Unit 12 Flashcards Preview

Straightforward Upper-intermediate > Unit 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 12 Deck (260):
1

would-be

rádoby, předstíraný * adj /ˈwʊdbiː/ hoping or trying to do something The would-be thieves smashed a glass panel in the front door.

2

undershirt

nátělník (US) n C  /ˈʌndə(r)ˌʃɜː(r)t/ a piece of underwear for the top half of your body He stripped down to his undershirt.

3

play (sb) at their own game

hrát s někým jeho vlastní hru phr /ˌpleɪ ət ðeə(r) ˌəʊn ˈɡeɪm/ to take part in an activity with someone who has a reputation for being very good at it The sport of scam baiting is to play the scammers at their own game.

4

football

fotbal (GB) *** n U /ˈfʊtˌbɔːl/ a game in which two teams of eleven players kick a round ball and try to score goals I've never been to a football match.

5

pavement

chodník; dlažba (GB) ** n C /ˈpeɪvmənt/ a path with a hard surface beside a road Don't park your car on the pavement.

6

bathroom

záchod; toaleta (US) ** n C /ˈbɑːθˌruːm/ a room with a toilet in it I need to go to the bathroom.

7

garbage can

popelnice; nádoba na odpadky (US) n C /ˈɡɑː(r)bɪdʒ ˌkæn/ a container that you keep outside and use for putting rubbish in Throw it in the garbage can.

8

turn (sb) away

odmítnout; nevpustit phr /ˌtɜː(r)n əˈweɪ/ to refuse to let someone come into a place Reporters who visited the team’s training ground were turned away.

9

dustbin

popelnice; nádoba na odpadky (GB) * n C /ˈdʌs(t)bɪn/  a container that you keep outside and use for putting rubbish in Throw it in the dustbin.

10

inscription

nápis, věnování n C /ɪnˈskrɪpʃ(ə)n/  a piece of writing written or cut on or in something, especially as a record of an achievement or in order to honour someone The watch has an inscription on the back.

11

fall apart

rozpadnout se v /fɔːl əˈpɑː(r)t/ to break because of being old or badly made. They can change hands hundreds of times and they can be folded eight thousand times before they begin to fall apart.

12

numeral

číslovka n C /ˈnjuːmərəl/  a symbol that represents a number This is the Arabic numeral 7.

13

get your own back on (sb)

pomstít se někomu phr /ɡet jə(r) ˈəʊn bæk ɒn/ to do something bad to someone because they did something bad to you He was bitter, determined to get his own back.

14

fool

pošetilec; blázen; hlupák * v /fuːl/ to trick someone by making them believe something that is not true I was completely fooled by her.

15

conman/conmen

podvodník; podrazník n C /ˈkɒnmæn/, /ˈkɒnmen/ a man who tricks other people, especially in order to get their money A conman tricked them out of a lot of money.

16

scour

prohledat, vydrhnout v /ˈskaʊə(r)/ to search a place or document thoroughly for something Jake scoured auction sales for the furniture they needed.

17

deface

počmárat; poničit v /dɪˈfeɪs/ to deliberately damage something valuable by writing on it or breaking it The painting was defaced by vandals.

18

check

účet; účtenka (US) ** n C /tʃek/ a piece of paper that shows how much money you owe after eating in a restaurant. Can we have the check, please?

19

ranch hand

pomocník na farmě n C /ˈrɑːntʃ ˌhænd/ someone who does physical work on a very large farm in the western US or Canada, where cows, horses, or sheep are kept She is rumoured to have worked first as a ranch hand.

20

bondsman

ručitel n C /ˈbɒndzmən/ someone who is responsible for paying money that is owed or for making certain that someone goes to court when they should The bondsman will employ a bounty hunter to find the person and get the money back.

21

trousers

kalhoty (GB) ** n pl /ˈtraʊzə(r)z/ a piece of clothing covering the body from the waist to the feet, divided into separate parts for each leg and worn by both men and women I've bought a suit with two pairs of trousers.

22

Saxon

saský adj /ˈsækʃ(ə)n/ a member of a group of German people who came to live in England in the 5th and 6th centuries AD The museum has recreated a Saxon village.

23

whaling

velrybářství; lov velryb adj /ˈweɪlɪŋ/ the activity of hunting whales She spent 2 years working on a whaling ship.

24

denomination

nominální hodnota n C /dɪˌnɒmɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/ the value of a particular coin or banknote The police found notes of various denominations.

25

billfold

peněženka, náprsní taška n C /ˈbɪlˌfəʊld/  a wallet She found a billfold containing $500.

26

excess

přemíra, nadbytek ** n U /ɪkˈses/ more than is usual or necessary. After a lifetime of excess, she was arrested.

27

trace

zjistit; (vy)sledovat ** v /treɪs/ to use electronic equipment to find out where a telephone call was made Cavan’s call was traced to a call box in Brighton.

28

fall for

naletět phr /ˈfɔːl ˌfɔː(r)/ to believe that a trick or a joke is true How could you fall for such an obvious trick?

29

underground

metro (GB) n C/U /ˈʌndə(r)ˌɡraʊnd/ a system of public transport consisting of trains that travel in tunnels below a city I hate travelling on the underground.

30

single out

vybrat si, vybrat si v /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l ˌaʊt/ to choose one person from a group for special attention Katie was often singled out for punishment.

31

wooded

porostlý stromy, zalesněný adj /ˈwʊdɪd/ filled with trees All around us we could see wooded hillsides.

32

jet set

mezinárodní smetánka často cestující letadlem na společenské události n U /ˈdʒet ˌset/ rich people who travel to a lot of different parts of the world and have exciting lives He's a member of the jet set.

