Unit 9- Anatomic Terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 9- Anatomic Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 9- Anatomic Terms Deck (183):
1

anatomy

study of naming body structures

2

dors/o

near or on the back

3

ventr/o

near or on the belly side of the body

4

anter/o

toward the front or in front of

5

poster/o

following or located behind

6

cephal/o

upward, toward the head

7

caud/o

downward, toward the tail

8

medi/o

toward the midline

9

later/o

toward the side, away from the midline

10

super/o

above

11

infer/o

below

12

proxim/o

near point of origin

13

dist/o

away from point of origin

14

sagitt/o

vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right

15

coron/o

resembling a crown or encircling

16

anterolateral

front and side

17

anteromedial

front and middle

18

anterosuperior

front and top

19

posterolateral

back and side

20

posteroexternal

back and outside of body

21

posterointernal

back and inside of body

22

anteroposterior, ventrodorsal

front and back (from front to back)

23

-ad

toward

24

ventrad

toward the front

25

mediolateral

middle and side

26

superolateral

above and to the side

27

cephalocaudal

head to tail
human development direction

28

midsagittal plane

cut made at midline to divide body into equal right and left halves

29

sagittal view

vertical slice from front to back

30

axillary

pertaining to the armpit
axillary temp. measures one degree F lower than oral temp.

31

midaxillary

middle of the armpit

32

coronal suture

sits at crown of skull

33

corona dentis

crown of a tooth

34

coronary arteries

circle the heart to supply muscle with blood

35

omphal/o

navel, umbilicus

36

omphalitis

inflammation of the umbilicus

37

omphalic

pertaining to the navel

38

omphalectomy

excision of the umbilicus

39

omphalocele, umbilicocele

herniation of the navel (umbilical hernia)

40

omphalorrhagia

umbilical hernia

41

omphalorrhea

discharge flowing from the navel

42

omphalorrhexis

rupture of the navel

43

cephalad

toward the head

44

caudad

toward the tail (lower spine)

45

gnosia, gnosis

medical words built from Greek word meaning knowledge

46

pro-

in front of

47

prognosis

foreknowledge or predicting the outcome of a disease

48

procephalic

in front of the head

49

dia-

through or throughout

50

diagnosis

Knowing through or know through
Identification of disease through signs and symptoms

51

sign

objective information about patient that is observable

52

symptom

subjective, patient tells how he feels but may not be observable

53

diarrhea

flowing through

54

dialysis

separation of substances in a solution
process of destroying waste products in blood by diffusion through a membrane

55

hemodialysis

removes waste from blood using artificial kidney machine

56

diascope

look through to see things on skin

57

aer/o

air

58

aerophobia

abnormal fear of air

59

aerotherapy

treatment with air

60

aerocele

herniation containing air

61

bi/o

life

62

biochemistry

study of chemical changes in living things

63

biology

study of living things

64

biologist

one who studies living things or life

65

biogenesis

formation of living things

66

an-

without

67

anaerobic

cannot live in presence of air

68

aerobic

needing air to live

69

biopsy

excision of tissue for examination of living or live tissue

70

chrom/o

color

71

chromocyte

colored cell

72

chromoblast

embryonic color (pigment) cell

73

chromolysis

destruction of color in a cell

74

chromogenesis

formation of pigment (color)

75

chromometer

instrument for measuring amount of color in a substance

76

phil

attracted to or loves

77

chromophilic

staining easily

78

chromophobic, achromophilic

does not stain at all

79

dys-

abnormal, bad, painful, difficult

80

eu-

well or easy

81

-tocia

labor

82

dystocia

difficult labor

83

eutocia

easy or normal labor and childbirth

84

than/o

death

85

euthanasia

easy or peaceful death

86

eugenics

good development

87

bioethics

deal with decisions about life and medical treatments

88

enter/o

small intestine

89

dysentery

painful/difficult condition of the small intestine

90

men/o

menses

91

menarche

female's first menstrual period

92

menorrhea

flow of menses

93

dysmenorrhea

painful (bad or difficult) menstrual flow

94

menopause

permanent cessation of menses

95

menorrhagia

excessive menstruation

96

amenorrhea

absence of menstrual flow

97

menostasis

stopping menstrual flow

98

-stasis

act or condition of stopping or controlling

99

phlebostasis

control of blood flow in veins

100

arteriostasis

control of flow in arteries

101

lymphostasis

control of lymph flow

102

hemostat

instrument used in surgery to control blood flow by clamping off an artery or vein

