Urogenital system II - male Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Urogenital system II - male Deck (45):
1

What is the proper ligament of the testes?

Attaches testis to tail of the epididymis

2

What is the ligament of the tail of the epididymis?

Attaches tail of the epididymis to the vaginal tunic

3

What are the proper ligament of the testes and ligament of the tail of the epididymis remnants of?

Gubernaculum

4

What is the function of te epididymis?

Store sperm before ejaculation

5

What side of the testis does the epididymis lie on?

Dorsolateral side

6

What are the 3 parts of the epididymis?

Head
Body
Tail

7

Continuing craniodorsally, what does the epididymis become?

Vas deferens

8

What is the function of the mesorchium (visceral vaginal tunic)?

Attaches medial edge of the epididymis to the testis

9

Where is the testicular bursa located?

between epididymis & testis

10

Is the vas deferens a continuation of the head or the tail of the epididymis?

Tail

11

Where does the vas deferens enter the abdominal cavity?

Vaginal ring

12

Where do the left and right ducts of the ductus deferens join?

Genital fold

13

Where does the ductus deferens pass in respect t the testis?

dorsmedial side

14

What structure, located within the vaginal tunic, does the testicular vein form?

Pampiniform plexus

15

What arteries supply the testis and epididymis?

Testicular artery
Artery of ductus deferens

16

Where does the spermatic cord pass through during descent to testis?

Vaginal ring and inguinal canal

17

What does the clinical spermatic cord contain that the anatomical spermatic cord does not?

Cremaster muscle
Parietal vaginal tunic

18

What is an open vs closed castration?

Opening the parietal vaginal tunic

19

When is it more common to do a closed castration?

When testes are small

20

Where do the ductus deferens ducts end?

Ampulla

21

Does the prostate contain the urethra?

Yes

22

Is the prostate considered retroperitoneal?

The ventral surface
Dorsal surface is covered by peritoneum

23

What is the colliculus seminalis?

Ductus deferens open in to urethra

24

What makes the trigone of the bladder in the male?

Ureteral orifices
Colliculus seminalis

25

What are the 3 divisions of the penis?

Root
Body
Glans

26

What forms the root of the penis?

Left & right crura
Bulb of the penis

27

What forms the body of the penis?

2 corpus cavernosa

28

What 2 structures form the glans of the penis?

Bulbus glandis
pars longa glandis

29

Where does the crus of the penis originate from?

Ischiatic tuberosity

30

What makes the crus of the penis?

Proximal end of the corpus cavernosum

31

What muscle surrounds the crus of the penis?

Ischiocavernosus

32

Where is the bulb of the penis located?

Between the crura

33

What muscle covers the bulb of the penis?

bulbospongiosus

34

What erectile tissue is located within the bulb of the penis?

corpus spongiosum

35

What 3 structures make the body of the penis?

Urethra
Corpus cavernos
Corpus spongiosus

36

What connective tissue structure surrounds the penis?

Tunia albuginea

37

What is the bulbus glandis?

Expansion of corpus spongiosum that causes 'tie'

38

Is there a connection between the corpus spongiosum and the pars longa glandis?

No

39

The os penis is ossification of what tissue?

corpus cavernosua

40

What is located at the apex of the penis in adult dogs?

Fibrocartilage structure

41

What is the preputial orifice?

Where external and internal lamina of prepuce meet

42

What are the muscles of the penis?

Ischiocavernosus
Bulbospongiosus
Retractor penis
Ischiourethralis

43

Where does the bulbospongiosus muscle originate?

External anal sphincter

44

Which vertebrae do the retractor penis muscle originate from?

First 2 caudal

45

The internal pudendal artery of the penis gives off what branches to supply the penis with blood?

Dorsal artery of the penis
Deep artery of the penis
Artery of the bulbus penis