33

embark on

pustit se do (něčeho nového) v /ɪmˈbɑː(r)k ɒn/ to start a new project or activity, usually one that will be difficult and will take time After leaving college, Lucy embarked on an acting career.

34

gas station

benzínová pumpa (US) * n C /ˈɡæs ˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/ a garage that sells petrol for your car We need to find a gas station soon.

35

scam

podvod n C /skæm/ a dishonest plan, especially for getting money I was the victim of an Internet phishing scam.

36

grab

popadnout; chňapnout ** v /ɡræb/ to get something, especially by being quick or by being the best at something We got there early and grabbed seats at the front.

37

fugitive

uprchlík n C /ˈfjuːdʒətɪv/ someone who has done something illegal and is trying to avoid being caught by the police He spent 5 years as a fugitive from justice.

38

life savings

životní úspory n pl /ˈlaɪf ˌseɪvɪŋz/ all the money that you have saved in a bank or invested during your life, so that you can use it later Winnie Mitchell lost her life savings when she gave away her bank details after falling for one email scam.

39

live hand to mouth

žít z ruky do úst phr /lɪv ˌhænd tə ˈmaʊθ/ to have just enough money or food to live on We will have to live hand to mouth until I can get a steady job.

40

faucet

kohoutek (US) * n C /ˈfɔːsɪt/ an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container Turn on the faucet.

41

codeword

kódové slovo n C /ˈkəʊdˌwɜː(r)d/ a word used for sending a secret message He asked the would-be conman to write a codeword on a piece of card.

42

scam baiter

člověk, který předstírá, že má zájem o podvodnou službu, aby mohl podvodníka přistihnout při činu n C /ˈskæm beɪtə(r)/ someone who deliberately falls victim to a scam (dishonest plan, especially for getting money) in order to catch the criminal Amazingly, many of the conmen fall for the scam baiters’ tricks.

43

doubloon

dublon (stará španělská mince) n C /ˈdʌbluːn/ a Spanish gold coin used in the past All he found was one single doubloon (a Spanish gold coin), and he died in poverty.

44

yield up

vydat, odevzdat v /ˌjiːld ˈʌp/ to finally allow people to see something that has been hidden This latest dig has yielded up over a hundred pieces of fine Roman silverware.

45

on the trail of

na stopě phr /ˌɒn ðə ˈtreɪl əv/ very close to finding someone or to discovering something Ask most people what they know about bounty hunters and they’ll probably think of a hardened cowboy, on the trail of a bank robber.

46

ungirly

ne jako holka adj /ʌnˈɡɜː(r)li/ not girly (suitable for girls and women rather than boys or men) She was described as aggressive and ungirly, preferring to fight with the boys, rather than play with dolls.

47

vest

nátělník (GB); vesta (US) n C /vest/ a piece of underwear for the top half of your body He stripped down to his vest.

48

speculate

spekulovat; uvažovat * v /ˈspekjʊleɪt/ to take the risk of investing your money in a company in the hope that you can make a big profit later by selling the shares that you buy It's a bad time to start speculating on the stock exchange.

49

fries

hranolky (US) n pl  /fraɪz/ long thin pieces of potato cooked in hot oil I'm going to order a cheeseburger and fries.

50

hoard

zásoba, poklad n C /hɔː(r)d/ a large amount of something that someone has saved or hidden somewhere They discovered a hoard of treasure.

51

rip (sb) off

vzít na hůl, oškubat phr /ˌrɪp ˈɒf/ to cheat someone, especially by charging them too much money for something Tourists are worried they’ll get ripped off.

52

eggplant

lilek; baklažán (US) n C/U /ˈeɡˌplɑːnt/ a vegetable with a smooth dark purple skin and white flesh Add sliced eggplant to the pot.

53

bill

účet; účtenka (GB) *** n C /bɪl/ a piece of paper that shows how much money you owe after eating in a restaurant. Can we have the bill, please?

54

fall into the hands of (sb)

padnout někomu do rukou phr /ˌfɔːl ɪntə ðə ˈhændz əv/ if something falls into someone’s hands, they get it, usually by chance Bonito’s map fell into the hands of a German sailor.

55

deactivate

deaktivovat v /diːˈæktɪveɪt/  to prevent something such as a bomb or an alarm from being able to work You need a key to deactivate the alarm.

56

face value

nominální hodnota n U /feɪs ˈvæljuː/ the value of a stamp or coin that is shown on the front of it The coin is not worth much more than its face value.

57

tap

kohoutek (GB) ** n C /tæp/ an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container Turn on the tap.

58

aubergine

lilek; baklažán (GB) n C/U /ˈəʊbə(r)ˌʒiːn/ a vegetable with a smooth dark purple skin and white flesh Add sliced aubergine to the pot.

59

be worth a fortune

mít velké jmění phr /bi ˌwɜː(r)θ ə ˈfɔː(r)tʃən/ if someone is worth a fortune, they have a lot of money and property I don't know exactly how much money he has, but he must be worth a fortune.

60

raid

útok; razie ** n C / v /reɪd/ a sudden short military attack Soldiers carried out raids on enemy targets in the area.

61

axe

sekyra * n C /æks/ tool used for cutting down trees and cutting up large pieces of wood, consisting of a long wooden handle and a heavy metal blade He used an axe to chop wood for the fire.

62

and the like

a jim podobní phr /ˌənd ðə laɪk/ used for including other similar people or things in what you are saying The bar is frequented by pop stars, film stars, models, and the like.

63

string

provaz; šňůra; série (události) *** n C /strɪŋ/ a group of similar or connected things A string of cars travelled up the narrow mountain road.

