Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (250):
1

nuisance

obtěžování; nepříjemnost * n C /ˈnjuːs(ə)ns/ something that is annoying and is a continuing problem These flies are a bit of a nuisance.

2

scarlet

jasně červený * adj /ˈskɑː(r)lət/ bright red in colour She's wearing a scarlet evening dress.

3

face

směřovat; čelit *** v /feɪs/ to accept that a bad situation exists and try to deal with it Let’s face it, they are a serious nuisance.

4

baron

baron, magnát n C /ˈbærən/ a man who is a member of the nobility. In the UK, a baron has lower status than most other members of the nobility. He was the second Baron Rothschild.

5

silk

hedvábí; hedvábný ** n U /sɪlk/ thin smooth cloth made from the fibres produced by an insect called a silkworm He's wearing an elegant shirt made of pure Chinese silk.

6

napkin

ubrousek n C /ˈnæpkɪn/ a piece of cloth or paper used for protecting your clothes and wiping your mouth and hands while you are eating Would you like a cloth napkin?

7

lead

vodítko *** n C /liːd/ a long thin piece of material attached to a dog’s collar so that it can be controlled in a public place She had the job of doing basic training with the pups, getting them used to walking on a lead.

8

guinea pig

morče n C /ˈɡɪni ˌpɪɡ/ a small animal with fur, short ears, and no tail. It is often kept as a pet We know that a hungry fox will break into hutches and eat pet rabbits and guinea pigs.

9

ingratitude

nevděčnost n U /ɪnˈɡrætɪˌtjuːd/ behaviour or attitudes that show you are not grateful, especially when other people think you should be grateful He accused the United States of ingratitude.

10

habitat

místo výskytu (zvířete, rostliny) * n C /ˈhæbɪtæt/  the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in, for example a desert, forest, or lake It's a rare bird that is in danger of losing its natural habitat.

11

earl

hrabě n C /ɜː(r)l/ a man with a very high social position in the UK He's the Earl of Essex.

12

ferocious

dravý, prudký adj /fəˈrəʊʃəs/ violent and able to cause serious damage or injury Crocodiles are ferocious, cold-blooded killers.

13

turkey

krůta; krocan * n C/U /ˈtɜː(r)ki/ a large bird similar to a chicken that has no feathers on its head and is often eaten at Christmas and Thanksgiving. The sound that turkeys make is called gobbling. Wild turkeys are native to North America.

14

lose (your) temper

vypěnit phr /luːz ˈtempə(r)/ to suddenly become angry I'm sorry I lost my temper with you.

15

vicious

zkažený; ničemný; surový * adj /ˈvɪʃəs/ extremely violent You have to be careful ’cos they can get quite vicious if they’re frightened or scared or something.

16

opossum

vačice n C /əˈpɒsəm/ an animal found in North America and Australia with thick fur and a long tail. The mother carries her babies inside a pouch on her body. The opossum is the only marsupial in North America.

17

inquisitive

zvědavý; zvídavý adj /ɪnˈkwɪzətɪv/ keen to learn about a lot of different things He's an intelligent and inquisitive young man.

18

hit it off

dokonale si rozumět phr /ˌhɪt ɪt ˈɒf/ if two people hit it off when they meet for the first time, they like each other I didn’t really hit it off with his sister.

19

lovely

půvabný; příjemný *** adj /ˈlʌvli/ kind, pleasant, and easy to like He’s a lovely little boy.

20

cold-blooded

chladnokrevný adj /ˌkəʊld ˈblʌdɪd/ deliberately cruel and showing no emotion He committed a cold-blooded murderer.

21

pointless

zbytečný, bezvýznamný adj /ˈpɔɪntləs/ lacking any purpose or use It would be pointless to try and stop him.

22

stick

hůl ** n C /stɪk/  a long, thin piece of wood that has been broken or cut from a tree He used to like riding on giant tortoises which he persuaded to advance by hanging a lettuce from a stick which he held in front of the tortoises’ nose.

23

get rid of

zbavit se phr /ɡet ˈrɪd əv/ to take action that stops something annoying, unpleasant, or not wanted from affecting you We are not suggesting that we get rid of foxes altogether.

24

blow (your) top

vybouchnout (vzteky) phr /bləʊ ˈtɒp/ to suddenly become very angry The boss will blow his top when he hears about this.

25

leftovers

zbytky jídla n pl /ˈleftˌəʊvə(r)z/ the food that remains at the end of a meal after you have finished eating Keep the leftovers for tomorrow.

26

mayor

starosta ** n C /meə(r)/ the most important elected official in a town or city The election of the mayor was usually a popular occasion.

27

banish

vyhnat, vyhostit * v /ˈbænɪʃ/ to make someone go somewhere else Wine was poured and the children were banished to their rooms.

28

docile

poddajný, poslušný adj /ˈdəʊsaɪl/ well-behaved, quiet, and easy to control Ann was a shy docile child.

29

get on with it

pohnout (s prací) phr /ˌɡet ˈɒn wɪð ɪt/ to give your time to something and make progress with it My job’s over and the two of them can just get on with it.

30

kitten

kotě * n C /ˈkɪt(ə)n/ a young cat Our cats had a litter of six kittens.

