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Flashcards in Unit 6 Vocabulary Deck (32):
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A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance and individual's cognition, emotion regulation or behavior

Psychological disorder

1

A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of the three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

2

The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in the hospital

Medical model

3

The American psychiatric Association's diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders

DSM-5

4

Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

Anxiety disorders

5

An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in the state of automatic nervous system arousal

Generalized anxiety disorder

6

An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking or other frightening sensations often followed by worry over a possible new attack

Panic disorder

7

Anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

Phobia

8

Intense fear of Social situations leading to avoidance of such (formerly called social phobia)

Social anxiety disorder

9

Fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide-open places, where one has felt the loss of control and panic

Agoraphobia

10

A disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and or actions (compulsions)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

11

A disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness of feeling, and or insomnia that lingers for four weeks and more after traumatic experience

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

12

Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crisis

Posttraumatic growth

13

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes; major depressive disorder, mania, and bipolar disorder

Mood disorders

14

A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks with five or more symptoms at least one of which must be either depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure

Major depressive disorder

15

A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive wildly optimistic state

Mania

16

A mood disorder in which a person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania

Bipolar disorder

17

Compulsive fretting; over thinking about our problems and their causes

Rumination

18

A psychological disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression

Schizophrenia

19

Psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions

Psychosis

20

False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders

Delusions

21

False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus

Hallucination

22

A psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause

Somatic symptom disorder

23

A disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no psychological basis can be found

Conversion disorder

24

A disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease

Illness anxiety disorder

25

Disorders in which conscious awareness become separated from previous memories thoughts and feelings

dissociative disorder

26

A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. formerly called multiple personality disorder

Disassociative identity disorder

27

An eating disorder in which a person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight

Anorexia nervosa

28

But eating disorder in which a person alternates binge eating (usually of high calorie foods) with purging (by vomiting or laxative use) for fasting

Bulimia nervosa

29

Significant binge eating episodes, followed by distress, discussed, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging or fasting that marks bulimia nervosa

Binge eating disorder

30

Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

Personality disorders

31

A personality disorder in which a person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing even with friends and family members. may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist

Antisocial personality disorder