64

petrol station

benzínová pumpa (GB) n C /ˈpetrəl ˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/ a garage that sells petrol for your car We need to find a petrol station soon.

65

sidewalk

chodník; dlažba (US) ** n C /ˈsaɪdˌwɔːk/ a path with a hard surface beside a road Don't park your car on the sidewalk.

66

bankrupt

v bankrotu; v úpadku * adj /ˈbæŋkrʌpt/ a person or business that is bankrupt has officially admitted that they have no money and cannot pay what they owe Many of the companies that they had invested in went bankrupt.

67

transaction

transakce ** n C /trænˈzækʃ(ə)n/ the action or process of buying or selling something The sale of goods is the most common form of commercial transaction.

68

be without a penny to your name

být bez koruny phr /bi wɪðˌaʊt ə ˈpeni tə jə(r) ˈneɪm/ to have no money He died without a penny to his name.

69

give (sb) more teeth

dát více pravomocí phr /ˌɡɪv mɔː(r) ˈtiːθ/ to give a person or organization more power or authority These have given the police more teeth.

70

recall

vzpomenout si; vybavit si *** v /rɪˈkɔːl/ to remember something None of the staff there could recall ever having come across anyone with the name of Domino Harvey.

71

to the tune of

(pokuta) ve výši phr /tə ðə ˈtjuːn əv/ used for emphasizing how large an amount is The company is in debt to the tune of £1.2 billion.

72

decode

dekódovat, rozluštit v /diːˈkəʊd/ to succeed in understanding the meaning of a message written in code We were unable to decode the message.

73

be in the red

být v mínusu na účtě phr /biː ˌɪn ðə ˈred/ if a bank account is in the red, more money has been spent from the account than there is available Their bank account was in the red again.

74

overdose

předávkování; předávkovat n C /ˈəʊvə(r)ˌdəʊs/  too much of a drug that somone takes at one time. Domino Harvey was found dead in her bath of a drug overdose.

75

give (sth) away

prozradit phr /ˌɡɪv əˈweɪ/ to tell information or facts that you should keep secret If captured, they might give away vital military secrets.

76

forward

přeposlat; doslat v /ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)d/ to send a letter, parcel, email etc that has been sent to your address to someone else at another address Your enquiry has been forwarded to our head office.

77

desperado

nebezpečný zločinec n C  /ˌdespəˈrɑːdəʊ/ an extremely dangerous and violent criminal In reality they were a gang of dangerous desperados.

78

serial number

výrobní číslo, pořadové číslo n C /ˈsɪəriəl ˌnʌmbə(r)/ a number that is printed on things such as electrical goods or paper money so that each one can be recognized Make a note of the bike's serial number in case it is stolen.

79

metal detector

detektor kovu n C /ˈmet(ə)l dɪˌtektə(r)/ a piece of equipment that is used for finding metal objects buried in the ground Chris went over the area with a metal detector, but didn't find anything.

80

fishpond

rybník n C /ˈfɪʃˌpɒnd/ an area of water that is similar to a lake but smaller and contains fish They have a fishpond in their garden.

81

rumour

fáma; zvěst ** n C / U /ˈruːmə(r)/ unofficial information that may or may not be true He’d heard rumours about some big financial deal.

82

get away with

vyváznout; uniknout trestu phr /ɡet əˈweɪ wɪð/ to manage to do something bad without being punished or criticized for it They have repeatedly broken the law and got away with it.

83

expel

vypudit; vyhnat v /ɪkˈspel/ to officially force someone to leave a place or organization because of their bad behavior. She was expelled from four schools.

84

set in

(be ~) být umístěn (kde)/zasazen (kam) (např. o ději knihy) v /ˌset ˈɪn/ to write or produce a play, book, film etc that happens in a particular time or place The film is set in 18th-century New England.

85

the chances are

pravděpodobně phr /ðə ˈtʃɑːnsəz ˌɑː(r)/ used for saying that something is likely to happen but is not certain The chances are that I will be looking for a new job soon.

86

subway

metro (US) ** n C /ˈsʌbˌweɪ/ a system of public transport consisting of trains that travel in tunnels below a city She dislikes travelling on the subway.

87

magnet

magnet n C /ˈmæɡnɪt/ someone or something that attracts and interests many people very strongly The mountains remain a magnet for all kinds of fugitives.

88

hand (sth) back

vrátit phr /ˌhænd ˈbæk/ to give something back to someone The officer handed me my passport back.

89

bounty hunter

lovec zločinců (za vypsanou odměnu) n C /ˈbaʊnti ˌhʌntə(r)/ someone who tries to catch criminals in order to receive a reward He was persued by bounty hunters.

90

chips

hranolky (GB) ** n pl  /tʃɪps/ long thin pieces of potato cooked in hot oil I'm going to order a cheeseburger and chips.

91

skeleton

kostra * n C /ˈskelɪt(ə)n/ the set of bones that supports a human or animal body, or a model of this He dug up some bones from a human skeleton.

92

haul

úlovek, kořist, vlečení n C /hɔːl/ a large amount of something illegal such as drugs or weapons that is found by the police Officials found the cocaine haul hidden in the wheels of the truck.

93

have money to burn

mít peněz nazbyt phr /hæv ˌmʌni tə ˈbɜː(r)n/ used for saying that you think someone is spending too much money on things they do not need I don't know why you need a new car, unless you've got money to burn.

94

dig

kopat; rýt ** v  /dɪɡ/ to make a hole in earth or sand using your hands, a machine, or a tool, especially a spade The children like to dig in the sand.

95

subway

podchod (GB) ** n C /ˈsʌbˌweɪ/ part of a road or path that goes under another road or under a railway We walked through the subway.

