Unit 6-Urology and Gynecology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6-Urology and Gynecology Deck (212):
1

urology

study of the urinary tract

2

ur/o

urine

3

urologist

physician specialist with expertise in treating disorders of the male and female urinary system and male reproductive system.

4

urogenital, genitourinary

pertaining to the urinary tract and genitals

5

uropathy

disease of the urinary tract

6

poly-

many or much

7

-uria

condition of the urine

8

polyuria

excessive amount of urine

9

nocturia

excessive urination at night

10

hematuria

blood in the urine

11

oliguria

low (scant) amount of uria

12

dysuria

difficult or painful urination

13

polyneuropathy

disease of many nerves

14

polyneuritis

inflammation of many nerves

15

polyarthritis

inflammation of many joints

16

polyneuralgia

pain in many nerves

17

polyotia

state of having too many or more than two ears

18

anuria

suppressed (lack of) urine

19

albuminuria

protein (albumin) in urine

20

glycosuria

sugar in the urine

21

ketonuria

ketones in the urine

22

nocturnal enuresis

bed wetting

23

bacteriuria

bacteria in the urine

24

polycystic

having many cysts

25

polyphagia

eating too much

26

polyphobia

excessive fear of things

27

ren/o, nephr/o

kidney
reno= latin
nephro= greek

28

renal

pertaining to the kidney

29

renopathy

kidney disease

30

renogram

record from an x-ray of the kidney

31

KUB

x-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder

32

renointestinal

pertaining to the kidney and intestine

33

renogastric

pertaining to the kidney and stomach

34

nephrons

functional units of kidney
filter blood to remove waste and excess water to form urine

35

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

36

-ptosis

condition of prolapse or displacement

37

nephroptosis

Can occur from hard blow or jolt to the kidney
Displacement of kidney

38

nephropexy

Fixation of a prolapsed kidney
Specific type of nephroplasty

39

-pexy

surgical fixation

40

nephroplasty

repair of the kidney

41

nephrolith

kidney stone

42

nephromalacia

softening of kidney tissue

43

nephromegaly

enlargement of the kidney

44

nephrolysis

destruction of kidney tissue

45

cholelith

gallstone

46

cholelithiasis

condition/infestation of gallstones

47

rhinolith

nasal stones

48

Routine urinalysis

Uses color change reagent strip dipped in sample to determine following results: Normal=
pH (5-8)
protein (neg)
glucose (neg)
ketones (neg)
bilirubin (neg)
blood (neg)
specific gravity (1.001-1.035)

49

Renal pelvis

formed at junction of the calyces

50

pyel/o

refers to renal pelvis

51

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

52

pyeloplasty

surgical repair of the renal pelvis

53

pyelonephrosis

condition of the renal pelvis and kidney

54

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney

55

pyelogram

x-ray of the renal pelvis

56

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

57

urterolith

stone/calculus in the ureter

58

ureterocele

herniation of the ureter

59

ureteropathy

disease of the ureter

60

ureteropyeloplasty

plastic surgery of the ureter and renal pelvis

61

ureteropyelitis

inflammation of the ureter and renal pelvis

62

ureterocystostomy

making a new opening between the ureter and bladder

63

ureteropyosis

condition of the ureter involving pus

64

ureterorrhaphy

suturing or stitching of the ureter

65

-rrhaphy

suturing or stitching

66

ureterorrhaphy

suturing of the ureter

67

dermatorrhaphy

suturing of the skin

68

nephrorrhaphy

suturing of a kidney

69

cystorrhaphy

suturing of the bladder

70

neurorrhaphy

suturing of a nerve

71

colporrhaphy

suturing of the vagina

72

urethr/o

urethra

73

ureter/o

ureters

74

uter/o

uterus

75

urethrorrhaphy

suturing of the urethra

76

urethrotomy

incision of the urethra

77

urethrospasm

spasm of the urethra

78

urethrorectal

pertaining to the urethra and rectum

79

urethrovaginal

pertaining to the urethra and vagina

80

urethrocystitis

inflammation of the urethra and bladder

81

-rrhagia

hemorrhage, or bursting forth of blood

82

gastrorrhagia

stomach hemorrhage

83

encephalorrhagia

brain hemorrhage

84

urethrorrhagia

hemorrhage of the urethra

85

menorrhagia

excessive bleeding during menstruation

86

cystorrhagia

hemorrhage of the bladder

87

ureterorrhagia

hemorrhage of the ureter

88

spermat/o or sperm/o(i)

spermatozoa or male germ cells (sperm)

89

spermatogenesis

formation of spermatozoa/sperm/male germ cells

90

spermolysis

destruction of spermatozoa

91

spermatoblast/spermoblast

immature sperm cell

92

spermatocyst

sac containing sperm

93

spermatoid

resembling sperm

94

spermatopathy

disease of the sperm

95

spermatocele

herniated saclike structure containing sperm

96

-cide

to kill or destroy

97

spermicide

agent used to kill sperm

98

orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o

testicle

99

orchidectomy, orchiectomy, orchectomy

excision of the testicle

100

orchidalgia, orchidodynia

pain in the testes

101

testis vs testes

testis- singular
testes-plural

102

TSE

Testicular self-exam

103

cryptorchidism

undescended/hidden testicle

104

orchidoplasty, orchiopexy

surgical repair of testicles (to repair cryporchidism)

105

orchidocele

herniation of a testicle

106

orchidotomy

incision into a testicle

107

crypt

hidden

108

prostat/o

prostate gland

109

prostatic

referring to the prostate

110

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

enlargement of the prostate due to an increase in number of cells and aging

111

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

112

semin/o

semen

113

seminal fluid

combination of fluids and sperm

114

seminal vesical

secretes fluid to lubricate and nurture sperm

115

seminoma

Seminal tissue tumor
Malignant neoplasm found most often in young men
Growth generated by spermatoblast cells in a testis

