Unit 7- Gastroenterology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7- Gastroenterology Deck (178):
1

stomat/o

mouth

2

dent/o, odont/o

teeth

3

gloss/o, lingu/o

tongue

4

cheil/o

lips

5

gingiv/o

gums

6

esophag/o

esophagus

7

gastr/o

stomach

8

enter/o

small intestine

9

duoden/o

duodenum

10

jejun/o

jejunum

11

ile/o

ileum

12

col/o

large intestine

13

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

14

rect/o

rectum

15

proct/o

anus and rectum

16

hepat/o

liver

17

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

18

pancreat/o

pancreas

19

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

20

stomatoplasty

surgical repair of the mouth

21

stomatalgia

pain in the mouth

22

stomatorrhagia

hemorrhage of the mouth

23

stomatomycosis

condition of mouth fungus

24

stomatopathy

disease of the mouth

25

stomatoscope

instrument for examining the mouth

26

stomatoscopy

process of examining with stomatoscope

27

glossitis

inflammation of the tongue

28

glossectomy

excision of the tongue

29

glossalgia

pain in the tongue

30

glossal

pertaining to the tongue

31

hypoglossal or sublingual

under the tongue

32

hypoglossal vs sublingual

hypoglossal- Greek
sublingual- Latin

33

glossoptosis

prolapse of the tongue

34

glossoscopy

examination of the tongue

35

glossoplegia

paralysis of tongue

36

cheilitis

inflammation of the lips

37

cleiloplasty

surgical repair of the lips

38

cheilotomy

incision of the lips

39

cheilosis

condition or disorder of the lips

40

cheilostomatoplasty

plastic surgery of the lips and mouth

41

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

42

gingivalgia

gum pain

43

gingivectomy

excision of gum tissue

44

gingivoglossitis

inflammation of the gums and tongue

45

linguogingival

tongue and gums

46

mastication

process of chewing

47

ingestion

process of swallowing

48

digestion

chemical breakdown of food

49

absorption

movement of nutrients from intestine to the blood

50

defecation

expelling solid waste

51

feces or stool

solid waste material

52

fecal occult blood

Blood in the feces that is difficult to see
Guaiac test can be done to detect in sputum, gastric secretion, or feces
Positive result may indicate infection, ulcers, polyps, tumors that are bleeding

53

eso-

in or toward

54

phag/o

swallow

55

stenosis

condition of narrowing that may occur in a tube or passageway

56

mitral stenosis

narrowing of mitral valve opening in heart

57

esophagostenosis

narrowing of the esophagus

58

paraesophageal hernia

herniation around the esophagus

59

esophagogastric, gastroesophageal

pertaining to the esophagus and stomach

60

gastrorrhagia

stomach hemorrhage

61

gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach
H. pylori is common cause
Transmitted through contamination with gastrointestinal substances such as vomit or feces

62

gastric, gastral

pertaining to the stomach

63

-ectasia, ectasis

stretching or dilation

64

gastrectasia

stretching/dilation of stomach

65

gastroenteroptosis

prolapse of the stomach and small intestine

66

enter/o

small intestine

67

enteritis

inflammation of the intestine

68

gastroenterology

internal medicine specialty that studies diseases of the stomach and intestine

69

dysentery

disorder of the intestine characterized by inflammation, pain, and diarrhea

70

gastroenteric

pertaining to the stomach and small intestine

71

enterorrhagia

hemorrhage of the small intestine

72

hiatal hernia

hernia through diaphragm

73

enterocele

intestinal hernia

74

enteroclysis

washing or irrigation of the small intestine
uses contrast media to better view small intestines on x-ray

75

-clysis

washing or irrigation

76

enteroplegia

paralysis of small intestine

77

enterectasia

dilation of the small intestine

78

enteroptosis

prolapse of the small intestine

79

enterocentesis

surgical puncture of the small intestine

80

appendic/o

appendix

81

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

82

appendectomy

excision of the appendix

83

appendices

plural of appendix

84

colic, colonic

pertaining to the colon

85

colocentesis

surgical puncture of the colon

86

colopexy

surgical fixation of the colon

87

colostomy

making a new opening into the colon

88

coloptosis

prolapse of the colon

89

diverticula

outpouchings or pockets that develop in the colon wall

90

diverticulosis

presence of diverticula

91

diverticulitis

inflammation of the diverticula caused by food getting trapped in the pockets, putrefying, and irritating the tissues

