Unit 8 Flashcards Preview

Straightforward Upper-intermediate > Unit 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8 Deck (270):
1

stiff muscles

ztuhlé svaly n C /ˌstɪf ˈmʌs(ə)lz/ if you have stiff muscles, the muscles in your body are painful, for example because you have done a lot of exercise I have really stiff muscles.

2

make (sth) up

vymyslet si phr /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. He made up a story for his children.

3

anti-smoker

proti kouření n C /ˌæntiˈsməʊkə(r)/ someone who is opposed to smoking The anti-smokers want to ban smoking in all public places.

4

sniff

čichat; čenichat * v /snɪf/ to breathe in noisily through your nose, for example because you have been crying Amanda sniffed and wiped her nose.

5

squash

squash n U /skwɒʃ/ a game in which two players use rackets to hit a small ball against a wall. You play squash on an indoor area called a court You preferred dancing to running or squash.

6

ache

bolest * v  /eɪk/ if part of your body aches, you feel a continuous pain there that is unpleasant, but not very strong Philip’s head began to ache.

7

leftover

zbytek adj /ˈleftˌəʊvə(r)/ remaining after you have finished using the amount that you want or need What should we do with the leftover food?

8

compensation

kompenzace ** n U /ˌkɒmpənˈseɪʃ(ə)n/  money that someone receives because something bad has happened to them She was awarded £2,000 compensation for her injuries.

9

junk food addict

člověk propadlý rychlému občerstvení n C /ˈdʒʌŋk fuːd ˌædɪkt/ someone who eats a lot of junk food that is not healthy because it contains a lot of fat, salt, and sugar She's a real junk food addict.

10

prescribe

předepsat (léky) ** v /prɪˈskraɪb/ if a doctor prescribes a drug or treatment, they say you should have it The drug should not be taken unless prescribed by a doctor.

11

entitled

oprávněný; mající nárok adj /ɪnˈtaɪt(ə)ld/ if someone is entitled to something, they have a right to have it Mr Bowe is now entitled to compensation.

12

bergamot

bergamotová silice n U /ˈbɜː(r)ɡəˌmɒt/ a herb with a slighly lemony smell and taste He chose a blend of lemon, bergamot and lavender for the central diffusion system.

13

hot toddy

punč, grog n C /ˌhɒt ˈtɒdi/ an alcoholic drink made of whisky with hot water and sugar Let me make you a hot toddy.

14

deathbed

smrtelná postel n C  /ˈdeθˌbed/ a bed in which someone dies or is about to die He wrote her a letter when he was on his deathbed.

15

aromatherapist

aromaterapeut n C /əˌrəʊməˈθerəpɪst/ someone who is trained to practise a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed Next came the aromatherapist, Jules.

16

the outback

pustina n U /ðiː ˈaʊtˌbæk/ the large areas of land in Australia that are not used for growing crops and are far away from any city or town The threat of snake bites is one of the most common fears for people planning to travel in the outback.

17

healing

uzdravení adj /ˈhiːlɪŋ/ making someone feel better after they have been ill or unhappy It has a healing effect on the body.

18

hypnosis

hypnóza n U /hɪpˈnəʊsɪs/ a very relaxed state in which you seem to be sleeping but can still react to someone else’s suggestions He put her under hypnosis.

19

staggering

šokující adj /ˈstæɡərɪŋ/ extremely surprising Nobody expected the staggering success of the books.

20

upset stomach

podrážděný žaludek n C /ˌʌpset ˈstʌmək/ if your stomach is upset, you have an illness that is affecting your stomach, usually caused by something that you have eaten or drunk I’ve had an upset stomach.

21

cordless

bezdrátový adj /ˈkɔː(r)dləs/ a cordless tool or piece of equipment works without being connected to the electricity supply I've just bought a cordless telephone.

22

melodramatic

melodramatický adj /ˌmelədrəˈmætɪk/ behaving in a way that is too emotional or too serious There's no need to be so melodramatic.

23

hypochondria

hypochondrie n U /ˌhaɪpəʊˈkɒndriə/ a mental condition in which someone worries a lot about their health and thinks that they are ill when they are not I'm afraid you're suffering from hypochondria.

24

there’s a bug going around

hodně lidí je nakaženo phr /ðeə(r)z ə ˈbʌɡ ɡəʊɪŋ əˌraʊnd/ if there's a bug going around, a lot of people in an area or community are having the same illness at the same time I know there’s a bug going around at college.

25

bin

popelnice; koš * n C /bɪn/ a container for putting rubbish in. A bin without a lid for paper or other dry rubbish is also called a waste paper basket and a large bin that is kept outside is also called a dustbin It’s time you threw those shoes in the bin.

26

benefit

prospěch; užitek *** n C /ˈbenɪfɪt/ an advantage you get from a situation Consider the potential benefits of the deal for the company.

27

vital

nezbytný; životně důležitý *** adj /ˈvaɪt(ə)l/ very important, necessary, or essential To be able to cope with change is vital for survival.

28

claim

požadavek; nárok; tvrzení *** n C /kleɪm/ to say that something is true, even though there is no definite proof The report claimed that hundreds of civilians had crossed the border to escape the fighting.

29

heighten

zvýšit, zvětšit, zdůraznit v /ˈhaɪt(ə)n/  if something heightens a feeling or emotion, or if a feeling or emotion heightens, it becomes stronger An educational effort to heighten awareness about global warming is currently underway.

30

deliver a baby

rodit dítě phr /dɪˌlɪvə(r) ə ˈbeɪbi/ to help a woman to give birth to a baby One in seven doctors are now refusing to deliver babies.

31

backache

bolest zad n C /ˈbækeɪk/ pain in your back She often suffers from backache.

32

stress-related

způsobený stresem adj /ˈstresrɪˌleɪtɪd/ connected to a worried or nervous feeling that stops you relaxing, caused, for example, by pressure at work or financial or personal problems With stress-related illness on the increase.

33

lavender

levandule n C/U /ˈlævəndə(r)/ a plant with small purple flowers that smell nice I love the smell of a sprig of lavender.

34

acupuncture

akupunktura n U  /ˈækjʊˌpʌŋktʃə(r)/ a medical treatment from China that involves putting special needles into particular parts of the body Have you tried acupuncture?

