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Flashcards in Unit 7 Vocabulary Deck (44):
0

Treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

Psychotherapy

1

Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

Biomedical therapy

2

An Approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the clients problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

Eclectic approach

3

Sigmund Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.

Psychoanalysis

4

In psychoanalysis the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

Resistance

5

In psychoanalysis the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings,resistances,and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.

Interpretation

6

In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst,of emotions linked with other relationships such as love or hatred for a parent

Transference

7

Therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences and that seeks to enhance self insight

Psychodynamic therapy

8

A variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a person's awareness of underlying motive and defenses

Insight therapies

9

A Humanistic therapy developed by Carl Rogers in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine excepting empathetic environment to facilitate clients growth

Client centered therapy

10

Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies; a feature of Rogers' client centered therapy

Active listening

11

Accepting nonjudgmental attitude which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self acceptance

Unconditional positive regard

12

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

Behavior therapy

13

Behavior therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; include exposure therapies and aversive conditioning

Counterconditioning

14

Behavioral techniques such as a systematic desensitization and virtual-reality exposure therapy that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

Exposure therapies

15

A type of exposure therapy the associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli commonly used to treat phobias

Systematic desensitization

16

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic simulations of their greatest fears such as airplane flying spiders or public speaking

Virtual-reality exposure therapy

17

A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)

Aversive conditioning

18

An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tickets for various privileges of treats

Token economy

19

Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking, based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events in our emotional reactions

Cognitive therapy

20

A confrontational cognitive therapy developed by Albert Ellis that vigorously challenges people's illogical self-defeating attitudes and assumptions

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

21

A popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

22

Therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction

Group therapy

23

Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members

Family therapy

24

The tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back towards their average

Regression towards the mean

25

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

Meta-analysis

26

Clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences

Evidence-based practice

27

A bond of trust and mutual understanding between the therapist and client who work together constructively to overcome the clients problems

Therapeutic alliance

28

The personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma

Resilience

29

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

Psychopharmacology

30

Drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe disorders

Antipsychotic drugs

31

Drugs used to control anxiety and agitation

Anti-anxiety drugs

32

Drugs used to treat depression and Zaidi disorders excessive compulsive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder

Antidepressant drugs

33

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent to the brain of an anesthetized patient

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

34

The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain used to stimulate or suppress brain

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

35

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

Psychosurgery

36

A psychsurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably and I should know about patients the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobe to the emotion control centers of the brain

Lobotomy

37

Developed psychoanalysis; this therapy aid to bring patients' repressed or disowned feelings into conscious awareness

Sigmund Freud

38

Develop the widely used humanistic technique he called client Centered therapy which focuses on the person's conscious self perception

Carl Rogers

39

Developed counterconditioning; pairs of stimulus with the new response that is incompatible with fear

Mary cover Jones

40

Refined Jones's technique into what are now the most widely used types of behavior therapies: exposure therapies and systematic desensitize Asian

Joseph Wolpe

41

Helped us understand the basic concept in operant conditioning that voluntary behaviors are strongly encouraged by the consequences

BF Skinner

42

A cognitive therapist who believes that changing people's thinking can change their functioning

Aaron Beck

43

The creator of rational emotive behavior therapy; believes that many problems arise from irrational thinking

Albert Ellis