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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (272)
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121

rule

vládnout *** v /ruːl/ to officially control or govern a country or area Portugal ruled East Timor for nearly four centuries.

122

short-changed

ošizený (zákazník)   adj /ˌʃɔː(r)tˈtʃeɪndʒd/ if someone is short-changed, they do not receive back enough money for something they have paid for after they have paid more than the full price for the things After walking out of a store, they discover they were short-changed by £3.

123

reflex

reflex, odraz   n C /ˈriːfleks/ a way of reacting to something that you do very quickly, without thinking about it A phobia is a conditioned reflex.

124

overemphasize

příliš zdůrazňovat   v /ˌəʊvərˈemfəˌsaɪz/ to treat something as more important than it really is We cannot overemphasize how damaging these results are to our reputation.

125

genetic

genetický ** adj /dʒəˈnetɪk/ relating to genes, or to the study of genes Doctors believe the condition is caused by a genetic defect.

126

starve

hladovět; mít velký hlad * v /stɑː(r)v/ to suffer or to die because there is not enough food Better to starve free than be a fat slave.

127

campaigner

kandidát; uchazeč   n C /ˌkæmˈpeɪnə(r)/ someone who tries to achieve political or social change by persuading other people or the government to do something Animal rights campaigners are trying to close down the farm.

128

regardless

bez ohledu na ** adv /rɪˈɡɑː(r)dləs/ without being affected or influenced by someone or something President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill which granted equal rights to all American citizens regardless of the colour of their skin.

129

reverse

obrátit; obrácený; opak ** v /rɪˈvɜː(r)s/ to change the order or development of events, a process, or a situation to be the opposite of what it was The effects of the disease can only be reversed by a bone-marrow donation.

130

slave

otrok; nevolník ** n C /sleɪv/ someone who belongs by law to another person as their property and has to obey them and work for them Better to starve free than be a fat slave.

131

medium-rare

částečně propečený (steak)   adj /ˌmiːdiəmˈreə(r)/ meat that is medium-rare has been cooked for a short time so that it is still slightly red in the middle They are in a restaurant and order a steak medium-rare.

132

principle

podstata; princip *** n C /ˈprɪnsəp(ə)l/ a basic belief, theory, or rule that has a major influence on the way in which something is done Don’t move and he’ll stay still, too. In principle anyway!

133

prey

kořist ** n C /preɪ/ an animal that is caught by another animal and eaten Spiders usually catch their prey by building webs.

134

proceeds

výtěžek, zisk * n pl /ˈprəʊˌsiːdz/ money that a person or organization makes from selling or winning something, or from organizing an event or activity The proceeds will go to the school for refugee children.

135

harmful

škodlivý * adj /ˈhɑː(r)mf(ə)l/ causing harm This decision could have harmful consequences.

136

bear

medvěd ** n C /beə(r)/ a large wild animal with thick fur. There are several different types of bears, for example the polar bear and the grizzly bear. A young bear is called a bear cub. They were attacked by a bear.

137

rovnováha; harmonie *** n C /ˈbæləns/ a situation in which different aspects or features are treated equally or exist in the correct relationship to each other A healthy diet is about getting the correct balance of a variety of foods.

balance

138

průbojný; asertivní   adj /əˈsɜː(r)tɪv/ behaving in a confident way in which you are quick to express your opinions and feelings You need to be more assertive to succeed in business.

assertive

139

znovu nabýt/získat ** v /rɪˈɡeɪn/ to get something again that you lost, especially an ability or a mental state You should soon regain your appetite.

regain

140

odstranění, zákaz   n U /ˌæbəˈlɪʃ(ə)n/ the official end to a law, system, practice etc James is in favour of the abolition of the death penalty.

abolition

141

strach *** n U /fɪə(r)/ the feeling that you have when you are frightened Edward knew it was dangerous, but he felt no fear.

fear

142

krutý; ukrutný ** adj /ˈkruːəl/ someone who is cruel enjoys causing pain to other people or animals, or enjoys making them unhappy or upset How could you be so cruel to someone who never did you any harm?

cruel

143

rovný; rovnocenný *** adj /ˈiːkwəl/ the same in value, amount, or size President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill which granted equal rights to all American citizens.

equal

144

vzdorovat, postavit se čemu   v /dɪˈfaɪ/ to refuse to obey someone or something The commander defied a direct order to surrender.

defy

145

hůl ** n C /stɪk/ a thin piece of wood that has been broken or cut from a tree I went out to find some sticks for a fire.

stick

146

čelit, postavit se něčemu ** v /kənˈfrʌnt/ to deal with a difficult situation They have to confront the object of their fears.

confront

147

předat mladšímu členovi rodiny   v /ˌpɑːs ˈdaʊn/ to give knowledge or teach skills to your children or to younger people These traditional stories have been passed down from parent to child over many generations.

pass down

148

hrozba *** n C /θret/ a situation or an activity that could cause harm or danger Officials were confident there had been no threat to public health.

threat

149

stavit se (na krátkou návštěvu)   v /ˌdrɒp ˈɪn/ to make a short visit somewhere Why don’t you drop in for coffee some time?

drop in

150

příběh; vyprávění; historka ** n C /teɪl/ a story about imaginary events or people We read tales of bravery and romance.

tale