96

loot

ukradené zboží, lup n U /luːt/ stolen money or goods They stashed the loot on a desert island.

97

shame

hanba ** n U /ʃeɪm/ a reason for feeling sad or disappointed It was a shame that you couldn’t come with us.

98

pants

kalhoty (US) * n pl /pænts/ a piece of clothing covering the body from the waist to the feet, divided into separate parts for each leg and worn by both men and women I've bought a suit with two pairs of pants.

99

bail

soudní kauce; záruka * n C /beɪl/ money that is given to a court when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. If they do not return for the trial, the court keeps the money You can remain free, until the time of your trial, if you pay bail or a sum of money to the court.

100

enforce

vynutit, prosadit ** v /ɪnˈfɔː(r)s/ to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by people. The law is enforced by the American secret service.

101

underpass

podchod (US) n C /ˈʌndə(r)ˌpɑːs/  part of a road or path that goes under another road or under a railway We walked through the underpass.

102

be hard up

být skoro bez peněz phr /bi ˌhɑː(r)d ˈʌp/ to have very little money I was pretty hard up when I was a student.

103

cooker

sporák (GB) * n C /ˈkʊkə(r)/  a large piece of kitchen equipment that is used for cooking Do you have an electric cooker?

104

clasp

svírat * v /klɑːsp/ to hold someone or something tightly with your hand He clasped Lindsay’s hand tightly.

105

provider

poskytovatel * n C /prəˈvaɪdə(r)/ an organization or company that makes a service available to the public Who's your Internet service provider?

106

make (sth) up

vymyslet si phr /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. I don't believe that story - I think you made it up!

107

put up a fight

začít bojovat phr /ˌpʊt ʌp ə ˈfaɪt/ to try to stop something from happening Paloma was not prepared to see her mother ripped off without putting up a fight.

108

linen

lněná tkanina; plátno n U  /ˈlɪnɪn/ light cloth made from a plant called flax. Dollar bills are a mixture of 75% cotton and 25% linen.

109

alive and well

živ a zdráv; stále působící phr /əˈlaɪv ən ˌwel/ still existing and not gone or forgotten, especially when this is surprising In twenty-first Century America, bounty hunters are still alive and well.

110

fake

padělaný; nepravý; padělek adj / n C /feɪk/ made to look like something real in order to trick people He tried to leave the country using a fake passport.

111

deathbed

smrtelná postel n C /ˈdeθˌbed/ a bed in which someone dies or is about to die I can't come to work. I'm practically on my deathbed.

112

soccer

fotbal (US) * n U /ˈsɒkə(r)/ a game in which two teams of eleven players kick a round ball and try to score goals I've never been to a soccer match.

113

be on the breadline

být na hranici chudoby phr /biː ˌɒn ðə ˈbredlaɪn/ to be very poor Many families are on the breadline.

114

track down

vystopovat v /ˌtræk ˈdaʊn/ to find someone or something after a long search I finally managed to track him down in Manchester.

115

counterfeit

padělaný, falešný adj /ˈkaʊntə(r)fɪt/ counterfeit bank notes, products, tickets etc are illegal copies made in order to trick people They tried to produce counterfeit £50 notes.

116

spammer

člověk posílající spam n C /ˈspæmə(r)/ someone who sends e-mails to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted Spammers send out millions of emails every day.

117

spam

spam, nevyžádaná pošta n U /spæm/ emails that are sent to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted My inbox is full of spam again.

118

turn up

objevit se v /ˈtɜː(r)n ˈʌp/ to come somewhere, especially unexpectedly or without making a firm arrangement There is no need to book – just turn up on the night.

119

seal

pečeť; razítko ** n C /siːl/ a special mark that you put on something, for example a document, to show that it is legal or official The queen of England has an official seal.

120

overboard

přes palubu; do moře adj /ˈəʊvə(r)ˌbɔː(r)d/ off a boat or ship and into the water Two sailors were swept overboard by the wave.

121

stove

sporák (US) * n C /stəʊv/ a large piece of kitchen equipment that is used for cooking The kitchen is equipped with an electric stove.

122

trickery

podvod, klam n U  /ˈtrɪkəri/ the use of tricks to get what you want He obtained her credit card details through trickery.

123

all-seeing

vševidoucí adj /ɔːlˈsiːɪŋ/ able to see everything that happens The all-seeing eye is the Eye of Fortune.

124

shield

štít (výzbroj) ** n C /ʃiːld/ a design shaped like a soldier’s shield, especially one used on a badge or a coat of arms The thirteen stars, arrows and bars on the shield all represent the thirteen original colonies.

125

toilet

záchod; toaleta (GB) ** n C /ˈtɔɪlət/ a room with a toilet in it I need to go to the toilet.

126

live in the lap of luxury

mít luxusní životní styl phr /ˌlɪv ɪn ðə ˌlæp əv ˈlʌkʃəri/ to live in very comfortable and expensive conditions They live together in the lap of luxury in a beautiful Victorian mansion.

127

head for

směřovat do, mířit někam v /ˈhed ˌfə(r)/ if you head for something, you go towards it He too headed for Cocos Island, hiding his treasure in an area known as Wafer Bay.

128

make off with

utéci (s kradenou věcí); ukrást něco v /ˌmeɪk ɒf ˈwɪð/ to escape with something, especially something stolen They made off with our television and our stereo.

129

bait

návnada, nalákat n C /beɪt/ something that is offered in order to persuade someone to do something or buy something Interest-free credit is on offer and customers are taking the bait.

130

cargo

náklad * n C/U /ˈkɑː(r)ɡəʊ/  things that are being sent by ship, plane, train, or truck The ship and all its cargo sank.

