Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

Straightforward Upper-intermediate > Unit 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (272)
Loading flashcards...
181

otroctví   n U /ˈsleɪvəri/ the condition of being a slave, or of having to work for another person These were women who were forced into sexual slavery.

slavery

182

modlit se ** v /preɪ/ to speak to God or a saint, for example to give thanks or ask for help Some people go to church to pray.

pray

183

úzkost; strach ** n U /æŋˈzaɪəti/ a worried feeling you have because you think something bad might happen A lot of students suffer from anxiety at exam time.

anxiety

184

dobře propečený (steak)   adj /ˌwelˈdʌn/ well-done meat is meat that has been completely cooked Would you like your steak rare, medium-rare or well-done?

well-done

185

péct (nikoli maso) * v /beɪk/ to cook food in an oven Bake the fish for about ten minutes.

bake

186

křehký, chtrný * adj /freɪl/ physically weak and not very healthy He is frail, but still manages to walk with a stick.

frail

187

krutost; ukrutnost * n C / U /ˈkruːəlti/ behaviour that deliberately causes pain to other people or animals, or that makes them unhappy or upset She was shocked by the cruelty of his words.

cruelty

188

sprostý; vulgární   adj /əˈbjuːsɪv/ using offensive or insulting language He started receiving abusive text messages.

abusive

189

zajistit, zaručit *** v /ɪnˈʃɔː(r)/  to make certain that something happens or is done Our new system ensures that everyone gets paid on time.

ensure

190

protilátka, protijed   n C /ˈæntɪˌdəʊt/ a substance that prevents a poison from having bad effects There is no known antidote to the poison.

antidote

191

podpořit *** v /bæk/ to give support to a person, organization, or plan, making them more likely to succeed We’ll back you all the way on this one!

back

192

nebojácný   adj /ˈfɪə(r)ləs/ not afraid of anyone or anything. This word shows that you admire people like this. She was a fearless critic of the corrupt leadership.

fearless

193

sebejistý   adj /ˌselfəˈʃɔː(r)d confident and relaxed because you are sure of your abilities He's a little too self-assured for my liking.

self-assured

194

sprostý, hrubý * adj /kɔː(r)s/ a coarse substance or surface feels rough and hard The jacket was made of coarse material.

coarse

195

pojistit * v /ɪnˈʃɔː(r)/  to regularly pay an insurance company an amount of money so that they will give you money if something that you own is damaged, lost, or stolen, or if you die or are sick or injured His appearance was so repulsive that I had to have my mirrors insured.

insure

196

zrušit; odstranit ** v /əˈbɒlɪʃ/ to officially get rid of a law, system, practice etc Britain abolished slavery in 1807.

abolish

197

akupunktura   n U /ˈækjʊˌpʌŋktʃə(r)/ a medical treatment from China that involves putting special needles into particular parts of the body Have you tried acupunture or alternative medicine?

acupuncture

198

obtěžování * n U /ˈhærəsmənt/  /həˈræsmənt/ annoying or unpleasant behaviour towards someone that takes place regularly, for example threats, offensive remarks, or physical attacks The UN cannot tolerate the continuing harassment of peacekeeping soldiers.

harassment

199

podmínečný, připravený   adj /kənˈdɪʃ(ə)nd/ if someone is conditioned by their experiences or by another person, they are influenced by them so that they think or behave in a particular way A phobia is a conditioned reflex.

conditioned

200

holý; nepokrytý ** adj /beə(r)/ a part of your body that is bare is not covered by any clothes The idea is to pick up the snake with your bare hands and throw it in the sack.

bare

201

odborník na plazy   n C /ˈhɜː(r)pəˈtɒlədʒɪst someone who scientifically studies amphibians and reptiles I spoke to herpetologist, Chick Ferragamo, who introduced me to my first rattler.

herpetologist

202

jed (hadí, hmyzí), zlost, hněv   n U /ˈvenəm/ poison produced by some animals, especially snakes and insects The venom causes paralysis within a few minutes.

venom

203

odvaha ** n U /ˈkʌrɪdʒ/ the ability to do something that you know is right or good, even though it is dangerous, frightening, or very difficult She has shown immense courage in opposing a corrupt and violent regime.

courage

204

poškození; ublížení ** n U /hɑː(r)m/ injury, damage, or problems caused by something that you do Too many projects that lead to environmental harm.

harm

205

bojkot   n C /ˈbɔɪˌkɒt/ to not take part in an event, or to not buy or use something as a protest She urged people to boycott the company’s products.

boycott

206

rozumný; racionální *** adj /ˈriːz(ə)nəb(ə)l/ fair and sensible Some people think it is perfectly reasonable to climb into the mouth of a volcano.

reasonable

207

ocas ** n C /teɪl/ a part at the back of an animal’s body that can move The animal sprays liquid from a gland under its tail.

tail

208

zneuží(va)t ** n C/U /əˈbjuːs/ cruel, violent, or unfair treatment, especially of someone who does not have the power to prevent it The regime had been responsible for serious human rights abuses.

abuse

209

tyranský; despotický   adj /ˌdɒmɪˈnɪərɪŋ/ trying to control other people and make them obey you She has an unpleasant domineering personality.

domineering

210

rachotit; chrastit   n C /ˈræt(ə)l/ part of a rattlesnake's tail which makes short sharp knocking sounds as it moves or shakes The rattle on the end of the tail is a warning signal.

rattle