31

indulge

oddávat se * v /ɪnˈdʌldʒ/ to allow someone to do what they want or enjoy It’s part of her agent’s job to indulge her whims.

32

executioner

kat; vykonavatel n C /ˌeksɪˈkjuːʃ(ə)nə(r)/  someone whose job is to execute criminals She's the state's official executioner.

33

obstacle

překážka; potíž; problém ** n C /ˈɒbstək(ə)l/ a difficulty or problem that prevents you from achieving something Disabled people succeed in overcoming many obstacles in everyday life.

34

abandon

opustit; vzdát se (čeho) ** v /əˈbændən/ to leave someone when you should stay with them and take care of them The Battersea Dogs' Home looks after pets which have been abandoned.

35

slaughter

porážka (dobytka); masakr; zmasakrovat v /ˈslɔːtə(r)/ the killing of animals, usually for their meat The cattle were being sent for slaughter.

36

solemnly

formálně, slavnostně adv /ˈsɒləmli/ in a serious way He used to wear a different pair of shoes for each day of the year and every night they were solemnly placed beside those he had worn the previous day.

37

rope

lano ** n C /rəʊp/ a type of very thick string that can be used for tying or pulling things One of the men tied a rope to a tree.

38

iridescent

měňavý adj /ˌɪrɪˈdes(ə)nt/ showing changing colours in different types of light They looked like the iridescent wings of a dragonfly.

39

carriage

vůz; vagón (železniční) * n C /ˈkærɪdʒ/ a vehicle with wheels that is pulled by horses, especially one used in the past before cars were invented She arrived in a horse-drawn carriage.

40

butt in

skočit do řeči phr /ˌbʌt ˈɪn/ to join a conversation or activity without being asked to Stop butting in to our conversation.

41

gap

mezera *** n C /ɡæp/ a space or opening in the middle of something or between things Fill in any gaps around windows and doors.

42

reincarnation

reinkarnace, převtělování n U /ˌriːɪnkɑː(r)ˈneɪʃ(ə)n/ the belief that after you die you can be born again as a different person, animal, or thing Adolphus Cooke was a firm believer in reincarnation.

43

insane

duševně chorý; duševně nenormální; potřeštěný adj /ɪnˈseɪn/ very stupid or crazy, especially in a way that is likely to cause serious problems, harm, or injury She's totally insane.

44

tortoise

(suchozemská) želva n C /ˈtɔː(r)təs/ an animal that walks slowly and can pull its head and legs into the shell on its back Tortoises can live to be very old.

45

chick

kuřátko; ptáčátko n C /tʃɪk/ a baby bird We say a newly-hatched chick.

46

crawl

lézt; plazit se * v /krɔːl/ to move along the ground on your hands and knees or with your body close to the ground She crawled across the floor, her eyes stinging from the smoke.

47

bury

pohřbít ** v /ˈberi/ to put something in the ground and cover it with earth There’s supposed to be treasure buried around here.

48

irritation

podrážděnost * n U /ˌɪrɪˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ something that annoys you, especially over a period of time On top of that, there are minor irritations, like the problems with rubbish bins,

49

petition

petice ** n C /pəˈtɪʃ(ə)n/ a document signed by many people that asks someone in authority to do something More than 300 villagers have signed a petition against the building project.

50

pup

štěně, mládě n C /pʌp/ a very young dog I volunteered to take on a pup and it all just grew from there.

51

hutch

kotec, králikárna, truhla n C /hʌtʃ/ a structure for keeping small animals in, especially rabbits We keep the rabbits in a hutch in the back garden.

52

logging

těžba dřeva n U /ˈlɒɡɪŋ/ the work of cutting down trees for wood There is a lot of logging going on in this part of the forest.

53

mildly

mírně, trochu * adv /ˈmaɪldli/ to put it mildly is used for saying that the words you have chosen are not as extreme as they could have been To put it mildly, Francis Henry Egerton, eighth Earl of Bridgewater liked dogs.

54

out of hand

vymykající se kontrole phr /aʊt əv ˈhænd/ not well controlled Their numbers have got out of hand.

55

get involved

být zainteresovaný; zapojit se phr /ˌɡet ɪnˈvɒlvd/ if you get involved in something, you begin to take part in it More people need to get involved in local charities.

56

clash

být v rozporu; střetnou se ** v /klæʃ/ a fight or battle between two groups of people Urban fox lovers arrested in town hall clash!

57

saint

svatý/ svatá; světec n C /seɪnt/ someone who the Christian church officially honours after their death because they have lived an especially holy life. Saint is often written as St before a person’s name It was a holy place, the shrine of a saint.

58

estate

pozemek; půda *** n C /ɪˈsteɪt/ a very large area of land that belongs to one person, usually with a very big house on it He was convinced that his late father Robert had returned as a turkey on the family estate at Cookesborough.

59

hazard

nebezpečí, riziko, hazard ** n C /ˈhæzə(r)d/ something that could be dangerous or could cause damage or accidents One of the most widespread natural hazards is flooding.

60

lunatic

blázen; šílenec n C /ˈluːnətɪk/ someone who behaves in an extreme or dangerous way She’s a complete lunatic.

61

dig

kopat; rýt ** v /dɪɡ/ to make a hole in earth or sand using your hands, a machine, or a tool, especially a spade The children like to dig in the sand.