131

rádoby, předstíraný * adj /ˈwʊdbiː/ hoping or trying to do something The would-be thieves smashed a glass panel in the front door.

would-be

132

nátělník (US) n C  /ˈʌndə(r)ˌʃɜː(r)t/ a piece of underwear for the top half of your body He stripped down to his undershirt.

undershirt

133

hrát s někým jeho vlastní hru phr /ˌpleɪ ət ðeə(r) ˌəʊn ˈɡeɪm/ to take part in an activity with someone who has a reputation for being very good at it The sport of scam baiting is to play the scammers at their own game.

play (sb) at their own game

134

fotbal (GB) *** n U /ˈfʊtˌbɔːl/ a game in which two teams of eleven players kick a round ball and try to score goals I've never been to a football match.

football

135

chodník; dlažba (GB) ** n C /ˈpeɪvmənt/ a path with a hard surface beside a road Don't park your car on the pavement.

pavement

136

záchod; toaleta (US) ** n C /ˈbɑːθˌruːm/ a room with a toilet in it I need to go to the bathroom.

bathroom

137

popelnice; nádoba na odpadky (US) n C /ˈɡɑː(r)bɪdʒ ˌkæn/ a container that you keep outside and use for putting rubbish in Throw it in the garbage can.

garbage can

138

odmítnout; nevpustit phr /ˌtɜː(r)n əˈweɪ/ to refuse to let someone come into a place Reporters who visited the team’s training ground were turned away.

turn (sb) away

139

popelnice; nádoba na odpadky (GB) * n C /ˈdʌs(t)bɪn/  a container that you keep outside and use for putting rubbish in Throw it in the dustbin.

dustbin

140

nápis, věnování n C /ɪnˈskrɪpʃ(ə)n/  a piece of writing written or cut on or in something, especially as a record of an achievement or in order to honour someone The watch has an inscription on the back.

inscription

141

rozpadnout se v /fɔːl əˈpɑː(r)t/ to break because of being old or badly made. They can change hands hundreds of times and they can be folded eight thousand times before they begin to fall apart.

fall apart

142

číslovka n C /ˈnjuːmərəl/  a symbol that represents a number This is the Arabic numeral 7.

numeral

143

pomstít se někomu phr /ɡet jə(r) ˈəʊn bæk ɒn/ to do something bad to someone because they did something bad to you He was bitter, determined to get his own back.

get your own back on (sb)

144

pošetilec; blázen; hlupák * v /fuːl/ to trick someone by making them believe something that is not true I was completely fooled by her.

fool

145

podvodník; podrazník n C /ˈkɒnmæn/, /ˈkɒnmen/ a man who tricks other people, especially in order to get their money A conman tricked them out of a lot of money.

conman/conmen

146

prohledat, vydrhnout v /ˈskaʊə(r)/ to search a place or document thoroughly for something Jake scoured auction sales for the furniture they needed.

scour

147

počmárat; poničit v /dɪˈfeɪs/ to deliberately damage something valuable by writing on it or breaking it The painting was defaced by vandals.

deface

148

účet; účtenka (US) ** n C /tʃek/ a piece of paper that shows how much money you owe after eating in a restaurant. Can we have the check, please?

check

149

pomocník na farmě n C /ˈrɑːntʃ ˌhænd/ someone who does physical work on a very large farm in the western US or Canada, where cows, horses, or sheep are kept She is rumoured to have worked first as a ranch hand.

ranch hand

150

ručitel n C /ˈbɒndzmən/ someone who is responsible for paying money that is owed or for making certain that someone goes to court when they should The bondsman will employ a bounty hunter to find the person and get the money back.

bondsman

151

kalhoty (GB) ** n pl /ˈtraʊzə(r)z/ a piece of clothing covering the body from the waist to the feet, divided into separate parts for each leg and worn by both men and women I've bought a suit with two pairs of trousers.

trousers

152

saský adj /ˈsækʃ(ə)n/ a member of a group of German people who came to live in England in the 5th and 6th centuries AD The museum has recreated a Saxon village.

Saxon

153

velrybářství; lov velryb adj /ˈweɪlɪŋ/ the activity of hunting whales She spent 2 years working on a whaling ship.

whaling

154

nominální hodnota n C /dɪˌnɒmɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/ the value of a particular coin or banknote The police found notes of various denominations.

denomination

155

peněženka, náprsní taška n C /ˈbɪlˌfəʊld/  a wallet She found a billfold containing $500.

billfold

156

přemíra, nadbytek ** n U /ɪkˈses/ more than is usual or necessary. After a lifetime of excess, she was arrested.

excess

157

zjistit; (vy)sledovat ** v /treɪs/ to use electronic equipment to find out where a telephone call was made Cavan’s call was traced to a call box in Brighton.

trace

158

naletět phr /ˈfɔːl ˌfɔː(r)/ to believe that a trick or a joke is true How could you fall for such an obvious trick?

fall for

159

metro (GB) n C/U /ˈʌndə(r)ˌɡraʊnd/ a system of public transport consisting of trains that travel in tunnels below a city I hate travelling on the underground.

underground

160

vybrat si, vybrat si v /ˈsɪŋɡ(ə)l ˌaʊt/ to choose one person from a group for special attention Katie was often singled out for punishment.

single out

161

porostlý stromy, zalesněný adj /ˈwʊdɪd/ filled with trees All around us we could see wooded hillsides.

wooded

162

mezinárodní smetánka často cestující letadlem na společenské události n U /ˈdʒet ˌset/ rich people who travel to a lot of different parts of the world and have exciting lives He's a member of the jet set.