116

semen

seminal fluid, prostatic fluid, and sperm

117

prostatorrhea

abnormal flow or discharge from the prostate gland

118

prostatalgia

prostatic pain

119

prostatectomy

excision of the prostate

120

balan/o

glans penis

121

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

122

balanoplasty

surgical repair of of the glans penis

123

balanorrhea

flow or discharge from the glans penis

124

pen/o

penis

125

penile

adjectival form of penis

126

penitis

inflammation of the penis

127

scrotal

adjectival form of scrotum

128

impotence

Inability to have an erection
Can be caused by trauma, prostatectomy, or diabetes

129

penile prosthesis

a device that can be implanted into the penis that is filled with fluid to produce an erection

130

scrotum

saclike structure that contains the testes

131

penoscrotal

pertaining to the penis and scrotum

132

o/o

egg or ovum

133

ooblast

embryonic egg cell (will become an ovum)

134

oogenesis

Formation and development of an ovum
Changes that occur in cell from ooblast to mature ovum
Impossible for a spermatozoon to fertilize an ovum until oogenesis is complete

135

oophor/o

Ovary
Literally means egg bearing

136

ovary

organ responsible for maturing and discharging the ovum (ovulation)

137

oophorectomy

excision of the ovary

138

phor/o

to bear

139

ovarium

place that holds eggs

140

oophoritis

inflammation of an ovary

141

oophoroma

tumor of an ovary

142

oophoropexy

surgical procedure to fixate a prolapsed (dropped or sagged) ovary

143

salping/o

fallopian tubes (trumpet)
Also refers to eustachian tubes in the ears

144

salpingoscope

instrument used to examine the fallopian tubes

145

salpingostomy

new surgical opening made in a fallopian tube

146

salpingitis

inflammation of a fallopian tube (or eustachian tubes)

147

salpingectomy

excision of a fallopian tube

148

salpingo-oophoritis

inflammation of the fallopian tube and ovary
must use hyphen

149

salpingo-oophorocele

hernia that encloses the fallopian tube and ovary

150

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

151

colpitis

inflammation of the vagina

152

colpodynia

vaginal pain

153

colpopathy, vaginopathy

disease of the vagina

154

colpospasm

vaginal spasm

155

colpectomy, vaginectomy

excision of part of the vagina

156

colpopexy

fixation of the vagina

157

colpoplasty, vaginoplasty

surgical repair of the vagina

158

colposcope

instrument for examining the vagina

159

colpotomy

incision into the vaginal wall

160

A soft "g" precedes the vowels

i, e, y

161

A hard "g" precedes the vowels

a, o, u, consonants

162

In compound words, a hyphen is used when

3 like vowels join word roots or combining forms

163

hyster/o

uterus

164

hysterectomy

excision of the uterus

165

hysterotomy

incision into the uterus

166

hysterospasm

spasm of the uterus

167

hysterogram

x-ray of uterus

168

hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes
Special x-ray procedure to determine patency (openness) of the fallopian tubes by injecting a contrast medium

169

hysteropathy

disease of the uterus

170

hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy

excision of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries

171

metr/o

womb, uterine TISSUES

172

endometrium

inner layer of tissues of the uterus

173

hysteroscope

instrument used to see into the uterus

174

hysteroscopy

procedure of using a hysteroscope

175

metritis

inflammation of the uterine musculature

176

metroparalysis, metroplegia

paralysis of the uterus or uterine musculature

177

metrorrhea

abnormal flow or discharge form uterine tissues

178

metropathy, hysteropathy

uterine disease

179

metrocele, hysterocele

herniation of the uterus

180

endometrium

lining of the uterus

181

endometritis

inflammation of the uterine lining

182

metropathy

disease of the uterine tissue

183

endometriosis

condition in which tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue is found in places other than the lining of the uterus

184

-ptosis

Prolapse or downward deplacement
Also word by itself meaning condition or displacement

185

Ptotic

adjectival form of ptosis

186

hysteroptosis

prolapse of the uterus

187

hysteropexy

Surgical fixation of the uterus
Done to correct or fixate hysteroptosis

188

colpoptosis

prolapse of the vagina

189

hysterocele

uterine hernia

190

cervic/o

cervix, neck of uterus
also, neck

191

cervicoplasty

surgical procedure to repair the cervix

192

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

193

cervical

pertaining to the cervix

194

conization

cone-shaped cut made in cervix to remove endocervical tissue. May be done using electrocautery (cautery conization) or a cold knife blade (cold conization)

195

gynec/o, gyn/e

Woman

196

gynecology

field of medicine that deals with diseases of women

197

gynecoid

resembling woman

198

gynecopathy

disease peculiar to women

199

gynephobia

abnormal fear of women

200

vas/o

vessel

201

vasodilation

Enlarging the diameter of a vessel
Nitroglycerin is a vasodilator

202

Dilation and dilatation are

synonyms

203

vasoconstriction

Decreasing size of the dimeter of a vessel
Happens with angina

204

vasomotor

refers to nerves that control tone of the blood vessel walls

205

vasal

pertaining to a vessel

206

vasospasm

spasm of a vessel

207

vasotripsy

crushing of a vessel (with forceps to stop hemorrhage)

208

vasotomy

incision into the vas deferens

209

vasorrhaphy

suture of the vas deferens

210

vasostomy

making a new opening into the vas deferens

211

vasectomy

removal of a segment of the vas deferens

212

antineoplastic

agent that works against tumor growth