35

sneeze

kýchat v /sniːz/ to loudly blow air out of your nose in a sudden uncontrolled way She sneezed violently.

36

splitting headache

prudká bolest hlavy n C /ˌsplɪtɪŋ ˈhedeɪk/ a very bad pain in your head She went home because she had a splitting headache.

37

run-down

utahaný adj /ˈrʌnˌdaʊn/ so tired that you do not feel well Evie had been working too hard and was feeling run-down.

38

at death’s door

na smrtelné posteli phr /ət ˌdeθs ˈdɔː(r)/ very ill and likely to die I felt like I was at death's door.

39

colour therapy

terapie barvami n U /ˈkʌlə(r) ˌθerəpi/ a form of alternative medicine method in which the therapist uses colour and light to treat patients He's having colour therapy to treat his depression.

40

work-related

spojený s prací adj /ˈwɜː(r)kˌrɪleɪtɪd/ connected to a job that someone is paid to do The Office Doctors is one of a growing number of companies which claim they can reduce work-related stress.

41

diagnosis

diagnóza ** n C /ˌdaɪəɡˈnəʊsɪs/ a statement about what disease someone has, based on examining them Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent serious problems.

42

go off (your) food

přestat mít chuť k jídlu phr /ɡəʊ ɒf fuːd/ to stop wanting to eat, usually because you are ill You normally lose your appetite and go off your food when you are ill.

43

cure

(vy)léčit * n C /kjʊə(r)/ a treatment that makes someone who is ill become healthy The doctors cured her of her illness.

44

under the weather

necítit se dobře; mít špičku phr  /ˌʌndə(r) ðə ˈweðə(r)/ if a person is under the weather, they do not feel well I’ve been feeling a bit under the weather this week.

45

inevitable

nevyhnutelný ** adj  /ɪnˈevɪtəb(ə)l/ impossible to avoid or prevent War now seems almost inevitable.

46

chronic

chronický * adj /ˈkrɒnɪk/ a chronic illness or chronic pain is serious and lasts for a long time. A serious illness or pain that lasts only for a short time is described as acute She suffers from chronic back pain.

47

reflexology

reflexiologie n U /ˌriːflekˈsɒlədʒi/ a type of massage in which a person’s hands or feet are rubbed and pressed in order to make other parts of their body more healthy or to help them to relax In a reflexology chart each zone corresponds to a part of the body.

48

runny nose

rýma n C /ˌrʌniˈnəʊz/ a runny nose has liquid coming out of it To have a truly heavy cold you need more than just a runny nose.

49

sickness

nemoc, slabost, pocit na zvracení ** n U /ˈsɪknəs/ a feeling that you are going to bring up food from your stomach The standard supplementary symptoms are a headache, sore throat, temperature, sickness, achiness and a cough.

50

GP

praktický lékař n C /ˌdʒiː ˈpiː/ General Practitioner: a doctor who deals with general medical problems and treats the families in a particular area I've made an appointment to see my GP.

51

my back was killing me

strašně mě bolela záda phr /maɪ ˌbæk wəz ˈkɪlɪŋ miː/ used to say that you were experiencing a lot of pain in your back My back was also killing me, so I went back to the doctor’s.

52

bring (sth) up

nadnést téma phr /ˌbrɪŋ ˈʌp/ to start discussing a subject I hate to bring this up but you still owe me £50.

53

revitalize

vzpružit, posílit v /riːˈvaɪtəlaɪz/ to make someone feel healthy again The hot shower revitalized me.

54

fall for (sth)

naletět phr /ˌfɔːl ˈfə(r)/ to believe that a trick or a joke is true How could you fall for such an obvious trick?

55

high temperature

vysoká horečka n C /ˌhaɪ ˈtemprɪtʃə(r)/ if you have a high temperature, your body is hotter than normal because you are ill I woke up with a high temperature.

56

database

databáze ** n C /ˈdeɪtəˌbeɪs/ a large amount of information stored in a computer in an organized way that allows individual pieces of information to be found quickly The database contains information about all our customers.

57

go down with (sth)

podlehnout (chorobě) phr /ˌɡəʊ ˈdaʊn wɪð/ to become ill with a particular illness Three people in my office have gone down with the flu.

58

spectrum

spektrum, šíře ** n C /ˈspektrəm/ a range of radio waves or light waves Full spectrum lights have all the colours and wavelengths of natural light.

59

Tai-chi

taj-či n U /ˌtaɪˈʃiː/ a Chinese martial art which involves doing slow physical exercises I've started learning Tai-Chi.

60

sue

žalovat koho ** v /suː/  /sjuː/ to make a legal claim against someone, usually to get money from them because they have done something bad to you. The legal claim is called a lawsuit We intend to sue for damages.

61

collapse

zhroutit se (člověk i stavba) ** v /kəˈlæps/ to suddenly fall down and become very ill or unconscious I ended up collapsing with exhaustion.

62

insurance policy

pojistka, pojistná smlouva n C /ɪnˈʃʊərəns ˌpɒləsi/ an official document containing the details of the agreement between you and an insurance company It's always important to read the small print in your insurance policy.

63

massage

masáž * n C /ˈmæsɑːʒ/ the action of pressing, squeezing, and rubbing someone’s body in order to reduce pain in their muscles or to make them relax I went for a back and shoulder massage at the spa.

64

trick

lest; úskok ** n C /trɪk/ something that you do in order to annoy someone or to make people laugh at them, often by making them believe something that is not true I thought he was playing a trick on me.

65

wheelchair

invalidní vozík n C /ˈwiːlˌtʃeə(r)/  a chair with large wheels that someone who cannot walk uses for moving around After the crash he was confined to a wheelchair.

66

in good shape

v dobrém stavu phr /ɪn ˌɡʊd ˈʃeɪp/ in good physical condition Medical experts warn that such websites can lead to people who are in perfectly good shape worrying over nothing.

67

leak

díra, trhlina; unikat, téci * n C / v /liːk/ an amount of liquid or gas that comes out of a hole or crack in something Can you smell gas? There must be a leak somewhere.

68

clinical

klinický ** adj /ˈklɪnɪk(ə)l/ involving working with people who are ill Earlier this year, a judge ruled that the doctor was guilty of clinical negligence.

69

diffusion

difuze; rozšíření n U /dɪˈfjuːʒ(ə)n/ the process of a gas or liquid spreading through a substance or through the air He chose a blend of lemon, bergamot and lavender for the central diffusion system.