62

pest

škůdce * n C /pest/ an insect or small animal that damages plants or supplies of food They say foxes are pests and carry diseases.

63

bill

účet; účtenka; bankovka (AmE) *** n C /bɪl/ a bird’s beak The duck's bill was exceptionally long.

64

rip

rozpárat; roztrhnout ** v /rɪp/ to make a hole in something using force Cats will rip open rubbish bags more often than foxes and dogs are always digging holes everywhere.

65

fence

plot ** n C /fens/ a flat upright structure made of wood or wire that surrounds an area of land We put up fences to keep the foxes out.

66

get in touch with

kontaktovat někoho phr /ˌɡet ɪn ˈtʌtʃ ˌwɪð/ to speak or write to someone, especially after you have not spoken to them for a long time I must get in touch with the bank and arrange an overdraft.

67

predator

predátor ** n C /ˈpredətə(r)/ an animal that kills and eats other animals The birds have to be protected from foxes and other predators.

68

eagle

orel * n C /ˈiːɡ(ə)l/ a large bird that kills other birds and animals for food We saw a golden eagle at the zoo.

69

red setter

irský setr n C /ˌred ˈsetə(r)/ a breed of dog with reddish fur Adolphus Cooke owned a large red setter named Gusty who used to run away and mix with common dogs.

70

vaccine

vakcína, očkovací látka n C/U /ˈvæksiːn/ a substance put into the body, usually by injection, in order to provide protection against a disease Scientists are developing a vaccine for the disease.

71

reputation

pověst; reputace *** n C /ˌrepjʊˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ a general opinion that someone or something has a particular quality The UK has a reputation for being a nation of dog lovers.

72

obedient

poslušný * adj /əˈbiːdiənt/ doing what a person, law, or rule says that you must do The children stood in a little group disciplined, and obedient.

73

playful

hravý adj /ˈpleɪf(ə)l/ lively and full of fun They're such playful kittens.

74

round the bend

praštěný; šílený phr /raʊnd ðə bend/ to become crazy The noise is driving me round the bend.

75

extinction

vyhynutí; vymření * n U /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃ(ə)n/ the situation when an animal, plant, or language no longer exists Many species are in danger of extinction.

76

face facts

smířit se s pravdou phr /ˌfeɪs ˈfækts/ used for saying that someone has to accept the truth, although it is unpleasant When are these people going to face facts?

77

puppy

štěně * n C /ˈpʌpi/ a very young dog That's such a cute puppy.

78

unhygienic

nehygienický adj /ˌʌnhaɪˈdʒiːnɪk/ not clean, and likely to cause disease They're forced to live in unhygienic conditions.

79

clear up

objasnit phr /ˌklɪə(r) ˈʌp/ to solve a problem or a mystery Obviously the misunderstanding will have to be cleared up.

80

menace

hrozba; nebezpečí v/n C /ˈmenəs/ someone or something that is dangerous and likely to cause harm Urban foxes are not only a nuisance they’re a real menace!

81

logger

dřevorubec n C /ˈlɒɡə(r)/ someone whose job is to cut down trees Illegal loggers cut down the trees.

82

ironically

paradoxně; ironii osudu adv /aɪˈrɒnɪkli/ used for saying that a situation has developed in an unexpected and sometimes humorous way I used to be a postwoman – ironically – as some dogs really hate postmen!

83

stunning

senzační; ohromující * adj /ˈstʌnɪŋ/ very impressive or beautiful The male bird has a stunning tail that can grow to 60 cm in length.

84

rewarding

vděčný, vyplácející se adj /rɪˈwɔː(r)dɪŋ/ giving you satisfaction, pleasure, or profit Do you find your work rewarding?

85

fox

liška ** n C /fɒks/ a wild animal similar to a small dog, with red-brown fur, a pointed face, and a thick tail Fox hunting was banned in 2004.

86

counter

bránit se * v /ˈkaʊntə(r)/ to reply to a criticism or statement that you disagree with How can we counter these rumours?

87

curtsey

(udělat) pukrle v /ˈkɜː(r)tsi/ if a woman curtsies, she shows her respect for someone by bending her knees with one leg behind the other as a formal greeting She curtsied to the Duke.

88

trial

soudní řízení; přelíčení *** n C /ˈtraɪəl/ the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent. When a case comes to trial, it is brought to a court and the person who has been accused of a crime stands trial (=appears in court) They’re on trial for armed robbery.

89

miss the point

nepochopit, o co jde phr /ˌmɪs ðə ˈpɔɪnt/ to fail to understand something She missed the point entirely and thought I was blaming her.

90

tackle

vypořádat se (s problémem) ** v /ˈtæk(ə)l/ to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem, often a social problem such as crime or unemployment Successive governments have failed to tackle the question of homelessness.

91

cuddly

přítulný adj /ˈkʌd(ə)li/ a cuddly person or animal is attractive and makes you want to cuddle them, especially because they look soft or round What a cuddly baby animal!

92

add up

sčítat; sečíst phr /ˌæd ˈʌp/ if a set of facts does not add up, you do not believe it is correct because it does not match other information that you already have There’s something about this case that just doesn’t add up.

