

tesák, zub   n C /fæŋ/ one of the long pointed teeth that some animals have, for example snakes, dogs, and tigers The snake bared its fangs.