70

irritable

popudlivý, přecitlivělý adj /ˈɪrɪtəb(ə)l/ likely to become easily annoyed or impatient I'm usually quite irritable until I've had my first cup of coffee.

71

energize

dodat energii, nabudit v /ˈenə(r)ˌdʒaɪz/ to make someone feel full of energy or enthusiasm Her speech energized the protesters.

72

sore throat

bolení v krku n C /ˌsɔː(r) ˈθrəʊt/ a painful and uncomfortable area at the back of your mouth and inside your neck, usually as a result of an infection Have we got any medicine for a sore throat?

73

stimulate

povzbudit; podnítit ** v /ˈstɪmjʊleɪt/ to make plants, cells, or a part of someone’s body grow or become more active She decided to use colours that stimulate and energize.

74

negligence

nedbalost n U /ˈneɡlɪdʒ(ə)ns/ failure to give care or attention, especially when this causes harm or damage His former employers accused him of gross negligence.

75

morale

morálka, mravní uvědomění; nálada * n U /məˈrɑːl/ the amount of enthusiasm that a person or group of people feel about their situation at a particular time Morale is low, and many people are disillusioned.

76

trace

zjistit; (vy)sledovat n C /treɪs/ a very small amount of a substance, especially when it is too small to see clearly or measure accurately Traces of blood were found in the bathroom.

77

flu

chřipka * n U /fluː/ a very common infectious disease that lasts a short time and makes you feel hot or cold, weak, and tired He’s in bed with flu.

78

pampering

rozmazlování, hýčkání n U /ˈpæmpə(r)/ the process of taking care of someone very well, especially by making them feel very comfortable or by giving them nice things Use this time to get maximum attention and pampering from your loved ones.

79

lung

plíce; plicní ** n C /lʌŋ/ one of the two organs in your chest that fill with air when you breathe Breathe in deeply and let the fresh air fill your lungs.

80

renewed

obnovený adj /rɪˈnjuːd/ happening again after a pause, and with more energy, strength, or enthusiasm than before Graham returned to the sport with renewed vigour after injury problems.

81

vegan

vegan n C /ˈviːɡən/ someone who chooses not to eat anything derived (=made) from animals or fish, including eggs, milk, and cheese Apparently she's become a vegan.

82

raging fever

vysoká horečka n U /ˌreɪdʒɪŋ ˈfiːvə(r)/ a medical condition in which the temperature of your body is very high and you feel ill You’ve got to have a raging fever of 45º.

83

aromatherapy

aromaterapie n U /əˌrəʊməˈθerəpi/ a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed. Someone who is trained to do aromatherapy is called an aromatherapist. She used a combination of aromatherapy oils.

84

lavatory

toaleta, umyvadlo n C /ˈlævətri/ a toilet I need to go to the lavatory.

85

unpaved

nezpevněný povrch (např. silnice) adj /ʌnˈpeɪvd/ an area of ground that is unpaved does not have a hard, flat surface such as bricks, blocks of stone or concrete The pilots sometimes have to land on roads or unpaved tracks.

86

get back to (sb)

ozvat se zpět phr /ɡet ˈbæk tə/ to phone, write, or speak to someone at a later time because you were busy or could not answer their question earlier Can you get back to me on those figures by the end of the day?

87

consultation

konzultace ** n C /ˌkɒns(ə)lˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ a meeting with an expert or a professional person to get advice or discuss a problem, especially a meeting with a doctor She has a consultation with the psychologist at 3.00 pm today.

88

hypochondriac

hypochondr n C /ˌhaɪpəʊˈkɒndriæk/ a person who worries a lot about their health and thinks that they are ill when they are not He's a terrible hypochondriac.

89

remedy

lék; (vy)léčit; napravit ** n C /ˈremədi/ a cure for pain or a minor illness Have you ever tried herbal remedies?

90

track

stezka; cesta; skladba *** n C /træk/ a path or road with a rough surface I walked along a track to the mountain village.

91

blend

(s)míchat; (s)mísit n C  /blend/ a combination of different tastes, styles, qualities etc that produces an attractive or effective result The dish is a delicious blend of sharp and sweet flavours.

92

disrupt

přerušit, narušit * v /dɪsˈrʌpt/ to interrupt something and prevent it from continuing by creating a problem Protesters tried to disrupt the meeting.

93

fitness freak

blázen do sportu n C /ˈfɪtnəs ˌfriːk/ someone who is extremely interested in keeping fit We've become complete fitness freaks.

94

hacking cough

dávivý kašel n C /ˌhækɪŋ ˈkɒf/ a cough that makes a loud rough sound I developed a dry, hacking cough.

95

fluorescent

jasný; světélkující adj /flɔːˈres(ə)nt/ a fluorescent light is a very bright light that consists of a long glass tube containing a gas that reflects light Liz installed full spectrum fluorescent lights instead.

96

calm

klidný; tichý; klid; ticho ** v /kɑːm/ to make someone feel more relaxed and less emotional Blue is a particularly calming colour and ideal in counterbalancing high levels of stress.

97

dairy

mléčný (výrobek) adj /ˈdeəri/ dairy products include milk and foods that are made from milk, for example butter and cheese Dairy products are usually high in calcium.

98

propaganda

propaganda * n U /ˌprɒpəˈɡændə/ information, especially false information, that a government or organization spreads in order to influence people’s opinions and beliefs It's just a piece of pro-war propaganda.

99

appetite

chuť (k jídlu) ** n C/U /ˈæpətaɪt/ the natural feeling of wanting to eat The symptoms include fever and loss of appetite.

100

counter-argument

protiargument n C /ˌkaʊntə(r) ˈɑː(r)ɡjʊmənt/ a reason or set of reasons that you use for persuading other people to support your views, opinions, etc used to oppose another argument Her counter-argument was very convincing.

101

wavelength

vlnová délka n C /ˈweɪvˌleŋθ/  the distance between two waves of sound or light that are next to each other Violet light has the shortest wavelength.

102

tissue

papírový kapesník n C /ˈtɪʃuː/ /ˈtɪsjuː/ a piece of soft thin paper used especially for wiping your nose Do you have a box of tissues?

