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Flashcards in Unit 5 Vocabulary Deck (50):
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An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting

Personality

1

In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing

Free association

2

Sigmund Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions

Psychoanalysis

3

A reservoir of mostly acceptable thoughts wishes feelings and memories according to contemporary psychologists, info processing of which we are unaware

Unconscious

4

A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that according to Freud strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives and operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification

id

5

The largely conscious executive part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of id,super ego, and reality; it operates on the reality principle of satisfying the id's desires in ways it won't realistically bring pleasure rather than pain

Ego

6

The part of personality that according to Freud represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations

Super ego

7

The childhood stages of development (oral, anal phallic, latency, and genital) during which the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones

Psychosexual stages

8

A boy's sexual desires towards his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

Oedipus complex

9

The process by which children incorporate their parents values into their developing super egos

Identification

10

A lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage in which conflicts were unresolved

Fixation

11

In psychoanalytic theory the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

Defense mechanisms

12

In psychoanalytic theory the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness is anxiety arousing thoughts feelings and memories

Repression

13

Modern day approaches that view personality with a focus on the unconscious Hortons of childhood experiences

Psychodynamic theories

14

Carl Jung's concept of a shared inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history

Collective unconscious

15

A personality test such as the Rorschach that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics

Projective test

16

A projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests that the stories that make up about ambiguous scenes

Thematic apperception test

17

The most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify peoples inner feelings that analyzes your interpretations of the blots

Rorschach Inkblot test

18

The tendency to overestimate the extent to which other share our beliefs and our behaviors

False consensus effect

19

A theory of death related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death

Terror management theory

20

View personality with a focus on the potential for healthy personal growth

Humanistic theories

21

According to Maslow,one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved the motivation to fulfill one's potential

Self actualization

22

A caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self acceptance

Unconditional positive regard

23

All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves in answer to the question "who am I?"

Self-concept

24

A characteristic pattern of behavior or disposition to feel and act as assessed by self-report inventories and Peer reports

Trait

25

A questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits

Personality inventory

26

The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. originally developed to identify emotional disorders, this test is now used for many other screening purposes

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory

27

A test developed by testing a pool of items and then sebating those that discriminate between groups

Empirically derived test

28

Views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people's traits and their social context

Social-cognitive perspective

29

In personality theory this perspective focuses on the affects of learning on our personality development

Behavioral approach

30

The interacting influences of behavior; internal cognition and environment

Reciprocal determinism

31

The scientific study of human functioning with the goals of discovering and promoting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive

Positive psychology

32

In contemporary psychology assumed to be the center of personality the organizer of our thoughts feelings and actions

Self

33

Overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance performance and blunders

Spotlight effect

34

One's feelings of high or low self-worth

Self-esteem

35

One sense of competence and effectiveness

Self efficacy

36

A readiness to perceive one's self favorably

Self-serving bias

37

Excessive self-love and self absorption

Narcissism

38

Giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications

Individualism

39

Giving priority to the goals of one's group and defining one's identity accordingly

Collectivism

40

First to focus clinical attention on the unconscious mind and he is part of psychology's historical development

Sigmund Freud

41

Belief that childhood social tensions are crucial for personality information he proposed the still popular idea of the inferiority complex

Alfred Adler

42

Says childhood anxiety triggers our desire for love and security

Karen Horney

43

Believes we have a collective unconscious, a common reservoir of images or archetypes derived from our species universal experiences said that it explains why for many people spiritual concerns are deeply rooted in my people in different cultures share certain miss you images

Carl Jung

44

Proposed that we are motivated by a heirarchy of needs if our psychological needs are met we become concerned with personal safety

Abraham Maslow

45

Believe that people are basically good and are endowed with self actualizing tendencies

Carl Rogers

46

Associated with the five factor theory of personality studied the stability of personality across age and culture

Robert McCrae

47

Also was a part of the five factor theory believe that certain personality traits developed as we age

Paul costa

48

Emphasizes interaction of our traits with our situations much as nature and nurture always work together so do individuals and their situations

Albert Bandura

49

Says a positive psychology is an umbrella term for the study of positive emotions, positive character traits, and enabling institutions

Martin Seligman