93

absurd

absurdní; nesmyslný * adj /əbˈsɜː(r)d/ completely stupid, unreasonable, or impossible to believe She makes the most absurd claims about her past achievements.

94

ivory

slonovina; slonová kost * n U /ˈaɪvəri/ the yellowish-white bone that an elephant’s tusks are made of He carried a knife with an ivory handle.

95

smoothly

hladce, plynule, bez problémů adv /ˈsmuːðli/ without difficulty, problems, or delays I’m always amazed at how quickly and smoothly they get around.

96

punishment

trest ** n C /ˈpʌnɪʃmənt/ a way in which someone is punished He had to clean up the mess as a punishment.

97

kiwi

kivi n C /ˈkiːwiː/ the bird that is the symbol of New Zealand. It has a long thin beak and cannot fly. The kiwi will run to escape danger.

98

livid

rozlícený, bledý vzteky adj /ˈlɪvɪd/ extremely angry She will be absolutely livid when she finds out you lied to her.

99

aggressive

agresivní; útočný ** adj /əˈɡresɪv/ someone who is aggressive is very determined to win or be successful Today’s executives are hungry, competitive, and aggressive.

100

eccentric

výstřední; excentrický adj /ɪkˈsentrɪk/ someone who is eccentric often behaves in slightly strange or unusual ways She’s regarded as being rather eccentric.

101

messy

nepořádný, špinavý, zmatený adj /ˈmesi/ untidy or dirty Foxes are forever turning over the bins to look for food, which is both messy and extremely unhygienic.

102

flock of

hejno, stádo, shluk phr /ˈflɒk əv/ a group of birds, sheep, or goats When he began university, he took with him a flock of several dozen kiwis.

103

cute

roztomilý; rozkošný adj /kjuːt/ attractive, usually small, and easy to like You have a very cute child.

104

draw the line

jasně určit hranici phr /ˌdrɔː ðə ˈlaɪn/ to say that you will definitely not allow or accept something We draw the line at acts of violent protest.

105

need (your) head examined

dát se vyšetřit phr /niːd ˌhed ɪɡˈzæmɪnd/ to seem to be crazy or to be doing stupid things He needs his head examined, paying that much money for an old wreck of a car.

106

cruel

krutý; ukrutný ** adj /ˈkruːəl/ cruel events or situations make people suffer in a way that seems unfair Zoos are cruel and unnecessary.

107

convinced

přesvědčený; zapřísáhlý * adj /kənˈvɪnst/ certain that something is true Despite all my father’s arguments, I still wasn’t convinced.

108

row

řada *** n C /rəʊ/ a series of people or things arranged in a straight line There's a row of shops on that street.

109

hound

(lovecký) pes, pronásledovat, nahánět n C /haʊnd/ a dog of any type He banished the hound from the dining room.

110

potential

potenciální; přicházející v úvahu *** adj /pəˈtenʃ(ə)l/ possible or likely in the future The disease is a potential killer.

111

distinctive

charakteristický ** adj /dɪˈstɪŋktɪv/ easy to recognize because of being different from other people or things of the same type It's a smooth, rich coffee with a distinctive flavour.

112

get along

vycházet (s někým) phr /ˌɡet əˈlɒŋ/ if people get along, they like each other and are friendly to each other Maybe the dog and the owner just don’t get along.

113

overhanging

převislý, přečnívající adj /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈhæŋɪŋ/ to stick out from an edge above something I could see an overhanging cliff.

114

worked up

rozrušený phr /ˌwɜː(r)kt ˈʌp/ upset, angry, or excited Try not to get too worked up about it.

115

treat

požitek; potěšení; zábava * n C /triːt/ to use medicine or medical methods to cure a patient or an illness She was treated for smoke inhalation.

116

misbehaviour

neslušné chování n U /ˌmɪsbɪˈheɪvjə(r)/ bad behaviour or behaviour that offends other people Let's hope we see no misbehaviour from you this time.

117

tame

krotký, pokorný adj /teɪm/ someone who is tame obeys other people or is afraid of them He's so tame that he never stands up to her.

118

conservationist

ochránce přírody * n C /ˌkɒnsə(r)ˈveɪʃ(ə)nɪst/ someone who works to protect the environment from damage or destruction A lot of animal conservationists took part in the protest.

119

dingo

dingo (divoký australský pes) n C /ˈdɪŋɡəʊ/ a wild dog that lives in Australia They were attacked by dingoes.

120

cull

odstřel; redukce zvěře n C /kʌl/ an act of culling animals A seal cull has been suggested.

121

leather

kůže (materiál) ** n C /ˈleðə(r)/ a strong material made from animal skin that is used for making shoes, clothes, bags etc She was wearing a black leather jacket.

122

beak

zobák * n C /biːk/ the hard curved or pointed part of a bird’s mouth It has a powerful beak for eating seeds.

123

get around

obejít phr /ˌɡet əˈraʊnd/ if people get along, they like each other and are friendly to each other Richard and his sister don’t get along.

124

busker

pouliční bavič n C /ˈbʌskə(r)/  someone who performs music in the streets and other public places for money I usually give money to buskers if they play well.

125

break out

vypuknout v /ˈbreɪkaʊt/ if something bad such as a war or disease breaks out, it starts The fire must have broken out during the night.