103

infection

nakažení ** n C/U /ɪnˈfekʃ(ə)n/ a disease or other medical condition that is caused by bacteria or by a virus or a parasite Most throat infections are caused by viruses.

104

starve

hladovět; mít velký hlad * v  /stɑː(r)v/ to make someone suffer or die by preventing them from having enough food They were accused of deliberately starving the prisoners.

105

rate

míra; tempo; stupeň; sazba ** n C /reɪt/ the speed at which something happens within a particular period of time The population was growing at an alarming rate.

106

stroke

mrtvice ** n C /strəʊk/ a medical condition in which blood is suddenly blocked and cannot reach the brain, or in which a blood vessel in the brain breaks, often causing a loss of the ability to speak or to move particular muscles Leni suffered a stroke last year, and is unable to walk.

107

ergonomics

ergonomie n pl /ɜː(r)ɡəˈnɒmɪks/ the study of the way that furniture, equipment etc can be designed so that it is easy and comfortable to use and produces the most benefits and the best working or living conditions for the user Ergonomics play an important role in the design of monitors and keyboards.

108

put (sth) off

odložit něco phr /ˌpʊt ˈɒf/ to delay doing something, especially because you do not want to do it You can’t put the decision off any longer.

109

acute

akutní adj /əˈkjuːt/ an acute illness is one that becomes very bad very quickly He's got an acute ear infection.

110

rash

vyrážka n C /ræʃ/ an area of small red spots on your skin, caused by an illness or an allergic reaction to something that you have touched, eaten etc I was out in the sun for so long that I got heat rash.

111

disabled

invalidní ** adj  /dɪsˈeɪb(ə)ld/ someone who is disabled is unable to use part of their body or brain properly because of injury or disease Mr Bowe collapsed, the victim of a stroke that has left him permanently disabled.

112

achiness

bolestivost n U /ˈeɪkinəs/ a feeling of pain that is continuous and unpleasant, but usually not very strong Loud, repeated sniffing is good on the phone, but don’t try to communicate general achiness or you may come across as a bit too melodramatic.

113

absenteeism

absebtérství n U /ˌæbs(ə)nˈtiːˌɪz(ə)m/ the habit of not being at school or work when you should be, usually without a good reason Absenteeism is increasingly becoming a problem at the school.

114

vomit

zvracet * v /ˈvɒmɪt/  if you vomit, food comes up from your stomach and out through your mouth because you are ill. The usual British expression is be sick. The smell made her want to vomit.

115

chain smoker

náruživý kuřák n C /ˌtʃeɪn ˈsməʊkə(r)/ someone who often smokes one cigarette immediately after another She's a chain smoker.

116

immunity

imunita, obranyschopnost n U /ɪˈmjuːnəti/ the protection that someone’s body gives them against a particular disease It is possible to develop an immunity to many illnesses.

117

run into (sb)

narazit na někoho phr /ˌrʌn ˈɪntə/ to meet someone when you did not expect to Guess who I ran into this morning?

118

maintenance

údržba ** n U  /ˈmeɪntənəns/ work that is done to keep something such as a building, machine, or piece of equipment repaired and in good condition I give my car regular maintenance.

119

migraine

migréna n C /ˈmiːɡreɪn/  /ˈmaɪɡreɪn/ a very bad headache that often makes you unable to bear strong light He suffers from migraines.

120

blender

mixér n C /ˈblendə(r)/ a piece of electrical equipment that mixes foods or turns soft food into a liquid Put the ingredients in a blender.

121

access

přístup *** n U /ˈækses/ the right or opportunity to have or use something that will bring you benefits Some groups still have difficulty gaining access to health care.

122

concern

starost *** n C /kənˈsɜː(r)n/ something that you think is important My only concern is to find my daughter.

123

bone

kost *** n C  /bəʊn/ one of the hard parts that form a frame inside the body of a human or animal. This frame is called a skeleton She fell and broke a bone in her foot.

124

workload

pracovní zatížení * n U /ˈwɜː(r)kˌləʊd/  the amount of work that a person or organization has to do She was suffering from stress caused by her heavy workload.

125

swelling

otok n C /ˈswelɪŋ/ an area of your body that has increased in size as a result of an injury or an illness A large swelling had come up on my ankle.

126

the bush

buš n U /ðə bʊʃ/ areas in hot countries like Australia and Africa that are not used for growing crops. They are usually far from cities and very few people live there. Dirt roads are the only ways across the bush.

127

happy medium

zlatá střední cesta n s /ˈhæpi ˌmiːdiəm/ a way of doing something that is between two extreme positions or is satisfactory to everyone We'll see if we can find a happy medium.

128

couch potato

pecivál; povaleč n C /ˌkaʊtʃ pəˈteɪtəʊ/ someone who spends a lot of time sitting at home watching television Watching too much TV will turn you into a couch potato.

129

boost

(po)zvednout; zvýšit ** v  /buːst/ to help something to increase, improve, or become more successful It's a drug that boosts serotonin levels in the body.

130

give (sb) a clean bill of health

říci, že jsem úplně zdravý phr /ˌɡɪv ə ˌkliːn bɪl əv ˈhelθ/ to tell somebody that they are healthy after examining them The doctor gives you a clean bill of health.

131

paracetamol

paracetamol n C/U  /ˌpærəˈsiːtəmɒl/ /ˌpærəˈsetəmɒl/ a drug, usually in the form of pills, that you take to cure minor pains. The American word is acetaminophen. Take two paracetamol with a glass of water.

132

counterbalance

protiváha v /ˈkaʊntə(r)ˌbæləns/  to have an effect that is equal and opposite to something else The risk is counterbalanced by the potential rewards.

133

sort (sth) out

vyřešit; vyřídit phr /ˌsɔː(r)t ˈaʊt/ to do what is necessary to deal with a problem, disagreement, or difficult situation successfully This matter could be sorted out if they would just sit down and talk.

134

throbbing headache

pulzující bolest hlavy n C /ˌθrɒbɪŋ ˈhedeɪk/ if you have a throbbing headache, you have a pain in your head which comes and goes again and again in a regular pattern I woke up with a high temperature and a throbbing headache.

135

essential oil

éterický olej n C /ɪˈsenʃ(ə)l ɔɪl/ an oil that contains the qualities of the plant that it is taken from, used for making perfume and in aromatherapy Essential oils can lower stress.