jet set

163

pustit se do (něčeho nového) v /ɪmˈbɑː(r)k ɒn/ to start a new project or activity, usually one that will be difficult and will take time After leaving college, Lucy embarked on an acting career.

embark on

164

benzínová pumpa (US) * n C /ˈɡæs ˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/ a garage that sells petrol for your car We need to find a gas station soon.

gas station

165

podvod n C /skæm/ a dishonest plan, especially for getting money I was the victim of an Internet phishing scam.

scam

166

popadnout; chňapnout ** v /ɡræb/ to get something, especially by being quick or by being the best at something We got there early and grabbed seats at the front.

grab

167

uprchlík n C /ˈfjuːdʒətɪv/ someone who has done something illegal and is trying to avoid being caught by the police He spent 5 years as a fugitive from justice.

fugitive

168

životní úspory n pl /ˈlaɪf ˌseɪvɪŋz/ all the money that you have saved in a bank or invested during your life, so that you can use it later Winnie Mitchell lost her life savings when she gave away her bank details after falling for one email scam.

life savings

169

žít z ruky do úst phr /lɪv ˌhænd tə ˈmaʊθ/ to have just enough money or food to live on We will have to live hand to mouth until I can get a steady job.

live hand to mouth

170

kohoutek (US) * n C /ˈfɔːsɪt/ an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container Turn on the faucet.

faucet

171

kódové slovo n C /ˈkəʊdˌwɜː(r)d/ a word used for sending a secret message He asked the would-be conman to write a codeword on a piece of card.

codeword

172

člověk, který předstírá, že má zájem o podvodnou službu, aby mohl podvodníka přistihnout při činu n C /ˈskæm beɪtə(r)/ someone who deliberately falls victim to a scam (dishonest plan, especially for getting money) in order to catch the criminal Amazingly, many of the conmen fall for the scam baiters’ tricks.

scam baiter

173

dublon (stará španělská mince) n C /ˈdʌbluːn/ a Spanish gold coin used in the past All he found was one single doubloon (a Spanish gold coin), and he died in poverty.

doubloon

174

vydat, odevzdat v /ˌjiːld ˈʌp/ to finally allow people to see something that has been hidden This latest dig has yielded up over a hundred pieces of fine Roman silverware.

yield up

175

na stopě phr /ˌɒn ðə ˈtreɪl əv/ very close to finding someone or to discovering something Ask most people what they know about bounty hunters and they’ll probably think of a hardened cowboy, on the trail of a bank robber.

on the trail of

176

ne jako holka adj /ʌnˈɡɜː(r)li/ not girly (suitable for girls and women rather than boys or men) She was described as aggressive and ungirly, preferring to fight with the boys, rather than play with dolls.

ungirly

177

nátělník (GB); vesta (US) n C /vest/ a piece of underwear for the top half of your body He stripped down to his vest.

vest

178

spekulovat; uvažovat * v /ˈspekjʊleɪt/ to take the risk of investing your money in a company in the hope that you can make a big profit later by selling the shares that you buy It's a bad time to start speculating on the stock exchange.

speculate

179

hranolky (US) n pl  /fraɪz/ long thin pieces of potato cooked in hot oil I'm going to order a cheeseburger and fries.

fries

180

zásoba, poklad n C /hɔː(r)d/ a large amount of something that someone has saved or hidden somewhere They discovered a hoard of treasure.

hoard

181

vzít na hůl, oškubat phr /ˌrɪp ˈɒf/ to cheat someone, especially by charging them too much money for something Tourists are worried they’ll get ripped off.

rip (sb) off

182

lilek; baklažán (US) n C/U /ˈeɡˌplɑːnt/ a vegetable with a smooth dark purple skin and white flesh Add sliced eggplant to the pot.

eggplant

183

účet; účtenka (GB) *** n C /bɪl/ a piece of paper that shows how much money you owe after eating in a restaurant. Can we have the bill, please?

bill

184

padnout někomu do rukou phr /ˌfɔːl ɪntə ðə ˈhændz əv/ if something falls into someone’s hands, they get it, usually by chance Bonito’s map fell into the hands of a German sailor.

fall into the hands of (sb)

185

deaktivovat v /diːˈæktɪveɪt/  to prevent something such as a bomb or an alarm from being able to work You need a key to deactivate the alarm.

deactivate

186

nominální hodnota n U /feɪs ˈvæljuː/ the value of a stamp or coin that is shown on the front of it The coin is not worth much more than its face value.

face value

187

kohoutek (GB) ** n C /tæp/ an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container Turn on the tap.

tap

188

lilek; baklažán (GB) n C/U /ˈəʊbə(r)ˌʒiːn/ a vegetable with a smooth dark purple skin and white flesh Add sliced aubergine to the pot.

aubergine

189

mít velké jmění phr /bi ˌwɜː(r)θ ə ˈfɔː(r)tʃən/ if someone is worth a fortune, they have a lot of money and property I don't know exactly how much money he has, but he must be worth a fortune.

be worth a fortune

190

útok; razie ** n C / v /reɪd/ a sudden short military attack Soldiers carried out raids on enemy targets in the area.

raid

191

sekyra * n C /æks/ tool used for cutting down trees and cutting up large pieces of wood, consisting of a long wooden handle and a heavy metal blade He used an axe to chop wood for the fire.

axe

192

a jim podobní phr /ˌənd ðə laɪk/ used for including other similar people or things in what you are saying The bar is frequented by pop stars, film stars, models, and the like.

and the like

193

provaz; šňůra; série (události) *** n C /strɪŋ/ a group of similar or connected things A string of cars travelled up the narrow mountain road.

string

194

benzínová pumpa (GB) n C /ˈpetrəl ˌsteɪʃ(ə)n/ a garage that sells petrol for your car We need to find a petrol station soon.