126

obtěžování; nepříjemnost * n C /ˈnjuːs(ə)ns/ something that is annoying and is a continuing problem These flies are a bit of a nuisance.

nuisance

127

jasně červený * adj /ˈskɑː(r)lət/ bright red in colour She's wearing a scarlet evening dress.

scarlet

128

směřovat; čelit *** v /feɪs/ to accept that a bad situation exists and try to deal with it Let’s face it, they are a serious nuisance.

face

129

baron, magnát n C /ˈbærən/ a man who is a member of the nobility. In the UK, a baron has lower status than most other members of the nobility. He was the second Baron Rothschild.

baron

130

hedvábí; hedvábný ** n U /sɪlk/ thin smooth cloth made from the fibres produced by an insect called a silkworm He's wearing an elegant shirt made of pure Chinese silk.

silk

131

ubrousek n C /ˈnæpkɪn/ a piece of cloth or paper used for protecting your clothes and wiping your mouth and hands while you are eating Would you like a cloth napkin?

napkin

132

vodítko *** n C /liːd/ a long thin piece of material attached to a dog’s collar so that it can be controlled in a public place She had the job of doing basic training with the pups, getting them used to walking on a lead.

lead

133

morče n C /ˈɡɪni ˌpɪɡ/ a small animal with fur, short ears, and no tail. It is often kept as a pet We know that a hungry fox will break into hutches and eat pet rabbits and guinea pigs.

guinea pig

134

nevděčnost n U /ɪnˈɡrætɪˌtjuːd/ behaviour or attitudes that show you are not grateful, especially when other people think you should be grateful He accused the United States of ingratitude.

ingratitude

135

místo výskytu (zvířete, rostliny) * n C /ˈhæbɪtæt/  the type of place that a particular animal usually lives in or a particular plant usually grows in, for example a desert, forest, or lake It's a rare bird that is in danger of losing its natural habitat.

habitat

136

hrabě n C /ɜː(r)l/ a man with a very high social position in the UK He's the Earl of Essex.

earl

137

dravý, prudký adj /fəˈrəʊʃəs/ violent and able to cause serious damage or injury Crocodiles are ferocious, cold-blooded killers.

ferocious

138

krůta; krocan * n C/U /ˈtɜː(r)ki/ a large bird similar to a chicken that has no feathers on its head and is often eaten at Christmas and Thanksgiving. The sound that turkeys make is called gobbling. Wild turkeys are native to North America.

turkey

139

vypěnit phr /luːz ˈtempə(r)/ to suddenly become angry I'm sorry I lost my temper with you.

lose (your) temper

140

zkažený; ničemný; surový * adj /ˈvɪʃəs/ extremely violent You have to be careful ’cos they can get quite vicious if they’re frightened or scared or something.

vicious

141

vačice n C /əˈpɒsəm/ an animal found in North America and Australia with thick fur and a long tail. The mother carries her babies inside a pouch on her body. The opossum is the only marsupial in North America.

opossum

142

zvědavý; zvídavý adj /ɪnˈkwɪzətɪv/ keen to learn about a lot of different things He's an intelligent and inquisitive young man.

inquisitive

143

dokonale si rozumět phr /ˌhɪt ɪt ˈɒf/ if two people hit it off when they meet for the first time, they like each other I didn’t really hit it off with his sister.

hit it off

144

půvabný; příjemný *** adj /ˈlʌvli/ kind, pleasant, and easy to like He’s a lovely little boy.

lovely

145

chladnokrevný adj /ˌkəʊld ˈblʌdɪd/ deliberately cruel and showing no emotion He committed a cold-blooded murderer.

cold-blooded

146

zbytečný, bezvýznamný adj /ˈpɔɪntləs/ lacking any purpose or use It would be pointless to try and stop him.

pointless

147

hůl ** n C /stɪk/  a long, thin piece of wood that has been broken or cut from a tree He used to like riding on giant tortoises which he persuaded to advance by hanging a lettuce from a stick which he held in front of the tortoises’ nose.

stick

148

zbavit se phr /ɡet ˈrɪd əv/ to take action that stops something annoying, unpleasant, or not wanted from affecting you We are not suggesting that we get rid of foxes altogether.

get rid of

149

vybouchnout (vzteky) phr /bləʊ ˈtɒp/ to suddenly become very angry The boss will blow his top when he hears about this.

blow (your) top

150

zbytky jídla n pl /ˈleftˌəʊvə(r)z/ the food that remains at the end of a meal after you have finished eating Keep the leftovers for tomorrow.

leftovers

151

starosta ** n C /meə(r)/ the most important elected official in a town or city The election of the mayor was usually a popular occasion.

mayor

152

vyhnat, vyhostit * v /ˈbænɪʃ/ to make someone go somewhere else Wine was poured and the children were banished to their rooms.

banish

153

poddajný, poslušný adj /ˈdəʊsaɪl/ well-behaved, quiet, and easy to control Ann was a shy docile child.

docile

154

pohnout (s prací) phr /ˌɡet ˈɒn wɪð ɪt/ to give your time to something and make progress with it My job’s over and the two of them can just get on with it.

get on with it

155

kotě * n C /ˈkɪt(ə)n/ a young cat Our cats had a litter of six kittens.