136

ztuhlé svaly n C /ˌstɪf ˈmʌs(ə)lz/ if you have stiff muscles, the muscles in your body are painful, for example because you have done a lot of exercise I have really stiff muscles.

stiff muscles

137

vymyslet si phr /ˌmeɪk ˈʌp/ to invent a story, poem, etc. He made up a story for his children.

make (sth) up

138

proti kouření n C /ˌæntiˈsməʊkə(r)/ someone who is opposed to smoking The anti-smokers want to ban smoking in all public places.

anti-smoker

139

čichat; čenichat * v /snɪf/ to breathe in noisily through your nose, for example because you have been crying Amanda sniffed and wiped her nose.

sniff

140

squash n U /skwɒʃ/ a game in which two players use rackets to hit a small ball against a wall. You play squash on an indoor area called a court You preferred dancing to running or squash.

squash

141

bolest * v  /eɪk/ if part of your body aches, you feel a continuous pain there that is unpleasant, but not very strong Philip’s head began to ache.

ache

142

zbytek adj /ˈleftˌəʊvə(r)/ remaining after you have finished using the amount that you want or need What should we do with the leftover food?

leftover

143

kompenzace ** n U /ˌkɒmpənˈseɪʃ(ə)n/  money that someone receives because something bad has happened to them She was awarded £2,000 compensation for her injuries.

compensation

144

člověk propadlý rychlému občerstvení n C /ˈdʒʌŋk fuːd ˌædɪkt/ someone who eats a lot of junk food that is not healthy because it contains a lot of fat, salt, and sugar She's a real junk food addict.

junk food addict

145

předepsat (léky) ** v /prɪˈskraɪb/ if a doctor prescribes a drug or treatment, they say you should have it The drug should not be taken unless prescribed by a doctor.

prescribe

146

oprávněný; mající nárok adj /ɪnˈtaɪt(ə)ld/ if someone is entitled to something, they have a right to have it Mr Bowe is now entitled to compensation.

entitled

147

bergamotová silice n U /ˈbɜː(r)ɡəˌmɒt/ a herb with a slighly lemony smell and taste He chose a blend of lemon, bergamot and lavender for the central diffusion system.

bergamot

148

punč, grog n C /ˌhɒt ˈtɒdi/ an alcoholic drink made of whisky with hot water and sugar Let me make you a hot toddy.

hot toddy

149

smrtelná postel n C  /ˈdeθˌbed/ a bed in which someone dies or is about to die He wrote her a letter when he was on his deathbed.

deathbed

150

aromaterapeut n C /əˌrəʊməˈθerəpɪst/ someone who is trained to practise a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed Next came the aromatherapist, Jules.

aromatherapist

151

pustina n U /ðiː ˈaʊtˌbæk/ the large areas of land in Australia that are not used for growing crops and are far away from any city or town The threat of snake bites is one of the most common fears for people planning to travel in the outback.

the outback

152

uzdravení adj /ˈhiːlɪŋ/ making someone feel better after they have been ill or unhappy It has a healing effect on the body.

healing

153

hypnóza n U /hɪpˈnəʊsɪs/ a very relaxed state in which you seem to be sleeping but can still react to someone else’s suggestions He put her under hypnosis.

hypnosis

154

šokující adj /ˈstæɡərɪŋ/ extremely surprising Nobody expected the staggering success of the books.

staggering

155

podrážděný žaludek n C /ˌʌpset ˈstʌmək/ if your stomach is upset, you have an illness that is affecting your stomach, usually caused by something that you have eaten or drunk I’ve had an upset stomach.

upset stomach

156

bezdrátový adj /ˈkɔː(r)dləs/ a cordless tool or piece of equipment works without being connected to the electricity supply I've just bought a cordless telephone.

cordless

157

melodramatický adj /ˌmelədrəˈmætɪk/ behaving in a way that is too emotional or too serious There's no need to be so melodramatic.

melodramatic

158

hypochondrie n U /ˌhaɪpəʊˈkɒndriə/ a mental condition in which someone worries a lot about their health and thinks that they are ill when they are not I'm afraid you're suffering from hypochondria.

hypochondria

159

hodně lidí je nakaženo phr /ðeə(r)z ə ˈbʌɡ ɡəʊɪŋ əˌraʊnd/ if there's a bug going around, a lot of people in an area or community are having the same illness at the same time I know there’s a bug going around at college.

there’s a bug going around

160

popelnice; koš * n C /bɪn/ a container for putting rubbish in. A bin without a lid for paper or other dry rubbish is also called a waste paper basket and a large bin that is kept outside is also called a dustbin It’s time you threw those shoes in the bin.

bin

161

prospěch; užitek *** n C /ˈbenɪfɪt/ an advantage you get from a situation Consider the potential benefits of the deal for the company.

benefit

162

nezbytný; životně důležitý *** adj /ˈvaɪt(ə)l/ very important, necessary, or essential To be able to cope with change is vital for survival.

vital

163

požadavek; nárok; tvrzení *** n C /kleɪm/ to say that something is true, even though there is no definite proof The report claimed that hundreds of civilians had crossed the border to escape the fighting.

claim

164

zvýšit, zvětšit, zdůraznit v /ˈhaɪt(ə)n/  if something heightens a feeling or emotion, or if a feeling or emotion heightens, it becomes stronger An educational effort to heighten awareness about global warming is currently underway.

heighten

165

rodit dítě phr /dɪˌlɪvə(r) ə ˈbeɪbi/ to help a woman to give birth to a baby One in seven doctors are now refusing to deliver babies.

deliver a baby

166

bolest zad n C /ˈbækeɪk/ pain in your back She often suffers from backache.

backache

167

způsobený stresem adj /ˈstresrɪˌleɪtɪd/ connected to a worried or nervous feeling that stops you relaxing, caused, for example, by pressure at work or financial or personal problems With stress-related illness on the increase.

stress-related

168

levandule n C/U /ˈlævəndə(r)/ a plant with small purple flowers that smell nice I love the smell of a sprig of lavender.

lavender

169

akupunktura n U  /ˈækjʊˌpʌŋktʃə(r)/ a medical treatment from China that involves putting special needles into particular parts of the body Have you tried acupuncture?

acupuncture

170

kýchat v /sniːz/ to loudly blow air out of your nose in a sudden uncontrolled way She sneezed violently.

