Unit 11- Descriptive prefixes, asepsis, and pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 11- Descriptive prefixes, asepsis, and pharmacology Deck (81):
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Often, words that begin with prefixes are

adjectives

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homo-

same

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hetero-

different

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syn-, sym-

joined
sym- when followed by "b, m, f, ph, or p"
syn- all others

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super-

excess, above
Used in descriptive common english terms and in a few medical terms

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supra-

above, more than
used more in describing anatomical locations

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anti-, contra-

against

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trans-

across

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a-, an-

absence of, lack of
a= followed by consonant
an=followed by vowel

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homoglandular

pertaining to the same gland

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homothermal

having the same body temperature all the time

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homolateral

pertaining to the same side

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homosexual

attracted to the same sex

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heteropsia

different vision in each eye

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heterosexual

being attracted to a different sex

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homogeneous

pertaining to the same throughout

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heterogeneous

pertaining to different throughout

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blephar/o

eyelid

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symphysis

growing together of parts

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symblepharon

eyelids that have grown together; adhesions of the eyelids

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pod/o

foot

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sympodia

lower extremities grown together

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sympathectomy

excision of a sympathetic nerve

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sympathoma

tumor of a sympathetic nerve

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superficial

above or on the surface

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superciliary

above the eyebrow

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superinfection

infection on top of another infection

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superiority

quality of being above or better than

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superlethal

pertaining to excessively deadly

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supernumerary

too many to number

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suprapubic

avove the pubis

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epi-

over, upon

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extra-

outside of, beyond, in addition to

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infra-, sub-

below, under

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meta-

beyond, after, occurring later in a series

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epigastric

above the stomach

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episplenitis

inflammation of tissue over the spleen

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epinephrectomy

excision of the tissue upon the kidney

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epigastrorrhaphy

suture of the region over the stomach

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epidiymectomy

excision of the epididymis

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epidural

upon the dura mater

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subdural

below the dura mater

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extrauterine

outside of or beyond the uterus

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mamm/o

breast

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mammography

process of taking x-ray picture of breast

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mammotomy

incision into breast tissue

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mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast

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bi-

both or two

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bilateral

both sides

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subaural

below the ear

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stern/o

sternum

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cost/o

ribs

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pub/o

pubis

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metaphysics

study of things beyond the physical or of the spirit

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metacarpals

bones of hand beyond the carpals

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metatarsals

bones of foot beyond the tarsals

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metastasis

disease spreads beyond point of origin
plural=metastases

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ultra-

beyond or in excess

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ultraviolet (UV)

light waves beyond the violet frequency

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ultrasonic

sound waves beyond the audible frequency

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ultrasonography/ sonography

process of making an image using ultrasound (US)

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sepsis

Noun for infection
poisoned state or infection caused by absorption of pathogenic bacteria and their products into the bloodstream
adjective=septic

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asepsis

state without sepsis

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septicemia

infection in the bloodstream

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septicopyemia

infection with pus in the bloodstream

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sept/i, sept/o, septic/o, seps/o

infection

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anti-

against

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antipyretic

agent that works against a fever

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erythromycin

prescribe to fight bacteria
one type of antibiotic

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antirheumatic

work against rheumatic disease

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antispasmodic

work against spastic muscle

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contra-

against

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contraceptive

against contraception

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contralateral

opposite/against side

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trans-

across or over

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trasnport

carry across or over

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transposition

position across or over

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transfusion

blood passed across or over from one person to another

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transsexual

across sexes

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catheter

flexible tube

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catheterization

inserting a catheter for urine collection