kitten

156

oddávat se * v /ɪnˈdʌldʒ/ to allow someone to do what they want or enjoy It’s part of her agent’s job to indulge her whims.

indulge

157

kat; vykonavatel n C /ˌeksɪˈkjuːʃ(ə)nə(r)/  someone whose job is to execute criminals She's the state's official executioner.

executioner

158

překážka; potíž; problém ** n C /ˈɒbstək(ə)l/ a difficulty or problem that prevents you from achieving something Disabled people succeed in overcoming many obstacles in everyday life.

obstacle

159

opustit; vzdát se (čeho) ** v /əˈbændən/ to leave someone when you should stay with them and take care of them The Battersea Dogs' Home looks after pets which have been abandoned.

abandon

160

porážka (dobytka); masakr; zmasakrovat v /ˈslɔːtə(r)/ the killing of animals, usually for their meat The cattle were being sent for slaughter.

slaughter

161

formálně, slavnostně adv /ˈsɒləmli/ in a serious way He used to wear a different pair of shoes for each day of the year and every night they were solemnly placed beside those he had worn the previous day.

solemnly

162

lano ** n C /rəʊp/ a type of very thick string that can be used for tying or pulling things One of the men tied a rope to a tree.

rope

163

měňavý adj /ˌɪrɪˈdes(ə)nt/ showing changing colours in different types of light They looked like the iridescent wings of a dragonfly.

iridescent

164

vůz; vagón (železniční) * n C /ˈkærɪdʒ/ a vehicle with wheels that is pulled by horses, especially one used in the past before cars were invented She arrived in a horse-drawn carriage.

carriage

165

skočit do řeči phr /ˌbʌt ˈɪn/ to join a conversation or activity without being asked to Stop butting in to our conversation.

butt in

166

mezera *** n C /ɡæp/ a space or opening in the middle of something or between things Fill in any gaps around windows and doors.

gap

167

reinkarnace, převtělování n U /ˌriːɪnkɑː(r)ˈneɪʃ(ə)n/ the belief that after you die you can be born again as a different person, animal, or thing Adolphus Cooke was a firm believer in reincarnation.

reincarnation

168

duševně chorý; duševně nenormální; potřeštěný adj /ɪnˈseɪn/ very stupid or crazy, especially in a way that is likely to cause serious problems, harm, or injury She's totally insane.

insane

169

(suchozemská) želva n C /ˈtɔː(r)təs/ an animal that walks slowly and can pull its head and legs into the shell on its back Tortoises can live to be very old.

tortoise

170

kuřátko; ptáčátko n C /tʃɪk/ a baby bird We say a newly-hatched chick.

chick

171

lézt; plazit se * v /krɔːl/ to move along the ground on your hands and knees or with your body close to the ground She crawled across the floor, her eyes stinging from the smoke.

crawl

172

pohřbít ** v /ˈberi/ to put something in the ground and cover it with earth There’s supposed to be treasure buried around here.

bury

173

podrážděnost * n U /ˌɪrɪˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ something that annoys you, especially over a period of time On top of that, there are minor irritations, like the problems with rubbish bins,

irritation

174

petice ** n C /pəˈtɪʃ(ə)n/ a document signed by many people that asks someone in authority to do something More than 300 villagers have signed a petition against the building project.

petition

175

štěně, mládě n C /pʌp/ a very young dog I volunteered to take on a pup and it all just grew from there.

pup

176

kotec, králikárna, truhla n C /hʌtʃ/ a structure for keeping small animals in, especially rabbits We keep the rabbits in a hutch in the back garden.

hutch

177

těžba dřeva n U /ˈlɒɡɪŋ/ the work of cutting down trees for wood There is a lot of logging going on in this part of the forest.

logging

178

mírně, trochu * adv /ˈmaɪldli/ to put it mildly is used for saying that the words you have chosen are not as extreme as they could have been To put it mildly, Francis Henry Egerton, eighth Earl of Bridgewater liked dogs.

mildly

179

vymykající se kontrole phr /aʊt əv ˈhænd/ not well controlled Their numbers have got out of hand.

out of hand

180

být zainteresovaný; zapojit se phr /ˌɡet ɪnˈvɒlvd/ if you get involved in something, you begin to take part in it More people need to get involved in local charities.

get involved

181

být v rozporu; střetnou se ** v /klæʃ/ a fight or battle between two groups of people Urban fox lovers arrested in town hall clash!

clash

182

svatý/ svatá; světec n C /seɪnt/ someone who the Christian church officially honours after their death because they have lived an especially holy life. Saint is often written as St before a person’s name It was a holy place, the shrine of a saint.

saint

183

pozemek; půda *** n C /ɪˈsteɪt/ a very large area of land that belongs to one person, usually with a very big house on it He was convinced that his late father Robert had returned as a turkey on the family estate at Cookesborough.

estate

184

nebezpečí, riziko, hazard ** n C /ˈhæzə(r)d/ something that could be dangerous or could cause damage or accidents One of the most widespread natural hazards is flooding.

hazard

185

blázen; šílenec n C /ˈluːnətɪk/ someone who behaves in an extreme or dangerous way She’s a complete lunatic.

lunatic

186

kopat; rýt ** v /dɪɡ/ to make a hole in earth or sand using your hands, a machine, or a tool, especially a spade The children like to dig in the sand.