sneeze

171

prudká bolest hlavy n C /ˌsplɪtɪŋ ˈhedeɪk/ a very bad pain in your head She went home because she had a splitting headache.

splitting headache

172

utahaný adj /ˈrʌnˌdaʊn/ so tired that you do not feel well Evie had been working too hard and was feeling run-down.

run-down

173

na smrtelné posteli phr /ət ˌdeθs ˈdɔː(r)/ very ill and likely to die I felt like I was at death's door.

at death’s door

174

terapie barvami n U /ˈkʌlə(r) ˌθerəpi/ a form of alternative medicine method in which the therapist uses colour and light to treat patients He's having colour therapy to treat his depression.

colour therapy

175

spojený s prací adj /ˈwɜː(r)kˌrɪleɪtɪd/ connected to a job that someone is paid to do The Office Doctors is one of a growing number of companies which claim they can reduce work-related stress.

work-related

176

diagnóza ** n C /ˌdaɪəɡˈnəʊsɪs/ a statement about what disease someone has, based on examining them Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent serious problems.

diagnosis

177

přestat mít chuť k jídlu phr /ɡəʊ ɒf fuːd/ to stop wanting to eat, usually because you are ill You normally lose your appetite and go off your food when you are ill.

go off (your) food

178

(vy)léčit * n C /kjʊə(r)/ a treatment that makes someone who is ill become healthy The doctors cured her of her illness.

cure

179

necítit se dobře; mít špičku phr  /ˌʌndə(r) ðə ˈweðə(r)/ if a person is under the weather, they do not feel well I’ve been feeling a bit under the weather this week.

under the weather

180

nevyhnutelný ** adj  /ɪnˈevɪtəb(ə)l/ impossible to avoid or prevent War now seems almost inevitable.

inevitable

181

chronický * adj /ˈkrɒnɪk/ a chronic illness or chronic pain is serious and lasts for a long time. A serious illness or pain that lasts only for a short time is described as acute She suffers from chronic back pain.

chronic

182

reflexiologie n U /ˌriːflekˈsɒlədʒi/ a type of massage in which a person’s hands or feet are rubbed and pressed in order to make other parts of their body more healthy or to help them to relax In a reflexology chart each zone corresponds to a part of the body.

reflexology

183

rýma n C /ˌrʌniˈnəʊz/ a runny nose has liquid coming out of it To have a truly heavy cold you need more than just a runny nose.

runny nose

184

nemoc, slabost, pocit na zvracení ** n U /ˈsɪknəs/ a feeling that you are going to bring up food from your stomach The standard supplementary symptoms are a headache, sore throat, temperature, sickness, achiness and a cough.

sickness

185

praktický lékař n C /ˌdʒiː ˈpiː/ General Practitioner: a doctor who deals with general medical problems and treats the families in a particular area I've made an appointment to see my GP.

GP

186

strašně mě bolela záda phr /maɪ ˌbæk wəz ˈkɪlɪŋ miː/ used to say that you were experiencing a lot of pain in your back My back was also killing me, so I went back to the doctor’s.

my back was killing me

187

nadnést téma phr /ˌbrɪŋ ˈʌp/ to start discussing a subject I hate to bring this up but you still owe me £50.

bring (sth) up

188

vzpružit, posílit v /riːˈvaɪtəlaɪz/ to make someone feel healthy again The hot shower revitalized me.

revitalize

189

naletět phr /ˌfɔːl ˈfə(r)/ to believe that a trick or a joke is true How could you fall for such an obvious trick?

fall for (sth)

190

vysoká horečka n C /ˌhaɪ ˈtemprɪtʃə(r)/ if you have a high temperature, your body is hotter than normal because you are ill I woke up with a high temperature.

high temperature

191

databáze ** n C /ˈdeɪtəˌbeɪs/ a large amount of information stored in a computer in an organized way that allows individual pieces of information to be found quickly The database contains information about all our customers.

database

192

podlehnout (chorobě) phr /ˌɡəʊ ˈdaʊn wɪð/ to become ill with a particular illness Three people in my office have gone down with the flu.

go down with (sth)

193

spektrum, šíře ** n C /ˈspektrəm/ a range of radio waves or light waves Full spectrum lights have all the colours and wavelengths of natural light.

spectrum

194

taj-či n U /ˌtaɪˈʃiː/ a Chinese martial art which involves doing slow physical exercises I've started learning Tai-Chi.

Tai-chi

195

žalovat koho ** v /suː/  /sjuː/ to make a legal claim against someone, usually to get money from them because they have done something bad to you. The legal claim is called a lawsuit We intend to sue for damages.

sue

196

zhroutit se (člověk i stavba) ** v /kəˈlæps/ to suddenly fall down and become very ill or unconscious I ended up collapsing with exhaustion.

collapse

197

pojistka, pojistná smlouva n C /ɪnˈʃʊərəns ˌpɒləsi/ an official document containing the details of the agreement between you and an insurance company It's always important to read the small print in your insurance policy.

insurance policy

198

masáž * n C /ˈmæsɑːʒ/ the action of pressing, squeezing, and rubbing someone’s body in order to reduce pain in their muscles or to make them relax I went for a back and shoulder massage at the spa.

massage

199

lest; úskok ** n C /trɪk/ something that you do in order to annoy someone or to make people laugh at them, often by making them believe something that is not true I thought he was playing a trick on me.

trick

200

invalidní vozík n C /ˈwiːlˌtʃeə(r)/  a chair with large wheels that someone who cannot walk uses for moving around After the crash he was confined to a wheelchair.

wheelchair

201

v dobrém stavu phr /ɪn ˌɡʊd ˈʃeɪp/ in good physical condition Medical experts warn that such websites can lead to people who are in perfectly good shape worrying over nothing.

in good shape

202

díra, trhlina; unikat, téci * n C / v /liːk/ an amount of liquid or gas that comes out of a hole or crack in something Can you smell gas? There must be a leak somewhere.

leak

203

klinický ** adj /ˈklɪnɪk(ə)l/ involving working with people who are ill Earlier this year, a judge ruled that the doctor was guilty of clinical negligence.

clinical

204

difuze; rozšíření n U /dɪˈfjuːʒ(ə)n/ the process of a gas or liquid spreading through a substance or through the air He chose a blend of lemon, bergamot and lavender for the central diffusion system.

