Unit 1- The Word Building System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 1- The Word Building System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1- The Word Building System Deck (88):
1

Word roots

Foundation of a word
Come from language of origin
Most commonly Greek and Latin for medical terms

2

Combining form

Word root plus a vowel
Ex: therm/o
Adding a vowel allows 2 or more roots to be joined and makes term easier to pronounce
"O" is most common combining vowel
Never used as a suffix
Use a CF when adding a word root to another word root or suffix that begins with a CONSONANT
No CF if the second root begins with a VOWEL

3

Compound words

Formed when 2 or more word roots are used to build the word (brainstem)
Can also be formed from a combining form and a word (thermometer)

4

Micr/o

Small

5

Hydr/o

Water

6

Suffix

Usually described first in a definition
Ex: Electric= pertaining to electricity
Cystitis= inflammation of the bladder

7

-er

Who or one which

8

Port

To carry

9

Adjectives

Describe or modify the meaning of a noun

10

Cyanosis/ cyanotic

Condition of blueness

11

Condyle/ condyler

Rounded bony process

12

Anemia/ anemic

Lack of blood

13

-ism, -osis

Condition or state, theory

14

-tion

Condition

15

-ist

Specialist

16

-ity

Quality

17

-ous

Possessing, having, full of

18

-able, -ible

Ability

19

Past tense

-ed

20

Present particible

-ing

21

Helping verbs

Will, is, was

22

ex-

From or out from

23

Acr/o

Extremitites

24

Megal/o

Enlarged, large

25

Dermat/o

Skin

26

-logos

Study

27

-itis

Inflammation

28

Paralysis

Loss of movement

29

singular -on

plural -a

30

sin. -ma

pl. -mata

31

sin. -sis

pl. -es

32

sin. -nx

pl. -ges

33

sin. -a

pl. -ae

34

sin. -us

pl. -i

35

sin. -um

pl. -a

36

sin. -is

pl. -es

37

sin. -ex

pl. -ices

38

sin. -ix

pl. -ices

39

sin. -ax

pl. -aces

40

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

41

-y makes a word a ___

noun

42

Inflammation of the skin on the extremities

acrodermatitis

43

surgery using a microscope

microsurgery

44

instrument used to measure (count) cells

cytometer

45

plural of carcinoma

carcinomata

46

plural of phalanx

phalanges

47

acromegaly

enlarged extremities

48

acroparalysis

paralysis of the extremities

49

appendix/appendices

glandular structure below cecum

50

bacillus/bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria

51

bacterium/bacteria

microorganism group

52

brainstem

brain structure that includes midbrain, pons, medulla oblongtata

53

carcinoma/carcinomata

cancerous tumor (epithelial origin)

54

carpus, carpal, carpi

wrist bone(s)

55

chickenpox

viral infection with Varicella zoster

56

contraction

condition of shortening body part, tension, muscle function

57

crisis/crises

acute (severe) situation

58

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

59

dermatology

study of the skin, medical specialty

60

disease

abnormal function or condition

61

extension

stretching or elongation

62

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

63

gastric

stomach (adjective form)

64

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

65

gastroduodenoscopy

examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope

66

hydrocele

herniation or sac containing water/fluid

67

hydrophobia

abnormal fear of water

68

hydrotherapy

therapy using water

69

hyperthyroidism

overactive thyroid condition

70

ilium/iliac

upper pelvic bone

71

inflammation

condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth

72

inject, injected, injecting

put in using a needle

73

larynx/larynges

voice box

74

lymphadenopathy

disease of a lymph gland

75

microbe

very small organism

76

microfilm

image reduced to small size on film

77

micrometer

one millionth of a meter

78

mucus/mucous

watery substance produced by a membrane

79

neurospasm

nerve spasm (twitching)

80

practioner

one who practices

81

psychiatrist

specialist in treating mental disorders

82

radiographer

one who makes x-ray images

83

sensitivity

quality of being sensitive

84

spermatozoon

sperm (sin.)

85

thermometer

instrument that measures temperature

86

transport

carry across

87

vertebra/vertebrae

spinal bones

88

vomit, vomited, vomiting

evacuate stomach contents