Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (17):
1

diuresis

increases in the excretion of water

2

horseshoe kidney

the two kidneys are joined together across the midline of the body at the lower ends

3

staghorn calculus

the stone conforms to the shape of the renal pelvis

4

uremia

the presence of urinary constituents in blood

5

hematuria

blood in the urine

6

pyuria

the presence of pus in the urine

7

nephritis

inflammation of a kidney

8

micturition

emptying of the bladder

9

dysuria

painful urination

10

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

11

polyuria

an excess of urine is excreted

12

anuria

the kidneys do not excrete urine

13

urinary retention

the urine is excreted by the kidneys but is retained in the bladder and not voided

14

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

15

perinephritic abscess

abscess around a kidney

16

hydronephrosis or polynephrosis

dilation of a renal pelvis and its calyces due to obstruction in the renal pelvis or ureter

17

double collecting system

duplication of the renal collecting system