diffusion

205

popudlivý, přecitlivělý adj /ˈɪrɪtəb(ə)l/ likely to become easily annoyed or impatient I'm usually quite irritable until I've had my first cup of coffee.

irritable

206

dodat energii, nabudit v /ˈenə(r)ˌdʒaɪz/ to make someone feel full of energy or enthusiasm Her speech energized the protesters.

energize

207

bolení v krku n C /ˌsɔː(r) ˈθrəʊt/ a painful and uncomfortable area at the back of your mouth and inside your neck, usually as a result of an infection Have we got any medicine for a sore throat?

sore throat

208

povzbudit; podnítit ** v /ˈstɪmjʊleɪt/ to make plants, cells, or a part of someone’s body grow or become more active She decided to use colours that stimulate and energize.

stimulate

209

nedbalost n U /ˈneɡlɪdʒ(ə)ns/ failure to give care or attention, especially when this causes harm or damage His former employers accused him of gross negligence.

negligence

210

morálka, mravní uvědomění; nálada * n U /məˈrɑːl/ the amount of enthusiasm that a person or group of people feel about their situation at a particular time Morale is low, and many people are disillusioned.

morale

211

zjistit; (vy)sledovat n C /treɪs/ a very small amount of a substance, especially when it is too small to see clearly or measure accurately Traces of blood were found in the bathroom.

trace

212

chřipka * n U /fluː/ a very common infectious disease that lasts a short time and makes you feel hot or cold, weak, and tired He’s in bed with flu.

flu

213

rozmazlování, hýčkání n U /ˈpæmpə(r)/ the process of taking care of someone very well, especially by making them feel very comfortable or by giving them nice things Use this time to get maximum attention and pampering from your loved ones.

pampering

214

plíce; plicní ** n C /lʌŋ/ one of the two organs in your chest that fill with air when you breathe Breathe in deeply and let the fresh air fill your lungs.

lung

215

obnovený adj /rɪˈnjuːd/ happening again after a pause, and with more energy, strength, or enthusiasm than before Graham returned to the sport with renewed vigour after injury problems.

renewed

216

vegan n C /ˈviːɡən/ someone who chooses not to eat anything derived (=made) from animals or fish, including eggs, milk, and cheese Apparently she's become a vegan.

vegan

217

vysoká horečka n U /ˌreɪdʒɪŋ ˈfiːvə(r)/ a medical condition in which the temperature of your body is very high and you feel ill You’ve got to have a raging fever of 45º.

raging fever

218

aromaterapie n U /əˌrəʊməˈθerəpi/ a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed. Someone who is trained to do aromatherapy is called an aromatherapist. She used a combination of aromatherapy oils.

aromatherapy

219

toaleta, umyvadlo n C /ˈlævətri/ a toilet I need to go to the lavatory.

lavatory

220

nezpevněný povrch (např. silnice) adj /ʌnˈpeɪvd/ an area of ground that is unpaved does not have a hard, flat surface such as bricks, blocks of stone or concrete The pilots sometimes have to land on roads or unpaved tracks.

unpaved

221

ozvat se zpět phr /ɡet ˈbæk tə/ to phone, write, or speak to someone at a later time because you were busy or could not answer their question earlier Can you get back to me on those figures by the end of the day?

get back to (sb)

222

konzultace ** n C /ˌkɒns(ə)lˈteɪʃ(ə)n/ a meeting with an expert or a professional person to get advice or discuss a problem, especially a meeting with a doctor She has a consultation with the psychologist at 3.00 pm today.

consultation

223

hypochondr n C /ˌhaɪpəʊˈkɒndriæk/ a person who worries a lot about their health and thinks that they are ill when they are not He's a terrible hypochondriac.

hypochondriac

224

lék; (vy)léčit; napravit ** n C /ˈremədi/ a cure for pain or a minor illness Have you ever tried herbal remedies?

remedy

225

stezka; cesta; skladba *** n C /træk/ a path or road with a rough surface I walked along a track to the mountain village.

track

226

(s)míchat; (s)mísit n C  /blend/ a combination of different tastes, styles, qualities etc that produces an attractive or effective result The dish is a delicious blend of sharp and sweet flavours.

blend

227

přerušit, narušit * v /dɪsˈrʌpt/ to interrupt something and prevent it from continuing by creating a problem Protesters tried to disrupt the meeting.

disrupt

228

blázen do sportu n C /ˈfɪtnəs ˌfriːk/ someone who is extremely interested in keeping fit We've become complete fitness freaks.

fitness freak

229

dávivý kašel n C /ˌhækɪŋ ˈkɒf/ a cough that makes a loud rough sound I developed a dry, hacking cough.

hacking cough

230

jasný; světélkující adj /flɔːˈres(ə)nt/ a fluorescent light is a very bright light that consists of a long glass tube containing a gas that reflects light Liz installed full spectrum fluorescent lights instead.

fluorescent

231

klidný; tichý; klid; ticho ** v /kɑːm/ to make someone feel more relaxed and less emotional Blue is a particularly calming colour and ideal in counterbalancing high levels of stress.

calm

232

mléčný (výrobek) adj /ˈdeəri/ dairy products include milk and foods that are made from milk, for example butter and cheese Dairy products are usually high in calcium.

dairy

233

propaganda * n U /ˌprɒpəˈɡændə/ information, especially false information, that a government or organization spreads in order to influence people’s opinions and beliefs It's just a piece of pro-war propaganda.

propaganda

234

chuť (k jídlu) ** n C/U /ˈæpətaɪt/ the natural feeling of wanting to eat The symptoms include fever and loss of appetite.

appetite

235

protiargument n C /ˌkaʊntə(r) ˈɑː(r)ɡjʊmənt/ a reason or set of reasons that you use for persuading other people to support your views, opinions, etc used to oppose another argument Her counter-argument was very convincing.

counter-argument

236

vlnová délka n C /ˈweɪvˌleŋθ/  the distance between two waves of sound or light that are next to each other Violet light has the shortest wavelength.

wavelength

237

papírový kapesník n C /ˈtɪʃuː/ /ˈtɪsjuː/ a piece of soft thin paper used especially for wiping your nose Do you have a box of tissues?