dig

187

škůdce * n C /pest/ an insect or small animal that damages plants or supplies of food They say foxes are pests and carry diseases.

pest

188

účet; účtenka; bankovka (AmE) *** n C /bɪl/ a bird’s beak The duck's bill was exceptionally long.

bill

189

rozpárat; roztrhnout ** v /rɪp/ to make a hole in something using force Cats will rip open rubbish bags more often than foxes and dogs are always digging holes everywhere.

rip

190

plot ** n C /fens/ a flat upright structure made of wood or wire that surrounds an area of land We put up fences to keep the foxes out.

fence

191

kontaktovat někoho phr /ˌɡet ɪn ˈtʌtʃ ˌwɪð/ to speak or write to someone, especially after you have not spoken to them for a long time I must get in touch with the bank and arrange an overdraft.

get in touch with

192

predátor ** n C /ˈpredətə(r)/ an animal that kills and eats other animals The birds have to be protected from foxes and other predators.

predator

193

orel * n C /ˈiːɡ(ə)l/ a large bird that kills other birds and animals for food We saw a golden eagle at the zoo.

eagle

194

irský setr n C /ˌred ˈsetə(r)/ a breed of dog with reddish fur Adolphus Cooke owned a large red setter named Gusty who used to run away and mix with common dogs.

red setter

195

vakcína, očkovací látka n C/U /ˈvæksiːn/ a substance put into the body, usually by injection, in order to provide protection against a disease Scientists are developing a vaccine for the disease.

vaccine

196

pověst; reputace *** n C /ˌrepjʊˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ a general opinion that someone or something has a particular quality The UK has a reputation for being a nation of dog lovers.

reputation

197

poslušný * adj /əˈbiːdiənt/ doing what a person, law, or rule says that you must do The children stood in a little group disciplined, and obedient.

obedient

198

hravý adj /ˈpleɪf(ə)l/ lively and full of fun They're such playful kittens.

playful

199

praštěný; šílený phr /raʊnd ðə bend/ to become crazy The noise is driving me round the bend.

round the bend

200

vyhynutí; vymření * n U /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃ(ə)n/ the situation when an animal, plant, or language no longer exists Many species are in danger of extinction.

extinction

201

smířit se s pravdou phr /ˌfeɪs ˈfækts/ used for saying that someone has to accept the truth, although it is unpleasant When are these people going to face facts?

face facts

202

štěně * n C /ˈpʌpi/ a very young dog That's such a cute puppy.

puppy

203

nehygienický adj /ˌʌnhaɪˈdʒiːnɪk/ not clean, and likely to cause disease They're forced to live in unhygienic conditions.

unhygienic

204

objasnit phr /ˌklɪə(r) ˈʌp/ to solve a problem or a mystery Obviously the misunderstanding will have to be cleared up.

clear up

205

hrozba; nebezpečí v/n C /ˈmenəs/ someone or something that is dangerous and likely to cause harm Urban foxes are not only a nuisance they’re a real menace!

menace

206

dřevorubec n C /ˈlɒɡə(r)/ someone whose job is to cut down trees Illegal loggers cut down the trees.

logger

207

paradoxně; ironii osudu adv /aɪˈrɒnɪkli/ used for saying that a situation has developed in an unexpected and sometimes humorous way I used to be a postwoman – ironically – as some dogs really hate postmen!

ironically

208

senzační; ohromující * adj /ˈstʌnɪŋ/ very impressive or beautiful The male bird has a stunning tail that can grow to 60 cm in length.

stunning

209

vděčný, vyplácející se adj /rɪˈwɔː(r)dɪŋ/ giving you satisfaction, pleasure, or profit Do you find your work rewarding?

rewarding

210

liška ** n C /fɒks/ a wild animal similar to a small dog, with red-brown fur, a pointed face, and a thick tail Fox hunting was banned in 2004.

fox

211

bránit se * v /ˈkaʊntə(r)/ to reply to a criticism or statement that you disagree with How can we counter these rumours?

counter

212

(udělat) pukrle v /ˈkɜː(r)tsi/ if a woman curtsies, she shows her respect for someone by bending her knees with one leg behind the other as a formal greeting She curtsied to the Duke.

curtsey

213

soudní řízení; přelíčení *** n C /ˈtraɪəl/ the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent. When a case comes to trial, it is brought to a court and the person who has been accused of a crime stands trial (=appears in court) They’re on trial for armed robbery.

trial

214

nepochopit, o co jde phr /ˌmɪs ðə ˈpɔɪnt/ to fail to understand something She missed the point entirely and thought I was blaming her.

miss the point

215

vypořádat se (s problémem) ** v /ˈtæk(ə)l/ to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem, often a social problem such as crime or unemployment Successive governments have failed to tackle the question of homelessness.

tackle

216

přítulný adj /ˈkʌd(ə)li/ a cuddly person or animal is attractive and makes you want to cuddle them, especially because they look soft or round What a cuddly baby animal!

cuddly

217

sčítat; sečíst phr /ˌæd ˈʌp/ if a set of facts does not add up, you do not believe it is correct because it does not match other information that you already have There’s something about this case that just doesn’t add up.