petrol station

195

chodník; dlažba (US) ** n C /ˈsaɪdˌwɔːk/ a path with a hard surface beside a road Don't park your car on the sidewalk.

sidewalk

196

v bankrotu; v úpadku * adj /ˈbæŋkrʌpt/ a person or business that is bankrupt has officially admitted that they have no money and cannot pay what they owe Many of the companies that they had invested in went bankrupt.

bankrupt

197

transakce ** n C /trænˈzækʃ(ə)n/ the action or process of buying or selling something The sale of goods is the most common form of commercial transaction.

transaction

198

být bez koruny phr /bi wɪðˌaʊt ə ˈpeni tə jə(r) ˈneɪm/ to have no money He died without a penny to his name.

be without a penny to your name

199

dát více pravomocí phr /ˌɡɪv mɔː(r) ˈtiːθ/ to give a person or organization more power or authority These have given the police more teeth.

give (sb) more teeth

200

vzpomenout si; vybavit si *** v /rɪˈkɔːl/ to remember something None of the staff there could recall ever having come across anyone with the name of Domino Harvey.

recall

201

(pokuta) ve výši phr /tə ðə ˈtjuːn əv/ used for emphasizing how large an amount is The company is in debt to the tune of £1.2 billion.

to the tune of

202

dekódovat, rozluštit v /diːˈkəʊd/ to succeed in understanding the meaning of a message written in code We were unable to decode the message.

decode

203

být v mínusu na účtě phr /biː ˌɪn ðə ˈred/ if a bank account is in the red, more money has been spent from the account than there is available Their bank account was in the red again.

be in the red

204

předávkování; předávkovat n C /ˈəʊvə(r)ˌdəʊs/  too much of a drug that somone takes at one time. Domino Harvey was found dead in her bath of a drug overdose.

overdose

205

prozradit phr /ˌɡɪv əˈweɪ/ to tell information or facts that you should keep secret If captured, they might give away vital military secrets.

give (sth) away

206

přeposlat; doslat v /ˈfɔː(r)wə(r)d/ to send a letter, parcel, email etc that has been sent to your address to someone else at another address Your enquiry has been forwarded to our head office.

forward

207

nebezpečný zločinec n C  /ˌdespəˈrɑːdəʊ/ an extremely dangerous and violent criminal In reality they were a gang of dangerous desperados.

desperado

208

výrobní číslo, pořadové číslo n C /ˈsɪəriəl ˌnʌmbə(r)/ a number that is printed on things such as electrical goods or paper money so that each one can be recognized Make a note of the bike's serial number in case it is stolen.

serial number

209

detektor kovu n C /ˈmet(ə)l dɪˌtektə(r)/ a piece of equipment that is used for finding metal objects buried in the ground Chris went over the area with a metal detector, but didn't find anything.

metal detector

210

rybník n C /ˈfɪʃˌpɒnd/ an area of water that is similar to a lake but smaller and contains fish They have a fishpond in their garden.

fishpond

211

fáma; zvěst ** n C / U /ˈruːmə(r)/ unofficial information that may or may not be true He’d heard rumours about some big financial deal.

rumour

212

vyváznout; uniknout trestu phr /ɡet əˈweɪ wɪð/ to manage to do something bad without being punished or criticized for it They have repeatedly broken the law and got away with it.

get away with

213

vypudit; vyhnat v /ɪkˈspel/ to officially force someone to leave a place or organization because of their bad behavior. She was expelled from four schools.

expel

214

(be ~) být umístěn (kde)/zasazen (kam) (např. o ději knihy) v /ˌset ˈɪn/ to write or produce a play, book, film etc that happens in a particular time or place The film is set in 18th-century New England.

set in

215

pravděpodobně phr /ðə ˈtʃɑːnsəz ˌɑː(r)/ used for saying that something is likely to happen but is not certain The chances are that I will be looking for a new job soon.

the chances are

216

metro (US) ** n C /ˈsʌbˌweɪ/ a system of public transport consisting of trains that travel in tunnels below a city She dislikes travelling on the subway.

subway

217

magnet n C /ˈmæɡnɪt/ someone or something that attracts and interests many people very strongly The mountains remain a magnet for all kinds of fugitives.

magnet

218

vrátit phr /ˌhænd ˈbæk/ to give something back to someone The officer handed me my passport back.

hand (sth) back

219

lovec zločinců (za vypsanou odměnu) n C /ˈbaʊnti ˌhʌntə(r)/ someone who tries to catch criminals in order to receive a reward He was persued by bounty hunters.

bounty hunter

220

hranolky (GB) ** n pl  /tʃɪps/ long thin pieces of potato cooked in hot oil I'm going to order a cheeseburger and chips.

chips

221

kostra * n C /ˈskelɪt(ə)n/ the set of bones that supports a human or animal body, or a model of this He dug up some bones from a human skeleton.

skeleton

222

úlovek, kořist, vlečení n C /hɔːl/ a large amount of something illegal such as drugs or weapons that is found by the police Officials found the cocaine haul hidden in the wheels of the truck.

haul

223

mít peněz nazbyt phr /hæv ˌmʌni tə ˈbɜː(r)n/ used for saying that you think someone is spending too much money on things they do not need I don't know why you need a new car, unless you've got money to burn.

have money to burn

224

kopat; rýt ** v  /dɪɡ/ to make a hole in earth or sand using your hands, a machine, or a tool, especially a spade The children like to dig in the sand.

dig

225

podchod (GB) ** n C /ˈsʌbˌweɪ/ part of a road or path that goes under another road or under a railway We walked through the subway.