92

coloclysis

irrigation of the colon

93

gastroclysis

irrigation of the stomach

94

enteroscope

instrument to examine the small intestine

95

sigmoidoscope

instrument used to examine the sigmoid colon

96

sigmoidoscopy

procedure of using a sigmoidoscope

97

rectal

pertaining to the rectum

98

rectocele

rectal hernia

99

rectoclysis

washing or irrigation or the rectum

100

rectoscope

instrument for examining the rectum

101

colorectal

pertaining to the colon and rectum

102

rectoscopy

examining the rectum with a rectoscope

103

rectoplasty

plastic surgery of the rectum

104

rectorrhaphy

suturing of the rectum

105

rectourethral

pertaining to the rectum and urethra

106

rectocystotomy

incision of the bladder through the rectum

107

proct/o

combining form for anus and rectum

108

proctologist

one who specializes in diseases of the anus and rectum

109

proctology

study of diseases of the anus and rectum

110

proctoclysis

washing or irrigation of anus and rectum

111

proctoplegia

paralysis of the anus and rectum

112

proctoscopy

examination using proctoscope

113

proctorrhaphy

suturing of the rectum and anus

114

proctopexy

surgical fixation of the rectum and anus

115

catharsis

purification, emotional release from anxiety caused by repressed events

116

cathartics

Laxatives
Cause liquification of stool or relaxation of bowel to ease defecation/produce physical relief

117

Constipation

to withhold or press together

118

heparin

produced by liver to affect blood-clotting mechanism

119

hepatic

pertaining to the liver

120

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

121

hepatoscopy

inspection of the liver

122

hepatopathy

disease of the liver

123

hepatotomy

incision into the liver

124

hepatectomy

excision of (part of) the liver

125

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

126

hepatitis B

serious condition of liver caused by viral infection
can get vaccine

127

hepatitis A

acute infection associated with food or water contaminated by human waste

128

hepatitis C

chronic condition usually passed through the blood

129

pancreatic

pertaining to the pancreas

130

pancreatolysis

destruction of the pancreatic tissue

131

pancreatolith

stone or calculus in the pancreas

132

pancreatopathy

pancreatic disease

133

pancreatectomy

excision of part or all of the pancreas

134

pancreatotomy

incision into the pancreas

135

cholecystograph

x-ray of the gallbladder

136

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

137

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

138

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

ERCO
Inserting a cannula/tube into common bile or pancreatic duct and introducing contrast media and taking x-ray

139

-ase

enzyme

140

lipase

breaks down fats into fatty acids

141

amylase

starch to glucose (simple sugar)

142

lactase

breaks down lactose into glucose (simple sugar)
lactose intolerant lack this enzyme

143

carb/o

present of a carbon compound

144

carbohydrate

contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

145

obesity

overeating and lack of exercise

146

bar/o

refers to weight

147

bariatrics

medical specialty that treats obesity

148

overeating disorder may increase risk of

hypertension and arthritis

149

hepatorrhagia

hemorrhage of the liver

150

hepatorrhaphy

suture of a wound of the liver

151

hepatocele

hernia of the liver

152

hepatodynia

pain in the liver

153

hepatolith

stone in the liver

154

atresia

no perforated/not opened
opening normally found in a structure fails to develop

155

biliary atresia

condition in which bile ducts are not open

156

intestinal atresia

part of intestine is closed

157

esophageal atresia

esophagus closed

158

mitral atresia

congenital closure of mitral valve

159

cirrhosis of the liver

result of malnutrition, alcoholism, poisoning, or history of hepatitis

160

splen/o

spleen

161

splenectomy

excision of the spleen

162

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

163

splenoptosis

prolapse of the spleen

164

splenopexy

surgical fixation of the spleen

165

splenopathy

disease of the spleen

166

splenorrhaphy

suture of the spleen

167

splenorrhagia

hemorrhage from the spleen

168

splenalgia

pain in the spleen

169

splenic

pertaining to the spleen

170

anastomosis

surgical connection between tubular structures

171

esophagoduodenostomy

anastomosis between esophagus and duodenum after a gastrectomy

172

gastroenterocolostomy

anastomosis between stomach, small intestine, and large intestine

173

esophagogastrostomy

anastomosis between esophagus and stomach

174

enterocholecystostomy

anastomosis between small intestine and gallbladder

175

jejunoileitis

inflammation of jejunum and ileum

176

cholecystoduodenostomy

new opening between duodenum and gall bladder

177

esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)

examination of esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

178

cholangiopancreatography

x-ray of biliary and pancreatic ducts