add up

218

absurdní; nesmyslný * adj /əbˈsɜː(r)d/ completely stupid, unreasonable, or impossible to believe She makes the most absurd claims about her past achievements.

absurd

219

slonovina; slonová kost * n U /ˈaɪvəri/ the yellowish-white bone that an elephant’s tusks are made of He carried a knife with an ivory handle.

ivory

220

hladce, plynule, bez problémů adv /ˈsmuːðli/ without difficulty, problems, or delays I’m always amazed at how quickly and smoothly they get around.

smoothly

221

trest ** n C /ˈpʌnɪʃmənt/ a way in which someone is punished He had to clean up the mess as a punishment.

punishment

222

kivi n C /ˈkiːwiː/ the bird that is the symbol of New Zealand. It has a long thin beak and cannot fly. The kiwi will run to escape danger.

kiwi

223

rozlícený, bledý vzteky adj /ˈlɪvɪd/ extremely angry She will be absolutely livid when she finds out you lied to her.

livid

224

agresivní; útočný ** adj /əˈɡresɪv/ someone who is aggressive is very determined to win or be successful Today’s executives are hungry, competitive, and aggressive.

aggressive

225

výstřední; excentrický adj /ɪkˈsentrɪk/ someone who is eccentric often behaves in slightly strange or unusual ways She’s regarded as being rather eccentric.

eccentric

226

nepořádný, špinavý, zmatený adj /ˈmesi/ untidy or dirty Foxes are forever turning over the bins to look for food, which is both messy and extremely unhygienic.

messy

227

hejno, stádo, shluk phr /ˈflɒk əv/ a group of birds, sheep, or goats When he began university, he took with him a flock of several dozen kiwis.

flock of

228

roztomilý; rozkošný adj /kjuːt/ attractive, usually small, and easy to like You have a very cute child.

cute

229

jasně určit hranici phr /ˌdrɔː ðə ˈlaɪn/ to say that you will definitely not allow or accept something We draw the line at acts of violent protest.

draw the line

230

dát se vyšetřit phr /niːd ˌhed ɪɡˈzæmɪnd/ to seem to be crazy or to be doing stupid things He needs his head examined, paying that much money for an old wreck of a car.

need (your) head examined

231

krutý; ukrutný ** adj /ˈkruːəl/ cruel events or situations make people suffer in a way that seems unfair Zoos are cruel and unnecessary.

cruel

232

přesvědčený; zapřísáhlý * adj /kənˈvɪnst/ certain that something is true Despite all my father’s arguments, I still wasn’t convinced.

convinced

233

řada *** n C /rəʊ/ a series of people or things arranged in a straight line There's a row of shops on that street.

row

234

(lovecký) pes, pronásledovat, nahánět n C /haʊnd/ a dog of any type He banished the hound from the dining room.

hound

235

potenciální; přicházející v úvahu *** adj /pəˈtenʃ(ə)l/ possible or likely in the future The disease is a potential killer.

potential

236

charakteristický ** adj /dɪˈstɪŋktɪv/ easy to recognize because of being different from other people or things of the same type It's a smooth, rich coffee with a distinctive flavour.

distinctive

237

vycházet (s někým) phr /ˌɡet əˈlɒŋ/ if people get along, they like each other and are friendly to each other Maybe the dog and the owner just don’t get along.

get along

238

převislý, přečnívající adj /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈhæŋɪŋ/ to stick out from an edge above something I could see an overhanging cliff.

overhanging

239

rozrušený phr /ˌwɜː(r)kt ˈʌp/ upset, angry, or excited Try not to get too worked up about it.

worked up

240

požitek; potěšení; zábava * n C /triːt/ to use medicine or medical methods to cure a patient or an illness She was treated for smoke inhalation.

treat

241

neslušné chování n U /ˌmɪsbɪˈheɪvjə(r)/ bad behaviour or behaviour that offends other people Let's hope we see no misbehaviour from you this time.

misbehaviour

242

krotký, pokorný adj /teɪm/ someone who is tame obeys other people or is afraid of them He's so tame that he never stands up to her.

tame

243

ochránce přírody * n C /ˌkɒnsə(r)ˈveɪʃ(ə)nɪst/ someone who works to protect the environment from damage or destruction A lot of animal conservationists took part in the protest.

conservationist

244

dingo (divoký australský pes) n C /ˈdɪŋɡəʊ/ a wild dog that lives in Australia They were attacked by dingoes.

dingo

245

odstřel; redukce zvěře n C /kʌl/ an act of culling animals A seal cull has been suggested.

cull

246

kůže (materiál) ** n C /ˈleðə(r)/ a strong material made from animal skin that is used for making shoes, clothes, bags etc She was wearing a black leather jacket.

leather

247

zobák * n C /biːk/ the hard curved or pointed part of a bird’s mouth It has a powerful beak for eating seeds.

beak

248

obejít phr /ˌɡet əˈraʊnd/ if people get along, they like each other and are friendly to each other Richard and his sister don’t get along.

get around

249

pouliční bavič n C /ˈbʌskə(r)/  someone who performs music in the streets and other public places for money I usually give money to buskers if they play well.

busker

250

vypuknout v /ˈbreɪkaʊt/ if something bad such as a war or disease breaks out, it starts The fire must have broken out during the night.

break out