tissue

238

nakažení ** n C/U /ɪnˈfekʃ(ə)n/ a disease or other medical condition that is caused by bacteria or by a virus or a parasite Most throat infections are caused by viruses.

infection

239

hladovět; mít velký hlad * v  /stɑː(r)v/ to make someone suffer or die by preventing them from having enough food They were accused of deliberately starving the prisoners.

starve

240

míra; tempo; stupeň; sazba ** n C /reɪt/ the speed at which something happens within a particular period of time The population was growing at an alarming rate.

rate

241

mrtvice ** n C /strəʊk/ a medical condition in which blood is suddenly blocked and cannot reach the brain, or in which a blood vessel in the brain breaks, often causing a loss of the ability to speak or to move particular muscles Leni suffered a stroke last year, and is unable to walk.

stroke

242

ergonomie n pl /ɜː(r)ɡəˈnɒmɪks/ the study of the way that furniture, equipment etc can be designed so that it is easy and comfortable to use and produces the most benefits and the best working or living conditions for the user Ergonomics play an important role in the design of monitors and keyboards.

ergonomics

243

odložit něco phr /ˌpʊt ˈɒf/ to delay doing something, especially because you do not want to do it You can’t put the decision off any longer.

put (sth) off

244

akutní adj /əˈkjuːt/ an acute illness is one that becomes very bad very quickly He's got an acute ear infection.

acute

245

vyrážka n C /ræʃ/ an area of small red spots on your skin, caused by an illness or an allergic reaction to something that you have touched, eaten etc I was out in the sun for so long that I got heat rash.

rash

246

invalidní ** adj  /dɪsˈeɪb(ə)ld/ someone who is disabled is unable to use part of their body or brain properly because of injury or disease Mr Bowe collapsed, the victim of a stroke that has left him permanently disabled.

disabled

247

bolestivost n U /ˈeɪkinəs/ a feeling of pain that is continuous and unpleasant, but usually not very strong Loud, repeated sniffing is good on the phone, but don’t try to communicate general achiness or you may come across as a bit too melodramatic.

achiness

248

absebtérství n U /ˌæbs(ə)nˈtiːˌɪz(ə)m/ the habit of not being at school or work when you should be, usually without a good reason Absenteeism is increasingly becoming a problem at the school.

absenteeism

249

zvracet * v /ˈvɒmɪt/  if you vomit, food comes up from your stomach and out through your mouth because you are ill. The usual British expression is be sick. The smell made her want to vomit.

vomit

250

náruživý kuřák n C /ˌtʃeɪn ˈsməʊkə(r)/ someone who often smokes one cigarette immediately after another She's a chain smoker.

chain smoker

251

imunita, obranyschopnost n U /ɪˈmjuːnəti/ the protection that someone’s body gives them against a particular disease It is possible to develop an immunity to many illnesses.

immunity

252

narazit na někoho phr /ˌrʌn ˈɪntə/ to meet someone when you did not expect to Guess who I ran into this morning?

run into (sb)

253

údržba ** n U  /ˈmeɪntənəns/ work that is done to keep something such as a building, machine, or piece of equipment repaired and in good condition I give my car regular maintenance.

maintenance

254

migréna n C /ˈmiːɡreɪn/  /ˈmaɪɡreɪn/ a very bad headache that often makes you unable to bear strong light He suffers from migraines.

migraine

255

mixér n C /ˈblendə(r)/ a piece of electrical equipment that mixes foods or turns soft food into a liquid Put the ingredients in a blender.

blender

256

přístup *** n U /ˈækses/ the right or opportunity to have or use something that will bring you benefits Some groups still have difficulty gaining access to health care.

access

257

starost *** n C /kənˈsɜː(r)n/ something that you think is important My only concern is to find my daughter.

concern

258

kost *** n C  /bəʊn/ one of the hard parts that form a frame inside the body of a human or animal. This frame is called a skeleton She fell and broke a bone in her foot.

bone

259

pracovní zatížení * n U /ˈwɜː(r)kˌləʊd/  the amount of work that a person or organization has to do She was suffering from stress caused by her heavy workload.

workload

260

otok n C /ˈswelɪŋ/ an area of your body that has increased in size as a result of an injury or an illness A large swelling had come up on my ankle.

swelling

261

buš n U /ðə bʊʃ/ areas in hot countries like Australia and Africa that are not used for growing crops. They are usually far from cities and very few people live there. Dirt roads are the only ways across the bush.

the bush

262

zlatá střední cesta n s /ˈhæpi ˌmiːdiəm/ a way of doing something that is between two extreme positions or is satisfactory to everyone We'll see if we can find a happy medium.

happy medium

263

pecivál; povaleč n C /ˌkaʊtʃ pəˈteɪtəʊ/ someone who spends a lot of time sitting at home watching television Watching too much TV will turn you into a couch potato.

couch potato

264

(po)zvednout; zvýšit ** v  /buːst/ to help something to increase, improve, or become more successful It's a drug that boosts serotonin levels in the body.

boost

265

říci, že jsem úplně zdravý phr /ˌɡɪv ə ˌkliːn bɪl əv ˈhelθ/ to tell somebody that they are healthy after examining them The doctor gives you a clean bill of health.

give (sb) a clean bill of health

266

paracetamol n C/U  /ˌpærəˈsiːtəmɒl/ /ˌpærəˈsetəmɒl/ a drug, usually in the form of pills, that you take to cure minor pains. The American word is acetaminophen. Take two paracetamol with a glass of water.

paracetamol

267

protiváha v /ˈkaʊntə(r)ˌbæləns/  to have an effect that is equal and opposite to something else The risk is counterbalanced by the potential rewards.

counterbalance

268

vyřešit; vyřídit phr /ˌsɔː(r)t ˈaʊt/ to do what is necessary to deal with a problem, disagreement, or difficult situation successfully This matter could be sorted out if they would just sit down and talk.

sort (sth) out

269

pulzující bolest hlavy n C /ˌθrɒbɪŋ ˈhedeɪk/ if you have a throbbing headache, you have a pain in your head which comes and goes again and again in a regular pattern I woke up with a high temperature and a throbbing headache.

throbbing headache

270

éterický olej n C /ɪˈsenʃ(ə)l ɔɪl/ an oil that contains the qualities of the plant that it is taken from, used for making perfume and in aromatherapy Essential oils can lower stress.

essential oil