103

homeostasis

balance of body functions staying the same

104

syphil/o

syphilis

105

syphilopsychosis

mental condition caused by syphilis

106

syphilophobia

fear of contracting syphilis

107

syphilotherapy

therapy for syphilis

108

syphiloma

syphilitic tumor

109

syphilopathy

any syphilitic disease

110

-cyesis

pregnancy

111

pseudo-

false

112

pseudocyesis, pseudopregnancy

false pregnancy

113

pseudoscience

false science

114

pseudomania

psychosis in which patients have false or pretended mental disorder

115

pseudoparalysis

false paralysis

116

pseudocyst

false cyst

117

pseudoedema

false edema

118

pseudoesthesia

false or imaginary sensation

119

pseudohypertrophy

false hypertrophy

120

pseudotuberculosis

false tuberculosis

121

pseudoneuroma

false nerve tumor

122

viscer/o

viscera

123

viscerad

toward the viscera

124

viscerogenic

development of organs

125

viscera

internal organs of body
Sing. viscus

126

peritoneum

membrane that lines abdominal cavity

127

pariet/o

wall

128

visceroptosis

prolapse of organs

129

visceralgia

pain in organs

130

visceral

pertaining to organs

131

viscerosensory

sensory function of organs

132

visceroskeletal

pertaining to organs and the skeleton

133

ecto-, exo-

outer, outside

134

endo-

inner, inside

135

meso-

middle

136

retro-

backward, behind

137

para-

near

138

blastoderm

embryonic disk of cells that gives rise to three main layers of tissues in humans (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm)

139

ectoderm

Outer germ layer
Forms skin, nervous system, sense organs, and some glands

140

endoderm

Inner germ layer
Forms organs inside body

141

mesoderm

Middle germ layer
Forms muscles

142

ecto vs exo

ecto- latin
exo- greek

143

endogenous

produced within an organism

144

ectogenous, exogenous

produced outside an organism

145

Three P's exhibited by type 1 diabetics

polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia

146

ectocytic

outside a cell

147

endocystic

inside a bladder

148

-plasm

substance of cells

149

proto-

first

150

protoplasm

substance of life

151

ectoplasm

protoplasm that forms outer membrane of cell

152

endoplasm, cytoplasm

protoplasm within the cell

153

endocranial

within the cranium

154

endochondral

within cartilage

155

endoenteritis

inflammation of the lining of the small intestine

156

endocardial

pertaining to the lining of the heart

157

endocolitis

inflammation of the lining of the colon

158

endoscope

instrument used to look into a hollow organ or cavity of body

159

endoscopy, gastroscopy

process of viewing the stomach through an instrument

160

endarterectomy

removal of a substance from the inside of an artery

161

top/o

place

162

ectopic pregancy

outside the uterus

163

meso-

middle

164

mesentery

peritoneum attaching intestine to abdominal wall (middle intestine)

165

mesocolon

peritoneum attaching large intestine to abdominal wall (mesentery of colon)

166

mesodontic

pertaining to middle-sized teeth

167

retrocolic

behind the colon

168

retromammary

behind the breast (mammary glands)

169

retrosternal

behind the sternum

170

anteversion

turning forward

171

retroversion

turning backward

172

retroperitoneum

space behind the peritoneum

173

retroperitonitis

inflammation of retroperitoneum

174

flexion

bending or shortening of body part usually at joint

175

anteflexion

bending forward

176

retroflexion

bending backward

177

para-

near, beside, around

178

paracentral

near the center or around the center

179

para-appendicitis

inflammation around the appendix

180

paracystitis

inflammation around the bladder

181

paracolpitis

inflammation around the vagina

182

parahepatitis

inflammation near the liver

183

paranephritis

inflammation near the kidney