subway

226

ukradené zboží, lup n U /luːt/ stolen money or goods They stashed the loot on a desert island.

loot

227

hanba ** n U /ʃeɪm/ a reason for feeling sad or disappointed It was a shame that you couldn’t come with us.

shame

228

kalhoty (US) * n pl /pænts/ a piece of clothing covering the body from the waist to the feet, divided into separate parts for each leg and worn by both men and women I've bought a suit with two pairs of pants.

pants

229

soudní kauce; záruka * n C /beɪl/ money that is given to a court when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. If they do not return for the trial, the court keeps the money You can remain free, until the time of your trial, if you pay bail or a sum of money to the court.

bail

230

vynutit, prosadit ** v /ɪnˈfɔː(r)s/ to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by people. The law is enforced by the American secret service.

enforce

231

podchod (US) n C /ˈʌndə(r)ˌpɑːs/  part of a road or path that goes under another road or under a railway We walked through the underpass.

underpass

232

být skoro bez peněz phr /bi ˌhɑː(r)d ˈʌp/ to have very little money I was pretty hard up when I was a student.

be hard up

233

sporák (GB) * n C /ˈkʊkə(r)/  a large piece of kitchen equipment that is used for cooking Do you have an electric cooker?

cooker

234

svírat * v /klɑːsp/ to hold someone or something tightly with your hand He clasped Lindsay’s hand tightly.

clasp

235

poskytovatel * n C /prəˈvaɪdə(r)/ an organization or company that makes a service available to the public Who's your Internet service provider?

provider

236

vymyslet si phr /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. I don't believe that story - I think you made it up!

make (sth) up

237

začít bojovat phr /ˌpʊt ʌp ə ˈfaɪt/ to try to stop something from happening Paloma was not prepared to see her mother ripped off without putting up a fight.

put up a fight

238

lněná tkanina; plátno n U  /ˈlɪnɪn/ light cloth made from a plant called flax. Dollar bills are a mixture of 75% cotton and 25% linen.

linen

239

živ a zdráv; stále působící phr /əˈlaɪv ən ˌwel/ still existing and not gone or forgotten, especially when this is surprising In twenty-first Century America, bounty hunters are still alive and well.

alive and well

240

padělaný; nepravý; padělek adj / n C /feɪk/ made to look like something real in order to trick people He tried to leave the country using a fake passport.

fake

241

smrtelná postel n C /ˈdeθˌbed/ a bed in which someone dies or is about to die I can't come to work. I'm practically on my deathbed.

deathbed

242

fotbal (US) * n U /ˈsɒkə(r)/ a game in which two teams of eleven players kick a round ball and try to score goals I've never been to a soccer match.

soccer

243

být na hranici chudoby phr /biː ˌɒn ðə ˈbredlaɪn/ to be very poor Many families are on the breadline.

be on the breadline

244

vystopovat v /ˌtræk ˈdaʊn/ to find someone or something after a long search I finally managed to track him down in Manchester.

track down

245

padělaný, falešný adj /ˈkaʊntə(r)fɪt/ counterfeit bank notes, products, tickets etc are illegal copies made in order to trick people They tried to produce counterfeit £50 notes.

counterfeit

246

člověk posílající spam n C /ˈspæmə(r)/ someone who sends e-mails to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted Spammers send out millions of emails every day.

spammer

247

spam, nevyžádaná pošta n U /spæm/ emails that are sent to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted My inbox is full of spam again.

spam

248

objevit se v /ˈtɜː(r)n ˈʌp/ to come somewhere, especially unexpectedly or without making a firm arrangement There is no need to book – just turn up on the night.

turn up

249

pečeť; razítko ** n C /siːl/ a special mark that you put on something, for example a document, to show that it is legal or official The queen of England has an official seal.

seal

250

přes palubu; do moře adj /ˈəʊvə(r)ˌbɔː(r)d/ off a boat or ship and into the water Two sailors were swept overboard by the wave.

overboard

251

sporák (US) * n C /stəʊv/ a large piece of kitchen equipment that is used for cooking The kitchen is equipped with an electric stove.

stove

252

podvod, klam n U  /ˈtrɪkəri/ the use of tricks to get what you want He obtained her credit card details through trickery.

trickery

253

vševidoucí adj /ɔːlˈsiːɪŋ/ able to see everything that happens The all-seeing eye is the Eye of Fortune.

all-seeing

254

štít (výzbroj) ** n C /ʃiːld/ a design shaped like a soldier’s shield, especially one used on a badge or a coat of arms The thirteen stars, arrows and bars on the shield all represent the thirteen original colonies.

shield

255

záchod; toaleta (GB) ** n C /ˈtɔɪlət/ a room with a toilet in it I need to go to the toilet.

toilet

256

mít luxusní životní styl phr /ˌlɪv ɪn ðə ˌlæp əv ˈlʌkʃəri/ to live in very comfortable and expensive conditions They live together in the lap of luxury in a beautiful Victorian mansion.

live in the lap of luxury

257

směřovat do, mířit někam v /ˈhed ˌfə(r)/ if you head for something, you go towards it He too headed for Cocos Island, hiding his treasure in an area known as Wafer Bay.

head for

258

utéci (s kradenou věcí); ukrást něco v /ˌmeɪk ɒf ˈwɪð/ to escape with something, especially something stolen They made off with our television and our stereo.

make off with

259

návnada, nalákat n C /beɪt/ something that is offered in order to persuade someone to do something or buy something Interest-free credit is on offer and customers are taking the bait.

bait

260

náklad * n C/U /ˈkɑː(r)ɡəʊ/  things that are being sent by ship, plane, train, or truck The ship and all its cargo sank.

cargo